- Piet Asten van (1)
- Cyrille Hicintuka (1)
- Desire Kagabo (1)
- Nsharwasi Léon Nabahungu (1)
- Paul M. Dontsop-Nguezet (1)
- Sylvain Mapatano (1)
- C.L. McDougall (1)
- Perez Muchunguzi (1)
- Emmanuel Njukwe (1)
- Chris Okafor (1)
- Mani Ram Banjade (1)
- Murat Sartas (1)
- Marc Schut (1)
- Bernard Vanlauwe (1)
Sustainable intensification of agricultural systems in the Central African Highlands : The need for institutional innovation
Schut, Marc ; Asten, Piet van; Okafor, Chris ; Hicintuka, Cyrille ; Mapatano, Sylvain ; Nabahungu, Nsharwasi Léon ; Kagabo, Desire ; Muchunguzi, Perez ; Njukwe, Emmanuel ; Dontsop-Nguezet, Paul M. ; Sartas, Murat ; Vanlauwe, Bernard - \ 2016
Agricultural Systems 145 (2016). - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 165 - 176.
CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) - Farming systems research - Participatory action research - Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems (RAAIS) - Sub-Saharan Africa
This study identifies entry points for innovation for sustainable intensification of agricultural systems. An agricultural innovation systems approach is used to provide a holistic image of (relations between) constraints faced by different stakeholder groups, the dimensions and causes of these constraints, and intervention levels, timeframes and types of innovations needed. Our data shows that constraints for sustainable intensification of agricultural systems are mainly of economic and institutional nature. Constraints are caused by the absence, or poor functioning of institutions such as policies and markets, limited capabilities and financial resources, and ineffective interaction and collaboration between stakeholders. Addressing these constraints would mainly require short- and middle-term productivity and institutional innovations, combined with middle- to long-term NRM innovations across farm and national levels. Institutional innovation (e.g. better access to credit, services, inputs and markets) is required to address 69% of the constraints for sustainable intensification in the Central Africa Highlands. This needs to go hand in hand with productivity innovation (e.g. improved knowhow of agricultural production techniques, and effective use of inputs) and NRM innovation (e.g. targeted nutrient applications, climate smart agriculture). Constraint network analysis shows that institutional innovation to address government constraints at national level related to poor interaction and collaboration will have a positive impact on constraints faced by other stakeholder groups. We conclude that much of the R4D investments and innovation in the Central Africa Highlands remain targeting household productivity at farm level. Reasons for that include (1) a narrow focus on sustainable intensification, (2) institutional mandates and pre-analytical choices based project objectives and disciplinary bias, (3) short project cycles that impede work on middle- and long-term NRM and institutional innovation, (4) the likelihood that institutional experimentation can become political, and (5) complexity in terms of expanded systems boundaries and measuring impact.
Social capital, conflict, and adaptive collaborative governance : Exploring the dialectic
McDougall, C.L. ; Ram Banjade, Mani - \ 2015
Ecology and Society 20 (2015)1. - ISSN 1708-3087
Adaptive collaborative governance - Community forestry - Conflict - Equity - Livelihoods - Nepal - Participatory action research - Social capital
Previously lineal and centralized natural resource management and development paradigms have shifted toward the recognition of complexity and dynamism of social-ecological systems, and toward more adaptive, decentralized, and collaborative models. However, certain messy and surprising dynamics remain under-recognized, including the inherent interplay between conflict, social capital, and governance. In this study we consider the dynamic intersections of these three often (seemingly) disparate phenomena. In particular, we consider the changes in social capital and conflict that accompanied a transition by local groups toward adaptive collaborative governance. The findings are drawn from multiyear research into community forestry in Nepal using comparative case studies. The study illustrates the complex, surprising, and dialectical relations among these three phenomena. Findings include: a demonstration of the pervasive nature of conflict and “dark side” of social capital; that collaborative efforts changed social capital, rather than simply enhancing it; and that conflict at varying scales ultimately had some constructive influences.