Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 61620
Title Nitrogen availability and susceptibility of tomato leaves to Botrytis cinerea
Author(s) Hoffland, E.; Beusichem, M.L. van; Jeger, M.J.
Source Plant and Soil 210 (1999)2. - ISSN 0032-079X - p. 263 - 272.
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
Sub-department of Soil Quality
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1999
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nitrogen availability on susceptibility of tomato leaves to the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea. Plants with varying nitrogen availability were grown by adding N daily in exponentially increasing amounts to a nutrient solution at different rates. Leaves of plants grown at low nitrogen availability had a high leaf C/N ratio (21 g g-1) and were about 2.5 times more susceptible to primary lesion formation by B. cinerea compared to plant grown at high nitrogen availability, which had a low leaf C/N ratio (11 g g-1). Leaf C/N ratio accounted for 95% of variation in susceptibility. This relationship between C/N ratio and susceptibility persisted when plants were grown with exponential P addition and optimal N supply, and was thus independent of plant growth rate or related factors. We could not explain the effect of nitrogen availability by variation in the most obvious N-based resistance compound α-tomatine because more susceptible leaves with a high C/N ratio contained more α-tomatine. These leaves also contained more soluble carbohydrates. The level of soluble carbohydrates correlated positively with susceptibility, independent of the growth method. We therefore suggest that the effect of N availability on susceptibility must be explained by variation in levels of soluble carbohydrates and speculate about the role of these carbohydrates in the infection process.
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