Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Beyond argumentation : a practice-based approach to environmental policy
Behagel, Jelle Hendrik ; Arts, Bas ; Turnhout, Esther - \ 2017
Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning (2017). - ISSN 1523-908X - 13 p.
community forestry - discourse analysis - IPA - logic of practice - performativity - Practice theory - situated agency

We propose that a practice-based approach to environmental policy can help consolidate theoretical understanding of and empirical focus on practices in IPA. Doing so counteracts a tendency to privilege knowledge and discourse in IPA and environmental policy analysis. We draw on multiple strands of practice theory to inform three sensitising concepts: situated agency, logic of practice, and performativity. These concepts provide the analytical tools to investigate how social order and social change originate from the entanglement of meaning and action in practice. We illustrate these concepts by applying them to practices of community forest management in the countries of Ethiopia and Tanzania. Our analysis suggests that a practice-based approach is able to offer nuanced and empirically grounded accounts of political struggles and democratic practices. Its potential is especially strong in cases where policy-making and policy ideas and outcomes are less clearly linked to argumentative processes. We conclude by arguing for further inclusion and consolidation of practice-based approaches within the tradition of interpretive policy analysis.

Discourses on sustainable forest management and effects of Natura 2000 : a case study of Catalonia, NE Spain
Ferranti, Francesca ; Vericat, Pau ; Koning, Jessica de - \ 2017
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 60 (2017)12. - ISSN 0964-0568 - p. 2085 - 2102.
discourse analysis - European Union policy - forest sustainability - interviews - stakeholders

This study analyzed discourses influencing the meaning of Sustainable Forest Management in Catalonia (Spain) and the effects of the European Natura 2000 policy on these discourses. It focused on the Montseny area and on the Administration and Practitioner stakeholder groups. Based on literature review and interviews, we found six discourses influencing the meanings of Sustainable Forest Management. Two of these discourses underwent changes due to the effects of Natura 2000 implementation while the others did not, showing the substantial role played by local elements and actors in shaping the discursive framework of Sustainable Forest Management. Based on empirical findings, the study provided conclusions valid at European level: (1) implementing Natura 2000 does not mean revolutionizing local nature conservation systems, but rather adapting them to European requirements; (2) in order to increase local policy impact, the implementation of European environmental policies needs to be backed up by economic compensation of local actors.

From conflict to resilience? Explaining recent changes in climate security discourse and practice
Boas, I.J.C. ; Rothe, Delf - \ 2016
Environmental Politics 25 (2016)4. - ISSN 0964-4016 - p. 613 - 632.
resilience - climate politics - climate security - discourse analysis - United Kingdom
The recent rise of resilience thinking in climate security discourse and practice is examined and explained. Using the paradigmatic case of the United Kingdom, practitioners’ understandings of resilience are considered to show how these actors use a resilience lens to rearticulate earlier storylines of climate conflict in terms of complexity, decentralisation, and empowerment. Practitioners in the climate security field tend to reinterpret resilience in line with their established routines. As a result, climate resilience storylines and practices turn out to be much more diverse and messy than is suggested in the conceptual literature. Building on these findings, the recent success of resilience thinking in climate security discourse is explained. Climate resilience – not despite but due to its messiness – is able to bring together a wide range of actors, traditionally standing at opposite ends of the climate security debate. Through resilience storylines, climate security discourse becomes something to which a wide range of actors, ranging from security to the development field, can relate.
Gouden driehoek? : discoursanalyse van het topsectorenbeleid
Haas, W. de; Assche, K.A.M. van; Pleijte, M. ; Selnes, T. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-rapport 2581) - 75
economisch beleid - discoursanalyse - tuinbouw - energiebeleid - informatietechnologie - innovaties - economic policy - discourse analysis - horticulture - energy policy - information technology - innovations
In 2011 is de Nederlandse overheid gestart met het Topsectorenbeleid voor de Nederlandse economie. In deze studie is geanalyseerd hoe dit beleid zich de eerste jaren heeft gevormd. Het topsectorenbeleid kan worden opgevat als een coalitie tussen drie discoursen. In trefwoorden weergegeven zijn deze drie: Ruimte voor ondernemers, Gouden Driehoek en ‘Backing winners’. Voor de topsectoren Tuinbouw & Uitgangsmaterialen en Energie is beschreven hoe het samenspel tussen deze drie discoursen is verlopen. Daarnaast is een vergelijking gemaakt tussen het topsectorenbeleid en ervaringen met innovatiebeleid in de USA en Vlaanderen. De analyses wijzen alle op het belang van open netwerken, die verder gaan dan het vestigen van een institutioneel verband tussen ondernemers, overheden en kennisinstellingen. Het project is uitgevoerd in het kader van het kennisbasisonderzoek van Wageningen UR. Het maakt deel uit van het programma ‘Transities in het Landelijk Gebied’ waarin de omslag die momenteel op veel fronten plaatsvindt, wordt gevolgd, geanalyseerd en geduid.
The discursive other dynamics in plant scientists' talk on Phytophthora with experts and the public
Mogendorff, K.G. - \ 2014
University. Promotor(en): Cees van Woerkum; Bart Gremmen, co-promotor(en): Hedwig te Molder. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462570467 - 150
communicatie - genetische modificatie - planten - technologie - discoursanalyse - openbare mening - genomica - plantkunde - wetenschappers - deskundigen - phytophthora infestans - discussie - antropologie - psychologie - communication - genetic engineering - plants - technology - discourse analysis - public opinion - genomics - botany - scientists - experts - discussion - anthropology - psychology
This dissertation investigates the interactional effects of Dutch plant science experts' talk in different interaction settings: public meetings, expert board meetings and ethnographic interviews. The main research approach deployed is discursive psychology : a methodology that focuses not on what is said but on what is accomplished with talk. The central topic of all the talk analysed in this thesis is Phytophthora Infestans: a major plant disease in staple crops that helped bring about the Irish famine in the 19th century. Phytophthora is still a large problem. To fight Phytophthora, plant experts have been developing different technologies, some of which, such as genetic modification, are met with public controversy.
‘Storied landscapes’ : narrating changing Dutch cultural landscapes
Bulkens, M.G. - \ 2014
University. Promotor(en): Claudio Minca; A.N. van der Zande, co-promotor(en): Hamzah Bin Muzaini. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461739339 - 187
cultuurlandschap - discoursanalyse - ruimtelijke ordening - participatie - landschapsbeleving - landschapsplanning - nederland - cultural landscape - discourse analysis - physical planning - participation - landscape experience - landscape planning - netherlands
Politieke discoursen over natuurbeleid en draagvlak : een quick scan naar discoursen over natuurbeleid in landelijke en provinciale politieke debatten ten tijde van het kabinet Rutte I
Kamphorst, D.A. ; Donders, J.L.M. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 2411) - 48
natuurbeleid - maatschappelijk draagvlak - discoursanalyse - nature conservation policy - public support - discourse analysis
Dit rapport geeft inzicht in discoursen over natuurbeleid en samenleving in de landelijke politiek en enkele provincies ten tijde van de hervormingen in het natuurbeleid van het kabinet Rutte I en de mate waarin deze aansluiten bij ontwikkelingen in het draagvlak voor natuurbeleid in de maatschappij. Zowel in de maatschappij als in de politieke debatten leidde de hervormingen in het beleid tot beweging en discussie, zowel bij de voorstanders als de tegenstanders van de nieuwe koers van het kabinet Rutte I. Deze quick scan geeft een inzicht in de discussies in het politieke debat over natuurbeleid in die periode. De quick scan werd uitgevoerd voor de Raad voor de Leefomgeving en Infrastructuur.
Draagvlak in de energieke samenleving: van acceptatie naar betrokkenheid en legitimatie
Buijs, A.E. ; Langers, F. ; Mattijssen, T.J.M. ; Salverda, I.E. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-rapport 2362) - 84
natuurbeheer - maatschappelijk draagvlak - natuurbeleid - burgers - discoursanalyse - nature management - public support - nature conservation policy - citizens - discourse analysis
Alhoewel het maatschappelijk draagvlak voor het natuurbeleid nog steeds groot is onder de Nederlandse bevolking, zijn hierin recentelijk ook barsten ontstaan. Dit blijkt uit een quick scan naar het draagvlak onder burgers, gebaseerd op de meest recente cijfers over betrokkenheid bij natuurbeheer, enquêtes onder de bevolking en een discourse analyse van discussies in de (sociale) media. Het begrip draagvlak zelf blijkt daarbij steeds meer gepolitiseerd, waarbij verwijzingen naar (het ontbreken van) draagvlak strategisch worden gebruikt in maatschappelijke discussies. We betogen dat de traditionele beleidsvisie op draagvlak als “acceptatie van beleid” niet meer past in de huidige netwerksamenleving en verbreedt dient te worden naar acceptatie en betrokkenheid, waarbij ook ruimte bestaat voor innovatieve coalities van betrokken burgers en bedrijven.
Strijd om natuurbeleid: op zoek naar nieuwe verhalen, symbolen en coalities
Lijster, E.B. de - \ 2011
Landschap : tijdschrift voor Landschapsecologie en Milieukunde 28 (2011)4. - ISSN 0169-6300 - p. 173 - 180.
natuurbeleid - discoursanalyse - opinies - nature conservation policy - discourse analysis - opinions
De bezuinigingen in het natuurbeleid, inclusief het schrappen van de robuuste verbindingen, zijn ingrijpend. Maar wat is er precies aan de hand? Gaat het alleen om geld of zijn er andere belangen, posities en visies over natuur en de EHS die nu boven komen drijven? Dit artikel zal de zoektocht naar het ‘nieuwe verhaal’ rond het natuurbeleid vanuit een discoursanalytisch perspectief beschouwen.
Social learning in innovation networks: how multisectoral collaborations shape discourses of sustainable agriculture
Hermans, F.L.P. - \ 2011
University. Promotor(en): Tom Veldkamp; J.T. Mommaas, co-promotor(en): Kasper Kok. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789461730985 - 182
duurzame landbouw - innovaties - innovatie adoptie - sociaal leren - netwerken - discoursanalyse - landgebruik - sustainable agriculture - innovations - innovation adoption - social learning - networks - discourse analysis - land use

The increasing complexity of modern day society has led to the emergence of a specific type of sustainability problems known as complex problems. These types of problems can be characterised by their cognitive complexity and inherent insecurity, their normative complexity that allows for completely different interpretations rooted in different worldviews and finally the occurrence of a conflict of interests between different actors.

Sustainable agriculture is the case in point. The Dutch countryside is standing on the threshold of a major transition. Rural development in The Netherlands nowadays involves far more than just restructuring agricultural production. The linear innovation perspective where new knowledge was discovered at universities and subsequently transferred to farmers by means of government sponsored extension services has given way to a new perspective on innovation. This perspective takes a relational view on innovation in which knowledge and innovations are co-created together with stakeholders and it emphasises the importance of experimentation and social learning involving a multisectoral network of actors from science, businesses, government agencies and nongovernmental organisations. The aim of these collaborative innovation networks is to contribute to the transition to sustainable agriculture, a radical and structural change of the agricultural system as a whole.

This thesis focuses on these innovation networks in the context of sustainable agriculture. Its aim is to explore some of the underlying social mechanisms at play in these collaborative networks. Network perspectives have been used extensively to model the linear diffusion of knowledge from universities to farmers and between farmers themselves. However, bottom-up innovation projects with stakeholders do not only require knowledge transfer, but also need to change the organisational structures, laws and institutions governing the sector. This thesis consists of two main parts. The first part of this thesis addresses the content of the concept of sustainable agriculture. It conceptualises innovation as a social learning process in which participants forge new relationships to enhance information flows and learn from each other. The results can thus be divided into ‘outputs’ and ‘outcomes’. Outputs are the plans, scenarios, computer models and indicators that form the physical results of a collaborative process. The outcomes are formed by the building of trust and the development of a new discourse, a new shared language with which to communicate with each other. Using discourse analysis and Q-methodology the existing rurality discourses in the Netherlands were compared to the discourses that were present in the number of innovation projects dealing with sustainable agriculture. Results show that discourses of sustainable agriculture are a natural continuation of existing rurality discourses. The use of technology and the agricultural production function of rural landscapes are among the two most contested elements within the discourses. They are either anti-technological focusing on a multi-functional use of the countryside, or technophile with a strong sense of entitlement of agrarian production in the countryside. Both these extremes are limiting the possibilities for innovative projects to become successful. This thesis defines the concept of Metropolitan Agriculture as a form of sustainable agriculture that combines a technological approach of agriculture on the one hand with a multifunctional use of the countryside.

The second part of the thesis elaborates a new network perspective that links three network functions in innovation systems to individual skills of knowledge creation, institutional entrepreneurship and innovation brokerage. These functions are necessary for the up- and outscaling of a local innovation. Social Network Analysis was used to study the distribution of these three functions over the participants of a collaborative innovation network. Results showed that these three functions are concentrated in three small core-groups and that these core-groups only displayed a very limited overlap. To what extent people are capable to perform one of these three functions depends for a large part on the type of organisation they work for.

Finally, this thesis presents a new mapping technique to investigate and explain the network dynamics of a collaborative innovation network. Using this technique a longitudinal two-mode affiliation network was constructed over a period of 16 years. The analysis of the network dynamics shows how the structural characteristics of size, composition, connectedness and centralisation of a collaborative network change and how these changes are the result of the social relations between actors at the project level as they choose their partners to cooperate with and enter a process of social learning. This thesis therefore shows how the macro-level network dynamics can be explained by micro-level niche processes. It shows how the ideas in the niche change over time with new actors entering the network and other ones leaving after a certain period. The two parts of the thesis together explain how collaboration processes at the niche level can only gradually change societal discourses. In order to ‘sell’ a new idea it has to be embedded within familiar discourse elements. At the same time, these ideas play an important role in finding new partners to collaborate with and expand the existing innovation network.

Strategische communicatie, principes en toepassingen
Aarts, M.N.C. ; Woerkum, C.M.J. van - \ 2008
Assen : Koninklijke Van Gorcum - ISBN 9789023244509 - 259
communicatietheorie - communicatie - informatieverspreiding - communicatievaardigheden - verandering - innovaties - gedragsveranderingen - beleid - planning - conflict - probleemoplossing - besluitvorming - organisaties - kennis - bedrijfsvoering - overtuiging - discoursanalyse - wetenschap - communication theory - communication - diffusion of information - communication skills - change - innovations - behavioural changes - policy - problem solving - decision making - organizations - knowledge - management - persuasion - discourse analysis - science
De hele dag door worden we bestookt met informatie en suggesties, bedoeld om ons ergens toe aan te zetten of juist van af te brengen, in het belang van onszelf of van de wereld om ons heen. Ook bij het bedenken van oplossingen voor de meest uiteenlopende problemen roepen we al gauw om meer of betere communicatie. Kortom, strategische communicatie is aan de orde van de dag. Dit boek gaat over principes en toepassingen van strategische communicatie. Het uitgangspunt is dat een goed begrip van de wijze waarop mensen met elkaar communiceren in verschillende contexten en gedegen inzicht in de mechanismen die daarbij een rol spelen, noodzakelijk zijn voor een effectieve toepassing van communicatie. Toepassingen vinden plaats in de context van probleemoplossing en innovatie, waarbij innovatie ruim wordt opgevat. Het gaat niet alleen om technische innovaties maar ook om sociale innovaties, zoals andere manieren om met elkaar te communiceren
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