Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Continental-scale macrofungal assemblage patterns correlate with climate, soil carbon and nitrogen deposition
Andrew, Carrie ; Halvorsen, Rune ; Heegaard, Einar ; Kuijper, Thomas W. ; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob ; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard ; Bässler, Claus ; Egli, Simon ; Gange, Alan C. ; Høiland, Klaus ; Kirk, Paul M. ; Senn-Irlet, Beatrice ; Boddy, Lynne ; Büntgen, Ulf ; Kauserud, Håvard - \ 2018
Journal of Biogeography 45 (2018)8. - ISSN 0305-0270 - p. 1942 - 1953.
assemblage - biogeography - climate - ectomycorrhizal - Europe - fungi - macroecology - saprotrophic - temporal change

Aim: Macroecological scales of species compositional trends are well documented for a variety of plant and animal groups, but remain sparse for fungi, despite their ecological importance in carbon and nutrient cycling. It is, thus, essential to understand the composition of fungal assemblages across broad geographical scales and the underlying drivers. Our overall aim was to describe these patterns for fungi across two nutritional modes (saprotrophic and ectomycorrhizal). Furthermore, we aimed to elucidate the temporal component of fruiting patterns and to relate these to soil carbon and nitrogen deposition. Location: Central and Northern Europe. Methods: A total of 4.9 million fungal fruit body observations throughout Europe, collected between 1970 and 2010, were analysed to determine the two main environmental and geographical gradients structuring fungal assemblages for two main nutritional modes, saprotrophic and ectomycorrhizal fungi. Results: Two main gradients explaining the geography of compositional patterns were identified, for each nutritional mode. Mean annual temperature (and related collinear, seasonal measures) correlated most strongly with the first gradient for both nutritional modes. Soil organic carbon was the highest correlate of the second compositional gradient for ectomycorrhizal fungi, suspected as an indicator of vegetation- and pH-related covariates. In contrast, nitrogen deposition constituted a second gradient for saprotrophic fungi, likely a proxy for anthropogenic pollution. Compositional gradients and environmental conditions correlated similarly when the data were divided into two time intervals of 1970–1990 and 1991–2010. Evidence of compositional temporal change was highest with increasing elevation and latitude. Main conclusions: Fungal assemblage patterns demonstrate clear biogeographical patterns that relate the nutritional modes to their main environmental correlates of temperature, soil organic carbon and nitrogen deposition. With respect to global change impacts, the highest rates of compositional change by time suggest targeting higher latitudes and elevations for a better understanding of fungal dynamics. We, finally, suggest further examination of the ranges and dispersal abilities of fungi to better assess responses to global change.

Controls on late-Holocene drift-sand dynamics : The dominant role of human pressure in the Netherlands
Pierik, Harm J. ; Lanen, Rowin J. van; Gouw-Bouman, Marjolein T.I.J. ; Groenewoudt, Bert J. ; Wallinga, Jakob ; Hoek, Wim Z. - \ 2018
Holocene 28 (2018)9. - ISSN 0959-6836
chronology - climate - drift-sand activity - Holocene - human impact - vegetation development

Holocene drift-sand activity in the northwest European sand belt is commonly directly linked to population pressure (agricultural activity) or to climate change (e.g. storminess). In the Pleistocene sand areas of the Netherlands, small-scale Holocene drift-sand activity began in the Mesolithic, whereas large-scale sand drifting started during the Middle Ages. This last phase not only coincides with the intensification of farming and demographic pressure but also is commonly associated with a colder climate and enhanced storminess. This raises the question to what extent drift-sand activity can be attributed to either human activities or natural forcing factors. In this study, we compare the spatial and temporal patterns of drift-sand occurrence for the four characteristic Pleistocene sand regions in the Netherlands for the period between 1000 BC and AD 1700. To this end, we compiled a new supra-regional overview of drift-sand activity based on age estimates (14C, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), archaeological and historical ages). The occurrence of sand drifting was then compared in time and space with historical-route networks, relative vegetation openness and climate. Results indicate a constant but low drift-sand activity between 1000 BC and AD 1000, interrupted by a remarkable decrease in activity around the BC/AD transition. It is evident that human pressure on the landscape was most influential on initiating sand drifting: this is supported by more frequent occurrences close to routes and the uninterrupted increase of drift-sand activity from AD 900 onwards, a period of high population density and large-scale deforestation. Once triggered by human activities, this drift-sand development was probably further intensified several centuries later during the cold and stormier ‘Little Ice Age’ (LIA; AD 1570–1850).

Data from: Explaining European fungal fruiting phenology with climate variability
Andrew, Carrie ; Heegaard, Einar ; Høiland, Klaus ; Senn-Irlet, Beatrice ; Kuijper, T.W.M. ; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard ; Kirk, Paul M. ; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob ; Gange, Alan C. ; Egli, Simon ; Bässler, Claus ; Büntgen, Ulf ; Boddy, Lynne ; Kauserud, Håvard - \ 2018
climate - fungi - fruit bodies - distribution - NDVI - nutritional mode - path analysis - phenology
Here we assess the impact of geographically dependent (latitude, longitude and altitude) changes in bioclimatic (temperature, precipitation and primary productivity) variability on fungal fruiting phenology across Europe. Two main nutritional guilds of fungi, saprotrophic and ectomycorrhizal, were further separated into spring and autumn fruiters. We used a path‐analysis to investigate how biogeographic patterns in fungal fruiting phenology coincided with seasonal changes in climate and primary production. Across central to northern Europe, mean fruiting varied by approximately 25 days, primarily with latitude. Altitude affected fruiting by up to 30 days, with spring delays and autumnal accelerations. Fruiting was as much explained by the effects of bioclimatic variability as by their large‐scale spatial patterns. Temperature drove fruiting of autumnal ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic, as well as spring saprotrophic groups, while primary production and precipitation were major drivers for spring‐fruiting ectomycorrhizal fungi. Species‐specific phenology predictors were not stable, instead deviating from the overall mean. There is significant likelihood that further climatic change, especially in temperature, will impact fungal phenology patterns at large spatial scales. The ecological implications are diverse, potentially affecting food webs (asynchrony), nutrient cycling and the timing of nutrient availability in ecosystems.
Explaining European fungal fruiting phenology with climate variability
Andrew, Carrie ; Heegaard, Einar ; Høiland, Klaus ; Senn-Irlet, Beatrice ; Kuyper, Thomas W. ; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard ; Kirk, Paul M. ; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob ; Gange, Alan C. ; Egli, Simon ; Bässler, Claus ; Büntgen, Ulf ; Boddy, Lynne ; Kauserud, Håvard - \ 2018
Ecology 99 (2018)6. - ISSN 0012-9658 - p. 1306 - 1315.
climate - distribution - Europe - fruit bodies - fungi - NDVI - nutritional mode - path analysis - phenology
Here we assess the impact of geographically dependent (latitude, longitude, and altitude) changes in bioclimatic (temperature, precipitation, and primary productivity) variability on fungal fruiting phenology across Europe. Two main nutritional guilds of fungi, saprotrophic and ectomycorrhizal, were further separated into spring and autumn fruiters. We used a path analysis to investigate how biogeographic patterns in fungal fruiting phenology coincided with seasonal changes in climate and primary production. Across central to northern Europe, mean fruiting varied by approximately 25 d, primarily with latitude. Altitude affected fruiting by up to 30 d, with spring delays and autumnal accelerations. Fruiting was as much explained by the effects of bioclimatic variability as by their large-scale spatial patterns. Temperature drove fruiting of autumnal ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic groups as well as spring saprotrophic groups, while primary production and precipitation were major drivers for spring-fruiting ectomycorrhizal fungi. Species-specific phenology predictors were not stable, instead deviating from the overall mean. There is significant likelihood that further climatic change, especially in temperature, will impact fungal phenology patterns at large spatial scales. The ecological implications are diverse, potentially affecting food webs (asynchrony), nutrient cycling and the timing of nutrient availability in ecosystems.
Woningbouw en hittestress in een veranderend klimaat : testbed Den Haag
Koopmans, S. ; Ronda, R.J. ; Steeneveld, G.J. - \ 2018
De Bilt : KNMI (KNMI Intern Rapport IR-2018-03) - 28 p.
heat stress - climate - plantations - temperature - urban areas
Aanleiding voor deze studie is de beleidsopgave van Nederland om tot 2040 nog één miljoen additionele woningen te bouwen (EIB, 2015), waarvan naar verwachting een groot deel zal worden toegevoegd aan de huidige woningvoorraad van de grootste steden in Nederland. De reden hiervoor is dat er ook in Nederland een trek naar de stad gaande (CBS, 2016) is, waarbij naar verwachting de bevolking in de grootste Nederlandse gemeenten sterk toeneemt, terwijl de bevolking in kleine, perifeer gelegen gemeenten juist krimpt. Deze beleidsopgave betekent dat de druk op de bebouwde omgeving steeds meer zal toenemen en heeft onder meer tot gevolg dat steeds meer mensen zullen worden blootgesteld aan het specifieke lokale klimaat in de stad (zie box 1), een uitdaging die steeds urgenter wordt als door een, veranderend klimaat de temperatuur in zowel het rurale gebied als in de stad verder toeneemt.
Models meet data : Challenges and opportunities in implementing land management in Earth system models
Pongratz, Julia ; Dolman, Han ; Don, Axel ; Erb, Karl Heinz ; Fuchs, Richard ; Herold, Martin ; Jones, Chris ; Kuemmerle, Tobias ; Luyssaert, Sebastiaan ; Meyfroidt, Patrick ; Naudts, Kim - \ 2018
Global Change Biology 24 (2018)4. - ISSN 1354-1013 - p. 1470 - 1487.
climate - croplands - Earth observations - Earth system models - forestry - grazing - land management - land use
As the applications of Earth system models (ESMs) move from general climate projections toward questions of mitigation and adaptation, the inclusion of land management practices in these models becomes crucial. We carried out a survey among modeling groups to show an evolution from models able only to deal with land-cover change to more sophisticated approaches that allow also for the partial integration of land management changes. For the longer term a comprehensive land management representation can be anticipated for all major models. To guide the prioritization of implementation, we evaluate ten land management practices—forestry harvest, tree species selection, grazing and mowing harvest, crop harvest, crop species selection, irrigation, wetland drainage, fertilization, tillage, and fire—for (1) their importance on the Earth system, (2) the possibility of implementing them in state-of-the-art ESMs, and (3) availability of required input data. Matching these criteria, we identify “low-hanging fruits” for the inclusion in ESMs, such as basic implementations of crop and forestry harvest and fertilization. We also identify research requirements for specific communities to address the remaining land management practices. Data availability severely hampers modeling the most extensive land management practice, grazing and mowing harvest, and is a limiting factor for a comprehensive implementation of most other practices. Inadequate process understanding hampers even a basic assessment of crop species selection and tillage effects. The need for multiple advanced model structures will be the challenge for a comprehensive implementation of most practices but considerable synergy can be gained using the same structures for different practices. A continuous and closer collaboration of the modeling, Earth observation, and land system science communities is thus required to achieve the inclusion of land management in ESMs.
Plant power
Hermans, Tia - \ 2018
plantations - air quality - health - well-being - labour - offices - care - climate

Een plant op je bureau is gezond, zeggen ze. Het groen zou wonderen doen voor het binnenklimaat en de werklust. Bewijzen zijn er echter nog nauwelijks. Een proef op kantoren en in zorginstellingen moet nu uitsluitsel geven.

Ontwerprichtlijnen klimaatbestendig groen in de stad
Klemm, W. ; Lenzholzer, S. ; Brink, A. van den - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 1 p.
air quality - climate - urban areas - plantations - water harvesting - heat stress - shade
De groene agenda: Ontwerptool Groene Gezonde Stad
Snep, Robbert - \ 2017
urban areas - water harvesting - climate - projects - plants - health - urban parks

De Ontwerptool Groene Gezonde Stad is een tool in ontwikkeling die het effectief gebruik van stadsgroen door planners, ontwerpers, ontwikkelaars, hoveniers en groenvoorzieners ten behoeve van maatschappelijke doelstellingen (gezonde woon-/werk-/leefomgeving) moet stimuleren. De plek die groen nu inneemt in het proces is redelijk achteraan. Het doel is dat planners, ontwerpers, ontwikkelaars, grondeigenaren etc. het groen meenemen in het ontwerpproces. Dan wordt de vraag naar groen en de kwaliteit van groen ook beter. Professionals krijgen met via de tool beter inzicht in waar en welk groen welk gezondheidseffect op welk doelgroep heeft, en worden daarmee uitgenodigd die kennis te benutten in hun plannen en projecten. Dit levert een gezondere stedelijke samenleving op, en maakt dat de economische waarde van het groen duidelijker wordt meegenomen in de besluitvorming over de inrichting en het beheer van de stad.

Opiniestuk sustainable development goals : transities realiseren met duurzaam bodem - en landgebruik
Mol, G. ; Cleen, M. de; Molenaar, Co ; Keesstra, S. ; Visser, S. ; Okx, J. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University and Research - 7
duurzame energie - biobased economy - biobrandstoffen - biogas - overheidsbeleid - klimaat - bio-energie - reststromen - hernieuwbare energie - energiebeleid - sustainable energy - biofuels - government policy - climate - bioenergy - residual streams - renewable energy - energy policy
In 2015 hebben de Verenigde Naties de Duurzame Ontwikkelingsdoelen – beter bekend als de Sustainable Development Goals of kortweg SDGs – aangenomen als de weg waarlangs ze de meest urgente problemen op het gebied van armoede, honger, maar ook onderwijs, economie, en milieu en klimaat wil aanpakken. De ambities, geformuleerd in de 17 SDGs, zijn verstrekkend en hoog. In verschillende Nederlandse beleidsdocumenten1234567 wordt daarom aangegeven dat hiervoor serieuze maatschappelijke transities nodig zijn zoals op het gebied van energie en klimaat, voedselvoorziening en circulaire economie, mobiliteit en leefbare steden. Voor veel van deze transities is duurzaam gebruik en beheer van bodem, water en land een essentieel onderdeel. Dit opiniestuk heeft als doel de rol van duurzaam bodem- en landgebruik te benadrukken en de urgentie ervan agenderen voor de maatschappelijke transities waar Nederland voor staat. En laten zien dat de maatschappelijke opgaven te complex zijn voor een sectorale aanpak. Integrale benadering en goede samenwerking tussen alle stakeholders zijn nodig om te komen tot duurzame oplossingen. Het is raadzaam hier voortvarend werk van te maken; de bodem is een traag systeem, dus 2030 – het jaar waarin de SDGs moeten zijn gerealiseerd – is al morgen.
Ecosysteemdiensten van bomen en groen in de stad
Hiemstra, J.A. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Groen Kennisnet
bomen - planten - biodiversiteit - ecosystemen - klimaat - luchtkwaliteit - regenwateropvang - stedelijke gebieden - trees - plants - biodiversity - ecosystems - climate - air quality - water harvesting - urban areas
Groen kost geld en de baten zijn slecht tastbaar. Het project 'Ecosysteemdiensten van boomkwekerijproducten' ontwikkelt instrumenten om de voordelen van groen beter te laten meewegen bij het nemen van beslissingen. Voordelen: verkoeling, luchtzuivering, waterberging en beleefbare biodiversiteit. In eerste instantie voor de productgroep bomen, later ook voor andere productgroepen.
Groene initiatieven in de stad : handelingsperspectief provincies voor het stimuleren van maatschappelijke betrokkenheid bij groen in de stad
Dijkshoorn-Dekker, M.W.C. ; Soma, K. ; Blaeij, A.T. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Economic Research (Wageningen Economic Research rapport 2017-012) - ISBN 9789463438032 - 47
participatie - groene gevels - groene daken - planten - gezondheid - luchtkwaliteit - communicatie - klimaat - regenwateropvang - participation - green walls - green roofs - plants - health - air quality - communication - climate - water harvesting
Grijs, Groen & Gelukkig - Plantenwand
Hermans, C.M.L. - \ 2017
IVN Nederland
groene gevels - klimaat - zorg - natuur - planten - green walls - climate - care - nature - plants
Plantenwanden zorgen voor een gezonder binnenklimaat. Voor zorginstellingen waar cliënten weinig buiten komen, halen we met de Plantenwand de natuur naar binnen en dragen zo bij aan een gezondere leefomgeving. Wageningen Environmental Research doet onderzoek naar de effecten van Plantenwanden op het binnenklimaat. Ook het effect op cliëntwelzijn en de afname van het ziekteverzuim onder medewerkers wordt onderzocht.
Greenery and Education : A summary of the positive effects of greenery on well-being in educational environments
Hiemstra, J.A. ; Vries, S. de; Spijker, J.H. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 7 p.
learning - children - universities - climate - educational institutions - education - social welfare - well-being - health - pupils - students - schools - leren - kinderen - universiteiten - klimaat - onderwijsinstellingen - onderwijs - sociaal welzijn - welzijn - gezondheid - leerlingen - studenten - scholen
Greenery in and around schools, childcare centres and on campuses is good for the climate at education institutions, both inside and out. It has a positive effect on the health and general well-being of students and staff alike, improving student performance and their ability to concentrate, as well as fostering the social climate. This document provides information on the benefits of greenery in relation to education and well-being, including references to scientific literature. It concludes with some tips on how to ensure the successful and beneficial inclusion of greenery.
Greenery and Work : A summary of the positive effects of greenery on well-being in working environments
Hiemstra, J.A. ; Vries, S. de; Spijker, J.H. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 6 p.
offices - work - climate - health - well-being - stress - stress tolerance - labour - kantoren - werk - klimaat - gezondheid - welzijn - stresstolerantie - arbeid (werk)
Greenery in and around offices and other working environments is good for both the indoor and outdoor climate, and has a positive effect on the health and general well-being of employees and visitors. It aids concentration, helps reduce stress and increases staff productivity. This document provides information on the benefits of greenery in relation to work and well-being, including references to scientific literature. It concludes with some tips on how to ensure the successful and beneficial inclusion of greenery.
Metropolitan solutions: Droge voeten in een groene stad
Hattum, T. van - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research
klimaat - hittetolerantie - stedelijke gebieden - luchtkwaliteit - regenwateropvang - temperatuur - climate - heat tolerance - urban areas - air quality - water harvesting - temperature
Door klimaatverandering krijgen we steeds vaker te maken met hevige regenval en periodes van extreme hitte en droogte. Veel steden zijn hier niet tegen opgewassen en moeten anders ingericht gaan worden. Groene oplossingen kunnen wateroverlast beperken, de temperatuur verlagen en de luchtkwaliteit verbeteren. Tim van Hattum van Wageningen University & Research vertelt er alles over.
Nesting behaviour of broiler breeders
Oever, Anne van den; Rodenburg, T.B. ; Bolhuis, J.E. ; Ven, L.J.F. van de; Kemp, B. - \ 2017
In: Xth European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, 19-22 June 2017, Ploufragan - France. - World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) - p. 23 - 23.
broiler breeders - nesting behaviour - genetics - nest design - housing - climate
Broilers have been selected for growth related characteristics, which are negatively correlated to reproductive traits. This genetic background creates challenges in broiler breeders, as the hens do not make optimal use of the nests provided. This project aims to investigate what factors determine nesting behaviour, i.e. where a broiler breeder hen prefers to lay her eggs. Factors such as genetic background, social interactions, physical characteristics of the nest and climate might interfere with the natural nesting behaviour of the hen. Also fundamental trade-offs between different motivations, such as hunger, comfort and safety, might influence nesting behaviour. Behaviour and use of space will be measured in experimental set-ups in order to gain insight in the importance of different system components. This knowledge will be used to optimise housing conditions and develop strategies that stimulate the hen to lay her egg in the nest. The performance of this improved system will be tested in field experiments to investigate the transferability of results from experimental to field conditions.
Automatic ultra-wideband sensor detection shows selection on feather pecking increases activity in laying hens
Haas, E.N. de; Eijk, J.A.J. van der; Rodenburg, T.B. - \ 2017
In: Xth European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, 19-22 June 2017, Ploufragan - France. - World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) - p. 101 - 101.
broiler breeders - nesting behaviour - genetics - nest design - housing - climate - laying hens - feather pecking - ultra-wideband tracking - activity - sensor technology
Broilers have been selected for growth related characteristics, which are negatively correlated to reproductive traits. This genetic background creates challenges in broiler breeders, as the hens do not make optimal use of the nests provided. This project aims to investigate what factors determine nesting behaviour, i.e. where a broiler breeder hen prefers to lay her eggs. Factors such as genetic background, social interactions, physical characteristics of the nest and climate might interfere with the natural nesting behaviour of the hen. Also fundamental trade-offs between different motivations, such as hunger, comfort and safety, might influence nesting behaviour. Behaviour and use of space will be measured in experimental set-ups in order to gain insight in the importance of different system components. This knowledge will be used to optimise housing conditions and develop strategies that stimulate the hen to lay her egg in the nest. The performance of this improved system will be tested in field experiments to investigate the transferability of results from experimental to field conditions.
Behavioural and physiological characterisation of laying hen lines divergently selected on feather pecking
Eijk, J.A.J. van der; Lammers, A. ; Rodenburg, T.B. - \ 2017
In: Xth European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, 19-22 June 2017, Ploufragan - France. - World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) - p. 60 - 60.
broiler breeders - nesting behaviour - genetics - nest design - housing - climate - laying hens - feather pecking - fearfulness - coping style - stress - imune system
Broilers have been selected for growth related characteristics, which are negatively correlated to reproductive traits. This genetic background creates challenges in broiler breeders, as the hens do not make optimal use of the nests provided. This project aims to investigate what factors determine nesting behaviour, i.e. where a broiler breeder hen prefers to lay her eggs. Factors such as genetic background, social interactions, physical characteristics of the nest and climate might interfere with the natural nesting behaviour of the hen. Also fundamental trade-offs between different motivations, such as hunger, comfort and safety, might influence nesting behaviour. Behaviour and use of space will be measured in experimental set-ups in order to gain insight in the importance of different system components. This knowledge will be used to optimise housing conditions and develop strategies that stimulate the hen to lay her egg in the nest. The performance of this improved system will be tested in field experiments to investigate the transferability of results from experimental to field conditions.
Effects of divergent selection for natural antibodies on fearfulness and feather damage of laying hens
Nguyen Ba, Hieu ; Kroeske, Kikianne ; Berghof, T.V.L. ; Rodenburg, T.B. - \ 2017
In: Xth European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, 19-22 June 2017, Ploufragan - France. - World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) - p. 57 - 57.
broiler breeders - nesting behaviour - genetics - nest design - housing - climate - natural antibodies - feather pecking - fearfulness - behavioural tests - serotonergic system
Broilers have been selected for growth related characteristics, which are negatively correlated to reproductive traits. This genetic background creates challenges in broiler breeders, as the hens do not make optimal use of the nests provided. This project aims to investigate what factors determine nesting behaviour, i.e. where a broiler breeder hen prefers to lay her eggs. Factors such as genetic background, social interactions, physical characteristics of the nest and climate might interfere with the natural nesting behaviour of the hen. Also fundamental trade-offs between different motivations, such as hunger, comfort and safety, might influence nesting behaviour. Behaviour and use of space will be measured in experimental set-ups in order to gain insight in the importance of different system components. This knowledge will be used to optimise housing conditions and develop strategies that stimulate the hen to lay her egg in the nest. The performance of this improved system will be tested in field experiments to investigate the transferability of results from experimental to field conditions.
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