Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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    We will mail you new results for this query: keywords==dairy farming systems
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Exploring opportunities for on-farm innovations in smallholder dairy systems of Michoacán, Mexico
Cortez Arriola, J. - \ 2016
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Pablo Tittonell, co-promotor(en): Walter Rossing; R.D. Améndola Massiotti; Jeroen Groot. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462577473 - 162 p.
dairy farming systems - dairy farming - innovations - small farms - family farms - mexico - melkveehouderijsystemen - melkveehouderij - innovaties - kleine landbouwbedrijven - familiebedrijven, landbouw

Taking into consideration the population growth, farmers are challenged to produce enough to feed the population. To increase productivity, normally small dairy farmers intensify their production systems by increasing livestock density and inputs, but inadequate management results in economic, technical, and environmental inefficiencies. This work aims to support decision making by farmers and technicians, and to provide information that can aid local governments to establish policies that are effective at improving farmers’ livelihoods. To achieve this, and intensive field work was implemented in Marcos Castellanos, Michoacán, Mexico, to gather the information needed to analyze the dairy farming systems of the region. The exploration analysis showed that simple re-arrangement of existing farm resources may considerably improve current dairy farm performance across family-based on semi-specialized farm types. To actually implement these changes requires breaking away from current mainstream thinking about farming methods and considerable farming skills.

‘Robot en weidegang: blijf bij je systeem’ : Bert Philipsen pleit voor rust, regelmaat en loslaten
Philipsen, Bert - \ 2015
dairy farming - dairy farming systems - grazing - grazing systems - grazing intensity - milking robots - farm management - livestock farming - cattle husbandry

Robotmelken en weidegang is een kwestie van goed plannen, een doordacht systeem hebben, consequent handelen en loslaten. Dat stelt Bert Philipsen van Wageningen Livestock Research. „Zoek de werkwijze die bij je past. Weet wat je wilt en zoek naar rust en regelmaat. Dan kan robotmelken plus weidegang een succes worden.”

Economic and environmental analysis of energy efficiency measures in agriculture, Case Studies and trade offs
Visser, C.L.M. de; Voort, M.P.J. van der; Stanghellini, C. ; Ellen, H.H. ; Klop, A. ; Wemmenhove, H. - \ 2013
agrEE - 157
landbouw - landbouw en milieu - energie - energiegebruik - efficiëntie - akkerbouw - gewasproductie - tarwe - aardappelen - katoen - rotaties - bedrijfssystemen - melkveehouderijsystemen - melkveehouderij - rundvleesproductie - pluimveehouderij - vleeskuikens - varkenshouderij - europa - glastuinbouw - agriculture - agriculture and environment - energy - energy consumption - efficiency - arable farming - crop production - wheat - potatoes - cotton - rotations - farming systems - dairy farming systems - dairy farming - beef production - poultry farming - broilers - pig farming - europe - greenhouse horticulture
This report illustrates case studies with an in-depth analysis of the interactions of energy efficiency measures with farm economics and the environmental impact (GHG) of the measures across Europe. The analyses followed a common methodology considering the farm gate as the system boundary. Therefore, considerable energy use in the post-processing of agricultural products were only taken into account, when they can be assumed to be realized on the farm. The analyses of the energy use, economic and environmental effects follow an LCA approach taking into account all costs of the production, including those for machines according to the concept of “useful life” of the machines used. The environmental effects of energy saving were illustrated with the greenhouse gas emission effect of the energy efficiency measures. The case studies are only a selection of specific energy saving measures across Europe and therefore cannot be regarded as representative for all Europe. Nevertheless, they will help to understand constraints and opportunities for increased energy efficiency in agriculture, which can be used to translate to an agenda of practical action or applied research. The findings are valid sometimes only in the specific regional settings, sometimes they are of general validity.
Sustainability of dairy farming and the implementation of EU environmental directives in the northwest of Europa
Vries, M. de; Debruyne, L. ; Aarts, H.F.M. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Plant Research International - 64
melkveehouderij - melkveehouderijsystemen - duurzame veehouderij - milieu - dairy farming - dairy farming systems - sustainable animal husbandry - environment
Climatic and soil conditions in North-Western Europe are excellently suited for dairy farming and an extensive market for dairy products is close at hand. As a result, dairying is an important economic sector in this region. The downside is that nutrient and greenhouse gas emissions from the dairy sector tend to be high owing to too low efficiencies in the use of fertilizers, feed, energy and water. These inefficiencies are hampering the delivery of key public services such as clean water, clean air and recreation facilities, all of which are being demanded by policy makers and by society. In addition to these environmental pressures, dairy farmers are also facing the financial crisis in the Euro zone, milk price volatility, high investment costs, and narrow profit margins. All this puts the sustainability of dairy farming in NW Europe under threat, both environmentally and economically.
Perspectief Regionale Voercentra - Aanjager voor optimaliseren op gebiedsniveau
Galama, Paul - \ 2012
dairy farming - dairy farming systems - dairy cattle nutrition - feeds - compound feeds - cooperation
Kuddegevoel terug in de stal
Galama, Paul - \ 2012
dairy farming - herds - animal welfare - dairy farming systems
Hogere energie- en onderhoudskosten voor bedrijven met melkrobot
Jager, J.H. ; Everdingen, W.H. van - \ 2012
Agri-monitor 2012 (2012)sept. - ISSN 1383-6455 - 3
melkveehouderij - melkveehouderijsystemen - melkrobots - melkstandinrichtingen - kosten - bedrijfskosten - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - rendement - inkomsten uit het landbouwbedrijf - dairy farming - dairy farming systems - milking robots - milking parlours - costs - operating costs - farm management - returns - farm income
De laatste jaren hebben veel melkveebedrijven in een nieuw melksysteem geïnvesteerd. De bedrijven die een melkrobot kochten, realiseren dezelfde kasstroom per 100 kg als de bedrijven die in een zij-aan-zijstal investeerden. Wel vallen ze op door hogere kosten voor onderhoud en energie. Bedrijven met een draaimelkstal zijn gemiddeld veel groter dan de andere twee groepen en hebben gemiddeld het hoogste inkomen uit bedrijf, ondanks de forse investeringen. De bedrijven met een zij-aan-zijmelkstal produceren relatief goedkoop en passen vaker dan gemiddeld weidegang toe.
The role of new on-farm technologies in sustainable farm management and dairy herd improvement (DHI)
Koning, Kees de - \ 2011
dairy farming - dairy equipment - sensors - milking parlours - precision agriculture - dairy technology - dairy farming systems - genetic improvement
Familiekudde: dierenwelzijn en diergezondheid optimaal
Galama, P.J. - \ 2011
In: BioKennis innovatie magazine / Wijnands, F.G., van Keulen, H., Dubbeldam, R., - p. 10 - 11.
dierenwelzijn - diergezondheid - kuddes (herds) - melkveehouderij - rundveehouderij - melkveehouderijsystemen - biologische landbouw - animal welfare - animal health - herds - dairy farming - cattle husbandry - dairy farming systems - organic farming
Koeien houden in een vaste kudde geeft zoveel rust, dat hun welzijn en gezondheid flink vooruit gaat. Dat is de verwachting van een groep melkveehouders en onderzoekers. De twintig biologische en gangbare veehouders van het netwerk ‘familiekudde’ ontwerpen daarom samen met onderzoekers een economisch rendabel veehouderijsysteem, waarin de behoeften van de koe centraal staat.
Re-designing as starting point for more sustainable dairy farming
Bos, A.P. ; Cornelissen, J.M.R. - \ 2011
Syscope Magazine 2011 (2011)summer. - p. 10 - 13.
melkveehouderij - melkveehouderijsystemen - systeeminnovatie - innovaties - huisvesting van koeien - duurzame veehouderij - dairy farming - dairy farming systems - system innovation - innovations - cow housing - sustainable animal husbandry
Measures that make economic sense for a dairy farm often turn out to be less beneficial for the welfare of the cows. On the other hand, an improvement in animal welfare can turn out to be bad for the environment. ‘These intractable cause and effect connections occur frequently in modern cattle farming systems, but they could be disconnected from one another by a completely new approach’, argues Bram Bos from Wageningen UR. This is what the project Cow Power, that ran from 2007-2009 was all about.
Kalveren bij de Koe
Verwer, C.M. ; Wagenaar, J.P. - \ 2011
BioKennis bericht Zuivel & rundvlees 2011 (2011)24. - 4 p.
kalveren - dierenwelzijn - melkveehouderijsystemen - melkveehouderij - zoogkoeien - diergezondheid - calves - animal welfare - dairy farming systems - dairy farming - nurse cows - animal health
'Kalveren bij de koe’ is een heel aaibaar concept om dierenwelzijn te bevorderen. Het project was de afgelopen jaren goed voor veel aandacht. Het principe lijkt simpel, maar in de praktijk komt er veel bij kijken om succesvol kalveren bij de moeder op te fokken. In dit BioKennisbericht ervaringen van deelnemende boeren uit de periode 2009 tot 2011.
Duurzaamheid regionaal grondgebonden grootschalige melkveehouderij : 3P Businessplan Koe-Landerij in samenhang met Voer-Landerij ZO Drenthe
Galama, P.J. ; Beldman, A.C.G. - \ 2010
Lelystad : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 424) - 55
melkveehouderij - melkveehouderijsystemen - melkveebedrijven - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - boeren - samenwerking - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - duurzame veehouderij - innovaties - drenthe - loopstallen - dairy farming - dairy farming systems - dairy farms - farm management - farmers - cooperation - sustainability - sustainable animal husbandry - innovations - loose housing
In dit rapport wordt de duurzaamheid van de Koe-Landerij beschreven, het toekomstig melkveebedrijf van Berend Jan en Bouke Durk Wilms in Schoonebeek (Drenthe). De koeien worden gehouden in vrijloopstallen die veel ruimte bieden voor natuurlijk gedrag van het vee. De vrijloopstallen krijgen een organische bodem waarop de koeien lekker kunnen lopen en liggen en waarin de mest wordt gehumesteerd. In elke vrijloopstal lopen twee groepen van ongeveer 60 dieren. In deze opzet kan één arbeidskracht vier groepen managen. Volgens het in dit rapport beschreven groeiscenario kan het melkveebedrijf vanaf 2015 in een periode van circa 10 jaar met eigen aanwas groeien naar ongeveer 1000 melkkoeien. Hiervoor begint men vanaf begin 2013 met jongveeopfok. De stallen bevinden zich in een parkachtig landschap van 20 ha. Het bedrijf heeft geen grond in eigendom voor de teelt van voer en afzet van mest verrijkt met compostmateriaal (humest). Het bedrijf is regionaal grondgebonden door de samenwerking met melkveehouders en akkerbouwers die voer telen en humest afnemen. Een voercentrum is hierbij tussenschakel. Het voercentrum koopt gewassen van melkveehouders en akkerbouwers, slaat dit centraal op, verwerkt het tot complete rantsoenen en levert het voer aan verschillende melkveebedrijven. Deze samenwerking heet de Voer-Landerij. In het 3P-businessplan is de duurzaamheid van People, Profit en Planet uitgewerkt voor de Koe-Landerij en de Voer-Landerij. Dit businessplan is gebaseerd op de visie en strategie van de ondernemers in Schoonebeek. Hierin staan een aantal punten centraal: Sterk gericht op community denken; samenwerking met en waardering door omgeving. Streven naar minder kapitaalintensieve melkveehouderij door goedkope huisvesting en geen eigen grond voor voerteelt en mestafzet. Regionaal grondgebonden door samenwerking met melkveehouders en akkerbouwers.
Livestock production systems in relation with feed availability in the highlands and Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia
Wondatir, Z. - \ 2010
[S.l.] : S.n. - 140 p.
rundvee - melkveehouderij - melkveehouderijsystemen - agrarische productiesystemen - veevoeding - voer - melkresultaten - marketing - ethiopië - cattle - dairy farming - dairy farming systems - agricultural production systems - livestock feeding - feeds - dairy performance - ethiopia
Familiekudde
Dixhoorn, Ingrid van - \ 2010
organic farming - dairy cattle - dairy farming systems - animal behaviour - animal welfare - herds
Familiekudde - natuurlijk houderijsysteem voor melkvee
Verwer, C.M. - \ 2010
BioKennis bericht Zuivel & rundvlees (2010)16. - 4 p.
biologische landbouw - kuddes (herds) - dierenwelzijn - diergezondheid - bedrijfsvoering - melkveehouderijsystemen - bedrijfsmanagement - bedrijfseconomie - organic farming - herds - animal welfare - animal health - management - dairy farming systems - business management - business economics
De Familiekudde is een innovatief concept dat bijdraagt aan een duurzame (biologische) melkveehouderij. Veehouders uit het praktijknetwerk ‘Familiekudde’ staan op het punt om dit totaal nieuwe houderijsysteem toe te passen op hun bedrijf. In de Familiekudde ligt de nadruk op een natuurlijke leefomgeving. Het concept werkt met stabiele kuddes, kalveren bij de koe en zonder onthoornen. Het dier krijgt de ruimte en mogelijkheid om haar natuurlijke gedrag te vertonen. Er wordt rekening gehouden met bedrijfseconomische randvoorwaarden, milieu, diergezondheid en bedrijfsmanagement. In dit bioKennisbericht een introductie van het Familiekuddeconcept, de consequenties en oplossingen voor mogelijke knelpunten.
Nitrogen, sustainable agriculture and food security. A review
Spiertz, J.H.J. - \ 2010
Agronomy for Sustainable Development 30 (2010)1. - ISSN 1774-0746 - p. 43 - 55.
dry-matter production - different water-regimes - wheat cropping systems - dairy farming systems - nutrient management - organic agriculture - resource use - ecosystem services - use efficiency - field margins
The impact of modern agriculture on natural resources has become a major global concern. Population growth and expanding demand for agricultural products constantly increase the pressure on land and water resources. A major point of concern for many intensively managed agricultural systems with high external inputs is the low resource-use efficiency, especially for nitrogen. A high input combined with a low efficiency ultimately results in environmental problems such as soil degradation, eutrophication, pollution of groundwater, and emission of ammonia and greenhouse gases. Evidently, there is a need for a transition of current agricultural systems into highly resource-use efficient systems that are profitable, but at the same time ecologically safe and socially acceptable. Here, opportunities to improve nitrogen-use efficiency in cropping and farming systems are analyzed and discussed. In the past and present, increased productivity of the major plant production systems has been derived from genetic improvement, and from greater use of external inputs such as energy, fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation water. Aiming at improving resource-use efficiencies, in high-input systems the focus should be on more yield with less fertilizer N. In low-input systems additional use of N fertilizer may be required to increase yield level and yield stability. Developing production systems that meet the goals of sustainable agriculture requires research on different scales, from single crops to diverse cropping and farming systems. It is concluded that N supply should match N demand in time and space, not only for single crops but for a crop rotation as an integrated system, in order to achieve a higher agronomic N-use efficiency. A combination of quantitative systems research, development of best practices and legislation will be needed to develop more environmentally-friendly agricultural systems. The growing complexity of managing N in sustainable agricultural systems calls for problem-oriented, interdisciplinary research
Supply chain analysis of peri-urban dairy chain around Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Valk, O.M.C. van der - \ 2009
[Wageningen] : Wageningen UR - 43
melkproducten - bedrijfssystemen - melkveehouderijsystemen - ketenmanagement - melkconsumptie - analyse - ethiopië - milk products - farming systems - dairy farming systems - supply chain management - milk consumption - analysis - ethiopia
Despite this large number of animals in Ethiopia, the consumption of milk per capita is amongst the lowest in the continent. There is an unmet and growing demand for fresh milk in urban centres whilst processing plants still operate at under-capacity. To ease this problem, donors and NGO’s undertake various support efforts aimed at strengthening production an improving access to markets; however there is hardly any rise in production and volume of marketed milk. While in the urban retail market, the perception exists that processed and packed dairy products are sold out quickly, small scale milk producers have difficulties entering the formal market chain. This report distinguish three areas of research: market and marketing issues (number and type of outlets for dairy products), organizational issues in the supply chain and technological issues (infrastructure; quality of inputs; farming systems).
Efficiency in milk production on Reunion Island: Dealing with land scarcity
Haese, M.F.C. D'; Speelman, S. ; Alary, V. ; Tillard, E. ; Haese, L. D' - \ 2009
Journal of Dairy Science 92 (2009)8. - ISSN 0022-0302 - p. 3676 - 3683.
data envelopment analysis - dairy farming systems - technical efficiency - nonparametric approach - bangladesh - frontier
This paper aims to analyze efficiency on dairy farms in Reunion Island, a French overseas district located in the Indian Ocean. On this island, dairy farming is promoted with financial and technical support from the European Union, with the French and local governments aiming at reducing dependency on imports of milk powder and dairy products and creating employment. A critical factor for increasing the local milk production is the limited availability of arable land because of the small size and the volcanic nature of the island. In this paper, we study the efficiency levels of dairy production on 34 farms by using a data envelopment analysis approach. The average technical efficiency score of farms, assuming constant returns to scale, was 0.927, with 19 out of 34 farms not being efficient. The technical efficiency with a variable returns to scale specification was 0.951. The efficiency with which farmers used their land (subvector efficiencies) was estimated in a second model. The average subvector efficiencies calculated with constant returns to scale and variable returns to scale models were lower than the technical efficiencies. The farmers on the efficiency frontier had a relatively higher milk production, milk production per cow, and land surface than those who were less efficient. A policy promoting better use of the land on inefficient farms should increase the milk production-to-land ratio. Possible on-farm strategies are improved feeding systems, farms having their own heifer breeding, and improved genetics.
An integrated approach for ex-ante evaluation of public policies for sustainable agriculture at landscape level
Parra-López, C. ; Groot, J.C.J. ; Carmona-Torres, C. ; Rossing, W.A.H. - \ 2009
Land Use Policy 26 (2009)4. - ISSN 0264-8377 - p. 1020 - 1030.
dairy farming systems - land-use - multifunctional agriculture - resource-management - nature conservation - consequences - perspectives - biodiversity - netherlands - framework
An integrated methodological framework for ex-ante evaluation and planning of public policies for sustainable agriculture at agro-landscape level is proposed. The components of the framework are to: (1) determine the private, i.e. farmers’, and public benefits associated to agro-landscapes, consisting of an agricultural land-use system, according to its performance for several market and non-market functions. Market forces determine the market benefits and preferences of society the non-market benefits; (2) explore and select potential sustainable agro-landscapes based on the private and public benefits associated with possible land-use alternatives; (3) define efficient public policy mechanisms for improving social net benefit of agro-landscapes. The framework is illustrated with a case study in a small dairy farming dominated agro-landscape in The Netherlands, with gross margin, landscape quality, nature value and environmental health as the analysed ecosystem functions. Alternative landscapes consisting of hedgerow configurations and grassland management practices were explored, yielding a set of alternatives representing the solution space in terms of change in private and public benefits. Policy mechanisms were defined to move from the current to a desired landscape based on changes in social net benefits. Moreover, the necessity of a modification in the current agri-environmental support was analysed for each landscape. The analysis considered all farmers in the agro-landscape jointly. The results for the case study showed potential prototypes of landscapes and their performance compared to the current landscape. Extension was the most efficient policy mechanism to promote the change to the socially optimum landscape alternative
The cattle sector in Central and Eastern Europe : developments and opportunities in a time of transition
Peters, K.J. ; Kuipers, A. ; Keane, M.G. ; Dimitriadou, A. - \ 2009
Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (EAAP technical series no. 10) - ISBN 9789086861040 - 179
rundvee - economische sectoren - vleesvee - vlees - rundvlees - melkvee - melkveehouderij - economische ontwikkeling - markten - centraal-europa - melkveehouderijsystemen - ketenmanagement - cattle - economic sectors - beef cattle - meat - beef - dairy cattle - dairy farming - economic development - markets - central europe - dairy farming systems - supply chain management
Countries in Eastern-Europe are in a lengthy period of rapid changes. Ten Central and Eastern European countries entered the European Union in 2004 and two more entered in 2007. Surrounding countries to the east are in a similar process of change following the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. The transition processes were studied in a recent workshop resulting in this book. It is comprised of 13 contributions: four overview articles, one on the topic of animal welfare and eight country reports. The country reports come from a wide variety of countries in Eastern Europe and Asia: Slovakia, Poland, Baltic States, Russian Federation, Belarus, Ukraine, Caucasian countries and Central Asian countries. The country reports describe the transitions taking place in these countries. Both developments in the beef cattle sector and in the dairy chain are described with emphasis on the dairy chain situation. The authors are from a range of academic and professional backgrounds including universities, research and developmental institutions, farmers' organisations, agribusiness and a marketing board. Some analyses are made and several critical points in development are signalled. Thus, barriers as well as opportunities for further development are mentioned and described in this book.
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