Social learning for adaptive delta management : Tidal River Management in the Bangladesh Delta
Mutahara, Muhmuda ; Warner, Jeroen F. ; Wals, Arjen E.J. ; Shah Alam Khan, M. ; Wester, Flip - \ 2017
International Journal of Water Resources Development (2017). - ISSN 0790-0627 - 21 p.
adaptive delta management - Bangladesh - participation - social learning - Tidal River Management
The article analyzes Tidal River Management in Bangladesh from a social learning perspective. Four cases were investigated using participatory assessment. Knowledge acquisition through transformations in the Tidal River Management process was explored as an intended learning outcome. The study finds that social learning occurred more prominently at the individual stakeholder level and less at the collective level. For Tidal River Management to be responsive and sustainable, especially in times of increased uncertainty and climate vulnerability, more attention needs to be paid to coordination and facilitation of multi-level learning that includes all stakeholders.
Hydraulic engineering in the social-ecological delta: understanding the interplay between social, ecological, and technological systems in the Dutch delta by means of “delta trajectories”
Staveren, M.F. van; Tatenhove, J.P.M. van - \ 2016
Ecology and Society 21 (2016)1. - ISSN 1708-3087 - 11 p.
adaptive delta management - delta trajectory - flood management - hydraulic engineering - path dependency - social-ecological systems - technological lock-in
Several of the world's largest deltas have recently been conceptualized as social-ecological delta systems. Although such conceptualizations are valuable in emphasizing complex interaction between social actors and ecological processes in deltas, they do not go into specific dynamics that surround technological developments in the hydraulic domain. By drawing from concepts originating
in socio-technical systems research, we stress the importance of technology, particularly the domain of hydraulic engineering, in shaping a delta’s future. Based on two geographically distinct cases of flood management infrastructure in the Dutch delta, we demonstrate the influence of existing hydraulic works, in mutual interaction with social responses and environmental processes, on the development of the congregated delta system over time. The delta trajectory concept is introduced as a way to understand the interplay between social, ecological, and technological systems in deltas. We discuss options to realign unsustainable pathways with more desirable ones. Adaptive delta management presents a policy environment where these messages may be picked up.