Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Influence of management and genetic merit for milk yield on the oxidative status of plasma in heifers
Wullepit, N. ; Raes, B. ; Beerda, B. ; Veerkamp, R.F. ; Fremaut, D. ; Smet, S. de - \ 2009
Livestock Science 123 (2009)2-3. - ISSN 1871-1413 - p. 276 - 282.
transition dairy-cows - vitamin-e - early lactation - energy-balance - antioxidant status - alpha-tocopherol - metabolic status - beta-carotene - stress - health
This study was part of a larger study that addressed whether milk production levels affect health risks in dairy cows as influenced by genetic merit for milk yield and management factors. Plasma samples were collected from 80 Holstein Friesian heifers at 2 weeks pre-partum and at 4 and 8 weeks post-partum in a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement design with the factors breeding value for milk production (high or low), milking frequency (2 or 3 times a day) and feed energy density (high or low). The following parameters indicative of the oxidative status were measured in plasma: ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), a-tocopherol level, glutathione peroxidase activity (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase activity (SOD), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) concentration and paraoxonase activity (PON). There was a significant effect of time for FRAP, a-tocopherol, GSH-Px and SOD, indicating changes in the plasma oxidative status around parturition. A high merit for milk yield, three-times-daily milking and especially feeding the high energy feed all stimulated milk production level. However, the influence on oxidative status parameters was minimal. Only the FRAP value was significantly lower in the high compared to the low energy group. Cows seem to undergo some oxidative stress around parturition, which can make them more susceptible to disorders. However, there were no clear indications that breeding value, milk frequency or feed energy level jeopardizes heifers in a way oxidative stress became critical
No Effect of Red Clover-Derived Isoflavone Intervention on the Insulin-Like Growth Factor System in Women at Increased Risk of Colorectal Cancer
Vrieling, A. ; Rookus, M.A. ; Kampman, E. ; Bonfrer, J.M.G. ; Bosma, A. ; Cats, A. ; Doorn, J. van; Korse, C.M. ; Witteman, B.J.M. ; Leeuwen, F.E. van; van't Veer, L.J. ; Voskuil, D.W. - \ 2008
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention 17 (2008)10. - ISSN 1055-9965 - p. 2585 - 2593.
healthy postmenopausal women - hormone replacement therapy - randomized controlled-trial - igf-binding-proteins - factor-i - prostate-cancer - soy protein - premenopausal women - antioxidant status - dna microarray
Background: Increased insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II concentrations are related to increased colorectal cancer risk. Isoflavones have been associated with reduced colorectal cancer risk, and may affect the IGF system because of their weak estrogenic activity. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of isolated isoflavones on serum concentrations of IGF system components. Materials and Methods: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, crossover trial in four hospitals in the Netherlands to investigate the effect of an 8-week supplementation with red clover¿derived isoflavones (84 mg/d) on serum IGF-I concentrations. In addition, serum concentrations of IGF-II and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP)-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 were assessed. Normal colorectal tissue biopsies were obtained after the first intervention period and mRNA expression of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3, and IGF-IR was evaluated. Our study population consisted of 34 postmenopausal women with a family history of colorectal cancer or a personal history of colorectal adenomas. Results: Isoflavone supplementation did not significantly affect serum concentrations of total IGF-I (mean relative within-person difference; IGF-I, ¿2.0%; 95% confidence interval, ¿8.0% to 3.9%). IGF-II and IGFBPs were also not significantly altered after isoflavone supplementation. Colorectal tissue mRNA expression of IGF system components did not significantly differ between individuals on isoflavone supplementation and those who received placebo. Conclusions: The results of our trial, supported by a qualitative review of soy trials published to date, suggest that isoflavones do not significantly affect circulating levels of IGF system components. Increased levels of IGF-I, as observed in most of these trials, are likely due to simultaneous protein suppl
Isolated Isoflavones do not affect the circulating insulin-like growth factor system in men at increased colorectal cancer risk
Vrieling, A. ; Rookus, M.A. ; Kampman, E. ; Bonfrer, J.M.G. ; Korse, C.M. ; Doorn, J. van; Lampe, J.W. ; Cats, A. ; Witteman, B.J.M. ; Leeuwen, F.E. van; van't Veer, L.J. ; Voskuil, D.W. - \ 2007
The Journal of Nutrition 137 (2007)2. - ISSN 0022-3166 - p. 379 - 383.
estrogen replacement therapy - red-clover - factor-i - postmenopausal women - binding protein-3 - soy protein - clinical characteristics - premenopausal women - antioxidant status - human health
Epidemiological studies show that increased insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I concentrations are related to increased colorectal cancer risk. A reduced colorectal cancer risk has been associated with isoflavones, which might affect the IGF-system because of their weak estrogenic activity. We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover study to investigate the effect of an 8-wk isolated isoflavone supplementation (84 mg/d) on serum concentrations of total IGF-I, free IGF-I, total IGF-II, IGF binding protein (BP)-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3. Additionally, we investigated whether IGF-system component differences were related to concentrations of the more potent estrogenic isoflavone metabolite, equol. Our study population consisted of 37 men with a family history of colorectal cancer or a personal history of colorectal adenomas. Isoflavone supplementation did not significantly affect serum total IGF-I concentrations (relative difference between serum total IGF-I concentrations after isoflavone supplementation and after placebo: ¿1.3%, 95% CI ¿8.6 to 6.0%). Neither free IGF-I, nor total IGF-II, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, or IGFBP-3 concentrations were significantly altered. Interestingly, the change in serum IGF-I concentrations after isoflavone supplementation was negatively associated with serum equol concentrations (r = ¿0.49, P = 0.002). In conclusion, isolated isoflavones did not affect the circulating IGF-system in a male high-risk population for colorectal cancer. However, to our knowledge, this is the first study that suggests isoflavones might have an IGF-I lowering effect in equol producers only. This underlines the importance of taking into account equol status in future isoflavone intervention studies
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