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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 65915
Title Nitrogen efficiency of Dutch dairy farms : A shadow cost system approach
Author(s) Reinhard, S.; Thijssen, G.J.
Source European Review of Agricultural Economics 27 (2000)2. - ISSN 0165-1587 - p. 167 - 186.
Department(s) Agricultural Economics and Rural Policy Group
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract In this paper we analyse the cost efficiency and nitrogen efficiency of an unbalanced panel of Dutch dairy farms. Nitrogen efficiency is defined as the ratio of minimal to observed use of nitrogen (N-containing inputs), conditional on output and quasi-fixed inputs. Nitrogen efficiency is computed in a shadow cost system framework. Nitrogen-efficient production is found at the optimal mix of variable inputs, determined by the nitrogen content of these inputs. The optimal nitrogen content ratio is introduced using price distortion factors in the estimated cost function. The mean input-oriented technical efficiency is 84 per cent. The mean nitrogen efficiency is 56 per cent. The nitrogen surplus at the nitrogen-efficient point is less than half of the observed surplus, whereas production costs increase by only 3 per cent.
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