- T.D. Karpouzoglou (1)
- Omer Köksal (1)
- P.A. Luning (1)
- Çağrı Murat Karapıçak (1)
- D.M.A. Roodhuyzen (1)
- L.P.A. Steenbekkers (1)
- Bedir Tekinerdogan (1)
- Uğur Yılmaz (1)
Testing embedded software : A survey of the literature
Garousi, Vahid ; Felderer, Michael ; Karapıçak, Çağrı Murat ; Yılmaz, Uğur - \ 2018
Information and Software Technology 104 (2018). - ISSN 0950-5849 - p. 14 - 45.
Embedded software - Embedded systems - Software testing - Systematic literature mapping - Systematic literature review - Systematic mapping
Context: Embedded systems have overwhelming penetration around the world. Innovations are increasingly triggered by software embedded in automotive, transportation, medical-equipment, communication, energy, and many other types of systems. To test embedded software in an effective and efficient manner, a large number of test techniques, approaches, tools and frameworks have been proposed by both practitioners and researchers in the last several decades. Objective: However, reviewing and getting an overview of the entire state-of-the-art and the –practice in this area is challenging for a practitioner or a (new) researcher. Also unfortunately, as a result, we often see that many companies reinvent the wheel (by designing a test approach new to them, but existing in the domain) due to not having an adequate overview of what already exists in this area. Method: To address the above need, we conducted and report in this paper a systematic literature review (SLR) in the form of a systematic literature mapping (SLM) in this area. After compiling an initial pool of 588 papers, a systematic voting about inclusion/exclusion of the papers was conducted among the authors, and our final pool included 312 technical papers. Results: Among the various aspects that we aim at covering, our review covers the types of testing topics studied, types of testing activity, types of test artifacts generated (e.g., test inputs or test code), and the types of industries in which studies have focused on, e.g., automotive and home appliances. Furthermore, we assess the benefits of this review by asking several active test engineers in the Turkish embedded software industry to review its findings and provide feedbacks as to how this review has benefitted them. Conclusion: The results of this review paper have already benefitted several of our industry partners in choosing the right test techniques / approaches for their embedded software testing challenges. We believe that it will also be useful for the large world-wide community of software engineers and testers in the embedded software industry, by serving as an “index” to the vast body of knowledge in this important area. Our results will also benefit researchers in observing the latest trends in this area and for identifying the topics which need further investigations.
Putting together the puzzle of consumer food waste : Towards an integral perspective
Roodhuyzen, D.M.A. ; Luning, P.A. ; Fogliano, V. ; Steenbekkers, L.P.A. - \ 2017
Trends in Food Science and Technology 68 (2017). - ISSN 0924-2244 - p. 37 - 50.
Causal pathways - Consumer food waste - Factors - Mechanisms - Systematic literature review
Background Although consumer food waste has increasingly received attention in both the public and the scientific domain, its complex nature is far from unravelled. Scope and approach This study aimed to contribute to an integral understanding of possible causal pathways of consumer food waste, by means of a configurative systematic literature review of potential factors of consumer food waste. Insights from 59 scientific articles have been systematically analysed and synthesised. Key findings and conclusions Consumer food waste research is characterised by fragmentation, lack of differentiation, and a relative scarcity of explanatory research into causal mechanisms. Potential factors of consumer food waste have been identified and categorised into behavioural, personal, product and societal factors and subclusters of these categories. On the basis of a synthesised overview of 116 factors, a framework has been developed that conceptualises the generation of consumer food waste in relation to stages of the household food chain. This review sheds light on the context-dependent ways in which proposed factors may be related to food waste and the possibility of parallel causal routes. Food waste factors might exert their influence in unexpected, indirect or multiple ways, possibly explaining contradictory findings. They might interact with other factors or form a condition for other factors to play a role, or might be correlated with food waste without playing a causal role. The framework may facilitate an integral and context-sensitive systems perspective, thereby promoting studies that account for the complexity of consumer food waste and intervention programmes that are better targeted.
Obstacles in Data Distribution Service Middleware : A Systematic Review
Köksal, Omer ; Tekinerdogan, Bedir - \ 2017
Future Generation Computer Systems 68 (2017). - ISSN 0167-739X - p. 191 - 210.
Data Distribution Service (DDS) - Middleware - Systematic literature review
Context: Data Distribution Service (DDS) is a standard data-centric publish–subscribe programming model and specification for distributed systems. DDS has been applied for the development of high performance distributed systems such as in the defense, finance, automotive, and simulation domains. Various papers have been written on the application of DDS, however, there has been no attempt to systematically review and categorize the identified obstacles. Objective: The overall objective of this paper is to identify the state of the art of DDS, and describe the main lessons learned and obstacles in applying DDS. In addition, we aim to identify the important open research issues. Method: A systematic literature review (SLR) is conducted by a multiphase study selection process using the published literature since the introduction of DDS in 2003. Results: We reviewed 468 papers that are discovered using a well-planned review protocol, and 34 of them were assessed as primary studies related to our research questions. Conclusions: We have identified 11 basic categories for describing the identified obstacles and the corresponding research challenges that can be used to depict the state-of-the-art in DDS and provide a vision for further research.
Advancing adaptive governance of social-ecological systems through theoretical multiplicity
Karpouzoglou, T.D. ; Dewulf, A.R.P.J. ; Clark, J. - \ 2016
Environmental Science & Policy 57 (2016). - ISSN 1462-9011 - p. 1 - 9.
Adaptive governance - Systematic literature review - Theoretical multiplicity
In recent years there has been rising scientific and policy interest in the adaptive governance of social ecological systems. A systematic literature review of adaptive governance research during the period 2005–2014, demonstrates a vibrant debate taking place that spans a variety of empirical and theoretical approaches. The particular strength of adaptive governance is that it provides a theoretical lens for research that combines the analyses of novel governance capacities such as adaptive capacity, collaboration, scaling, knowledge and learning. As a way to give greater depth and analytical rigour to future studies over the next decade and beyond, we highlight the added value of theoretical multiplicity (i.e., focusing on the combination of theories to address complex problems). We argue that theoretical multiplicity can encourage stronger synergies between adaptive governance and other theoretical approaches and can help address epistemologically grey areas in adaptive governance scholarship, such as power and politics, inclusion and equity, short term and long term change, the relationship between public policy and adaptive governance.