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Record number 64198
Title Immunity in frail elderly : a randomized controlled trial of exercise and enriched foods
Author(s) Chin A Paw, M.J.M.; Jong, N. de; Pallast, E.G.M.; Kloek, G.; Schouten, E.G.; Kok, F.J.
Source Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 32 (2000)12. - ISSN 0195-9131 - p. 2005 - 2011.
Department(s) Human Nutrition (HNE)
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract To examine the effects of 17-wk physical exercise and enriched foods on cellular immune response (CIR) in frail elderly. METHODS: A total of 112 independently living, frail elderly men and women (mean age 79.2 /- 5.9) received: twice weekly comprehensive, moderate intensity, progressive group exercise (group A, N = 26); daily enriched foods (group B, N = 31); both (group C, N = 29); or neither (group D, N = 26). Exercises focused on skills training. Foods were enriched with micronutrients with a high prevalence of deficiency in older people (at 25-100% the RDA). A social program and identical regular foods were offered as a control. CIR was measured by delayed-type hypersensitivity skin test response (DTH) against seven recall antigens expressed as the total number of positive responses and sum of diameters of all positive responses. RESULTS: No independent or interactive effect of enriched foods was observed. Therefore, exercise (groups A C) was compared with no exercise (groups B D). Nonexercising subjects showed an average decline of 0.5 responses compared with an unchanged responsiveness among exercising subjects (difference = 0.5, 95% CI: 0.04-0.89, P = 0.03 adjusted for baseline DTH, activity level, and micronutrient status). Nonexercising subjects had a larger decline in the sum of diameters of all positive responses than exercising subjects but the difference did not reach significance (adjusted difference = 2.1 mm, 95% CI:-1.0-4.8). CONCLUSION: Exercise may prevent or slow the age-related decline in immune response. Micronutrient enriched foods showed no effect. As infectious diseases can have debilitating or even fatal consequences for the elderly, prevention of the age-related decline in CIR could significantly improve their quality of life.
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