Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 62464
Title Aggregation, organic matter, and iron oxide morphology in oxisols from Minas Gerais, Brazil
Author(s) Muggler, C.C.; Griethuysen, C. van; Buurman, P.; Pape, T.
Source Soil Science 164 (1999)10. - ISSN 0038-075X - p. 759 - 770.
Department(s) Laboratory of Soil Science and Geology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 1999
Keyword(s) oxisols - bodemmicromorfologie - bodemtextuur - brazilië - soil micromorphology - soil texture - brazil
Categories Soil Classification
Abstract The characteristic strong aggregation observed in Oxisols is usually attributed to the presence of free aluminium or iron compounds. Previous investigation of Oxisols from Minas Gerais, Brazil, suggested that iron oxide minerals do not necessarily play a role in aggregation. Oxisol profiles developed on different parent materials (rock-saprolites and sediments), and with different degrees of polygenesis, were investigated to assess whether the physical makeup, rather than the iron content, determines aggregation. Oxisols were investigated by means of micromorphology and laser diffraction grain-sizing. Grain-size distribution curves were determined after three pre-treatments: shaking with water; removal of organic matter; and removal of organic matter followed by deferration. Micromorphology indicated that soils developed on rock-saprolites have hematite droplets (discrete, red colored, equidimensional concentrations) in the saprolite, whereas droplets are not found in soils on Tertiary sediments. However, secondary iron accumulations related to periodic water saturation are encountered in the soils on sediments and not in the soils on rock-saprolites. Grain-size distribution curves showed that the Oxisols on rock-saprolites do not have strong aggregation because of iron oxides alone. Conversely, aggregation by iron oxides is evident in the Oxisols on sediments. This indicates that remobilization of iron during soil formation is essential for iron forms to play a role in aggregation. These findings suggest that the mode of formation and iron mineralogy affect aggregation.
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