Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Coexistence of GMO production, labeling policies, and strategic firm interaction
Venus, Thomas Johann - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Justus Wesseler, co-promotor(en): Dusan Drabik; M.J. Punt. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463436670 - 148
genetically engineered organisms - food products - nutrition labeling - labelling - crops - plant breeding - germany - european union - regulations - markets - businesses - genetisch gemanipuleerde organismen - voedselproducten - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - etiketteren - gewassen - plantenveredeling - duitsland - europese unie - regelingen - markten - bedrijven

This dissertation analyzes the market effects of the coexistence of genetically modified organism (GMO) and conventional production, labeling policies, and strategic firm interactions through vertical product differentiation. Although we focus on GMOs, the applied frameworks can be adopted and extended to other differentiated products where similar concepts apply.

The main body of the dissertation consists of four chapters. In the first chapter, we estimate the perceived costs of legal requirements (‘coexistence measures’) for growing genetically modified (GM) Bt maize in Germany using a choice experiment. The costs of the evaluated ex-ante and ex-post coexistence measures range from zero to more than 300 euros per hectare per measure, and most of them are greater than the extra revenue the farmers in our survey expect from growing Bt maize or than the estimates in the literature. The cost estimates for temporal separation, which were the highest in our evaluation, imply that the exclusion of this measure in Germany is justified. The costliest measures that are currently applied in Germany are joint and strict liability for all damages. Our results further show that neighbors do not cause a problem and that opportunities for reducing costs through agreements with them exist. Finally, we find that farmers’ attitudes toward genetically modified crops affect the probability of adoption of Bt maize. Our results imply that strict liability will deter the cultivation of Bt maize in Germany unless liability issues can be addressed through other means, for example, through neighbor agreements.

The coexistence costs have implications for the supply of products in which GMOs are excluded from the production process (i.e., non-GM labeling). This is the topic of the second chapter. In that chapter, we discuss and illustrate the complexity of non-GM food labeling in Germany. We show how a multi-stakeholder organization that sets a voluntary private production and certification standard can combine the opposing and agreeing interests of its members. This cohesion reduces the fears of retailers of NGO pressure in the case of mislabeling. Whereas non-GM labeling in Germany started as a niche for farmer-to-consumer direct marketing and small processors, it was further driven by anti-GMO organizations. Today, retail chains label some of their store brands and are now the drivers. We also discuss how informing consumers through non-GM labeling addresses imperfect information, but at the same time, can create new information imperfections if consumers are not well informed about the labeling system itself.

Non-GM labeling, together with the EU-wide mandatory labeling of GMOs and their requirements on coexistence, have implications for the potential regulation of crops derived by new plant breeding techniques (NPBTs). In the third chapter, we analyze the market and welfare effects of regulating crops derived by NPBTs as genetically modified or conventional products. We consider the mandatory scheme for labeling GM products and a voluntary non-GM scheme for labeling livestock products derived from non-GM feed. We develop a partial equilibrium model that explicitly takes into account both the coexistence costs at the farm level and the segregation and identity preservation costs at the downstream level. By applying the model to EU rapeseed, we find that regulating NPBTs as GM (as compared to non-GM) in combination with mandatory and voluntary labeling increases prices and therefore makes producers better off. We also show that higher coexistence costs make the price increasing effect even stronger. Voluntary non-GM labeling applied to feed makes consumers in this sector overall worse off, but it benefits farmers and rapeseed oil consumers overall as long as segregation costs are low. Consumers of biodiesel and industrial products, such as lubricants produced from GM rapeseed, benefit from high segregation costs. We show that the effects of farm-level coexistence costs largely differ from the effects of downstream market segregation costs.

In the last of the four chapters, we consider the effects of market power and analyze the decision of investing in quality updating when high-quality product demand is growing. We model a decision of a duopoly that initially offers a product perceived as lower quality (e.g., GM product) to invest in an emerging high-quality (e.g., labeled non-GM) product. We investigate whether the smaller or the larger firm invests first. Either preemption or a war of attrition can result, depending on demand and cost factors. For each case, we derive the unique Nash equilibrium. We show that a firm’s timing to invest in high-quality production (e.g., implement a voluntary production standard) depends on several factors, such as the difference in firm size between competing firms and the level of vertical differentiation, growth and discount rate, demand parameters, and per-unit production costs. We show that institutions, which set private or public certification standards, can affect firms’ investment in differentiated products because the standard stringency affects the production and compliance costs as well as the level of product differentiation. Hence, through the setting of these standards, private and governmental institutions can impact the market structure as well as the growth of an emerging market. Finally, we discuss policy implications and how an adjustment of the EU-regulatory framework from a process- to a product-based system can make several issues discussed in this thesis problems of the past.

Aligning business processes and IT of multiple collaborating organisations
Kassahun, Ayalew - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Adrie Beulens; Bedir Tekinerdogan. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463432108 - 172
information technology - businesses - business management - cooperation - organizations - informatietechnologie - bedrijven - bedrijfsmanagement - samenwerking - organisaties

When multiple organisations want to collaborate with one another they have to integrate their business processes. This requires aligning the collaborative business processes and the underlying IT (Information Technology). Realizing the required alignment is, however, not trivial and is the subject of this thesis.

We approached the issue of alignment in three steps. First, we explored business-IT alignment problems in detail in a real-life business case. This is done in order to clarify what alignment of business processes and IT systems across a collaboration network entails. Second, we provided a business-IT alignment framework called BITA* (pronounce bita-star). The framework provides modelling abstractions for alignment. Third, we applied the framework in two real-life case studies, including the real-life business case used in step one. By applying the framework in practice we showed that the framework can, in fact, help to address the business-IT alignment problems that we identified in the first step.

The work presented in this thesis is conducted over a number of years in the context of four large EU sponsored research projects. The projects focused on alignment problems in two very distinct application areas. Two projects were about realizing transparency systems for meat supply chains and constitute the first case study. The other two projects were about realizing multidisciplinary modelling collaboration systems and constitute the second case study. Although the projects were conducted sequentially the research questions were addressed iteratively over the years. The research methodology that shows how the framework is designed and how the case studies are applied is discussed in detail in chapter 2.

In chapter 3 we present BITA*, a Business-IT Alignment framework for multiple collaborating organisations. The main challenges in designing BITA* have been what models to consider for alignment and how to compare them in order to make explicit statements about alignment. We addressed this problem by introducing allocation and alignment modelling constructs to help the alignment process, and the concept of business collaboration model to represent the models that have to be aligned. We identified three groups of stakeholders for whom we designed explicit design viewpoints and associated allocation and alignment models. The Business Process to Business Process (BP2BP) alignment viewpoint is designed for business analysts who have to align diverse business collaboration process models. The IT to IT (IT2IT) alignment viewpoint is designed for software architects to align the distribution of data and IT systems across a collaboration network. The Business Process to IT (BP2IT) alignment viewpoint is designed for an interdisciplinary team of business analysts and software architects who have to align the different ways of supporting business collaboration processes with distributed IT system.

An essential element of this thesis has been elaborating how business-IT alignment problems occur in the context of multi-organisational collaboration. The case studies were used to demonstrate business-IT alignment concerns. Particularly, the details of the first case study presented in chapters 4 and 5 were used in chapter 3 to help derive the alignment framework. The case study presented an ideal problem scenario since realizing transparency across supply chains is intrinsically a collaborative effort. The second case study was used to enhance the validity of our approach. The results of the second case study are presented in chapter 6.

The alignment framework was designed during the iterative process we followed when realizing a generic transparency system for meat supply chains. To realize the required generic transparency system we needed a reference architecture. To derive the reference architecture we adapted an already existing and broadly-accepted generic reference architecture. We have to adapt the generic reference architecture in order to address specific requirements of the meat sector that were not considered in the generic reference architecture. The adaptation process made it clear that we needed models for representing business collaborations. We, therefore, introduced the notion of business collaboration model, which we used both to model reference architectures and to adapt them. Adaptation required aligning the generic reference architecture with the diverse business collaboration models adopted by the organisations that have to collaborate. The alignment framework is thus used for adapting a generic reference architecture in order to create a reference architecture that the collaborating organisations can, and are willing to, adopt.

We identified three types of business collaboration models: business collaboration process model, business collaboration IT model, and a model for representing the relationship between these two. A business collaboration process model is a business process model that spans a collaboration network. A business collaboration IT model is a model of the distribution of the IT across the collaboration network. A business collaboration process-IT model is a model of the relationships between the elements of the business collaboration processes and the elements of the distributed IT.

Each organisation is considered to adopt its own business collaboration models. For instance, different actors in meat supply chains have different views on how chain-wide transparency should be realized. Which business processes and IT systems each organisation has to deploy and use depends on the business collaboration models each food operator adopts. If two different food operators adopt the same set of business collaboration models, they are aligned; otherwise they are misaligned. Hence, alignment entails comparing the different business collaboration models adopted by the participating organisations. The results of the alignment process are explicit statements about how convergent or divergent the organisations are from the chosen generic reference architecture. The explicit statements of alignment guide how best the generic and the corresponding organisational business collaboration models can be adapted to create a better state of alignment.

To further enhance the validity of the overall approach the second case study was conducted. The second case study was a retrospective investigation of two past research projects focusing on aligning environmental modelling processes and IT systems. A retrospective case study was chosen because launching a new business-IT alignment project involving multiple collaborating organisations was not feasible. The projects were undertaken to support the European Water Framework Directive, which mandated, among other things, participatory, multidisciplinary, river-basin wide and model-based studies to manage the water resources of Europe. The directive particularly required a collaborative approach to building environmental decision support systems and to deriving methodologies for applying existing decision support systems. We applied BITA* to aligning environmental modelling processes and IT systems in order to evaluate the suitability of the framework to addressing alignment problems in other application areas.

The contributions of the thesis are summarized in chapter 7. The contributions include a number of design artefacts, which can be grouped into four categories: constructs, models, methods, and instantiations. The contribution in the first category includes the conceptualization of allocation and alignment. The contributions in the second category include allocation and alignment models, and reference architectures. Allocation models are representations of business collaboration models in a form that can be compared and are the basis for alignment modelling. The main contribution in the third category is the BITA* systematic approach to alignment modelling. The contributions in the fourth category are the software systems developed with the help of the reference architectures.

Opportunity identification competence : explaining individual and exploring team opportunity identification by employees
Baggen, Yvette - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder, co-promotor(en): Harm Biemans; Thomas Lans. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579682 - 182
entrepreneurship - professional competence - competences - education - businesses - small businesses - medium sized businesses - employment opportunities - netherlands - portugal - europe - ondernemerschap - vakbekwaamheid - bevoegdheden - onderwijs - bedrijven - kleine bedrijven - middelgrote bedrijven - kansen op werk - nederland - europa

Opportunities and their identification are of significant importance for competitiveness in today’s complex and turbulent business environment because they serve as a key influencing factor for new value-creation. Opportunity identification (OI) is interesting not only from the perspective of new business start-ups, but also from the perspective of employees in existing organisations. Each entrepreneurial process starts with an imagined, rudimentary idea in the mind of an individual. The further exploration and development of such opportunities by employees can lead to the realisation of all kinds of corporate entrepreneurship outcomes, such as innovation, strategic renewal, and internal or external venturing.

This dissertation reports on the capability of employees to identify opportunities, referred to as opportunity identification competence (OIC). The importance of OI by employees is widely recognised in practice, and scholars have contributed significantly to understanding what opportunities are, how opportunities come into being, and how OIC can be measured. Nevertheless, substantial research challenges still need to be addressed. More specifically, based on both entrepreneurship literature and literature on organisational learning and entrepreneurship education, three overarching research issues have been identified:

The OI process has not been fully mapped out, including the role of individuals and teams.

Defining and explaining OIC is problematic because scholars tend not to agree whether opportunities are discovered in the economic environment or created by individuals.

Existing measurements of OIC have been criticised, because most of them include self-perceptions or the recall of earlier identified opportunities.

The main goal of this thesis was to contribute to the literature by addressing these three overarching research issues. Accordingly, the central research question was: What characterises opportunity identification by employees on the individual and team level?

In the dissertation, OIC is both conceptually mapped and empirically explored. A performance instrument to measure OIC is developed and tested in higher education. As well, 12 businesses, including 234 employees in 51 teams, participated in this research project. Most companies were in the category known as small and medium-sized enterprise (SME). The participating companies have in common that they felt an urgent need for entrepreneurship as a driver of competitiveness. Furthermore, they aimed to commit and stimulate their employees to contribute to the entrepreneurial process, without having formal mechanisms or structures for doing so.

Main conclusions

In light of the central research question of this dissertation, What characterises opportunity identification by employees on the individual and team level?, the results suggest that OI deserves attention in existing businesses, both as a meaningful process leading towards new value-creation and as a relevant capability of employees. OIC is a multi-phased phenomenon consisting of two main competencies, namely business idea generation and business idea evaluation. In business idea generation, individuals generate all kinds of (business) ideas that may have the potential to become a real opportunity. In business idea evaluation, those ideas are selected that actually have potential success. Employees can have one of the competencies (business idea generation or business idea evaluation) to a greater extent, or both of them. Organisations need employees that are able to generate business ideas and employees that are able to evaluate the potential success of business ideas. The results of this thesis suggest that, just like independent entrepreneurs, employees mainly acquire such competencies by a process of learning by doing; this means that employees should become involved in entrepreneurial activities on the shop floor. Creating teams can be a solution, bringing together the competencies needed for the successful identification of opportunities. Moreover, the results suggest that the commitment of teams in the early stages of the entrepreneurial process is highly relevant, because the team cognitive framework for identifying opportunities seems more effective than the individual cognitive framework.

Taken together, at the defining, initial stage of the entrepreneurial process opportunities are identified by individuals or, preferably, by teams – in a process by which business ideas are generated and evaluated for their potential success. When studying opportunities and their identification, scholars should take into account the differences in OIC between SMEs, employees, and even within OIC itself (i.e., between business idea generation and business idea evaluation). In practice as well, these differences should be considered in the selection and management of employees, in assessing OIC and in composing teams, because teams need both business idea generators and business idea evaluators.

De Groene Agenda, topsectoronderzoek
Spijker, J.H. ; Hiemstra, J.A. - \ 2016
Stadswerk 2016 (2016)7. - ISSN 0927-7641 - p. 56 - 57.
klimaat - luchtkwaliteit - bedrijven - waterbergend vermogen - gezondheid - welzijn - openbaar groen - beplantingen - kantoren - stedelijke gebieden - toegepast onderzoek - innovaties - arbeid (werk) - stress - warmtestress - sociaal welzijn - participatie - regenwateropvang - climate - air quality - businesses - water holding capacity - health - well-being - public green areas - plantations - offices - urban areas - applied research - innovations - labour - heat stress - social welfare - participation - water harvesting
Steeds meer mensen wonen in de stad. Dit is niet altijd een gezonde leefomgeving. Veel mensen ervaren stress, het ontbreekt aan sociale samenhang, de lucht is vervuild en het veranderende klimaat leidt tot toenemende hittestress en wateroverlast. Slim gebruik van groen is deel van de oplossing voor al deze uitdagingen.
Green Business Benefits : analyse van natuurpraktijken door Nederlandse bedrijven
Vreke, Jan ; Coninx, Ingrid ; Och, Renze van - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Wageningen Environmental Research rapport 2768) - 25
bedrijven - energiebesparing - natuur - nederland - businesses - energy saving - nature - netherlands
Programme on Integrated Seed Sector Development in Ethiopia : 2015 Annual report
Walsh, Stephen ; Thijssen, M.H. - \ 2016
Centre for Development Innovation (Report CDI-16-012 ) - 45 p.
seeds - seed production - agroindustrial sector - entrepreneurship - businesses - development - ethiopia - zaden - zaadproductie - agro-industriële sector - ondernemerschap - bedrijven - ontwikkeling - ethiopië
The programme on Integrated Seed Sector Development in Ethiopia aims to strengthen the development of a vibrant, market-oriented and pluralistic seed sector in the country, where quality seed of superior varieties is available and affordable for a larger number of farmers, thereby contributing to food security and economic development in Ethiopia. The programme is a joint effort of Bahir Dar University, Haramaya University, Hawassa University, Mekelle University, Oromia Seed Enterprise, the Ethiopian Seed Association and Centre for Development Innovation of Wageningen UR. Partners include governmental organizations at federal, regional and local level, non-governmental organizations, development organizations, and seed businesses operating at different scales. The programme is funded by the Directorate General for International Cooperation through the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Addis Ababa.
Bedrijven en hun impact op en afhankelijkheid van natuurlijk kapitaal
Smits, M.J.W. ; Bos, E.J. ; Heide, C.M. van der; Selnes, T. ; Vogelzang, T.A. - \ 2016
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI Wageningen UR 2016-060) - ISBN 9789462578395 - 27 p.
natuurlijke hulpbronnen - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - ecosystemen - dienstensector - bedrijven - organisaties - natural resources - sustainability - ecosystems - services - businesses - organizations
What tools and data do companies use to measure their impact on natural capital, and what are the gaps in terms of instruments ? The main findings, based on interviews are: i) companies mainly work with LCA ii) companies with many products prefer to work with labels, iii) there is a need for standardisation at the sector level, iv) availability of data at field level is a bottleneck, v) nonfrontrunners could be more involved in natural capital.
Agrimatie : alle feiten en cijfers Nederlandse land- en tuinbouw (LEI Wageningen UR )
Fernhout, C.Y. - \ 2015
LEI Wageningen UR
agro-industriële sector - landbouw - informatieverspreiding - informatie - informatiediensten - marktinformatie - kennisoverdracht - bedrijfsvoering - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - bedrijven - lesmaterialen - agroindustrial sector - agriculture - diffusion of information - information - information services - market intelligence - knowledge transfer - management - farm management - businesses - teaching materials
Heel Nederland heeft te maken met de agrosector: of het nu gaat om werk, voedsel of vrije tijd. Op Agrimatie.nl staan gegevens verzameld van allerlei projecten, databases en 1500 agrarische ondernemers (helemaal anoniem natuurlijk).
DairyBISS Baseline report
Buizer, N.N. ; Berhanu, Tinsae ; Murutse, Girmay ; Vugt, S.M. van - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation
dairy farms - firms - businesses - profitability - extension - training - private sector - development - ethiopia - melkveebedrijven - firma's - bedrijven - rentabiliteit - voorlichting - opleiding - particuliere sector - ontwikkeling - ethiopië
This baseline report of the Dairy Business Information Service and Support (DairyBISS) project presents the findings of a baseline survey among 103 commercial farms and 31 firms and advisors working in the dairy value chain. Additional results from the survey among commercial dairy farms are described in an additional report. The findings validate the main strategies of the project. Farms and firms are interested in joining a dairy business platform that includes members from the entire value chain. While currently there is gap between the demand and supply of good quality business information and advisory services, there is a willingness to pay for advisory services. Among advisors there is a need for training on technical topics along the dairy value chain and there is an interest in forming an advisor network to share experiences.
Uit Je Eigen Stad
Heijden, P.G.M. van der - \ 2015
Aquacultuur 2015 (2015)2. - ISSN 1382-2764 - p. 17 - 24.
groenten - vis - bedrijven - voedselproductie - stadslandbouw - aquacultuur - visteelt - viskwekerijen - groenteteelt - aquaponics - innovaties - vegetables - fish - businesses - food production - urban agriculture - aquaculture - fish culture - fish farms - vegetable growing - innovations
In 2010 vatte drie ondernemers het plan op om bij de Rotterdamse Fruithaven een loods en het erom heen gelegen rangeerterrein een landbouwkundige bestemming te geven. Het duurde tot 2012 voordat voldoende kapitaal en vergunningen waren geregeld en met de aanleg van Uit Je Eigen Stad begonnen kon worden. Inmiddels is er veel bereikt (waaronder een werkend aquaponics systeem met een inhoud van 125 m3) en worden groente, tilapia, Afrikaanse meerval, paddenstoelen en kippen in het eigen restaurant en in Rotterdam en omgeving verkocht. Maar de medewerkers van Uit Je Eigen Stad rusten niet en gaan door met het testen en proberen van verschillende gewassen, productiewijzen, producten, markten en evenementen. We bezochten het bedrijf en spraken met Ivo Haenen.
Manuel - L’entrepreneuriat semencier
Burg, H. van den; Roo, N. de; Barikore, C. ; Haizuru Zamu, G. ; Ndyanabo, E. ; Simbashizubwoba, C. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (CDI Guide manuel ) - 128
businesses - small businesses - seeds - seed quality - seed certification - certification - markets - storage - africa - bedrijven - kleine bedrijven - zaden - zaadkwaliteit - zaadkeuring - certificering - markten - opslag - afrika
Assessment of strategies for value chains using an extended Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) framework: an application to the honey business in Brazil
Santana De Figueiredo Junior, H. - \ 2015
University. Promotor(en): Alfons Oude Lansink, co-promotor(en): Miranda Meuwissen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462575516 - 152
bedrijfseconomie - honing - productie - bedrijven - brazilië - business economics - honey - production - businesses - brazil

Keywords: Strategy evaluation, global networks, supply chains, policy Delphi, conjoint analysis, economic development, competitiveness, beekeeping, interventions, uncertainty, upgrading.

Competition for the end-customer nowadays takes place more among networks of firms than among individual firms. The analysis of competing firms, thus, has to go beyond the limits of each firm to incorporate the analysis of the entire chain(s) in which the firms participate. An approach is lacking to integrate the relations between strategy and structural issues, such as regulations, demand trends and concentration of clients/suppliers, and economic performance in terms of the contribution to local development. The general objective of this research was to make ex-post and ex-ante assessments of strategies for honey value chains in Brazil. The honey chain was chosen because of the importance of honey production and trade to Brazil, which was among the top ten world honey exporters in terms of volume. This thesis extended the Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) framework to value chains, identifying categories of structure, conduct and performance for value chain streams (segment of a value chain in a territory) and providing an integrated approach to explore possible interactions among those categories. The empirical applications of this research used this value chain SCP framework and focused on three honey value chain streams, located in the northeast of Brazil, all in top producing areas: two in Ceará State (Limoeiro do Norte and Santana do Cariri) and one in Piauí State (Picos). First, likely successful strategies of those value chain streams to their performance were identified for the 2007-2011 period, in a multi-case study. Then, the contributions of individual strategies of those streams to their performance were quantitatively assessed, also for the 2007-2011 period, using conjoint analysis. Finally, using adaptive conjoint analysis, promising strategies in terms of their contribution to chain competitiveness and local development were identified, under different scenarios. The results of this thesis reveal that the value chain SCP framework allows for ex-ante and ex-post integrated assessments of strategies for a segment of a value chain in a territory. The results also show that the relative importance of strategies to enhance performance of the studied honey value chain streams in Brazil depends on industry structure and varies among performance goals. In addition, the alignment of the value chain stream strategies towards a certain performance goal improves the likelihood of success of the implementation task. Moreover, the most commonly applied upgrading typologies do not cover all the strategy choices to value chain streams.

NSO-typering 2015; Typering van agrarische bedrijven in Nederland
Everdingen, W.H. van - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI 2015-084) - 36
landbouw bedrijven - bedrijven - bedrijfsvergelijking in de landbouw - bedrijfsvoering - opbrengsten - inkomsten uit het landbouwbedrijf - bedrijfsgrootte in de landbouw - bedrijfsgegevens - standaardisering - classificatie - agrarische economie - farming - businesses - farm comparisons - management - yields - farm income - farm size - farm accountancy data - standardization - classification - agricultural economics
In 2014 is voor de Nederlandse variant een nieuw kengetal geïntroduceerd: de Standaard Verdiencapaciteit (SVC) van bedrijven. Dat kengetal is ontwikkeld vanwege verschillen in marge tussen de sectoren. Met de SVC is de bedrijfsgrootte van bedrijven over bedrijfstypen heen meer gerelateerd aan arbeidsinzet en resultaat dan bij de Standaardopbrengst (SO) het geval is. De classificatie is gekoppeld aan de Landbouwtelling. De normen worden berekend voor de categorieën dieren en gewassen die in de Landbouwtelling worden uitgevraagd. Het doel van dit document is inzicht verschaffen in de achtergronden, rekenschema’s, indelingen en normen die bij de typering in gebruik zijn rond de Landbouwtelling van 2015. Achtereenvolgens komen in de volgende paragrafen de Standaardopbrengst (1), de NSO-typering (2), de Standaard Verdiencapaciteit (3) en het gebruik van de gegevens (4) aan bod.
Biomimicry. De natuur als inspiratiebron voor innovaties
Segeren, A. ; Vogelzang, T.A. - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI publicatie 14-129) - 35
innovaties - systeeminnovatie - duurzame ontwikkeling - aanpassing van de productie - ontwerp - biologie - technologie - bedrijven - biomimicry - innovations - system innovation - sustainable development - adjustment of production - design - biology - technology - businesses
LEI Wageningen UR heeft van het ministerie van Economische Zaken de opdracht gekregen om onderzoek te doen naar de stand van zaken en de mogelijkheden voor de verdere toepassing van biomimicry in Nederland. Deze brochure biedt een analyse van drie actuele praktijkvoorbeelden, inzicht in de impact op economie en duurzaamheid en een vertaling hiervan naar indicatoren. Daarnaast geeft het LEI perspectieven voor de toekomst, waarbij vooral is gekeken naar de rol van wetenschap, onderwijs en beleid.
Bedrijven investeringszone, een mogelijk financieringsinstrument voor investeren in de bedrijfsomgeving
Borgstein, M.H. ; Polman, N.B.P. - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI-publicatie 2015-006) - 28
bedrijven - fondsgelden - fondsen - landinrichting - recreatie - toerisme - gebiedsontwikkeling - investering - financieren - businesses - funding - funds - land development - recreation - tourism - area development - investment - financing
De Experimentenwet Bedrijven InvesteringsZones biedt ondernemers de mogelijkheid om binnen een gezamenlijke Bedrijven InvesteringsZone (BIZ) een fonds in te stellen voor de uitvoering van gezamenlijke doelen in de openbare ruimte, aanvullend op wat de overheid al doet, in een afgebakend gebied. Het fonds wordt gevuld met financiële bijdragen van de aangesloten ondernemers. De Experimentenwet is in 2013 geëvalueerd en op enkele punten aangepast. De nieuwe Experimentenwet is per 1 januari 2015 in werking getreden (Staatsblad, 8 december 2014).1 Tijdens de behandeling in de Eerste Kamer is het vrijwillige karakter van de BIZ bevestigd. Directie Natuur en Biodiversiteit van het ministerie van Economische Zaken (EZ) laat onderzoeken hoe de BIZ-wet kan worden gebruikt door ondernemers die betrokken zijn bij de gastvrijheidssector (recreatie en toerisme) in het buitengebied.
Supporting Local Seed Businesses : A Training Manual for ISSD Uganda
Mastenbroek, A. ; Chebet, A. ; Muwanika, C.T. ; Adong, C.J. ; Okot, F. ; Otim, G. ; Birungi, J. ; Kansiime, M. ; Oyee, P. ; Ninsiima, P. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR - 273
seed production - seed development - seed quality - rural development - farming - markets - businesses - small businesses - regional development - training courses - training - agricultural development - uganda - west africa - africa - zaadproductie - zaadontwikkeling - zaadkwaliteit - plattelandsontwikkeling - landbouw bedrijven - markten - bedrijven - kleine bedrijven - regionale ontwikkeling - scholingscursussen - opleiding - landbouwontwikkeling - west-afrika - afrika
The training manual is developed in Uganda to train partner organisations in coaching farmer groups to become sustainable local seed businesses. It introduces the Integrated Seed Sector Development Programme in Uganda and the concept of local seed businesses (LSBs). The manual has 5 modules covering selection, monitoring and sustaining local seed businesses; technically equipping local seed businesses, professionally organising LSBs; orienting LSBs to the market and strategically linking them to service providers.
Bedrijven en ecosysteemdiensten: een casestudie
Burg, S.W.K. van den; Bogaardt, M.J. ; Smits, M.J.W. ; Selnes, T. ; Arets, E.J.M.M. ; Hendriks, C.M.A. - \ 2014
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI report 2014-034) - ISBN 9789086156931 - 52
ecosysteemdiensten - bedrijven - particuliere ondernemingen - natuurbeleid - biodiversiteit - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - nederland - ecosystem services - businesses - private firms - nature conservation policy - biodiversity - sustainability - netherlands
In recent years, there has been a change in nature policy. A number of parties are pointing out the role that the business community can and should take in sustainable nature management. Various tools have been developed which businesses can use to quantify the relationship (impact and dependence) of their activities to ecosystem services and biodiversity. However, the use of these tools is limited. The goal of this project was to gain experience in the use of these tools. The question is, what can we learn from a case study in which a tool designed to provide insight into relationships between businesses and ecosystem services is applied to a concrete case? We chose to take a regional approach and to take inventory of the impact within a 25-km radius around the Chemelot industrial estate.
Betrokkenheid van bedrijven bij natuur in Nederland
Breman, B.C. ; Lijster, E.B. de; Kamphorst, D.A. ; Holz Amorim de Sena, N.H. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-paper 36) - 12
natuurbeleid - bedrijven - ondernemerschap - maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen - inventarisaties - nature conservation policy - businesses - entrepreneurship - corporate social responsibility - inventories
Het Nederlandse bedrijfsleven is steeds vaker gericht op maatschappelijk verantwoord en duurzaam ondernemen. Daarnaast zet dit kabinet samen met het bedrijfsleven in op groene groei en een circulaire economie1. Maar wat is de concrete betekenis van dit alles voor de Nederlandse natuur? Doen bedrijven ook daadwerkelijk iets met natuur in Nederland? Om wat voor activiteiten gaat het dan en vanuit welke motieven doen ze dat? Met welke partijen werken ze samen? En, last but not least, wat voor natuur levert het uiteindelijk op? Deze WOt-paper gaat in op de rol die bedrijven (kunnen) spelen om natuur in Nederland te beschermen en te ontwikkelen. Op basis daarvan proberen we lessen te trekken en handelingsperspectieven te schetsen voor de verdere vermaatschappelijking van het natuurbeleid in Nederland.
Green Business Benefit
Coninx, I. ; Vreke, J. ; Vries, E.A. de - \ 2014
Alterra, Wageningen-UR
bedrijven - maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen - bedrijfsvoering - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - biobased economy - businesses - corporate social responsibility - management - sustainability
Een Green Business Benefit (GBB) is elk voordeel dat een bedrijf kan krijgen wanneer het natuur ten volle inzet in de bedrijfsactiviteiten en dat op een manier waarbij zowel natuur als bedrijf optimaal kunnen functioneren.
Bloeiende bedrijventerreinen. Economische analyse ten ondersteuning presentatie
Bos, E.J. - \ 2014
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR - 20
bedrijventerreinen - bedrijven - beplantingen - biodiversiteit - kosten-batenanalyse - belevingswaarde - groene daken - alblasserwaard - vijfheerenlanden - business parks - businesses - plantations - biodiversity - cost benefit analysis - experiential value - green roofs
De Green Deal Blauwzaam Lint streeft onder meer naar het creëren van meer biodiversiteit op bedrijventerreinen. Met de helpdeskvraag wordt beoogd om ondernemers in de Alblasserwaard en Vijfheerenlanden te enthousiasmeren om (meer) groen aan te gaan leggen op of nabij hun bedrijventerrein. In dit onderdeel van de helpdeskvraag wordt daartoe een economische analyse uitgevoerd voor de aanleg van groen op bedrijventerreinen. De economische analyse is indicatief van aard en geeft een indruk van de belangrijkste effecten van de aanleg van groen op bedrijventerreinen, alsmede de mogelijke orde van grootte van (economische) baten.
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