Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Fostering students’ competence in identifying business opportunities in entrepreneurship education
Karimi, S. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Lans, T. ; Azami, M. ; Mulder, M. - \ 2016
Innovations in Education and Teaching International 53 (2016)2. - ISSN 1470-3297 - p. 215 - 229.
Opportunity identification and, in particular, the generation of new business ideas is becoming an important element of entrepreneurship education. Researchers and educators, however, struggle with how opportunity identification competence can be enhanced. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to test the ability of students to generate new business opportunities when they participated in a redesigned entrepreneurship course with specially developed creativity exercises. Pre- vs. post-test comparisons showed the students who followed the course to subsequently have a higher level of divergent thinking, also with respect to the students who did not enrol in the course. The results also indicate that the course has a significant effect on the students’ abilities to generate a greater number and more innovative business ideas in the experimental group; while the control group showed no significant changes in business idea generation. The implications of the results for developing opportunity identification competence and entrepreneurship education are presented.
The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education: A Study of Iranian Students' Entrepreneurial Intentions and Opportunity Identification
Karimi, S. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Lans, T. ; Chizari, M. ; Mulder, M. - \ 2016
Journal of Small Business Management 54 (2016)1. - ISSN 0047-2778 - p. 187 - 209.
Building on the theory of planned behavior, an ex ante and ex post survey was used to assess the impacts of elective and compulsory entrepreneurship education programs (EEPs) on students' entrepreneurial intention and identification of opportunities. Data were collected by questionnaire from a sample of 205 participants in EEPs at six Iranian universities. Both types of EEPs had significant positive impacts on students' subjective norms and perceived behavioral control. Results also indicated that the elective EEPs significantly increased students' entrepreneurial intention, although this increase was not significant for the compulsory EEPs. The findings contribute to the theory of planned behavior and have implications for the design and delivery of EEPs.
Effects of Role Models and Gender on Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions
Karimi, S. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Lans, T. ; Chizari, M. ; Mulder, M. - \ 2014
European Journal of Training and Development 38 (2014)8. - ISSN 2046-9012 - p. 694 - 727.
Purpose – This paper aims to, drawing on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), explore the effects of entrepreneurial role models on entrepreneurial intention (EI) and its antecedents and examines the question of whether the effects vary by gender. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from a sample of 331 students at seven universities in Iran. Structural equation modelling and bootstrap procedure were used to analyse the data. Findings – Consistent with the TPB, our results show entrepreneurial role models to indirectly influence EIs via the antecedents of intention. No gender differences in the relationship between perceived behaviour control and EIs were found, but gender did moderate the other relationships within the TPB. Attitude towards entrepreneurship was a weaker predictor and subjective norms a stronger predictor of EIs for female students than for their male counterparts. Furthermore, perceived behaviour control and attitudes towards entrepreneurship were more strongly influenced by role models for females as opposed to male students. Research limitations/implications – Future studies should go beyond examining the mere fact of knowing entrepreneurial role models to examine the mechanisms underlying the relationship between role models and EIs. Practical implications – The results of this study have clear implications for both educators and policymakers. Originality/value – The study contributes to the entrepreneurship literature by incorporating entrepreneurial role models and gender into the TPB and investigating their mediating and moderating effects within the model.
Analysing and promoting entrepreneurship in Iranian higher education : entrepreneurial attitudes, intentions and opportunity identification
Karimi, S. - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder, co-promotor(en): Harm Biemans; Thomas Lans. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461738455 - 272
ondernemerschap - onderwijs - hoger onderwijs - studenten - attitudes - psychologie - menselijk gedrag - besluitvorming - culturele waarden - geslacht (gender) - persoonlijkheid - individuele kenmerken - iran - entrepreneurship - education - higher education - students - psychology - human behaviour - decision making - cultural values - gender - personality - individual characteristics
Given the positive influences of entrepreneurship in tems of increasing economic growth and creating jobs, considerable efforts have been made to promote entrepreneurship in both developed and developing countries. Scholars and policymakers are also increasingly interested in the factors which influence the decision to become an entrepreneur and thus understanding why some people decide to start a business while others do not. The research reported in this dissertation therefore explored the factors which influence the entrepreneurial intentions of students in higher education in the developing country of Iran.
The Influence of Personality Characteristics on Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions Within the Theory of Planned Behavior
Karimi, S. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Mulder, M. ; Lans, T. ; Chizari, M. - \ 2013
The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Students Entrepreneurial Intentions and Opportunity Identification Perceptions
Karimi, S. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Lans, T. ; Mulder, M. ; Chizari, M. - \ 2012
This study, based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), assesses the impact of entrepreneurship education programs (EEPs) on entrepreneurial intentions of 205 students following entrepreneurship courses at six Iranian universities. Data were collected by a questionnaire before and after completing EEPs. Result indicated that EEPs significantly influence perceived behavioral control and subjective norms. However, no support was found for the effects of EEPs on attitudes toward entrepreneurship, opportunity identification, and intention. Findings suggest that the TPB could be considered to provide a useful framework to analyze how EEP might influence students’ entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions.
The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions
Karimi, S. ; Chizari, M. ; Mulder, M. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Lans, T. - \ 2012
In: Proceedings of the Second Students’ Conference on Entrepreneurship, October 2012,Tehran, Iran. - - p. 45 - 55.
This study, based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), assesses the impact of entrepreneurship education programs (EEPs) on entrepreneurial intentions of 205 studentsfollowing entrepreneurship courses at six Iranian universities. Data were collected by aquestionnaire before and after completing EEPs. Result indicated that EEPs significantlyinfluence perceived behavioral control and subjective norms. However, no support was foundfor the effects of EEPs on attitudes toward entrepreneurship, opportunity identification, andintention. Findings suggest that the TPB could be considered to provide a useful framework toanalyze how EEP might influence students’ entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions.
The Role of Entrepreneurship Education in Developing Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions
Karimi, Saeid - \ 2012
Understanding the Moderating Effects of Cultural Aspects on the relationships between Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention and Its Antecedents.
Karimi, Saeid - \ 2012
The Impact of Contextual and Cultural Aspects on Students' Entrepreneurial Intentions
Karimi, S. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Chizari, M. ; Mulder, M. - \ 2011
Entrepreneurship is considered as a main key driver of any nation’s economic growth. Based on the recent literature reviewed, entrepreneurial intention is suggested to be a predictor of an individual’s future entrepreneurial behaviour. The investigation of factors that influence students’ entrepreneurial intentions and drive them to start a new business has been a question of many researchers. The present study explores the impact of contextual and cultural factors on the development of students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Primary data was collected from a sample of 347 students enrolled at different universities in Iran. Hierarchical multiple regression is used to analyse the data. The study found positive effects of perceived relational support and university support on student’s entrepreneurial intentions. Furthermore, the results illustrated that educational level and knowing an entrepreneurial role model have a direct influence on entrepreneurial intentions. Perceived environmental support, perceived barriers, individualism, collectivism and power distance were not considered important for students’ entrepreneurial intentions.
Application of Structural Equation Modelling to Assess the Impact of Entrepreneurial Characteristics on Students' Entrepreneurial Intentions
Karimi, S. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Lans, T. ; Arasti, Z. ; Chizari, M. ; Mulder, M. - \ 2011
In: Proceedings of ECIE 2011, The 6th European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK, 15 - 16 September, 2011. - Aberdeen, Scotland, UK : Robert Gordon University - p. 954 - 967.
Entrepreneurship is considered to be an important driver for economic growth. Entrepreneurial intention is, based on the literature, suggested to be a predictor of future entrepreneurial behaviour. Entrepreneurial intention is influenced by several factors including entrepreneurial characteristics. Several studies have examined the relationship between entrepreneurial characteristics and success entrepreneurs. However, there is very little research available on personality factors that drive students’ intentions to start a new business. This study investigates the effect of entrepreneurial characteristics of students at Iranian universities on their entrepreneurial intentions. A survey instrument was designed to measure entrepreneurial intentions as dependent variable as well as entrepreneurial characteristics including need for achievement, risk-taking propensity, innovativeness, self-efficacy and need for independence as independent variables. The sample of 347 students included students studying business, agriculture, and engineering at seven established universities at both graduate and undergraduate levels. Structural Equation modelling (SEM) was employed to test causal relationships among independent and dependent variables. The results indicate that entrepreneurial intention is significantly influenced by entrepreneurial self-efficacy and need for achievement. However, risk taking propensity and need for independence. do not have a direct significant impact on students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Furthermore, the results show that the effect innovativeness is mediated by entrepreneurial self-efficacy. The results of the study provide educators, administrators and policy makers inside and outside universities valuable insights with respect to entrepreneurship education. It may serve students better by increasing its focus on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and need for achievement. Keywords: entrepreneurial intention, entrepreneurial characteristics, university students, Iran
Entrepreneurship Education in Iranian Higher Education: The Current State and Challenges
Karimi, S. ; Chizari, M. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Mulder, M. - \ 2010
European Journal of Scientific Research 48 (2010)1. - ISSN 1450-216X - p. 35 - 50.
Entrepreneurship has long been considered a significant factor for socioeconomic growth and development because it provides millions of job opportunities, offers a variety of consumer goods and services, and generally increases national prosperity and competitiveness. Due to this positive impact of entrepreneurship, recent decades have seen a tremendous rise in entrepreneurship education at various universities and colleges around the globe, including in Iran. In the middle of this expansion remains the challenges and problems of development and changes for entrepreneurship.
This paper investigates the state, trends, challenges and solutions in entrepreneurship education in Iran which emerged from an extensive review of literature. The literature reviewed indicates that entrepreneurship education in Iranian higher education faces with economic, political, social, and cultural challenges. Also this article offers some approaches and recommendations for resolving the challenges as well as encouraging and fostering entrepreneurship in higher education. The findings of this study provide valuable insights for policy makers, educators, students and graduate entrepreneurs. Stakeholders could use this study to make better choices in relation to the improvement of entrepreneurship education in Iranian higher education system.
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