Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Mikrodaten : Eine wichtige Quelle für die Bewertung politischer Maßnahmen
Poppe, Krijn ; Vrolijk, Hans - \ 2018
EuroChoices 17 (2018)1. - ISSN 1478-0917 - p. 28 - 35.
The FLINT project (Farm Level Indicators for New Topics in policy evaluation) was aimed at testing the feasibility of collecting data on the sustainability performance of farms through the European Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). The project defined a list of sustainability themes based on an assessment of policy needs, the existing literature and a review of national initiatives to measure sustainability. Data were collected in nine Member States (Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, the Netherlands, Poland and Spain) from 1,100 farms of different types. Although some problems were encountered, mainly due to the initial pilot project character of FLINT, we conclude that data collection is feasible, whatever the way a Member State has organised its data collection for FADN. The FLINT project has investigated options for upscaling the results from 9 to 28 Member States to create a representative panel with farm-level sustainability data. This leads to the conclusion that the most attractive option is to reduce the current FADN sample in order to provide the sustainability data that are urgently needed for improved policy evaluation. This could be done without sacrificing information on other important indicators, such as income from farming.
Sample of Dutch FADN 2015 : design principles and quality of the sample of agricultural and horticultural holdings
Ge, L. ; Meer, R.W. van der; Veen, H.B. van der; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2018
Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research (Wageningen Economic Research report 2018-011) - ISBN 9789463437554 - 35
The purpose of the EU Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) is to be able to evaluate the income of agricultural holdings and the impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy. The Netherlands is required to yearly send accounting data of a sample of 1,500 farms to the European Commission to contribute to the FADN. This task is carried out by Wageningen Economic Research on behalf of Centre for Economic Information (CEI). This report explains the background of the farm sample for the year 2015. All phases from the determination of the selection plan, the recruitment of farms to the quality control of the final sample are described in this report.
Farm level indicators for new topics in policy evaluation
Vrolijk, H.C.J. ; Poppe, K.J. - \ 2017
Rural evaluation news (2017)7. - p. 6 - 7.
Farm sustainability data for better policy evaluation with FADN
Poppe, Krijn ; Vrolijk, Hans - \ 2017
Den Haag : Wageningen Economic Research (Wageningen Economic Research report 2017-061) - ISBN 9789463432030 - 71
Farm data: help or hurdle? Agrifuture
Hoste, R. ; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2017
Agrifuture 2017 (2017)1. - p. 21 - 23.
FLINT project. Farm data collection is an
opportunity for farmers and governments to improve
performance and to ease decision making. The FLINT
project has developed a concept to cover a wider
range of sustainability issues.
Proceedings of 24th Pacioli Workshop: FADN in a changing environment : Pristina, Kosovo, 25 September - 28 September 2016
Vrolijk, Hans C.J. - \ 2017
Den Haag : Wageningen Economic Research (Wageningen Economic Research report 2017-009) - ISBN 9789463430937 - 137
Innovative ideas face many hurdles to become successful implementations. This is also true in farm accounting and in Farm Accountancy Data Networks (FADNs). Therefore it makes sense to bring together the 'change agents', the persons who have a personal drive to change the content of their work and their organisations. For farm accounting and policy supporting FADNs it is appropriate to do this in an international context: this creates possibilities to learn from each other. By bringing FADN managers and data users in micro-economic research together, learning and innovation is fostered. It is with this background that the PACIOLI network organises a workshop every year. This year the 24th edition already took place. This small but open network has become a breeding place for ideas on innovations and projects. PACIOLI was originally a Concerted Action in the EU's Third Framework Programme for Research and Technical Development (AIR3-CT94-2456). After completion of the contract with the PACIOLI-4 workshop, the partners decided to keep the network alive at their own costs. See www.pacioli.org for the presentations and papers of all the workshops.
Sample of Dutch FADN 2014 : design principles and quality of the sample of agricultural and horticultural holdings
Ge, L. ; Meer, R.W. van der; Veen, H.B. van der; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research (Report / Wageningen Economic Research 2017-016) - ISBN 9789463430098 - 33
FLINT Farm-level Indicators for New Topics in policy evaluation: an introduction.
Poppe, K.J. ; Vrolijk, H.C.J. ; Dolman, M.A. ; Silvis, H.J. - \ 2016
Studies in Agricultural Economics 118 (2016)3. - ISSN 1418-2106 - p. 116 - 122.
policy analysis - data needs - farm performance - sustainability
Societal expectations about agricultural production are changing. There are increased demands on issues such as food safety, animal welfare and the impact of agriculture on the environment (land, water and air). These changes have been refl ected in the European Union’s (EU) Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), but information on these issues is lacking and this complicates the required evaluation of policies. The EU Framework 7 project FLINT tries to close this gap by analysing the feasibility of collecting data on these new topics. FLINT has established a data infrastructure with up-to-date farm-level indicators for the
monitoring and evaluation of the CAP. The project created a pilot network of more than 1,000 farms to collect a set of sustainability indicators at farm level. The pilot represents farm diversity at EU level, including the different administrative environments in the Member States. This paper sets out the context and the main contributions of the project.
Collecting sustainability data in different organisational settings of the European Farm Accountancy Data Network
Vrolijk, H.C.J. ; Poppe, K.J. ; Keszthelyi, Szilard - \ 2016
Studies in Agricultural Economics 118 (2016)3. - ISSN 1418-2106 - p. 138 - 144.
The European Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) collects detailed financial economic information on a sample of farms in Europe. These data are used intensively for the evaluation of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy. Owing to changes in policies, there is a need for a broader set of farm level data, especially on the sustainability performance of farms. This paper describes the different types of FADN systems in Europe and evaluates how these types affect the feasibility of collecting sustainability data. In addition to a theoretical evaluation, the practical experiences of collecting sustainability data on more than 1,000 farms in Europe are described. The paper concludes with a discussion on the advantages and challenges of extending the scope of FADN data collection with sustainability data.
Farm economic sustainability in the European Union: A pilot study
O'Donoghue, Cathal ; Devisme, Simon ; Ryan, Mary ; Conneely, Ricky ; Gillespie, Patrick ; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2016
Studies in Agricultural Economics 118 (2016)3. - ISSN 1418-2106 - p. 163 - 171.
farm Viability - FADN - farm income - opportunity costs
The measurement of farm economic sustainability has received intermittent academic interest in recent times, while the conceptual discussions are often quite limited. Moreover, this concept receives more attention at periods of diffi culty for the sector. The measurement of farm viability is an important precondition to enrich these discussions. Therefore, it is necessary to
develop more comprehensive and detailed measurement techniques to provide more clarity on viability and vulnerability levels in the sector. This paper refocuses attention on this issue, using a pilot dataset collected at farm level across a range of EU Member States which facilitates the assessment of an additional category of viability, namely that of economically sustainable
farms, i.e. farms that are economically vulnerable but which are deemed sustainable by the presence of off-farm income. Differences in viability and economic sustainability across the eight surveyed Member States are shown. The analysis is sensitive to the factors included in the measurement of viability as well as to the threshold income used to defi ne viability. Although this is a pilot study, it enhances our understanding of the factors affecting cross-country evaluation of viability and sustainability, and the policy instruments that could improve viability levels.
Gevolgen van een Brexit voor de Nederlandse en Britse landbouw
Jongeneel, R.A. ; Berkum, S. van; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2016
ESB Economisch Statistische Berichten 101 (2016)4736. - ISSN 0013-0583 - p. 398 - 399.
Adoption of risk management strategies in European agriculture
Asseldonk, M.A.P.M. van; Tzouramani, I. ; Ge, L. ; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2016
Studies in Agricultural Economics 118 (2016)3. - ISSN 1418-2106 - p. 154 - 162.
Given the increased attention to risk management in the European Union’s (EU) Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), it is important to monitor and evaluate the rates of adoption by farmers and their determinants over time. Current European Agricultural statistics (Farm Accountancy Data Network) capture few indicators that assess such strategies, but complementing data collected during the EU Framework 7 project FLINT have allowed the adoption of risk management strategies and the determinants of farmers’ preference for complementary or substitute instruments to be assessed. Adoption rates of risk management
instruments such as insurance contracts, price contracts, off-farm income, other types risk of reduction measures and other gainful activities vary signifi cantly across EU Member States and farming types. Econometric analysis indicates that larger farms more often adopt crop insurance, occupational accident insurance, price contracts and diversifi cation but are less likely to adopt credit avoidance and off-farm employment (at a signifi cance level of 1 per cent). For policy analyses these indicators are a step forward for the determination of the net impacts and establishment of counterfactuals in the long term (i.e. time series
encompassing also adverse years) for measuring the impact of the CAP at farm level.
Policy and research needs on economic, social and environmental farm performance
Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2016
In: Competitiveness of the economy in the context of social policy measures – international perspective / Kowalski, Andrzej, Wigier, Marek, Warsaw : Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute - ISBN 9788376586335 - p. 37 - 49.
Structural change in Dutch agriculture; impact on farm level statistics
Vrolijk, H.C.J. ; Poppe, K.J. - \ 2016
- 12 p.
Structural change has been a constant factor in agriculture, the Netherlands included. For decades the number of farms has decreased and the size of farms has increased. Agricultural statistics help to analyse and understand structural change, but at the same time structural change affects and to some extend complicates the compilation and use of agricultural statistics. Developments in the size of farms and the number of farms, although often used as indicators of structural change, have a limited impact on agricultural statistics. Other factors such as the increase in complexity of agricultural holdings have a potential large impact.
Uses and Benefits of FADN Information in the EU-28
Hill, B. ; Bradley, Dylan ; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2016
EuroChoices 15 (2016)3. - ISSN 1478-0917 - p. 11 - 16.
The benefit from information contained in FADN results and those of national farm accounts surveys comes from the improvements that are made possible in decisions by public policymakers and by farmers. Direct valuation of these benefits is difficult and attention has to focus on publication of results and uses by EU central institutions, national governments and the private sector, especially farmers. FADN is used by the European Commission for the analysis and evaluation of economic policy relating to the agricultural sector comprising ‘commercial farms’ and results are published as statistics for both the EU and Member States. Almost all national governments use their results for similar public purposes but most also make them available for the provision of advice to farmers and benchmarking of their own performance. Member States differ in their views on whether the national survey would continue in the absence of the legal obligation to supply data to FADN. The Netherlands provides an example of data collection that is broader than is required for FADN and which enables a wide range of policies to be serviced, with a judgement by its government that it therefore represents good value for money.
Brexit : Breaking Away - Would it Pay?
Jongeneel, Roel ; Berkum, Siemen van; Vrolijk, Hans - \ 2016
EuroChoices 15 (2016)2. - ISSN 1478-0917 - p. 26 - 33.

In the event of a Brexit the UK would have to redefine its trade relationship with the EU and develop its own agricultural policy. We analyse the impacts of a UK-EU Free Trade Arrangement (FTA); a WTO MFN tariff rates scenario; and a UK Trade Liberalisation scenario (UK TL). In each scenario the effects of three different levels of direct payments to farmers are estimated: current levels, 50 per cent reduction and no direct payments. In the FTA and WTO scenarios, UK prices for agricultural products would increase due to the higher trade facilitation costs and the UK's loss of access to EU preferential import regimes, with positive impacts on producers but negative on consumers or users. In the UK TL scenario, prices for animal products tend to decline, while crop prices show an increase relative to the status quo. The effects on farm incomes reflect these changes in prices but incomes ultimately are strongly dependent on choice of agricultural policy with regard to direct payments. Full abolition of direct payments generally more than offsets the positive effects of output price increases on farm incomes. Direct payments of 50 per cent of current levels have more diverse impacts on farm incomes.

Implications of a UK exit from the EU for British agriculture : study for the National Farmers’ Union (NFU), Warwickshire, UK
Berkum, S. van; Jongeneel, R.A. ; Vrolijk, H.C.J. ; Leeuwen, M.G.A. van; Jager, J.H. - \ 2016
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI ) - ISBN 9789462577732 - 51 p.
cap - farmers' income - agricultural sector - agricultural production - agricultural trade - uk - european union - gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - inkomen van landbouwers - landbouwsector - landbouwproductie - agrarische handel - verenigd koninkrijk - europese unie
This report offers quantification of effects of possible trade and agricultural support scenarios on the
UK agricultural production, trade, farm gate prices and farmers’ income levels in case of the UK
leaving the EU. The results of each scenario show that for most sectors the biggest driver of UK farm
income changes is the level of public support payments available. The positive price impacts on farm
incomes seen through both the FTA and WTO default scenario are offset by the loss of direct support
payments. A reduction of direct payments, or their complete elimination, would exacerbate the
negative impact seen under the UK Trade Liberalisation scenario
Sample of Dutch FADN 2013 : Design principles and quality of the sample of agricultural and horticultural holdings
Ge, L. ; Veen, H.B. van der; Meer, R.W. van der; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2015
LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI Wageningen UR LEI 2015-130) - ISBN 9789086156948 - 35 p.
european farm accounting network - farm accounting - farm accounts - farm accountancy data - sampling - evaluation - european union - netherlands - boekhouding van landbouwbedrijf - rekeningen van landbouwbedrijf - bedrijfsgegevens - bemonsteren - evaluatie - europese unie - nederland
The EU Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) requires the Netherlands to yearly send bookkeeping data of 1,500 farms to Brussels. This task is carried out by LEI and CEI. This report explains the background of the farm sample for the year 2013. All phases from the determination of the selection plan, the recruitment of farms to the quality control of the final sample are described in this report.
Duurzaamheidsindicatoren in het Bedrijveninformatienet
Veen, H.B. van der; Helming, J.F.M. ; Leeuwen, T.C. van; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2014
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI Vertrouwelijke Nota VR14-003) - 58
agrarische bedrijfsvoering - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - duurzaamheidsindicatoren - landbouw bedrijven - nederland - farm management - sustainability - sustainability indicators - farming - netherlands
Sample of Dutch FADN 2012 : design principles and quality of the sample of agricultural and horticultural holdings
Veen, H.B. van der; Ge, L. ; Meer, R.W. van der; Vrolijk, H.C.J. - \ 2014
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI report / LEI Wageningen UR 2014-027) - ISBN 9789086156948 - 52
landbouw - tuinbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - landbouwbedrijven - nederland - tuinbouwbedrijven - agriculture - horticulture - farm management - farms - netherlands - market gardens
The EU Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) requires the Netherlands to yearly send bookkeeping data of 1,500 farms to Brussels. This task is carried out by LEI and CEI. This report explains the background of the farm sample for the year 2012. All phases from the determination of the selection plan, the recruitment of farms to the quality control of the final sample are described in this report.
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