Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 526028
Title Atmospheric deposition, CO2, and change in the land carbon sink
Author(s) Fernández-Martínez, M.; Vicca, S.; Janssens, I.A.; Ciais, P.; Obersteiner, M.; Bartrons, M.; Sardans, Jordi; Verger, Aleixandre; Canadell, J.G.; Chevallier, F.; Wang, X.; Bernhofer, C.; Curtis, P.S.; Gianelle, D.; Grünwald, T.; Heinesch, B.; Ibrom, A.; Knohl, A.; Laurila, T.; Law, Beverly E.; Limousin, J.M.; Longdoz, B.; Loustau, D.; Mammarella, I.; Matteucci, G.; Monson, R.K.; Montagnani, L.; Moors, E.J.; Munger, J.W.; Papale, D.; Piao, S.L.; Peñuelas, J.
Source Scientific Reports 7 (2017). - ISSN 2045-2322 - 13 p.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08755-8
Department(s) Alterra - Climate change and adaptive land and water management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Abstract

Concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) have continued to increase whereas atmospheric deposition of sulphur and nitrogen has declined in Europe and the USA during recent decades. Using time series of flux observations from 23 forests distributed throughout Europe and the USA, and generalised mixed models, we found that forest-level net ecosystem production and gross primary production have increased by 1% annually from 1995 to 2011. Statistical models indicated that increasing atmospheric CO2 was the most important factor driving the increasing strength of carbon sinks in these forests. We also found that the reduction of sulphur deposition in Europe and the USA lead to higher recovery in ecosystem respiration than in gross primary production, thus limiting the increase of carbon sequestration. By contrast, trends in climate and nitrogen deposition did not significantly contribute to changing carbon fluxes during the studied period. Our findings support the hypothesis of a general CO2-fertilization effect on vegetation growth and suggest that, so far unknown, sulphur deposition plays a significant role in the carbon balance of forests in industrialized regions. Our results show the need to include the effects of changing atmospheric composition, beyond CO2, to assess future dynamics of carbon-climate feedbacks not currently considered in earth system/climate modelling.

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