Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Boars with balls
Backus, Ge - \ 2018
animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal behaviour - animal ethics - animal health - castration
Closing the phosphorus cycle in a food system : insights from a modelling exercise
Kernebeek, H.R.J. van; Oosting, S.J. ; Ittersum, M.K. van; Ripoll-Bosch, R. ; Boer, I.J.M. de - \ 2018
Animal 12 (2018)8. - ISSN 1751-7311 - p. 1755 - 1765.
animal production - human diets - optimisation model - phosphorus recycling - phosphorus use

Mineral phosphorus (P) used to fertilise crops is derived from phosphate rock, which is a finite resource. Preventing and recycling mineral P waste in the food system, therefore, are essential to sustain future food security and long-term availability of mineral P. The aim of our modelling exercise was to assess the potential of preventing and recycling P waste in a food system, in order to reduce the dependency on phosphate rock. To this end, we modelled a hypothetical food system designed to produce sufficient food for a fixed population with a minimum input requirement of mineral P. This model included representative crop and animal production systems, and was parameterised using data from the Netherlands. We assumed no import or export of feed and food. We furthermore assumed small P soil losses and no net P accumulation in soils, which is typical for northwest European conditions. We first assessed the minimum P requirement in a baseline situation, that is 42% of crop waste is recycled, and humans derived 60% of their dietary protein from animals (PA). Results showed that about 60% of the P waste in this food system resulted from wasting P in human excreta. We subsequently evaluated P input for alternative situations to assess the (combined) effect of: (1) preventing waste of crop and animal products, (2) fully recycling waste of crop products, (3) fully recycling waste of animal products and (4) fully recycling human excreta and industrial processing water. Recycling of human excreta showed most potential to reduce P waste from the food system, followed by prevention and finally recycling of agricultural waste. Fully recycling P could reduce mineral P input by 90%. Finally, for each situation, we studied the impact of consumption of PA in the human diet from 0% to 80%. The optimal amount of animal protein in the diet depended on whether P waste from animal products was prevented or fully recycled: if it was, then a small amount of animal protein in the human diet resulted in the most sustainable use of P; but if it was not, then the most sustainable use of P would result from a complete absence of animal protein in the human diet. Our results apply to our hypothetical situation. The principles included in our model however, also hold for food systems with, for example, different climatic and soil conditions, farming practices, representative types of crops and animals and population densities.

Toine Timmermans: ‘Ik pleit voor grootschalige inzet reststromen’
Timmermans, Toine - \ 2018
residual streams - biomass - nutrition - agricultural wastes - animal health - animal welfare - animal production
Kuiken kan maximaal 36 uur zonder eten
Jong, Ingrid de - \ 2018
animal welfare - animal production - poultry - animal nutrition - animal health
Geen goed alternatief voor doden haantjes
Gremmen, Bart - \ 2018
animal welfare - animal production - poultry - hens - animal ethics - animal health
Nieuwe eisen voor varkensstallen
Vermeer, Herman - \ 2018
animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal housing - animal health
Three stars for animal welfare
Bos, Bram - \ 2017
animal welfare - animal production - poultry - fowls - animal housing - animal behaviour - animal health
Respecteer boeren, vissers en verwerkers
Fresco, Louise - \ 2017
animal welfare - animal production - animal ethics - animal husbandry

Op 11 april werd in het hoofdkantoor van de Rabobank #Foodtopia geopend: een expositie over de toekomst van ons eten. Samensteller van de expositie is voedsel- en landbouwexpert prof. dr. ir. Louise O. Fresco, voorzitter van de Raad van Bestuur van Wageningen Universiteit en Researchcentrum.

Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Rabbits: Review of Scientific Research on Priority Issues
Turner, Patricia ; Buijs, Stephanie ; Rommers, J.M. ; Tessier, Maxime - \ 2017
National Farm Animal Care Council - 69 p.
animal welfare - animal production - rabbits - animal housing - animal nutrition - animal health - animal behaviour
It is widely accepted that animal welfare codes, guidelines, standards or legislation should take advantage of the best available knowledge. This knowledge is often generated from the scientific literature. In re-establishing a Code of Practice development process, NFACC recognized the need for a more formal means of integrating scientific input into the Code of Practice process. A Scientific Committee review of priority animal welfare issues for the species being addressed will provide valuable information to the Code Development Committee in developing or revising a Code of Practice. As the Scientific Committee report is publicly available, the transparency and credibility of the Code is enhanced. For each Code of Practice being developed or revised, NFACC will identify a Scientific Committee. This committee will consist of a target number of 6 scientists familiar with research on the care and management of the animals under consideration. NFACC will request nominations from 1) Canadian Veterinary Medical Association, 2) Canadian Society of Animal Science, and 3) Canadian Chapter of the International Society for Applied Ethology. At least one representative from each of these professional scientific bodies will be named to the Scientific Committee. Other professional scientific organizations as appropriate may also serve on the Scientific Committee. Purpose & Goals The Scientific Committee will develop a report synthesizing the results of research relating to key animal welfare issues, as identified by the Scientific Committee and the Code Development Committee. The report will be used by the Code Development Committee in drafting a Code of Practice for the species in question. The Scientific Committee report will not contain recommendations following from any research results. Its purpose is to present a compilation of the scientific findings without bias. The full Terms of Reference for the Scientific Committee can be found within the NFACC Development Process for Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals, available at www.nfacc.ca/code-development-process#appendixc.
8 gamechangers voor een duurzame productie van gezond en veilig voedsel
Vogelezang, J.V.M. ; Angelino, Steven ; Dubbeldam, Ria - \ 2017
Topsector Agri & Food - 13 p.
animal welfare - animal production - cattle - pigs - poultry - animal ethics - animal housing
Alternatieven voor doden eendagshaantjes
Leenstra, Ferry - \ 2017
poultry farming - killing of animals - chicks - poultry - young animals - animal welfare - animal production - animal health
Losse bijlage bij rapport 'Onderzoek naar kritische succesfactoren voor een laag antibioticumgebruik bij vleeskuikens'
Wiegel, J. ; Holstege, M.M.C. ; Bouwstra, R.J. ; Lauwere, C.C. de; Kluivers-Poodt, M. ; Bokma-Bakker, M.H. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Livestock Research rapport 1065B) - 115
dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - vleeskuikens - pluimvee - diergezondheid - animal welfare - animal production - broilers - poultry - animal health
Onderzoek naar kritische succesfactoren voor een laag antibioticumgebruik bij vleeskuikens: rapport van het project Kritische Succesfactoren Pluimvee (KSF Pluimvee)
Bokma-Bakker, M.H. ; Wiegel, J. ; Holstege, M.M.C. ; Lauwere, C.C. de; Kluivers-Poodt, M. ; Bouwstra, R.J. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Livestock Research rapport 1065A) - 78
dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - diergezondheid - pluimvee - vleeskuikens - animal welfare - animal production - animal health - poultry - broilers
Commissioned by AVINED and the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, research is carried out to identify critical success factors for low antibiotic use in broilers. By analysis of sectoral databases, associations between farm and flock characteristics and antibiotics use are determined. With the results of an additional survey, differences in technical and social factors between structural low and high users of antibiotics are examined.
Losse bijlage bij rapport 'Onderzoek naar kritische succesfactoren voor een laag antibioticumgebruik bij vleeskalveren'
Riel, J.W. van; Lauwere, C.C. de; Kluivers-Poodt, M. ; Antonis, A.F.G. ; Bokma-Bakker, M.H. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Livestock Research rapport 1068B) - 47
diergezondheid - dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - vleeskalveren - animal health - animal welfare - animal production - veal calves
Onderzoek naar kritische succesfactoren voor een laag antibioticumgebruik bij vleeskalveren : Rapport van het project Kritische Succesfactoren Vleeskalveren (KSF Vleeskalveren)
Bokma-Bakker, M.H. ; Riel, J.W. van; Lauwere, C.C. de; Antonis, A.F.G. ; Kluivers-Poodt, M. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Livestock Research rapport 1068A) - 92
dierenwelzijn - diergezondheid - dierlijke productie - vleeskalveren - animal welfare - animal health - animal production - veal calves
Commissioned by SBK and the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, research is carried out to identify critical success factors for low antibiotic use in veal calves. By analysis of sectoral data-bases, associations between farm and stock characteristics and antibiotics use are determined. With the results of an additional survey, differences in technical and social factors between structural low and high users of antibiotics are examined.
Aanpak van fijnstof in stallen
Winkel, A. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Kennisonline
dierenwelzijn - diergezondheid - pluimvee - dierlijke productie - animal welfare - animal health - poultry - animal production
Sinds 2008 werken alle sectoren in Nederland aan het verlagen van hun uitstoot van fijnstof. In de veehouderij wordt gebruik gemaakt van speciale technieken zoals een strooiselschuif. Wageningen University & Research heeft deze technieken ontwikkeld.
Validation of Meyn Footpad Inspection System
Harn, J. van; Jong, I.C. de - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research (Wageningen Livestock Research report 1044B) - 42
animal welfare - animal production - poultry - animal health - dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - pluimvee - diergezondheid
The current report describes the results of a validation of the Meyn Footpad Inspection System, a video imaging system to score footpad lesions in broiler chickens at the slaughter plant. It was suggested that the system might assign a different score to footpad lesions compared to a trained manual scorer. Therefore, on the request of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Wageningen Livestock Research performed a limited validation of the system during two days at a commercial plant in The Netherlands. During the validation, the footpad lesion score was determined in a sample of each flock slaughtered on that particular day, manually by a trained observer as well as by the camera system, and the results were compared. This reports describes the results of this validation.
Project Insecten in pluimvee
Ruis, Markus - \ 2017
animal welfare - poultry - animal nutrition - animal behaviour - animal production
Stressvrij omgaan met varkens
Ruis, Markus - \ 2017
animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal behaviour - animal health - housing - animal housing
Stalboekje Pluimvee 2017 : Handboek voor natuurlijke pluimveegezondheidzorg met kruiden en andere natuurproducten
Groot, Maria ; Puls-van der Kamp, Ineke ; Asseldonk, Tedje van - \ 2017
Wageningen : RIKILT Wageningen University & Research (RIKILT uitgave 2017.701) - 107
pluimveehouderij - pluimvee - diergezondheid - dierenwelzijn - medicinale planten - geneeskrachtige kruiden - dierziektepreventie - dierlijke productie - biologische landbouw - handboeken - vleeskuikens - hennen - poultry farming - poultry - animal health - animal welfare - medicinal plants - herbal drugs - animal disease prevention - animal production - organic farming - handbooks - broilers - hens
De stalboekjes zijn oorspronkelijk gemaakt voor de biologische veehouderij (versies 2009 en 2011) in het kader van onderzoek voor Biokennis. Deze uitgave is in 2014 en 2015 aangevuld met nieuwe middelen en inzichten en aangepast voor toepassing in de gangbare pluimveehouderij. Dit betekent o.a. dat een hoofdstuk over vleeskuikens is toegevoegd en het leghennen stuk is uitgebreid. Het streven om het gebruik van antibiotica terug te dringen vraagt om een ander management. Goede voeding, huisvesting en hygiëne zijn hierbij belangrijk. In dit boekje worden aanwijzingen gegeven om met natuurlijke middelen de gezondheid van de dieren te bevorderen en zo ziektes te voorkomen. Tevens kunnen middelen worden ingezet om de ernst van de ziekte te reduceren. Doel is tevens om de dierenartsen te informeren over de mogelijkheden van natuurproducten en de wetenschappelijke onderbouwing hiervan inzichtelijk te maken.
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