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Record number 66260
Title Interaction between ambient temperature and supplementation of synthetic amino acid on performance and carcass parameters in commercial male turkeys
Author(s) Veldkamp, T.; Ferket, P.R.; Kwakkel, R.P.; Nixey, C.; Noordhuizen, J.P.T.M.
Source Poultry Science 79 (2000). - ISSN 0032-5791 - p. 1472 - 1477.
Department(s) Animal Nutrition
Animal Production Systems
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract An experiment with male turkeys was conducted to test the hypothesis that turkey production performance responds positively to extra crystalline amino acid supplementation (lysine, methionine, and threonine) when subjected to a high ambient temperature regimen (HT) in the grower period. Two diets were formulated to provide lysine, methionine, and threonine concentrations that either 1) met the breeder recommendations or 2) contained 10␑igher lysine and methionine concentrations from 22 to 134 d of age and 10␑igher threonine concentration from 22 to 68 d of age. Both diets were fed at two temperatures (15 or 25 C) from 42 d of age onward. At 134 d of age, turkeys on the HT had generally lower BW than those on the low temperature regimen (LT). Up to 68 d of age and from 106 to 134 d of age, feed intake of turkeys on the HT was significantly lower than that of turkeys on the LT. Up to 42 d of age, feed conversion ratio (FCR) of turkeys on the HT were significantly lower than those of turkeys on the LT. Significant treatment interactions were observed from 22 to 41 d of age. Turkeys fed the amino acid-supplemented diets on the LT had significantly reduced FCR, whereas those on the HT did not respond. From 69 to 105 d of age, turkeys on the HT that were fed the supplemented diets had significantly increased FCR, but there were no dietary effects among turkeys on the LT. There were no consistent diet effects on growth performance or carcass yields. Breast meat yields of turkeys on the LT were higher (33.5 vs 32.1Œ and drum yields were lower (12.7 vs 13.0Œ than those of turkeys on the HT. There were no significant amino acid balance x ambient temperature effects on processing yields. The hypothesis of this experiment could be rejected as production performance did not respond positively to extra supplementation of lysine, methionine, and threonine when subjected to an HT.
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