Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    We will mail you new results for this query: keywords==capillary zone electrophoresis
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Genetic parameters for αS1-casein and αS2-casein phosphorylation isoforms in Dutch Holstein Friesian
Fang, Z.H. ; Bovenhuis, H. ; Valenberg, H.J.F. van; Martin, P. ; Huppertz, T. ; Visker, M.H.P.W. - \ 2018
Journal of Dairy Science 101 (2018)2. - ISSN 0022-0302 - p. 1281 - 1291.
capillary zone electrophoresis - genetic correlation - milk protein composition - posttranslational modification
Relative concentrations of αS1-casein and αS2-casein (αS1-CN and αS2-CN) phosphorylation isoforms vary considerably among milk of individual cows. We estimated heritabilities for αS2-CN phosphorylation isoforms, determined by capillary zone electrophoresis from 1,857 morning milk samples, and genetic correlations among αS2-CN phosphorylation isoforms in Dutch Holstein Friesian. To investigate if phosphorylation of αS1-CN and αS2-CN are due to the same genetic mechanism, we also estimated genetic correlations between αS1-CN and αS2-CN phosphorylation isoforms as well as the genetic correlations between the phosphorylation degrees (PD) of αS1-CN and αS2-CN defined as the proportion of isoforms with higher degrees of phosphorylation in total αS1-CN and αS2-CN, respectively. The intra-herd heritabilities for the relative concentrations of αS2-CN phosphorylation isoforms were high and ranged from 0.54 for αS2-CN-10P to 0.89 for αS2-CN-12P. Furthermore, the high intra-herd heritabilities of αS1-CN PD and αS2-CN PD imply a strong genetic control of the phosphorylation process, which is independent of casein production. The genetic correlations between αS2-CN phosphorylation isoforms are positive and moderate to high (0.33–0.90). Furthermore, the strong positive genetic correlation (0.94) between αS1-CN PD and αS2-CN PD suggests that the phosphorylation processes of αS1-CN and αS2-CN are related. This study shows the possibility of breeding for specific αS1-CN and αS2-CN phosphorylation isoforms, and relations between the phosphorylation degrees of αS1-CN and αS2-CN and technological properties of milk need to be further investigated to identify potential benefits for the dairy industry.
CE-MSn of complex pectin-derived oligomers
Coenen, G.J. ; Kabel, M.A. ; Schols, H.A. ; Voragen, A.G.J. - \ 2008
Electrophoresis 29 (2008)10. - ISSN 0173-0835 - p. 2101 - 2111.
anion-exchange chromatography - capillary zone electrophoresis - trap mass-spectrometry - hairy ramified regions - maldi-tof ms - rhamnogalacturonan-i - 8-aminonaphthalene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid - galacturonic acid - apple pectin - oligosaccharides
As pectin molecules are too large and heterogeneous to analyze as a whole, the polymer is usually degraded to smaller oligomers, which are often analyzed by high-performance anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC). However, the high salt concentration necessary to elute pectin oligomers by HPAEC is incompatible with online mass detection. To overcome such a disadvantage, a CE-IT-MS system was set up to further elucidate the fine structure of charged oligosaccharides. An effective separation of differently substituted galacturonic acid containing oligomers was obtained by low-pH CE-LIF analysis. By adapting the buffer and capillary online MS detection was enabled. Moreover, with MS/MS it was possible to localize sugar residues' substitutions. With this combined CE-MS approach LIF electropherograms of xylogalacturonan and rhamnogalacturonan I digests could be annotated. The method was further exemplified by a complex oligomer mixture of acid hydrolyzed apple pectin, which was separated and characterized by CE-MSn. Oligomers present in low amounts could be localized by their corresponding m/z, as was demonstrated by selected mass range representation.
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