Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 64836
Title Emergency and Development : The case of Imidugudu, villagisation in Rwanda
Author(s) Hilhorst, D.; Leeuwen, M. van
Source Journal of refugee studies 13 (2000)3. - ISSN 0951-6328 - p. 264 - 281.
Department(s) Rural Development Sociology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract To accommodate the needs of hundreds of thousands of returnees after war and genocide in 1994, the new Rwandan Government launched a settlement programme, Imidugudu. Since early 1997, this programme has targeted the entire rural population: all scattered households in the country had to be regrouped in villages. What started as a response to an emergency turned into an ambitious but controversial development programme. The programme has been implemented with support from international organizations, including UNHCR and numerous NGOs. This paper shows that an emergency discourse was central in their considerations to give their support. Secondly, it considers local processes of implementation. Two case studies make clear that as of now, little has been achieved of the envisaged integrated approach to settlement, land use and livelihoods. Moreover, the authoritative and top-down implementation raises concerns about the political implications of the programme. It raises some pertinent questions about the possibilities and constraints for integrating development into relief.
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