Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    We will mail you new results for this query: keywords==Fagus sylvatica
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Data from: EuMIXFOR empirical forest mensuration and ring width data from pure and mixed stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) through Europe
Heym, Michael ; Ruíz-Peinado, Ricardo ; Río, Miren del; Bielak, Kamil ; Forrester, David Ian ; Dirnberger, Gerald ; Barbeito, I. ; Brazaitis, Gediminas ; Ruškytkė, Indré ; Coll, L. ; Ouden, J. den - \ 2017
Fagus sylvatica - Pinus sylvestris
This data set provides unique empirical data from triplets of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) across Europe. Dendrometric variables are provided for 32 triplets, 96 plots, 7555 trees and 4695 core samples. These data contribute to our understanding of mixed stand dynamics.
FEM growth and yield data monocultures - Common beech, revised version
Goudzwaard, L. ; Jansen, J. ; Oosterbaan, A. ; Oldenburger, J.F. ; Lu, H. ; Mohren, G.M.J. - \ 2017
Growth and yield, even-aged monoculture forest - understorey - tree diameter - tree height - crown class - coordinates stem positions - age - top height - dominant height - dominant diameter - monitoring - Common beech - Fagus sylvatica
The current database is part of the FEM growth and yield database, a collection of growth and yield data from even-aged monocultures (douglas fir, common oak, poplar, Japanese Larch, Norway spruce, Scots pine, Corsican pine, Austrian pine, red oak and several other species with only a few plots, even-aged mixed species forest plots, uneven-aged natural forest, uneven-aged selection forest and roadside plantations of poplar. The FEM growth and yield data base is currently supervised by Jan den Ouden and Frits Mohren.
Classification of European beech forests : a Gordian Knot?
Willner, Wolfgang ; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja ; Agrillo, Emiliano ; Biurrun, Idoia ; Campos, Juan Antonio ; Čarni, Andraž ; Casella, Laura ; Csiky, János ; Ćušterevska, Renata ; Didukh, Yakiv P. ; Ewald, Jörg ; Jandt, Ute ; Jansen, Florian ; Kącki, Zygmunt ; Kavgacı, Ali ; Lenoir, Jonathan ; Marinšek, Aleksander ; Onyshchenko, Viktor ; Rodwell, John S. ; Schaminée, Joop H.J. ; Šibík, Jozef ; Škvorc, Željko ; Svenning, Jens Christian ; Tsiripidis, Ioannis ; Turtureanu, Pavel Dan ; Tzonev, Rossen ; Vassilev, Kiril ; Venanzoni, Roberto ; Wohlgemuth, Thomas ; Chytrý, Milan - \ 2017
Applied Vegetation Science 20 (2017)3. - ISSN 1402-2001 - p. 494 - 512.
Beech forest - Europe - Fagetalia sylvaticae - Fagion sylvaticae - Fagus sylvatica - Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae - Syntaxonomy - TWINSPAN - Vegetation plot database

Questions: What are the main floristic patterns in European beech forests? Which classification at the alliance and suballiance level is the most convincing?. Location: Europe and Asia Minor. Methods: We applied a TWINSPAN classification to a data set of 24 605 relevés covering the whole range of Fagus sylvatica forests and the western part of Fagus orientalis forests. We identified 24 ‘operational phytosociological units’ (OPUs), which were used for further analysis. The position of each OPU along the soil pH and temperature gradient was evaluated using Ellenberg Indicator Values. Fidelity of species to OPUs was calculated using the phi coefficient and constancy ratio. We compared alternative alliance concepts, corresponding to groups of OPUs, in terms of number and frequency of diagnostic species. We also established formal definitions for the various alliance concepts based on comparison of the total cover of the diagnostic species groups, and evaluated alternative geographical subdivisions of beech forests. Results: The first and second division levels of TWINSPAN followed the temperature and soil pH gradients, while lower divisions were mainly geographical. We grouped the 22 OPUs of Fagus sylvatica forests into acidophytic, meso-basiphytic and thermo-basiphytic beech forests, and separated two OPUs of F. orientalis forests. However, a solution with only two ecologically defined alliances of F. sylvatica forests (acidophytic vs basiphytic) was clearly superior with regard to number and frequency of diagnostic species. In contrast, when comparing groupings with three to six geographical alliances of basiphytic beech forests, respectively, we did not find a strongly superior solution. Conclusions: We propose to classify F. sylvatica forests into 15 suballiances – three acidophytic and 12 basiphytic ones. Separating these two groups at alliance or order level was clearly supported by our results. Concerning the grouping of the 12 basiphytic suballiances into ecological or geographical alliances, as advocated by many authors, we failed to find an optimal solution. Therefore, we propose a multi-dimensional classification of basiphytic beech forests, including both ecological and geographical groups as equally valid concepts which may be used alternatively depending on the purpose and context of the classification.

FEM growth and yield data mixed species forest
Bartelink, H.H. ; Jansen, J.J. ; Goudzwaard, L. ; Lu, Huicui ; Oldenburger, J.F. ; Mohren, G.M.J. ; Ouden, J. den - \ 2016
growth and yield - even aged mixed species forest - tree diameter - tree height - crown class - crown diameter - crown base - coordination stem positions - age - top height - dominant height - dominant diameter - monitoring - ash common beech - common oak - Douglas fir - Japanese larch - Scots pine - silver birch - sycamore - Acer pseudoplatanus - Betula pendula - Fagus sylvatica - Fraxinus excelsior - Larix kaempferi - Quercus robur - Pinus sylvestris - Pseudotsuga mensisii
The current database is part of the FEM growth and yield database, a collection of growth and yield data from even-aged monocultures (douglas fir, common oak, poplar, Japanese Larch, Norway spruce, Scots pine, Corsican pine, Austrian pine, red oak and several other species with only a few plots like grand fir, even-aged mixed species forest plots, uneven-aged natural forest, uneven-aged selection forest and roadside plantations of poplar). The FEM growth and yield data base is currently supervised by Jan den Ouden and Frits Mohren.
FEM growth and yield data monocultures - Common beech
Goudzwaard, L. ; Jansen, J.J. ; Oosterbaan, A. ; Oldenburger, J.F. ; Lu, Huicui ; Mohren, G.M.J. ; Ouden, J. den - \ 2016
growth and yield - even-aged monoculture forest - understory - tree diameter - tree height - crown class - coordinates stem positions - age - top height - dominant diameter - monitoring - Common beech - Fagus sylvatica
The current database is part of the FEM growth and yield database, a collection of growth and yield data from even-aged monocultures (douglas fir, common oak, poplar, Japanese Larch, Norway spruce, Scots pine, Corsican pine, Austrian pine, red oak and several other species, with only a few plots, even-aged mixed species forest plots, uneven-aged natural forest, uneven-aged selection forest and roadside plantattions of poplar. The FEM growth and yield data base is currently supervised by Jan den Ouden and Frits Mohren.
Influence of climate drivers and the North Atlantic oscillation on beech growth at marginal sites across the mediterranean
Chen, K. ; Dorado-Liñán, I. ; Akhmetzyanov, L. ; Gea-Izquierdo, G. ; Zlatanov, T. ; Menzel, A. - \ 2015
Climate Research 66 (2015)3. - ISSN 0936-577X - p. 229 - 242.
European beech - Fagus sylvatica - Mediterranean basin - North atlantic oscillation - Summer drought - Tree rings

European beech Fagus sylvatica L. represents one of the most commercially and ecologically important forest tree species in Europe. The study of climate-growth relationships may provide relevant information to assist projections of future species' distribution as well as forest management strategies. In this study, 9 European beech stands were selected at the rear edges of the species' distribution across an east-west gradient in the Mediterranean Basin (MB).Most of the tree-ring chronologies reached back more than a century; however we investigated the common period 1950-2012 in order to avoid past intensive management activities at some sites. The influences of temperature and precipitation on tree growth as well as their geographical patterns were investigated. Furthermore, the influence of the dominant atmospheric circulation pattern, the North AtlanticOscillation (NAO), was also assessed. The results reveal that tree growth in stands located in the western MB are limited by the combined influences of summer temperature and precipitation while stands located in central and eastern MB are mainly limited by summer temperature and show consistent lag effects on growth. The dry conditions prevailing during positive phases of the winter NAO have exerted a significant negative influence at sites located in western and central MB for the last 6 decades. However, the significance of NAO influence has generally decreased from western to eastern MB during recent decades. The results also provide evidence for the existence of carry-over effects that may be essential for the persistence and survival of some of these marginal populations.

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