Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

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Scientific committee
Schroen, Karin - \ 2019
Fleisch ist Macht! Zur Politik des Fleisches für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung
Wahlen, Stefan - \ 2018
meat - eating - biopolitics - consumption governance
In der Nachhaltigkeitsdebatte wird angenommen, dass Konsumakteure in Bezug auf Energie, Mobilität und Ernährung einen signifikanten Beitrag leisten können. Im Bereich der Ernährung nimmt diesbezüglich Fleisch eine prominente Position ein. In meinem Vortrag möchte ich sozio-politische Dimensionen von Fleischkonsum im Lichte der Debatte für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung diskutieren. Dabei gehe ich von einem Konsumverständnis aus welches soziale und politische Dimensionen des Fleischkonsums unterstreicht. Dementsprechend wird Konsum nicht auf Akte des Kaufens reduziert, sondern als Teil sozialer Praktiken verstanden. Das (Nicht-)Essen von Fleisch ist demgemäß als Politik des Alltags zu verstehen. In ebendieser Politik des Alltags sind soziale Praktiken des Essens als performative Macht zu verstehen. Ferner sind verschiedene Akteure und Institutionen zu unterscheiden, z.B. Regierungen und Unternehmen, welche durch ihre Praktiken Macht ausüben können das Konsumverhalten zu beeinflussen.
Fourth International Convention on Food History and Food Studies
Wahlen, Stefan - \ 2018
Foodscapes in Transition: Policies and Politics Advancing Sustainable Development and Social Justice
Sustainable food consumption: norms, morality and consumer ethos
Wahlen, Stefan - \ 2018
food consumption - eating - norms - morality - consumption governance - sustainable consumption
The sustainable development goal on sustainable consumption and production outlines that food can significantly contribute to a more sustainable development. In recent years increased research as well as public interest has attempted to promote more sustainable food consumption. Yet, the debates often responsibilize individual consumers for the outcome of their behavior. Many of these debates neglect collective features of consumption. This is where this contribution seeks to fill a gap: the contribution aims at scrutinizing media debates surrounding sustainable consumption. I am interested to the contribution of media debates rendering sustainable consumption as morally acceptable. The research question accordingly asks: how is sustainable consumption and associated consumer ethos as way of thinking about consumers described in media debates. The contribution scrutinizes the description of sustainable food consumption in daily press and the moral associations. The analysis of newspaper articles published in a daily press review of the major German consumer organization reveals two different consumer ethoses: a parsimonious and a renunciative consumer ethos. Discussions centred around food and packaging waste, the best-before date, but also around organic and vegetarian food as a more sustainable option and the social acceptability thereof. In a parsimonious consumer ethos, consumers are depicted as relating to efficiency. Consumer should follow a morality of thriftiness in what concerns sustainable food consumption. In the renunciative consumer ethos, the data reveal sustainable consumption as relating more to sufficiency. Consumers should refrain from particular parts of food consumption in order to protect the environment. We can also see that the consumer is to some extent responsibilised for activities that lie beyond the consumers’ scope of practice but should be looked after in terms of scrutinizing systems of provision. In the end, distinguishing these two ethoses can assist in developing policy measures, as these extent beyond the traditional understanding of the consumer as market participant, but acknowledge everyday activity and its morality in consuming as collective features of consumption.
Agent of Change
Stremke, Sven - \ 2018
Wij maken nu het cultuurlandschap van de 21ste eeuw
Stremke, Sven - \ 2018
The microstructure of protein stabilized air/water interfaces studied by dilatational rheology and imaging
Yang, Jack - \ 2018
Research Through Design for Microclimate
Lenzholzer, Sanda - \ 2018
keynote lecture
Stadsklimaat en de woonomgeving
Lenzholzer, Sanda - \ 2018
urban climate - built environment
lecture at the headquarters of housing corporation portaal
Texas A&M University
Lenzholzer, Sanda - \ 2018
urban climate adaptation
Research leave, fully sponsored by Texas A&M University, Microclimatic Design Research Group
Passive and Low Energy Architecture conference (Event)
Lenzholzer, Sanda - \ 2018
Analysis of the Pseudouridimycin Biosynthetic Pathway Provides Insights into the Formation of C-nucleoside Antibiotics
Sosio, Margherita ; Gaspari, Eleonora ; Iorio, Marianna ; Pessina, Silvia ; Medema, Marnix H. ; Bernasconi, Alice ; Simone, Matteo ; Maffioli, Sonia I. ; Ebright, Richard H. ; Donadio, Stefano - \ 2018
Cell Chemical Biology (2018). - ISSN 2451-9456
amide ligases - C-nucleoside antibiotic - pseudouridimycin - pseudouridine synthase - PUM biosynthetic pathway - PUM cluster - PumJ - RNAP inhibitor - specialized oxidoreductases and aminotransferases - TruD-like
Pseudouridimycin (PUM) is a selective nucleoside-analog inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerase with activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. PUM, produced by Streptomyces sp. ID38640, consists of a formamidinylated, N-hydroxylated Gly-Gln dipeptide conjugated to 5′-aminopseudouridine. We report the characterization of the PUM gene cluster. Bioinformatic analysis and mutational knockouts of pum genes with analysis of accumulated intermediates, define the PUM biosynthetic pathway. The work provides the first biosynthetic pathway of a C-nucleoside antibiotic and reveals three unexpected features: production of free pseudouridine by the dedicated pseudouridine synthase, PumJ; nucleoside activation by specialized oxidoreductases and aminotransferases; and peptide-bond formation by amide ligases. A central role in the PUM biosynthetic pathway is played by the PumJ, which represents a divergent branch within the TruD family of pseudouridine synthases. PumJ-like sequences are associated with diverse gene clusters likely to govern the biosynthesis of different classes of C-nucleoside antibiotics. Sosio et al. describe the biosynthetic pathway for the C-nucleoside antibiotic pseudouridimycin. Biosynthesis proceeds through formation of pseudouridine by the pseudouridine synthase PumJ, with specialized oxidoreductase, aminotransferase, and amide ligases leading to the final compound. Microbial genomes harbor diverse gene clusters encoding PumJ-related sequences.
Co-generating knowledge on ecosystem services and the role of new technologies
Buytaert, Wouter ; Ochoa-Tocachi, Boris F. ; Hannah, D.M. ; Clark, J. ; Dewulf, A.R.P.J. - \ 2018
In: Ecosystem Services and Poverty alleviation / Schreckenberg, Kate, Mace, Georgina, Poudyal, Mahesh, London : Earthscan, Routledge - ISBN 9781138580831 - p. 174 - 188.
Policy makers are increasingly aware that decision-making in the context of ecosystem services management, and of development, can benefit from collaborative and inclusive approaches to knowledge generation and the design of intervention strategies, such as by providing a more prominent role for indigenous knowledge in decision-making and by using participatory methods for data collection and knowledge generation. In this chapter, we discuss how technologies such as mobile phones, low-cost and robust sensors, and increasingly pervasive remote-sensing satellites and drones can be particularly transformative in the way they facilitate the creation, access and transmission of information about ecosystem services, and support evidence-based decision-making. Furthermore, we discuss how these technologies can be used to promote stakeholder involvement in the knowledge generation process and to make it more inclusive and participatory. While we highlight potential risks related to the use of new technologies, such as exploitation by specific stakeholders to support specific agendas or interests, we identify opportunities for an increasing diversification and tailoring of knowledge creation, moving away from a top-down process dominated by scientists and toward more decentralised, bottom-up and iterative approaches that can have a transformative impact on local ecosystem services management, making it more inclusive, polycentric, evidence-based and robust.
Verdienmodellen natuurinclusieve landbouw
Polman, Nico ; Dijkshoorn, Marijke ; Doorneweert, Bart ; Rijk, Piet ; Vogelzang, Theo ; Reinhard, Stijn ; Smit, Bert ; Splinter, Gerben ; Heideveld, Antoine ; Geerts, Rob ; Grin, John ; Korevaar, Hein ; Setten, Bert van; Vrolijk, Maarten - \ 2018
Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research - 57
Goed eten : filosofie van voeding en landbouw
Korthals, Michiel - \ 2018
Nijmegen : Uitgeverij Vantilt - ISBN 9789460043703 - 383
"Eten is een van de belangrijkste dingen in ons leven. Maar wat stoppen we precies in onze mond? En is het niet zo dat uitbuiting, extreem overgewicht, ondervoeding, honger en grote milieuschade enkele gevolgen zijn van onze wijze van consumeren? Dit zou toch anders moeten kunnen, maar de vraag is: hoe dan? In Goed eten. Filosofie van voeding en landbouw behandelt Michiel Korthals deze vragen en ontwikkelt hij een model om de kloof tussen productie en consumptie te overbruggen. Directe verbindingen tussen voedsel en het dagelijks leven, de voorkeur voor regionale verbanden boven de wereldmarkt, bevordering van voedselvaardigheden en een eerlijkere verdeling van aandacht voor voedingsstijlen staan daarin centraal. 'Goed eten' draait om de vraag welke rol consumenten, overheden en marktpartijen kunnen spelen in de productie van smaakvoller en ethisch verantwoord voedsel." -- Back cover.
Effects of wild ungulates on the regeneration, structure and functioning of temperate forests: A semi-quantitative review
Ramirez Chiriboga, J.I. ; Jansen, P.A. ; Poorter, L. - \ 2018
Forest Ecology and Management 424 (2018). - ISSN 0378-1127 - p. 406 - 419.
Wild ungulates such as red deer, roe deer and wild boar are key drivers of forest ecosystems. Across the northern hemisphere, their range and abundance is increasing, while at the same time forest conversion and habitat fragmentation have led to a large variation in ungulate density and composition among areas. Understanding ungulate density impacts are important in order to prevent shifts towards undesired states, such as from forest to heathland. Here, we assess the effects of ungulate density on forest regeneration, development and functioning. We carried out a systematic literature review of 433 published studies in temperate forests, and used the data to model dose-response curves of the effects of ungulate density on three sets of forest attributes; tree regeneration (abundance, species richness and composition), forest structure (horizontal and vertical), and forest functioning (nutrient cycling in soil, timber and food production). Ungulate density averaged 23.6 km−2 across studies. Ungulates had a negative effect on forest regeneration, structure and functioning in 70% of the evaluated cases. The dose-response curves had a sigmoidal, rather than a unimodal shape. Critical tipping points, where ungulates started to have a negative effect on forest regeneration, were found at an ungulate metabolic weight density of 115 kg km−2 for forest regeneration, 141 kg km−2 for forest structure, and 251 kg km−2 for forest functioning, which is roughly equivalent to 10, 13 and 23 roe deer per km−2. Forest regeneration was most sensitive to immediate browsing and trampling impacts of small seedlings, while forest functioning was least sensitive because of time lags. However, these effects may build up over time. We suggest research priorities for studying ungulate-plant interactions in temperate forests, and make management recommendations how to balance wildlife with a functioning forest.
Moving up in rankings – How Wageningen Research Center managed to influence researcher`s publishing practice towards higher quality, impact and visibility
Togt, Peter van der - \ 2018
The disaster chronotope : Spatial and temporal learning in governance of extreme events
Blair, Berill ; Lovecraft, A.L. ; Hum, R. - \ 2018
In: Governance of Risk, Hazards and Disasters / Fiorino, Giuseppe, Bonati, Sara, Calandra, Lina Maria, London : Routledge (Routledge Studies in Hazards, Disaster Risk and Climate Change ) - ISBN 9781138206823 - p. 43 - 64.
How does the type of disaster affect the learning among key stakeholder groups? This chapter provides a framework of disaster governance through examination of local and global response strategies based on the spatial and temporal attributes (or chronotope) of disaster events and related discourse. A series of case studies builds on the concept of “panarchy” in resilience and adaptation sciences to reveal the interaction between disasters and the capacity of various stakeholder groups to adjust the rules and assumptions that underlie disaster governance. With particular focus on patterns of learning, we map our findings in a matrix to reveal disasters as complex social-ecological processes at three levels: (1) the small fast-moving local system, (2) the nation-state as the intermediate level in speed and size, and (3) the global community of nation-states as the largest, slowest moving social system.
Realistische ecologische doelen voor macrofauna in Noord-Brabantse beken
Verdonschot, R. ; Beers, M. ; Samuels, J. ; Brugmans, B. ; Moeleker, M. ; Scheepens, M. ; Laan, I. van der; Verdonschot, P. - \ 2018
H2O online (2018). - 8
In Noord-Brabant worden de ecologische doelen voor de beekmacrofauna vaak niet gehaald. Om de oorzaken hiervan te identificeren, is onderzocht welke kenmerkende soorten voor langzaam stromende laaglandbeken er in het gebied voorkomen en welke verdwenen of nooit aangetroffen zijn. Er is bekeken welke eisen deze soorten stellen aan hun milieu en er is een inschatting gemaakt van de knelpunten voor deze soorten. Een belangrijk knelpunt was een te hoge organische belasting, maar in de bovenlopen speelde ook een typologisch probleem; trajecten met een van nature beperkt verhang werden steevast slecht gewaardeerd.
Nominaties : genomineerden Ekoland Innovatieprijs biologische landbouw 2018
Boxtel, M. van; Veluw, K. van; Schlaman, G. - \ 2018
Ekoland (2018)1. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 10 - 13.
De jury van de Ekoland Innovatieprijs 2018 bestaat uit Gea Bakker, Maria van Boxtel, Geertje Schlaman, Bart Fokkens, Lex Kruit en Kees van Veluw. De bedrijven werden vervolgens beoordeeld op de criteria innovatie, originaliteit, effectiviteit, algemene toepasbaarheid, maatschappelijke acceptatie en duurzaamheid. Uit de door de lezers van Ekoland aangemelde dertien kandidaten heeft de jury uiteindelijk drie bedrijven geselecteerd. Innovaties in automatisering, productie- en kostenbeheersing en een nauwkeurige afstemming tussen teelt, verwerking en aflevering maakten veel indruk op de jury.
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