Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Energy Transition: Missed Opportunities and Emerging Challenges for Landscape Planning and Designing
Waal, R.M. de; Stremke, S. - \ 2014
Sustainability 6 (2014)7. - ISSN 2071-1050 - p. 4386 - 4415.
renewable energy - austria
Making the shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy seems inevitable. Because energy transition poses new challenges and opportunities to the discipline of landscape architecture, the questions addressed in this paper are: (1) what landscape architects can learn from successful energy transitions in Güssing, Jühnde and Samsø; and (2) to what extent landscape architecture (or other spatial disciplines) contributed to energy transition in the aforementioned cases. An exploratory, comparative case study was conducted to identify differences and similarities among the cases, to answer the research questions, and to formulate recommendations for further research and practice. The comparison indicated that the realized renewable energy systems are context-dependent and, therefore, specifically designed to meet the respective energy demand, making use of the available potentials for renewable energy generation and efficiency. Further success factors seemed to be the presence of (local) frontrunners and a certain degree of citizen participation. The relatively smooth implementation of renewable energy technologies in Jühnde and on Samsø may indicate the importance of careful and (partly) institutionalized consideration of landscape impact, siting and design. Comparing the cases against the literature demonstrated that landscape architects were not as involved as they, theoretically, could have been. However, particularly when the aim is sustainable development, rather than “merely” renewable energy provision, the integrative concept of “sustainable energy landscapes” can be the arena where landscape architecture and other disciplines meet to pursue global sustainability goals, while empowering local communities and safeguarding landscape quality.
The impact of atmospheric deposition and climate on forest growth in European monitoring plots: An individual tree growth model
Laubhann, D. ; Sterba, H. ; Reinds, G.J. ; Vries, W. de - \ 2009
Forest Ecology and Management 258 (2009)8. - ISSN 0378-1127 - p. 1751 - 1761.
area increment model - nitrogen deposition - carbon sequestration - boreal forest - stocks - soils - ecosystems - temperate - austria - stands
In the climate change discussion, the possibility of carbon sequestration of forests plays an important role. Therefore, research on the effects of environmental changes on net primary productivity is interesting. In this study we investigated the influence of changing temperature, precipitation and deposition of sulphur and nitrogen compounds on forest growth. The database consisted of 654 plots of the European intensive monitoring program (Level II plots) with 5-year growth data for the period 1994–1999. Among these 654 plots only 382 plots in 18 European countries met the requirements necessary to be used in our analysis. Our analysis was done for common beech (Fagus sylvatica), oak (Quercus petraea and Q. robur), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and Norway spruce (Picea abies). We developed an individual tree growth model with measured basal area increment of each individual tree as responding growth factor and tree size (diameter at breast height), tree competition (basal area of larger trees and stand density index), site factors (soil C/N ratio, temperature), and environmental factors (temperature change compared to long-term average, nitrogen and sulphur deposition) as influencing parameters. Using a mixed model approach, all models for the tree species show a high goodness of fit with Pseudo-R2 between 0.33 and 0.44. Diameter at breast height and basal area of larger trees were highly influential variables in all models. Increasing temperature shows a positive effect on growth for all species except Norway spruce. Nitrogen deposition shows a positive impact on growth for all four species. This influence was significant with p <0.05 for all species except common beech. For beech the effect was nearly significant (p = 0.077). An increase of 1 kg N ha-1 yr-1 corresponds to an increase in basal area increment between 1.20% and 1.49% depending on species. Considering an average total carbon uptake for European forests near 1730 kg per hectare and year, this implies an estimated sequestration of approximately 21–26 kg carbon per kg nitrogen deposition
Inter-sectoral coordination in forest policy : a frame analysis of forest sectorization processes in Austria and the Netherlands
Verbij, E. - \ 2008
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): H. Schanz, co-promotor(en): Esther Turnhout. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789085852599 - 244
bosbeleid - coördinatie - inter-sectorale planning - meervoudig gebruik - oostenrijk - nederland - forest policy - coordination - intersectoral planning - multiple use - austria - netherlands
Inter-sectoral coordination has become a central issue in different forest policy arenas worldwide and is considered to be essential for solving a whole range of problems the forest sector is currently facing
Natuur en Kunst; Een bezoek aan Hellbrunn bij Salzburg
Jong, E. de - \ 2007
Topos : periodiek over landschapsarchitectuur, ruimtelijke planning en sociaal-ruimtelijke analyse 17 (2007)3. - ISSN 1572-302X - p. 22 - 25.
historische plaatsen - tuinen - oude monumenten - oostenrijk - historic sites - gardens - ancient monuments - austria
Tijdens de excursie naar Oostenrijk brachten Wageningse studenten een bezoek aan huis en tuin van Hellbrunn buiten Salzburg, waar huis, interieur, tuinen, grotten, fonteinen, vijvers, beeldhouwwerk en architectuur goed bewaard zijn gebleven
Wie bouwt er eigenlijk niet in Wenen?
Kooij, H.J. - \ 2007
Topos : periodiek over landschapsarchitectuur, ruimtelijke planning en sociaal-ruimtelijke analyse 17 (2007)3. - ISSN 1572-302X - p. 10 - 13.
stedelijke planning - besluitvorming - steden - oostenrijk - urban planning - decision making - towns - austria
In de zomer van 2007 gingen studenten Landschapsarchitectuur en Ruimtelijke Planvorming op reis naar Wenen en Salzburg. Tijdens een aantal excursies zijn het oude en nieuwe Wenen bekeken. Omdat vaak bij nieuwe ontwikkelingen het besluitvormingsproces bepalend is voor de uiteindelijke vorm van het project, wordt in dit artikel een beeld geschetst
Analysing the space-time distribution of soil water storage of a forest ecosystem using spatio-temporal kriging
Jost, G. ; Heuvelink, G.B.M. ; Papritz, A. - \ 2005
Geoderma 128 (2005)3/4. - ISSN 0016-7061 - p. 258 - 273.
bodemwaterbalans - soortendiversiteit - evapotranspiratie - kriging - bossen - picea abies - fagus sylvatica - oostenrijk - geostatistiek - soil water balance - species diversity - evapotranspiration - forests - austria - geostatistics - moisture - field - variability - patterns - models - future - states
In forest the soil water balance is strongly influenced by tree species composition. For example, differences in transpiration rate lead to differences in soil water storage (SWS) and differences in canopy interception cause differences in infiltration. To analyse the influence of tree species composition on SWS at the scale of a forest stand, we compare spatio-temporal patterns in vegetation and SWS. Geostatistical space¿time models provide a probabilistic framework for mapping SWS from point observations. The accuracy of these models may be improved by incorporating knowledge about the process of evapotranspiration. In this paper we combine a physical-deterministic evapotranspiration model with space¿time geostatistical interpolation to predict soil water storage in the upper 30 cm of soil (SWS30) for a 0.5 ha plot in a mixed stand of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in Kreisbach, Lower Austria. Soil water storage was measured at 198 locations by permanently installed wave guides. This was repeated 28 times, about every two weeks during the growing seasons of 2000 and 2001. Incorporation of a process-based model in space¿time prediction of SWS30 reduced the effect of precipitation on SWS30 predictions prior to precipitation. Spatial patterns of SWS30 between the permanent wilting point and field capacity depend on the precipitation and drying history, which is affected by vegetation. Early in the growing season spruce starts to transpire markedly, which is common for coniferous trees. During dry periods, spruce reduces transpiration earlier than beech. Overall beech transpires more than spruce during the growing season. The greater transpiration rates of beech are compensated for by greater soil water recharge after precipitation because less rainfall is intercepted. At low water contents near the permanent wilting point SWS30 was spatially quite uniform. This was also the case at water contents nearfield capacity, probably because the soil physical parameters varied little. Space¿time interpolation of SWS30 and the prediction of soil water discharge and soil water recharge during periods of drying and rewetting demonstrate the important role of vegetation on the spatial patterns of SWS30.
Herkomsten en veredeling in Oostenrijk en Roemenie : verslag van een werkbezoek : 16 september tot 11 oktober 1979
Kriek, W. - \ 1980
Wageningen : Dorschkamp (Rapport / Rijksinstituut voor Onderzoek in de Bos- en Landschapsbouw "De Dorschkamp" no. 219) - 25
bosbouw - bomen - rassenproeven - herkomstproeven - genetica - variatie - selectie - fylogenie - fylogenetica - oostenrijk - roemenië - forestry - trees - variety trials - provenance trials - genetics - variation - selection - phylogeny - phylogenetics - austria - romania
Verslag van een studiereis naar Bischofsgruen - Fichtelgebergte en Opper - Oostenrijk, 30 september t/m oktober 1975 : Jahrestagung 1975 der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Forstduengung und der Sektion Ertragskunde im deutschen Verband forstlicher Forschungsanstalten
Burg, J. van den - \ 1976
Wageningen : [s.n.] (Intern rapport / Rijksinstituut voor onderzoek in de bos- en landschapsbouw "De Dorschkamp" no. 84) - 54
bosbouw - waterrelaties - wortels - bodem - boomkwekerijen - grondbehandeling - bodemvruchtbaarheid - oostenrijk - forestry - water relations - roots - soil - forest nurseries - soil treatment - soil fertility - austria
Grondtroggen en minimale grondbewerking in West - Duitsland en Oostenrijk : verslag van een studiereis van 12 t/m 16 juni 1972
Ouwerkerk, C. van - \ 1972
Haren : [s.n.] (Rapport / Instituut voor bodemvruchtbaarheid 1972, no. 9) - 26
oostenrijk - duitsland - potproeven - grondmechanica - bodemfysica - stoppelploegen - austria - germany - pot experimentation - soil mechanics - soil physics - stubble cultivation
Verslag van een reis naar West-Duitsland en Oostenrijk van 1 juni tot 9 juni 1971
Roon, E. van; Weg, M. v.d. - \ 1972
Wageningen : Stichting voor Plantenveredeling - 7
plantenveredeling - experimenteel veldonderzoek - mechanisatie - duitsland - oostenrijk - plant breeding - field experimentation - mechanization - germany - austria
Studiereis naar Zuid Tirol en het Bodenseegebied
Vries, H.C.P. de; Burgers, G.J. ; Luimes, B.J. - \ 1967
Wageningen : [s.n.] (Publicatie / Instituut voor tuinbouwtechniek no. 20) - 15
oostenrijk - boerderij uitrusting - landbouwwerktuigen - fruitteelt - duitsland - land - landinrichting - plantenziekten - afwijkingen, planten - plantenziektekunde - plantenplagen - gewasbescherming - ontginning - austria - farm equipment - farm machinery - fruit growing - germany - land development - plant diseases - plant disorders - plant pathology - plant pests - plant protection - reclamation
Verslag van een bezoek aan de L.U.F.A. te Berchtesgaden en de A.L.V.A. te Salzburg
Dechering, F.J.A. ; Deijs, W.B. ; Rameau, J.T.L.B. - \ 1966
Wageningen : [s.n.] (Verslagen / Instituut voor biologisch en scheikundig onderzoek van landbouwgewassen no. 42) - 15
landbouw - onderzoek - conferenties - duitsland - oostenrijk - agriculture - research - conferences - germany - austria
Invloed van het gebruik van dunne mest op de bodemvruchtbaarheid en de botanische samenstelling van de grasmat in Oostenrijk : verslag van een studiereis naar het Bundesversuchsanstalt fuer Alpenlandische Landwirtschaft "Gumpenstein" te Irdning, Oostenrijk, 14 - 20 juni 1964
Lande Cremer, L.C.N. de la; Boer, T.A. de - \ 1964
Groningen : [s.n.] (Rapport / Instituut voor Bodemvruchtbaarheid no. 20) - 16
oostenrijk - kunstmeststoffen - graslanden - mest - plantenvoeding - austria - fertilizers - grasslands - manures - plant nutrition
Machinaal oogsten van riet. Verslag van een studiereis naar Oostenrijk en Denemarken
Koning, K. de; Lumkes, L.M. - \ 1962
Wageningen : Proefstation voor de Akker- en Weidebouw (Mededeling / Proefstation voor de akker en weidebouw no. 74) - 42
oostenrijk - denemarken - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - oogstmachines - phragmites - austria - denmark - farm management - harvesters
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