Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    We will mail you new results for this query: keywords==certificering
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Inspired by peers: Farm Talks in biodynamic agriculture
Olde, E.M. de; Derkzen, P.H.M. - \ 2016
Farming Matters 32 (2016)1. - ISSN 2210-6499 - p. 34 - 36.
certification - biodynamic farming - sustainability - certificering - biologisch-dynamische landbouw - duurzaamheid (sustainability)
In the Netherlands, a peer review method for farmers
arose as an alternative to the biodynamic certification
system. By collectively observing and discussing sitespecific
challenges, these biodynamic farmers experience
first-hand the power of collaboration and drive
commitment to sustainability beyond the standards of
biodynamic certification.
The contribution of sustainable trade to the conservation of natural capital
Oorschot, M. van; Wentink, Carsten ; Kok, Marcel ; Beukering, P. ; Kuik, O. ; Drunen, M. van; Berg, J. van den; Ingram, V.J. ; Judge, L.O. ; Arets, E.J.M.M. ; Veneklaas, E.J. - \ 2016
The Hague : PBL: Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL publication 1700) - 96 p.
certification - sustainability - cost benefit analysis - resource conservation - natural resources - tropics - ecosystem services - biobased economy - certificering - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - kosten-batenanalyse - hulpbronnenbehoud - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - tropen - ecosysteemdiensten
PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency has conducted a study into the potential impact of certified sustainable production on natural capital and the related ecosystem goods and services. Forests are a well-known example of natural capital; they are valuable to society, among other things because they store large amounts of carbon. The performed cost-benefit analyses show that certified resource production has several societal benefits, such as reductions in environmental pollution, soil erosion and health damage. However, for resource producers, the financial returns of more sustainable production methods are often limited. The uneven distribution of costs and benefits over public and private actors forms a barrier to any further scale up of sustainable production. Thus, there is a need for additional solutions, besides certifying trade to help conserve ecosystems elsewhere in the world.
Fairtrade certification in the banana hired labour sector
Rijn, F.C. van; Judge, L.O. ; Fort, Ricardo ; Koster, Tinka ; Waarts, Y.R. ; Ruben, R. - \ 2016
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI report 2015-056) - ISBN 9789086157129 - 146 p.
bananas - plantations - fair trade - certification - international trade - hired labour - working conditions - ghana - dominican republic - colombia - bananen - beplantingen - certificering - internationale handel - loonarbeiders - arbeidsomstandigheden - dominicaanse republiek
Evidence is needed about the difference that certification makes to workers on banana plantations. The Fairtrade system is therefore investing in monitoring to understand the difference certification makes to banana workers’ employment, living and working conditions, and empowerment. This study meets this need by gathering data on a range of indicators. This study 1) gathers baseline data on indicators and themes that monitor the progress of implementation of Fairtrade’s revised hired labour standards on certified plantations in key banana origins; 2) based on this data it researches and analyses the difference that Fairtrade makes across key themes in comparison to non-certified contexts; it prioritises workers’ voices and perspectives in achieving the objectives of the study. It particularly focuses on understanding the role of Fairtrade in supporting worker empowerment and empowerment-related goals. Focus countries are Ghana, Colombia and the Dominican Republic.
Gebruik van genetische bronnen : regels voor internationale uitwisseling
Crisson, L.J.R. ; Visser, L. - \ 2016
europese unie - internationale verdragen - nederland - genetische bronnen - certificering - european union - international agreements - netherlands - genetic resources - certification
Internationale regels zijn van toepassing op de uitwisseling van genetische bronnen, en leveranciers en gebruikers ervan zijn verplicht zich aan deze regels te houden. Deze folder biedt achtergrondinformatie over de geldende internationale overeenkomsten, legt de betekenis van bepaalde termen uit, en biedt een eerste ondersteuning aan gebruikers die toegang tot genetische bronnen zoeken. Deze folder is relevant voor alle Nederlandse publieke instituten, bedrijven en individuen die genetische bronnen gebruiken voor onderzoek en ontwikkeling.
Impact of UTZ certification on cocoa producers in Ghana, 2011 to 2014
Waarts, Y.R. ; Ingram, V.J. ; Linderhof, V.G.M. ; Puister-Jansen, L.F. ; Rijn, F.C. van; Aryeetey, Richmond - \ 2015
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-066) - ISBN 9789086157150 - 47 p.
cocoa - certification - farmers - small farms - peasant farming - ghana - cacao - certificering - boeren - kleine landbouwbedrijven - landbouw bedrijven in het klein
This study evaluates the impact of the UTZ-Solidaridad cocoa programme in Ghana , by comparing the situation of a sample of farmers from six projects in 2014 with their situation in 2011, and by comparing the development over time for certified and uncertified farmers. We also analysed the programme’s inclusiveness and shed light on the effect of UTZ certification on hired labourers’ working conditions.
Coffee certification in East Africa: Impact on farms, families and cooperatives
Ruben, R. ; Hoebink, Paul - \ 2015
Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086862559 - 264 p.
certification - coffee - small farms - labelling - sustainability - farming systems - east africa - certificering - koffie - kleine landbouwbedrijven - etiketteren - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - bedrijfssystemen - oost-afrika
Certification of coffee producers is frequently suggested as a promising strategy for improving the position of smallholder farmers in the market. After the launch of the first Fairtrade label in 1988, several other standards have been promoted either by voluntary agencies (Utz-certified) or by private coffee companies. Each coffee label relies on different strategies for enhancing sustainable production and responsible trade. Coffee certification in East Africa is of a rather recent nature but has been rapidly expanding, representing currently 26 percent of the world's sustainable certified coffee supply. Marketing channels, cooperative organisation and household structures show notable differences between Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. Empirical studies on the effects of standards for smallholders are scarce. This book intends to deepen our understanding on the role and functions of coffee certification regimes, based on three innovative approaches: (1) longitudinal field survey data capturing changes in coffee farming systems and effects on household welfare; (2) in-depth interviews and behavioural experiments regarding risk attitudes, trust and investments at cooperative level; and (3) detailed discourse analyses regarding gender roles and female bargaining power within coffee households. The chapters included in this book provide new and original evidence about the impact of coffee certification based on large-scale field surveys and in-depth interviews.
Manuel - L’entrepreneuriat semencier
Burg, H. van den; Roo, N. de; Barikore, C. ; Haizuru Zamu, G. ; Ndyanabo, E. ; Simbashizubwoba, C. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR (CDI Guide manuel ) - 128
businesses - small businesses - seeds - seed quality - seed certification - certification - markets - storage - africa - bedrijven - kleine bedrijven - zaden - zaadkwaliteit - zaadkeuring - certificering - markten - opslag - afrika
Monitor Duurzaam Voedsel 2014 : consumentenbestedingen
Logatcheva, K. - \ 2015
[Den Haag] : LEI Wageningen UR - 13
duurzame ontwikkeling - voedsel - consumenten - consumentenonderzoeken - bestedingen - certificering - etiketteren - biologische voedingsmiddelen - monitoring - sustainable development - food - consumers - consumer surveys - expenditure - certification - labelling - organic foods
De Monitor Duurzaam Voedsel 2014 geeft een overzicht van de consumentenbestedingen aan duurzaam voedsel1 in Nederland over het jaar 2014. De gegevens zijn gebaseerd op de omzet van producten die zijn voorzien van een keurmerk met onafhankelijke controle2 . Het gaat om de in Nederland geconsumeerde producten in de belangrijkste afzetkanalen. In dit verslag zijn de resultaten van het onderzoek weergegeven; meer informatie staat op de site van de Monitor Duurzaam Voedsel: monitorduurzaamvoedsel.nl.
Short term non-chemical approach to Tuta absoluta and thrips : CATT shows promise against quarantine pests
Arkesteijn, M. ; Qiu, Y. - \ 2015
In Greenhouses : the international magazine for greenhouse growers 4 (2015)4. - ISSN 2215-0633 - p. 40 - 41.
tuinbouw - glastuinbouw - tomaten - temperatuur - fytosanitaire maatregelen - biologische bestrijding - thrips - chrysanthemum - innovaties - paprika's - certificering - landbouwkundig onderzoek - tetranychidae - plantenplagen - gewasbescherming - agromyzidae - horticulture - greenhouse horticulture - tomatoes - temperature - phytosanitary measures - biological control - innovations - sweet peppers - certification - agricultural research - plant pests - plant protection
Pests such as insects, mites and nematodes don’t just cause damage, in the case of quarantine pests they can also limit exports. In cooperation with the sector, entomologist Yutong Qiu tested the possibility of using Controlled Atmosphere Temperature Treatment (CATT) in the post harvest phase to control these pests in a non-chemical way. Within the short term this approach is expected to successfully control Tuta absoluta in tomatoes and thrips in chrysanthemums and peppers.
Certifications, child labour and livelihood strategies: an analysis of cocoa production in Ghana
Owusu-Amankwah, R. - \ 2015
University. Promotor(en): Han Wiskerke; Guido Ruivenkamp, co-promotor(en): Joost Jongerden. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462574915 - 348
cacao - productie - landbouw bedrijven in het klein - gemeenschappen - kinderarbeid - strategieën voor levensonderhoud - certificering - agrarische productiesystemen - ghana - cocoa - production - peasant farming - communities - child labour - livelihood strategies - certification - agricultural production systems

Abstract

There have been various innovative initiatives by global and local actors in response to pressure on cocoa value-chain actors to free cocoa production from child labour (CL) and especially the worst forms of child labour (WFCL) and also to improve the livelihoods of farm families. Analyses of the implementation, implications and the appropriateness of these initiatives in driving change in the cocoa supply chain and improving the labour and income conditions in cocoa farms are limited, however. This study examines initiatives being led by the key actors in the value chain – the governmental initiative of a community-based child labour monitoring (CCLM) system (CCLMS), that led by business actors of third party voluntary cocoa certification (TPVCC), and farmers’ own way of diversifying income – in order to understand current developments in the cocoa value-chain and analyse the dynamics between the local and global actors and the effect of these dynamics for the reorganisation of the cocoa production system in Ghana.

This thesis employs an interdisciplinary perspective and combines innovation theory with livelihood, social perspectives and other social science tools to empirically investigate the initiatives as they operate at micro-, meso- and macro-levels so as to ascertain their implications for farmers’ livelihoods and children’s social situations. It also reflects scholarly interest in understanding how global-level development interacts with and affects local-level development, and how globalisation shapes and mediates local influences within the cocoa production system.

Firstly, the CCLMS study (Chapter 3) reveals three kinds of benefits to children: an expanded social network, a reduction in their participation in hazardous work and an improvement in school attendance. The findings show that absenteeism on the part of the pupils in a community with a CCLM intervention is approximately half that of two communities without intervention. In addition, it is observed that although children are involved in hazardous and non-hazardous activities in all the three communities involved in the study, the extent of their involvement in hazardous activities is higher in the communities without intervention.

Secondly, third party certification (TPC) formulated by the business actors is a key innovation in the cocoa production system of Ghana. The study presented in Chapter 4 shows the potential of TPVCC to mobilise financial, human and social capitals to address gaps and

dysfunctions and create a win-win situation for all the actors of the value chain. However, sector-wide standards that address sector specific needs taking into consideration the views of chain actors, especially farmers and their socio-cultural context will enhance compliance. This is because global or international standards cannot be imposed but are analysed, contested and adapted by farmers to suit on-the-ground practices. The study also shows the potential of TPVCC to address CL and livelihood issues, but these will yield better results if it is implemented in enhanced socio-economic conditions. Regardless of these positives, the net benefit of certification is unclear due to the difficulty in conducting proper cost-benefit analyses in the absence of proper documentation of farmer-level costs and other factors.

Thirdly, the findings show that about 70% of farmers are diversifying into other (non-cocoa) farm and non-farm activities using largely indigenous resources, but on a small scale and at subsistence level. This condition means that the goal of farmers to supplement cocoa income and reduce risk is not achieved throughsuch a level of diversification. There is some indication of increasing importance of income and resources from non-farm activities, but income from cocoa continues to determine household income as well as the demand for non- farm goods and investment in the non-farm sector. This study also finds that children are involved in both farm and non-farm activities, which can be classified as hazardous and non- hazardous. Farmers, especially caretakers, producing at subsistence level are likely to use their children to supplement labour needs. Some policy recommendations are made in the areas of economic incentives and multi-stakeholder collaboration to stimulate the sector towards sustainability.

Voedsel- en diervoederveiligheid van algenproducten : Verkenning van wet- en regelgeving voor voedselveilige productie van algen
Voort, M.P.J. van der - \ 2015
Lelystad : PPO AGV (PPO rapport 631) - 17
algenteelt - humane voeding - veevoeder - wetgeving - iso - erkende regelingen - voedselveiligheid - certificering - beleid inzake voedsel - voedselindustrie - voedingsmiddelenwetgeving - etiketteren van voedingsmiddelen - nieuwe voedingsmiddelen - voederveiligheid - algae culture - human feeding - fodder - legislation - approval schemes - food safety - certification - food policy - food industry - food legislation - nutrition labeling - novel foods - feed safety
Het telen van algen als voedsel of diervoeder brengt, net als bij andere voedselproducten, eisen voor voedselveiligheid met zich mee.
Beter leven en ammoniak
Groenestein, C.M. ; Hol, J.M.G. ; Ellen, H.H. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 799) - 62
dierenwelzijn - ammoniakemissie - huisvesting, dieren - veehouderij - rundvee - varkens - pluimvee - konijnen - certificering - animal welfare - ammonia emission - animal housing - livestock farming - cattle - pigs - poultry - rabbits - certification
The Animal Protection Agency has developed a scoring system (Better Life mark) with the aim to improve the welfare of animals in livestock housing. By means of a three-star system, the product choices for consumers is made clear: the more stars the more animal-friendly the animal was kept. This report describes and assesses the effects of prescribed animal welfare requirements of the Better Life mark on the emission of ammonia.
Fishing for knowledge: an industrial survey for associated species
Doeksen, A. ; Reijden, K.J. van der - \ 2014
Utrecht : The North Sea Foundation (Report / The North Sea foundation & IMARES ) - 20
visserij - bijvangst - certificering - vangstsamenstelling - beoordeling - fisheries - bycatch - certification - catch composition - assessment
collection efforts for these species in 2011, recommending commercial catch surveys as an option to improve data collection. Following from this Ekofish has taken the lead and has initiated a pilot data-collection project, in which commercial catch data will be collected aboard their twinrig vessels during one season for the species dab, lemon sole, turbot, and brill. The aim of this pilot project is to progress towards science-based management and MSC certification of the mentioned species. This project is carried out in collaboration with the NSF and IMARES. Phase one of this project explores the hurdles and the opportunities for fisheries management and stock assessment for the North Sea species brill, turbot, lemon sole and dab.
Certificering binnen de biobased economy: van belemmering naar kans voor innovatief MKB
Bos, H.L. ; Butter, J. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research (FBR report 1491) - ISBN 9789462570573 - 22
certificering - biobased economy - economische ontwikkeling - belemmeringen - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - nederland - overheidsbeleid - certification - economic development - disincentives - sustainability - netherlands - government policy
De ontwikkeling van de biobased economy (BbE) in Nederland begint steeds meer op gang te komen. Grote en kleine bedrijven brengen innovatieve biobased producten op de markt. In het kader van het programma Botsende Belangen BbE is in 2011 door Sira Consulting een studie uitgevoerd naar belemmeringen die BbE ondernemers ondervinden bij het op de markt brengen van hun producten.1,2 Het hieruit resulterende rapport brengt certificering in relatie tot duurzaamheid naar voren als een fundamentele belemmering, dat wil zeggen een belemmering waarvoor geldt dat het wegnemen ervan meer complexe aanpassingen vraagt. In het voorliggende onderzoek is daarom dieper ingegaan op de aard van deze belemmering en is gezamenlijk met verschillende stakeholders gezocht naar manieren om de belemmering te verminderen.
Small-scale farmers, certification schemes and private standards: is there a business case? : costs and benefits of certification and verification systems for small-scale producers in cocoa, coffee, cotton, fruit and vegetable sectors
Kuit, M. ; Waarts, Y.R. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) (Value Chains & Trade ) - ISBN 9789290815686 - 148
certificering - boeren - marketing van voedingsmiddelen - voedselindustrie - voedselproducten - voedselkwaliteit - kleine landbouwbedrijven - landbouw bedrijven in het klein - kosten-batenanalyse - certification - farmers - food marketing - food industry - food products - food quality - small farms - peasant farming - cost benefit analysis
Certification of agricultural products is an increasingly common tool that is expected to contribute to agricultural improvement, farmer well-being, poverty alleviation, reduced environmental impact and food safety. In an increasingly competitive market, processors, manufacturers and retailers use certification to demonstrate their green and sustainable credentials and differentiate their products. In some commodity sectors, such as coffee and cocoa, products certified as sustainable are on track to reach majority market share in important producing and consuming nations. This development poses a major challenge for farmers in general, and small-scale farmers in ACP and other developing countries, in particular. This publication, commissioned by CTA, presents the findings of a study of the impact of certification on farmers in coffee, cocoa, cotton, fruit and vegetables.
Motieven van actoren voor verdere verduurzaming in de houtketens
Hendriks, C.M.A. ; Kamphorst, D.A. ; Schrijver, R.A.M. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur en Milieu (WOt-technical report 21) - 34
bosbeheer - houtproductie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - certificering - marktanalyse - forest administration - timber production - sustainability - certification - market analysis
Motieven van actoren om de houtketen verder te verduurzamen, zijn onderzocht met interviews. Er zijn drie groepen actoren geïnterviewd: bosbeheerders/boseigenaren, houthandelaren en houtverwerkende bedrijven. De respondenten noemen bijvoorbeeld als belangrijke motieven: iets goed doen voor de wereld en behoud van hout als grondstof voor het eigen bedrijf, voor de toekomst en voor de (lokale) bevolking. Andere motieven zijn de reputatie van het bedrijf of de mogelijkheid zich te onderscheiden ten opzichte van andere bedrijven. Certificering wordt over het algemeen een goed middel bevonden om de houtketen te verduurzamen, al zien de respondenten de administratieve lasten als belangrijk nadeel. Uitbreiding van het areaal gecertificeerd bos wordt als belangrijk middel voor verdere verduurzaming van de houtketen gezien. Veel bedrijven geven echter aan ook zonder keurmerk duurzaam te (willen) werken. Trefwoorden: certificering, duurzaamheid, bosbeheer, boseigenaren, houtverwerkende bedrijven, houthandel
Pangasius in the EU market; Prospects for the position of (ASC-certified) pangasius in the EU retail and food service sector
Beukers, R. ; Pijl, W. van der; Duijn, A.P. van - \ 2014
The Hague : LEI Wageningen UR/CBI - 29
visproducten - visproductie - certificering - aquacultuur - handelsmerken - landen van de europese unie - marktverkenningen - fish products - fish production - certification - aquaculture - trade marks - european union countries - market surveys
The objective of this market study is to investigate the potential short- and long-term benefits for investors to invest in the production of pangasius with a trademark based on ASC certification, for the retail and food service market segments in the EU market.
Inrichting operationeel Bedrijfsadviessysteem (BAS); Aangepaste opzet naar aanleiding van herziening Gemeenschappelijk Landbouwbeleid
Smit, A.B. ; Prins, H. ; Ruijs, M.N.A. - \ 2014
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI report 2014-029) - ISBN 9789086156870 - 24
gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - consultancy - adviserende ambtenaren - certificering - kennisoverdracht - cap - farm management - advisory officers - certification - knowledge transfer
Uit het onderzoek blijkt dat het mogelijk is een Bedrijfsadviessysteem (BAS) op te zetten dat voldoet aan de eisen van de Europese Commissie en bovendien voor de Rijksoverheid weinig kosten met zich meebrengt. Dat laatste is vooral te danken aan het feit dat het ‘nieuwe’ BAS werkt met bestaande, gecertificeerde adviseurs die zonder overheidssubsidies werken. De kern van het aanbevolen systeem bestaat uit een verwijzing naar gecertificeerde adviseurs die de agrarische ondernemers optimaal kunnen adviseren over de thema’s die in het BAS aan de orde zijn. De certificering van de adviseurs kan op twee wijzen gestalte krijgen a. Via één of meer speciaal voor dit doel op te richten opleidings- en certificeringsinstituten; b. Door aansluiting bij één of meer bestaande certificeringsystemen. Op basis van deze quick scan wordt aanbevolen om te kiezen voor de laatste optie.
The impact of UTZ certification of cocoa in the Ivory Coast 2008 to 2013
Ingram, V.J. ; Waarts, Y.R. ; Vugt, S.M. van; Ge, L. ; Wegener, L. ; Puister-Jansen, L.F. - \ 2014
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR - 16
ivoorkust - afrika - certificering - cacao - theobroma cacao - cacaoproducten - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - cote d'ivoire - africa - certification - cocoa - cocoa products - sustainability
In 2008, various value chain partners in Ivory Coast adopted the UTZ Code of Conduct and became UTZ certified to enhance sustainability in the cocoa supply chain. As part of the certification programme, cooperatives and are receiving training on farm management organisational capacity building. This brochure paints a picture of the situation on farms by mid-2013. It provides information about how the UTZ Certified cocoa programme in Ivory Coast is helping farmers to increase their knowledge and use good agricultural practices (GAPs) in line with the UTZ Certified Code of Conduct. The lessons learned from these results will be used to improve the quality of the programme.
Impact of UTZ Certification of cocoa in Ivory Coast. Assessment framework and baseline
Ingram, V.J. ; Waarts, Y.R. ; Ge, L. ; Vugt, S.M. van; Wegner, Lucia ; Puister-Jansen, L.F. - \ 2014
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI report 2014-010) - ISBN 9789086156764 - 174
cacao - ivoorkust - duurzame ontwikkeling - theobroma cacao - kwaliteit voor voedselverwerking - houdbaarheid (kwaliteit) - opslagkwaliteit - bedrijfsvergelijking in de landbouw - certificering - cocoa - cote d'ivoire - sustainable development - food processing quality - keeping quality - storage quality - farm comparisons - certification
Since 2008 UTZ Certified has implemented a programme in Ivory Coast to enhance sustainability in the cocoa supply chain through the implementation of the UTZ Code of Conduct. The programme has supported farmers to become organised into cooperatives, receiving training on farm management and organisational capacity building, and become certified. Starting off with four cooperatives, two traders and Solidaridad as partners, it has grown into a large scale programme. By June 2012 86 cooperatives were certified, 44,624 farmers reached, and 128,582 tons of certified cocoa had been produced from an estimated farm area of 219,100 hectares. Eight traders and the Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) are now partners, who are implementing certification as part of broader activities to support cocoa farmers, their cooperatives and communities. As of June 2013, a further 103 cooperatives were in the process of certification. This report serves two purposes: it provides a baseline of farm-level situation as of mid-2013, which can be used to measure changes in indicators in future impact assessments. It also provides an initial assessment of impacts by comparing different groups of cocoa farmers. It provides information about the inclusiveness of the UTZ Certified cocoa programme in Ivory Coast. It evaluates how certification and related activities have affected farmers’ knowledge and implementation of good agricultural practices, social and environmental issues in line with the UTZ Certified Code of Conduct and assesses the added value of certification. Lessons learned are drawn from the results, feeding recommendations to improve the quality and effectiveness of the programme.
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