Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 66207
Title Localization and rearrangement modulation of the N-terminal arm of the membrane-bound major coat protein of bacteriophage M13
Author(s) Spruijt, R.B.; Meijer, A.B.; Wolfs, C.J.A.M.; Hemminga, M.A.
Source Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Biomembranes 1509 (2000). - ISSN 0005-2736 - p. 311 - 323.
Department(s) Biophysics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract During infection the major coat protein of the filamentous bacteriophage M13 is in the cytoplasmic membrane of the host Escherichia coli. This study focuses on the configurational properties of the N-terminal part of the coat protein in the membrane-bound state. For this purpose X-Cys substitutions are generated at coat protein positions 3, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 22, 23 and 24, covering the N-terminal protein part. All coat protein mutants used are successfully produced in mg quantities by overexpression in E. coli. Mutant coat proteins are labeled and reconstituted into mixed bilayers of phospholipids. Information about the polarity of the local environment around the labeled sites is deduced from the wavelength of maximum emission using AEDANS attached to the SH groups of the cysteines as a fluorescent probe. Additional information is obtained by determining the accessibility of the fluorescence quenchers acrylamide and 5-doxyl stearic acid. By employing uniform coat protein surroundings provided by TFE and SDS, local effects of the backbone of the coat proteins or polarity of the residues could be excluded. Our data suggest that at a lipid to protein ratio around 100, the N-terminal arm of the protein gradually enters the membrane from residue 3 towards residue 19. The hinge region (residues 17-24), connecting the helical parts of the coat protein, is found to be more embedded in the membrane. Substitution of one or more of the membrane-anchoring amino acid residues lysine 8, phenylalanine 11 and leucine 14, results in a rearrangement of the N-terminal protein part into a more extended conformation. The N-terminal arm can also be forced in this conformation by allowing less space per coat protein at the membrane surface by decreasing the lipid to protein ratio. The influence of the phospholipid headgroup composition on the rearrangement of the N-terminal part of the protein is found to be negligible within the range thought to be relevant in vivo. From our experiments we conclude that membrane-anchoring and space-limiting effects are key factors for the structural rearrangement of the N-terminal protein part of the coat protein in the membrane.
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