- R.J. Bijlsma (1)
- J. Bokdam (1)
- E. Brocchi (1)
- U. Bruderer (1)
- S. Cox (1)
- D. Dam van (1)
- J.J. Esterhuysen (1)
- M. Forsyth (1)
- S. Grazioli (1)
- B. Haas (1)
- L.J.W. Hoof van (1)
- M.L. Kraan (1)
- H. Swam (1)
- B.K. Trapman (1)
- N. Visser (2)
- N.M. Visser (1)
- W. Vosloo (1)
Muddying the waters of the landing obligation: how Multi-level governance structures can obscure policy implementation
Hoof, L.J.W. van; Kraan, M.L. ; Visser, N.M. ; Avoyan, Emma ; Batsleer, J. ; Trapman, B.K. - \ 2019
In: The European Landing Oligation / Uhlmann, Sven Sebastian, Ulrich, Clara, Kennelly, Steven J., - p. 179 - 196.
The 2013 reform of the European Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) included an increased drive for regionalisation of the policy implementation and the introduction of the Landing Obligation (LO). The process of implementing the LO takes place at multiple levels of governance within the EU. We use the case of the implementation of the LO in the Netherlands, where policymakers and the fishing industry cooperate towards a workable policy implementation. In this paper, we argue that the EU’s complex and unconsolidated implementation structure hampers a fair and clear implementation process. Three main causes can be distinguished: first, a lack of a shared understanding of the goal of the Landing Obligation within and between the different governance levels that are involved in the implementation process. Second, no meaningful discussions are taking place between concurrent resource users, resource managers and supporters of the LO regarding the need and usefulness of the measure, as there is no arena in the governance system for them to meet. With the introduction of the Regional Advisory Councils in the 2002 CFP reform, a platform for discussion between fishers and NGOs was created, but this platform has only an advisory role and does not include the Member States. Third, the relationship between different decision-making bodies is unclear, as is the manner in which stakeholder input will be included in decision-making about implementing the LO. The result of this implementation process has been a diluted policy where the goal, its execution and its effectiveness remain unclear.
De natuurwaarde van flora en vegetatie van Het Nationale Park De Hoge Veluwe:
Bijlsma, R.J. ; Bokdam, J. ; Dam, D. van; Visser, N. - \ 2014
De Levende Natuur 115 (2014)6. - ISSN 0024-1520 - p. 246 - 252.
natuurwaarde - flora - vegetatietypen - natura 2000 - nationale parken - veluwe - natural value - vegetation types - national parks
Natura 2000 vormt de ruggengraat van de Nederlandse natuur. Bijna 40% van de totale oppervlakte van het Nationale Park de Hoge Veluwe wordt ingenomen door Natura 2000-habitattypen. De vraag is, in hoeverre deze typen de natuurwaarde van flora en vegetatie afdoende vertegenwoordigen. Hierbij beschouwen we niet alleen bijzondere vegetatietypen die niet onder een habitattype vallen, maar analyseren ook de verspreiding van (habitat)typische soorten die karakteristiek worden geacht voor habitattypen en een rol spelen bij de formele kwaliteitsbeoordeling.
Differentiating infection from vaccination in foot-and-mouth-disease: evaluation of an ELISA based on recombinant 3ABC
Bruderer, U. ; Swam, H. ; Haas, B. ; Visser, N. ; Brocchi, E. ; Grazioli, S. ; Esterhuysen, J.J. ; Vosloo, W. ; Forsyth, M. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Cox, S. ; Armstrong, R. ; Anderson, J. - \ 2004
Veterinary Microbiology 101 (2004)3. - ISSN 0378-1135 - p. 187 - 197.
linked-immunosorbent-assay - nonstructural proteins - virus - livestock - antibodies - indicator - epidemic - strategy - strain - cattle
Recent devastating outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Europe have reopened the discussion about the adequacy of the non-vaccination strategy implemented by the EU in 1991. Here we describe the evaluation of a new commercially available test kit for the discrimination between vaccination and infection. The test is based on the detection of antibodies against the recombinant non-structural (NS) protein 3ABC. In contrast to immunization with vaccines free of 3ABC, these antibodies are elicited as a consequence of infection. Testing more than 3600 negative sera from several countries revealed a specificity of >99% for bovine, ovine, and porcine samples. Antibodies specific for 3ABC can be detected as soon as 10 days post-infection. As compared with the occurrence of antibodies against structural proteins of FMDV, anti-3ABC antibodies can be detected 5¿10 days later, depending on the species. No anti-3ABC antibodies were detected in sera from vaccination experiments or in field sera from vaccinated animals. However, anti-3ABC antibodies can be detected in vaccinated animals upon challenge. These results provide evidence that this test can facilitate the use of vaccines in new strategies against FMD.