Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Plant metabolomics and the golden age of Dutch painting
Hall, R.D. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wageningen University, Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789461739735 - 24
metabolomica - plantensamenstelling - fytochemie - schilderijen - geschiedenis - nederland - metabolomics - plant composition - phytochemistry - paintings - history - netherlands
Forest governance dynamics in Ethiopia : histories, arrangements, and practices
Ayana, A.N. - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Bas Arts, co-promotor(en): Freerk Wiersum; A. Agrawal. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462570139 - 140
bosbeleid - governance - bosdynamiek - geschiedenis - bosbedrijfsvoering - ethiopië - forest policy - forest dynamics - history - forest management - ethiopia

This thesis deals with forest governance in Ethiopia. Forest governance is an important subject to study both as an emerging field of scientific analysis and as a means to understand and tackle the practical challenges facing forest resource management and conservation. Forests are one of the vital renewable resources that support the livelihoods of millions of people in Ethiopia. Despite their significance, Ethiopia is fast losing its forest resources due to intense and unsustainable human uses coupled with institutional and policy deficiencies. This study aims to provide a better understanding of how forest governance has developed and been practiced in Ethiopia over the past five decades. It analyses forest governance dynamics over several years, at multiple political-administrative levels, from multi-actor perspectives, and the effect of the new governance system on local forest management practices. The thesis thereby contributes to the scientific analysis of governance from the perspective of a country for which there is a dearth of relevant research. It also comprehensively explains the establishment process and performance of forest governance reforms in Ethiopia. It is hoped that the results will assist people who design and implement forest and related natural resource policies.

Forensic forest ecology : unraveling the stand history of tropical forests
Vlam, M. - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Frits Mohren, co-promotor(en): Pieter Zuidema; P.J. Baker. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461739421 - 208
bosecologie - tropische bossen - geschiedenis - opstandsontwikkeling - bosopstanden - bosdynamiek - klimaatverandering - verstoring - forest ecology - tropical forests - history - stand development - forest stands - forest dynamics - climatic change - disturbance

Tropical forests are occasionally hit by intense disturbances like hurricanes or droughts that kill many trees. We found evidence for such intense disturbances in a tree-ring study on tropical forests in Bolivia, Cameroon and Thailand. To reconstruct past disturbances we applied ‘forensic forest ecology’, a combined analysis of age distributions and spatial distributions of trees. The study shows that all three forests carry a legacy of past disturbances. The process of recovery after past disturbance may explain recently reported increases in tree growth and forest biomass from long-term forest monitoring plots. This finding is in contradiction with the dominant paradigm that increases in forest biomass are the result of enhanced photosynthesis due to rising CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. A more dominant role for past disturbances means that the compensating effect of tropical forests in global warming may be smaller than previously thought.

250 jaar Copijn in het groen : tentoonstelling 4 april 2014 t/m 1 augustus 2014
Dijkstra, A.G. ; Karssen-Schüürmann, J. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Library, Speciale Collecties - 43
tuinen - tuinen bij het huis - publieke tuinen - landschapsarchitectuur - geschiedenis - bibliotheken - wetenschappelijke bibliotheken - tentoonstellingen - gardens - domestic gardens - public gardens - landscape architecture - history - libraries - scientific libraries - exhibitions
Twee en een halve eeuw al zijn de leden van de familie Copijn werkzaam in het groen. Een onafgebroken traditie die begon toen Hendrik Copijn zich in 1763 in Groenekan vestigde. Nog steeds is hier Copijn Groenekan boomkwekerij en tuinarchitectuur gevestigd, alsmede ontwerp- en adviesbureau Copijn Bruine Beuk en een paar kilometer ten zuidwesten van Groenekan aan de Gageldijk bevindt zich het bedrijf Copijn Tuin- en Landschapsarchitecten / Boomspecialisten / Groenaanleg en beheer. Deze tentoonstelling is gebaseerd op het boek ‘Met levend materiaal’ : Copijn 1763-2013 tweehonderdvijftig jaar tuinlieden, boomkwekers, boomverzorgers en tuin- en landschapsarchitecten
Framing scales and scaling frames : the politics of scale and its implications for the governance of the Dutch intensive agriculture
Lieshout, M. van - \ 2014
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Katrien Termeer; Noelle Aarts, co-promotor(en): Art Dewulf. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461738356 - 219
schaalvoordelen - governance - veehouderij op grote schaal - intensieve veehouderij - intensieve landbouw - landbouwbeleid - besluitvorming - geschiedenis - nederland - economies of scale - large scale husbandry - intensive livestock farming - intensive farming - agricultural policy - decision making - history - netherlands
With this thesis, I aim to get a better understanding of scale framing in interaction, and the implications of scale framing for the nature and course of governance processes about complex problems. In chapter 1, I introduce the starting points: the conceptual framework, the research aim, the research questions, the case, and the methodology. I begin from the idea that complex problems are not just out there, but that actors highlight different aspects of a situation as a problem. This process is also referred to as framing. The differences in frames, expressed by different actors, contribute to the complexity of the problem. In this thesis, I focus on how actors use scale in their framings. I call this scale framing. I define scales broadly as the spatial, temporal, or administrative dimensions used to describe a phenomenon. Apart from scales, levels can be distinguished. Levels are the different locations on a scale. Scale framing is not without consequences. It makes a difference in terms of actors, interests, and interdependencies whether problems are addressed at one scale-level or another. This process of strategically using scales as political devices is also known as the politics of scale, or scalar politics.
Voor en door boeren? De opkomst van het coöperatiewezen in de Nederlandse landbouw vóór de Tweede Wereldoorlog
Rommes, R.N.J. - \ 2013
Hilversum : Verloren (Historische studies naar platteland, landschap en milieu (HSPLM) 2) - ISBN 9789087043193 - 320
plattelandscoöperaties - landbouwcoöperaties - geschiedenis - landbouw - coöperaties - nederland - rural cooperatives - agricultural cooperatives - history - agriculture - cooperatives - netherlands
De Nederlandse landbouw maakte na 1850 ingrijpende veranderingen door. De snelle ontwikkelingen maakten de boeren kwetsbaar. Ze reageerden daarop door zich aaneen te sluiten in landbouworganisaties, zoals coöperaties. Deze organisaties verrichtten voor boeren en tuinders aan- en verkopen, verwerkten producten en verleenden (financiële) diensten. Veel coöperaties namen al vrij snel een belangrijke positie in op de markten waarop ze optraden. Het bestaan van grote bedrijven als de Rabobank en Friesland Campina wijst nog heden op het succes van de coöperaties. Op basis van nieuw bronnenonderzoek brengt Ronald Rommes de feitelijke ontwikkeling van de oprichting van coöperaties in de landbouw in kaart en geeft daarmee antwoord op vragen als wanneer, waar, waarvoor en door wie de coöperaties werden opgericht. Tevens reconstrueert Rommes de algemene eigentijdse discussie over het nut van coöperaties in de Nederlandse landbouw.
Historie van bos, bosgebruik en bosbeheer in Nederland: recente thema's en uitdagingen, een overzicht.
Laar, J.N. van - \ 2013
In: Jaarboek voor Ecologische geschiedenis 2011. Bossen in de Lage Landen / van Cruyningen, P., Gent : Academia Press (VI ) - ISBN 9789087044015 - p. 1 - 17.
bossen - historische ecologie - bosbeheer - landgebruik - geschiedenis - forests - historical ecology - forest administration - land use - history
Dit artikel heeft tot doel om inzicht te geven in enkele recente ontwikkelingen in onderzoek, methoden en resultaten in het brede wetenschapsdomein van de Nederlandse bosgeschiedenis. Daarbij is gekeken vanuit verschillende disciplines en perspectieven. Het overzicht geeft een beeld van de thema's waarover met name in de laatste twee decennia in Nederland is gepubliceerd, maar ook van de wisselende aandacht die er is voor bosgeschiedenis.
Ecologia del paesaggio del Monte di Portofino / Landscape Ecology of the Monte di Portofino
Pedroli, G.B.M. ; Tagliasacchi, S. ; Sluis, T. van der - \ 2013
Wageningen : FERGUSON (Portus Delphini 2) - ISBN 9789077634028 - 457
landschapsecologie - ecologie - ecosystemen - geschiedenis - italië - landscape ecology - ecology - ecosystems - history - italy
Crop Protection in Medieval Agriculture
Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2013
Leiden : Sidestone Press - ISBN 9789088901874 - 330
gewasbescherming - onkruidbestrijding - biologische landbouw - middeleeuwen - geschiedenis - plant protection - weed control - organic farming - middle ages - history
Mediterranean and West European pre-modern agriculture (agriculture before 1600) was by necessity ‘organic agriculture’. Crop protection is part and parcel of this agriculture, with weed control in the forefront. Crop protection is embedded in the medieval agronomy text books but specialised sections do occur. Weeds, insects and diseases are described but identification in modern terms is not easy. The pre-modern ‘Crop Portfolio’ is well filled, certainly in the Mediterranean area. The medieval ‘Pest Portfolio’ differs from the modern one because agriculture then was a Low External Input Agriculture, and because the proportion of cultivated to non-cultivated land was drastically lower than today. The pre-modern ‘Control Portfolio’ is surprisingly rich, both in preventive and interventive measures. Prevention was by risk management, intensive tillage, and careful storage. Intervention was mechanical and chemical. Chemical intervention used natural substances such as sulphur, pitch, and ‘botanicals’. Some fifty plant species are mentioned in a crop protection context. Though application methods look rather modern they are typically low-tech. Among them are seed disinfection, spraying, dusting, fumigation, grease banding, wound care, and hand-picking but also scarification, now outdated. The reality of pest outbreaks and other damages is explored as to frequency, intensity, and extent. Information on the practical use of the recommended treatments is scanty. If applied, their effectiveness remains enigmatic. Three medieval agronomists are at the heart of this book, but historical developments in crop protection from early Punic, Greek, and Roman authors to the first modern author are outlined. The readership of these writers was the privileged class of landowners but hints pointing to the exchange of ideas between them and the common peasant were found. Consideration is given to the pre-modern reasoning in matters of crop protection. Comparison of pre-modern crop protection and its counterpart in modern organic agriculture is difficult because of drastic changes in the relation between crop areas and non-crop areas, and because of the great difference in yield levels then and now, with several associated differences.
Global Histories, Imperial Commodities, Local Interactions
Curry Machado, J.M. - \ 2013
Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan (Cambridge imperial and post-colonial studies series ) - ISBN 9781137283597 - 304
internationale handel - geschiedenis - goederenmarkten - basisproducten - international trade - history - commodity markets - commodities
The history of the modern world can be described through the history of the commodities that were produced, traded and consumed, on an increasingly global scale. The papers presented in this book show how in this process borders were transgressed, local agents combined with metropolitan representatives, power relations were contested and frontiers expanded. Including cases from Asia, Africa and the Americas, as well as a number of global commodities (sugar, tobacco, rubber, cotton, cassava, tea and beer), this collection presents a sample of the range of innovative research taking place today into commodity history. Together they cover the last two centuries, in which commodities have led the consolidation of a globalised economy and society – forging this out of distinctive local experiences of cultivation and production, and regional circuits of trade.
Peasants and the art of farming : A Chayanovian manifesto
Ploeg, J.D. van der - \ 2013
Winnipeg : Fernwood (Agrarian Change and Peasant Studies Series 2) - ISBN 9781552665657 - 157
landbouw bedrijven in het klein - bedrijfssystemen - duurzame landbouw - plattelandsgemeenschappen - landbouw bedrijven - landbouw - verandering - theorie - geschiedenis - wereld - voedselsoevereiniteit - peasant farming - farming systems - sustainable agriculture - rural communities - farming - agriculture - change - theory - history - world - food sovereignty
Many impressive studies on the changing nature of the global food system have been published, and nearly all address changes at the macro level. The far less visible changes occurring at the micro level have received relatively little attention, especially in the realm of critical rural studies. This book is a reflection of the far reaching and complex transformations of food systems that have occurred as a result of liberalization and globalization. This book focuses on the structure and dynamics of peasant farms and the historically highly variable relations that govern the processes of labour and production within the peasant farms. Jan Douwe van der Ploeg argues that peasant agriculture can play an important, if not central, role in augmenting food production and creating sustainability. However, peasants today, as in the past, are materially neglected. By building on the pioneering work of Chayanov, this book seeks to address this neglect and to show how important peasants are in the ongoing struggles for food, food sustainability and food sovereignty.
Africa and the green revolution : a global historical perspective
Frankema, E.H.P. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461736185 - 28
agrarische geschiedenis - groene revolutie - geschiedenis - landbouw - milieu - landbouwproductie - voedselvoorziening - economische groei - globalisering - afrika - agricultural history - green revolution - history - agriculture - environment - agricultural production - food supply - economic growth - globalization - africa
After several centuries of rising global inequality during the so-called era of the Great Divergence, our generation is witnessing a new epoch in world history, one of rapid economic convergence1. Emerging economies such as China, India, Brazil and Turkey are reconfiguring the gravity centers of the global economy with astonishing speed. Even in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region torn apart by decades of civil war and economic crises, hopeful signs of growing prosperity have emerged in recent years (Radelet 2010, Young 2012). It remains to be seen, however, to which extent Africa’s current growth revival builds on a profound transformation of the social, political and economic fabric. Is the region not just experiencing the inevitable recovery from an equally inevitable post-colonial collapse? And what sets this wave of growth apart from recurring African cycles of natural resource booms and busts, driven by volatile world market prices for tropical cash crops and mineral resources?
100 years plant breeding : exhibition Wageningen UR Library & Plant Breeding
Missel, L. ; Gerritsma, W. ; Niks, R.E. ; Eck, H.J. van - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Library, Speciale Collecties - 23
plantenveredeling - geschiedenis - tentoonstellingen - verzamelingen - plant breeding - history - exhibitions - collections
Tekstboekje bij de gelijknamige tentoonstelling.
Colonial Exploitation and Economic Development: The Belgian Congo and the Netherlands Indies Compared
Frankema, E.H.P. ; Buelens, F. - \ 2013
London : Routledge (Routledge explorations in economic history 64) - ISBN 9780415521741 - 292
kolonialisme - kolonies - kolonisatie - economische ontwikkeling - congo - democratische republiek kongo - belgië - nederlands indië - nederland - geschiedenis - colonialism - colonies - colonization - economic development - congo democratic republic - belgium - netherlands east indies - netherlands - history
This volume discusses the comparative legacy of colonial rule in the Netherlands Indies and Belgian Congo during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Whereas the Indonesian economy progressed rapidly during the last three decades of the twentieth century and became a self-reliant and assertive world power, the Congo regressed into a state of political chaos and endemic violence. To which extent do the different legacies of Dutch and Belgian rule explain these different development outcomes, if they do at all? By discussing the comparative features and development of Dutch and Belgian rule, the book aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of the role of colonial institutional legacies in long run patterns of economic divergence in the modern era and to add a comparative case-study to the strand of literature analyzing the marked differences in economic and political development in Asia and Africa during the postcolonial era.
Governing New Guinea. An oral history of Papuan administrators
Visser, L.E. - \ 2012
Leiden : Brill/KITLV Press - ISBN 9789067183932 - 300
bestuurskunde - governance - geschiedenis - inheemse volkeren - nieuw-guinea - institutionele opbouw - kolonialisme - regionale ontwikkeling - melanesië - public administration - history - indigenous people - new guinea - institution building - colonialism - regional development - melanesia
This is the first time that indigenous Papuan administrators share with an international public their experiences governing their country. These administrators were the brokers of development. After graduating from the School for Indigenous Administrators (OSIBA) they served in the Dutch administration until 1962. The period 1962-1969 stands out as turbulent and dangerous, and for many curtailed their professional careers. These administrators’ having been in active service until their retirement in the early 1990s allows for a complete recounting of political and administrative transformations under the Indonesian governance of Irian Jaya/Papua. This book brings together 17 oral histories of the everyday life of Papuan civil servants, including their relationships with superiors and colleagues, the murder of a Dutch administrator, their translation of ‘development’ to the Papuan people, the organization of their first democratic institutions, and the actual political and economic conditions leading up to the so-called Act of Free Choice. Finally, they share their experiences in the UNTEA and Indonesian government organization.
Food supply, demand and trade. Aspects of the economic relationship between town and countryside (Middle ages - 19th century)
Cruyningen, P.J. van; Thoen, E. - \ 2012
Turnhout, Belgium : Brepols Publishers (CORN publication series 14) - ISBN 9782503512839 - 215
voedselvoorziening - economisch gedrag - agrarische handel - platteland - stedelijke gebieden - geschiedenis - agrarische geschiedenis - europa - noordwest-europa - food supply - economic behaviour - agricultural trade - rural areas - urban areas - history - agricultural history - europe - northwestern europe
Waardplantvoorkeur van hommels: terugkijken in de tijd
Kleijn, D. ; Raemakers, I.P. - \ 2012
Entomologische Berichten 72 (2012)1/2. - ISSN 0013-8827 - p. 21 - 35.
bombus - insect-plant relaties - waardplanten - stuifmeel - populatie-ecologie - fauna - geschiedenis - inventarisaties - nederland - verenigd koninkrijk - belgië - insect plant relations - host plants - pollen - population ecology - history - inventories - netherlands - uk - belgium
Het verklaren van populatietrends is een belangrijk doel geweest van een breed scala aan ecologische studies. Dergelijke studies worden bemoeilijkt doordat bij zeldzame soorten een bepaalde eigenschap of gedrag zowel oorzaak als gevolg kan zijn van de achteruitgang van een soort. Wij omzeilden dit probleem door eigenschappen van soorten te vergelijken aan de hand van exemplaren in natuurhistorische musea die waren verzameld toen de soorten nog algemeen voorkwamen. Over de rol van voedselvoorkeur en -specialisatie als veroorzaker van de achteruitgang van hommelsoorten wordt al lange tijd gediscussieerd. Wij vergeleken de samenstelling van stuifmeelladingen van vijf hommelsoorten met stabiele populaties en vijf soorten met afnemende populaties met behulp van exemplaren in musea die voor 1950 waren verzameld in België, Engeland en Nederland.
Analyses of four centuries of bounty hunting on seals in Zeeland, SW-Netherlands
Vooys, C.G.N. de; Brasseur, S.M.J.M. ; Meer, J. van der; Reijnders, P.J.H. - \ 2012
Lutra 55 (2012)1. - ISSN 0024-7634 - p. 55 - 65.
historische ecologie - zeehonden - zeeland - jagen - geschiedenis - zuidwest-nederland - historical ecology - seals - hunting - history - south-west netherlands
Eeuwenlang vond in de Zeeuwse wateren premiejacht op zeehonden plaats. De uitbetaalde premies van de in de 16e tot in de 20e eeuw buitgemaakte dieren werden geregistreerd in Zeeuwse archieven. In deze studie worden die jachtstatistieken gebruikt om het aantal jaarlijks geschoten dieren te reconstrueren. Vervolgens wordt het effect van sociale en historische gebeurtenissen op het jachtsucces onderzocht.
Eerlijke economie : Calvijn en het sociaaleconomische leven
Jongeneel, R.A. - \ 2012
Amsterdam : Buijten & Schipperheijn (Verantwoording 30) - ISBN 9789058816702 - 224
christendom - religie - economie - geschiedenis - levensstijl - economische theorie - sociologie - kerk - christianity - religion - economics - history - lifestyle - economic theory - sociology - church
Plantenveredeling : een creatief vak, gestoeld op wetenschap, technologie en regelgeving
Jacobsen, E. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461733238 - 24
plantenveredeling - selectiemethoden - geschiedenis - biotechnologie - wetgeving - Nederland - plant breeding - selection methods - history - biotechnology - legislation - Netherlands
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