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Record number 64160
Title Genetic parameters for direct and maternal calving ability over parities in Piemontese cattle
Author(s) Carnier, P.; Albera, A.; Zotto, R. Dal; Bona, M.; Groen, A.F.; Bittante, G.
Source Journal of Animal Science 78 (2000). - ISSN 0021-8812 - p. 2532 - 2539.
Department(s) Animal Breeding and Genetics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract Estimates of heritabilities and genetic correlations for calving ease over parities were obtained for the Italian Piedmontese population using animal models. Field data were calving records of 50,721 first- and 44,148 second-parity females and 142,869 records of 38,213 cows of second or later parity. Calving ability was scored in five categories and analyzed using either a univariate or a bivariate linear model, treating performance over parities as different traits. The bivariate model was used to investigate the genetic relationship between first- and second- or between first- and third-parity calving ability. All models included direct and maternal genetic effects, which were assumed to be mutually correlated. (Co)variance components were estimated using restricted maximum likelihood procedures. In the univariate analyses, the heritability for direct effects was .19 /- .01, .10 /- .01, and .08 /- .004 for first, second, and second and later parities, respectively. The heritability for maternal effects was .09 /- .01, .11 /- .01, and .05 /- .01, respectively. All genetic correlations between direct and maternal effects were negative, ranging from -.55 to -.43. Approximated standard errors of genetic correlations between direct and maternal effects ranged from .041 to .062. For multiparous cows, the fraction of total variance due to the permanent environment was greater than the maternal heritability. With bivariate models, direct heritability for first parity was smaller than the corresponding univariate estimate, ranging from .18 to .14. Maternal heritabilities were slightly higher than the corresponding univariate estimates. Genetic correlation between first and second parity was .998 /- .00 for direct effects and .913 /- .01 for maternal effects. When the bivariate model analyzed first- and third-parity calving ability, genetic correlation was .907 /- .02 for direct effects and .979 /- .01 for maternal effects. Residual correlations were low in all bivariate analyses, ranging from .13 for analysis of first and second parity to .07 for analysis of first and third parity. In conclusion, estimates of genetic correlations for calving ease in different parities obtained in this study were very high, but variance components and heritabilities were clearly heterogeneous over parities
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