Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Step-change: how micro-entrepreneurs enter the upcoming middle-class market in developing and emerging countries
Babah Daouda, Falylath - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Hans van Trijp, co-promotor(en): Paul Ingenbleek. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463436298 - 225
marketing - developing countries - entrepreneurship - small businesses - medium sized businesses - economic development - economic situation - gender relations - gender - ontwikkelingslanden - ondernemerschap - kleine bedrijven - middelgrote bedrijven - economische ontwikkeling - economische situatie - man-vrouwrelaties - geslacht (gender)

In developing and emerging (D&E) countries, the large number of poor people, most of whom are female, earn a living based on small-scale self-employed units established in subsistence marketplaces in the large informal sector. With the recent rise of middle-classes in developing and emerging countries, micro-entrepreneurs, can potentially lift themselves out of poverty by seizing the opportunities provided by the new upcoming middle-class (UMC) customers. To exploit these opportunities micro-entrepreneurs have to make a step-change away from their current customers in subsistence marketplaces to create higher value propositions for UMC customers. As a strategic marketing decision, the step-change inherently comes with challenges in developing resources and capabilities required to cater to UMC customers. It hosts potential conflicts between informal- and formal-sector stakeholders as it requires both new resources and continued access to existing resources. The findings suggest that step-change is a three-step process consisting of three market entries, into, “passing-by customers”, UMC, and business markets. The value propositions associated with these markets are also hierarchical in terms of quality, quantity, consistency, and complexity. Although the processes within the steps (motivations, opportunity recognition, assessing the need of resources, resource accumulation and (re-)integration, value proposition, and market entry) have a similar structure, their content differs between steps. The findings also indicate that gender issues vary by step. Whereas, in step 1 and 3 gender differences are less remarkable, they are more pronounced in step 2, where women mainly use their relationships with individuals to access resources whereas men use both individuals and groups to access resources. The thesis suggests that to initiate and sustain step-changes, both female and male entrepreneurs have to invest in capability-building.

The role of environmental shocks in shaping prosocial behavior
Duchoslav, Jan - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Erwin Bulte, co-promotor(en): Francesco Cecchi. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431477 - 190
environment - behaviour - economic development - social behaviour - stress conditions - environmental temperature - physical properties - social environment - milieu - gedrag - economische ontwikkeling - sociaal gedrag - stress omstandigheden - omgevingstemperatuur - fysische eigenschappen - sociaal milieu

All economic activity requires some degree of cooperation, and the process of economic development involves many social dilemmas. It is therefore crucial to understand how the preferences which guide our behavior vis-à-vis these situations are shaped. The ability and willingness to work for the benefit of the group rather than just one's own has evolved over many generations, and is – to some extent – innate to any healthy human being. At the same time, individual prosocial preferences are – also to a certain extent – endogenous to the physical and social environment within which we operate. This thesis identifies several ways in which environmental changes affect intrinsic prosocial preferences, and outlines a possible direction for fixing any such negative effects.

In Chapter 1, I introduce the topic of prosocial preferences. I briefly describe how prosociality has been viewed over the course of scientific history, and summarize the current state of knowledge about the formation of social preferences. I further outline how extrinsic incentives can influence prosocial behavior without affecting the preferences which underpin it. Finally, the chapter contains an overview of the methodologies used throughout this thesis.

In Chapter 2, I focus on an early formative factor of prosocial preferences—their fetal origins. I study how temperature shocks faced by pregnant women affect their children's later-life prosocial preferences. I find that exposure to higher than usual ambient temperatures during gestation reduces a child's probability of contribution to the public good, with the negative effect lasting into adulthood.

Chapter 3 continues in the same vein as Chapter 2, looking at the fetal origins of prosocial preferences. In this chapter, I investigate how prenatal stress induced by random violence affects the preferences for cooperation among children born during an armed conflict. To do so, I exploit variations in the ratio of the lengths of the index and ring fingers—a marker of in utero hormone exposure negatively associated with high maternal distress during early fetal development. I show that prenatal stress reduces the probability that children contribute to the public good.

In Chapter 4, I move away from the physical aspects of human environment, focusing instead on the social ones. I study the effects of a sudden introduction of a formal institution on individual cooperative behavior within informal arrangements. In particular, I look at how an NGO intervention which helped create a mutual health insurance affected cooperative behavior in a public goods game. I find that the introduction of formal insurance reduces contributions to the public good. This reduction in cooperation levels is, however, not due to the adopters of the formal insurance who may now have less need for informal reciprocal networks, and who therefore (partially) withdraw from them. It is instead the non-adopters who become less cooperative towards the adopters.

To outline a possible direction for remedying the negative environmental effects on prosocial behavior described in the previous three chapters, I illustrate one of the ways in which prosocial behavior can be incentivized with a relatively simple and easily implementable policy. In Chapter 5, I evaluate the impact of introducing performance-based financial incentives on staff effort and, consequently, on allocative efficiency and output in healthcare provision. I show that in the case under investigation, financial incentives conditioned on output and worth roughly 5% of total expenditures increased staff effort to the extent that output rose by over 25%, without any detectable drop in the quality of the provided services. This not only shows the potential of incentive-compatible financing to improve the performance of underfunded healthcare systems in developing countries, but also that extrinsic motivation can be used to foster behavior which benefits the society rather than just the individual.

Finally, I combine the main findings from the core chapters of the thesis in Chapter 6. I discuss their policy implications, and point out the some of the outstanding questions, outlining the directions for future research.

Leveraging social networks for agricultural development in Africa
Ross, Martha - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Erwin Bulte, co-promotor(en): Maarten Voors. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431910 - 174
social networks - agricultural development - economic development - agricultural production - networks - technology transfer - innovations - innovation adoption - diffusion - interpersonal relations - communication - observation - social learning - social interaction - sociale netwerken - landbouwontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - landbouwproductie - netwerken - technologieoverdracht - innovaties - innovatie adoptie - diffusie - intermenselijke relaties - communicatie - observatie - sociaal leren - sociale interactie

This thesis contributes to a growing literature that explores relationships between social networks and innovation diffusion within a developing country context. Given this context, the networks of interest within this thesis are the offline interpersonal relationships between community members. Diffusion channels for new innovation are therefore limited to word-of-mouth communication, observation, and personal experience.

Chapter 2 of this thesis analyses two policy tools in targeting these information gaps. The first is through social learning as part of a farmer extension program. The second combines social learning with experiential learning, reducing the cost to personal experimentation with subsidized improved input packages. Our results indicate that farmers who are exposed to both social learning and learning-by-doing more significantly impacts farmer productivity relative to those receiving no intervention and those exposed only to social learning. I interpret this result as an indication of learning-by-doing combined with social learning being a more effective strategy for facilitating adoption of technologies that have more heterogeneous returns to adoption.

Chapter 3 of this thesis tests the difference in diffusion patterns that result by varying the network contact- point. Specifically, network contact-points are selected as being either the most central or least central individuals within the network. I find evidence that centrality affects the speed of distribution but does not affect the width of diffusion nor which individuals are participating within the diffusion process. Furthermore, large attenuation is observed throughout the diffusion process, which suggests the importance of selecting a sufficiently large set of lead community members for the spread of new technology.

Chapter 4 combines a community-wide polling of network entry-points combined with detailed community network and socio-economic data. First we explore what attributes are prioritized by community members in nominating a resident farmer as an extension contact-point. Second, we use simulations to compare the diffusion spread of top-nominated individuals as network entry-points compared to entry-points that achieve maximal spread within diffusion simulations. We find that community members prioritize network connectedness, pro-social preferences, and socioeconomic indicators of gender, age, formal leadership, and education levels within their nomination decisions. Furthermore, receiving the top three most amount of nominations is found to be significantly correlated with selection as an optimal entry-point within the diffusion simulation. These results suggest that community-wide polling offers a less data-intensive opportunity to realize gains in diffusion warranted through network-based seeding.

Chapter 5 explore whether an individual’s observed social preferences is correlated with an individual’s centrality within the network structure. Our results indicate that individuals with high centrality are more trusting and more trustworthy than individuals with lower centrality. Moreover, individuals with low centrality are treated worse in these interactions—people trust them less initially, and return less money to them. Within a group context, little evidence is found of more central individuals displaying more cooperative behavior. Instead, for group cooperation, when a single monitor can observe contribution decisions, the presence of a direct link and more mutual network connections with a monitor correlates to more cooperative behavior by that individual. Our results suggest that network centrality and pro-social preferences are related but more localized network ties are more strongly correlated with pro-sociality than overall network connectedness.

Towards an inclusive and sustainable economy
Meijl, Hans van; Ruben, Ruerd ; Reinhard, Stijn - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 44
food security - food supply - food production - sustainable agriculture - sustainable development - biobased economy - agro-industrial chains - economic development - voedselzekerheid - voedselvoorziening - voedselproductie - duurzame landbouw - duurzame ontwikkeling - agro-industriële ketens - economische ontwikkeling
One of the major challenges facing global society today is the provision of food, water, energy, healthcare and other resources & services in a world characterised by increasing population, mounting environmental stresses and rising inequality. There is a need for circular and resilient food systems which close material flow loops in the entire supply chain from farm ers to consumers and back. This should be done in a resource-efficient manner that includes all relevant actors. This position paper summarises insights by Hans van Meijl, Stijn Reinhard and Ruerd Ruben from Wageningen Economic Research into what has been dubbed the inclusive and sustainable economy. Therefore, five overarching challenges, five scoping issues, and five beneficial economic principles are discussed. In addition, the authors formulate five key insights regarding feasible policy strategies and attempt to contribute to the analysis of leverage points relevant to upscaling and to anchoring market innovations that sustain sustainable and inclusive agri-food systems.
How to achieve resource use efficiency in integrated food and biobased value chains : Vision paper
Annevelink, E. ; Gogh, J.B. van; Bartels, Paul ; Broeze, J. ; Dam, J.E.G. van; Groot, Jim ; Koenderink, N.J.J.P. ; Oever, M.J.A. van den; Snels, J.C.M.A. ; Top, J.L. ; Willems, D.J.M. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research - 24 p.
biobased economy - resource utilization - value chain analysis - bioenergy - biomass - recycling - sustainable development - economic development - food production - hulpbronnengebruik - waardeketenanalyse - bio-energie - biomassa - duurzame ontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - voedselproductie
This publication contains a vision, formulated by research experts in food and biobased production, on how to achieve increased efficient and effective use of available resources during the production and (re)processing of biomass for food and biobased products, feed and energy. This paper briefly elaborates on the transition to a sustainable bio-economy (see graph 1), focusing on the needs and requirements from a value chain perspective.
Een circulair voedselsysteem is méér dan sluiten van kringlopen
Dagevos, H. - \ 2016
Voeding blog Wageningen University & Research
beleid inzake voedsel - economische ontwikkeling - voedselproductie - kringlopen - hulpbronnenbeheer - duurzame ontwikkeling - agro-industriële ketens - food policy - economic development - food production - cycling - resource management - sustainable development - agro-industrial chains
Een circulaire economie draait, kortweg, om het sluiten van kringlopen, en kent vooral milieutechnologische en logistieke benaderingen als kennispijlers. Maar een circulaire economie heeft evenzeer een sociaaleconomische invulling nodig. Hoe populair het tegenwoordig ook is in de beleids- en onderzoekswereld om voorstander te zijn van de circulaire economie, de vorming ervan vereist een fundamentele omslag. Attentie mag er daarom zijn om de animo waarmee vandaag de dag de noodzaak van een circulair voedselsysteem wordt bepleit te verbinden aan de animo waarmee werk wordt gemaakt van de condities waaronder deze transitie kan gedijen.
D3.2: Case studies of regional bioeconomy strategies across Europe
Charles, David ; Davies, S. ; Miller, S. ; Clement, K. ; Overbeek, M.M.M. ; Hoes, A.C. ; Hasenheit, Marius ; Kiresiewa, Zoritza ; Kah, Stefan ; Bianchini, Chiara - \ 2016
EU - 80 p.
regional economics - regional development - economic development - biobased economy - european union - government policy - regionale economie - regionale ontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - europese unie - overheidsbeleid
This report provides a summary of issues raised in the four regional case studies: Scotland, South-West Netherlands, Saxony-Anhalt and Veneto. It examines the ways in which the bioeconomy has been defined in regional strategies and the ways in which those regional strategies have been initi-ated and implemented in the four regions. Each of the regions has a distinctive approach, specialis-ing around the particular assets and strengths of the region and its core stakeholders. Typically, re-gional strategies have been developed by regional government or by stakeholder groups sponsored by those governments, and hence the main objectives have been to promote economic development through the application of developments in the bioeconomy. A primary driver of strategy development has been the need to respond to the requirements of the EU smart specialisation strategies.
Macroeconomic outlook of sustainable energy and biorenewables innovations (MEV II)
Meijl, J.C.M. van; Tsiropoulos, I. ; Bartelings, H. ; Broek, M. van den; Hoefnagels, R. ; Leeuwen, M.G.A. van; Smeets, E.M.W. ; Tabeau, A.A. ; Faaij, A. - \ 2016
LEI Wageningen UR (LEI report 2016-001) - ISBN 9789462577374 - 167 p.
economic development - biobased economy - economic analysis - macroeconomic analysis - netherlands - environmental economics - scenario analysis - economic models - economische ontwikkeling - economische analyse - macro-economische analyse - nederland - milieueconomie - scenario-analyse - economische modellen
De Nederlandse overheid verwacht dat een grootschalige toepassing van biomassa nodig is om aan de emissiedoelstellingen te voldoen, maar de macro-economische effecten hiervan op de Nederlandse economie zijn onbekend. Deze studie onderzoekt de effecten van een bio-economie op zowel systeemals macro-economisch niveau en toont aan dat de bio-economie positief kan bijdragen aan de Nederlandse economie, het behalen van broeikasgasreductiedoelstellingen en aan het reduceren van de kosten van het terugdringen van broeikasgasemissies. Om deze effecten te realiseren zijn grootschalige technologische veranderingen en wereldwijde markten belangrijk, maar lage prijzen van fossiele energie leiden tot minder macro-economische voordelen. Om de positieve macro-economische effecten en CO2-reductie te realiseren is een stimuleringsbeleid noodzakelijk.
De Amsterdamse haven draait (groen) door : Op weg naar duurzaam concurrentievoordeel door inzet op de biobased en circulaire economie
Kuipers, Bart ; Jong, Onno de; Raak, Roel van; Sanders, Frederic ; Meesters, Koen ; Dam, J.E.G. van - \ 2015
Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research - 112 p.
regionale economie - regionale ontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - kringlopen - biobased economy - havens - amsterdam - noord-holland - regional economics - regional development - economic development - cycling - harbours
In dit onderzoek is de haven van Amsterdam nader onderzocht, zijn kansen voor de ontwikkeling van zowel biobased als circulaire economie in kaart gebracht en worden 17 acties benoemd voor het Havenbedrijf Amsterdam om deze kansen te kunnen verzilveren. De auteurs concluderen dat er grote kansen zijn voor de haven van Amsterdam om de transitie naar duurzame toepassingen in de biobased en circulaire economie door te zetten, met name voor biodiesel en -gas en bouwstenen voor de biochemie. Deze kansen blijken voorts uit de sterke knooppuntfunctie van de haven: er is reeds een aantal krachtige logistieke spelers aanwezig dat zich actief bezig houdt met de behandeling van biodiesel, maar vooral de reeds bestaande agrostromen hebben potentie voor toepassing in biobased routes. Tevens is een aantal logistieke spelers actief in schroot en andere vormen van recycling in de haven aanwezig—de schroothandel laat zien dat de circulaire economie zich steeds meer op een internationaal schaalniveau ontwikkelt waarbij de inzet van zeehavens onontbeerlijk is.
Decentraal aalbeheer in Friesland : een economische analyse
Prins, H. ; Zaalmink, W. - \ 2015
LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-157) - 81 p.
binnenvisserij - palingen - european eels - anguilla - visserij - visvangsten - quota - visserijbeheer - economische ontwikkeling - friesland - nederland - binnenwateren - freshwater fisheries - eels - fisheries - fish catches - quotas - fishery management - economic development - netherlands - inland waters
Within the framework of the eel recovery plan, restrictive measures have been in force in Dutch eel fisheries since 2009. Since 2011, Frisian inland fishers, associated through the Frisian association of inland fishers (Friese Bond van Binnenvissers), have been experimenting with fishing quotas for eel. This approach is also known as 'decentralised eel management' (decentraal aalbeheer). This quota is in lieu of the statutory eel fisheries system, which includes a three-month period in which no eel may be fished. This report will explore the economic development of Frisian inland fisheries since 2007, as well as the question whether fishing quotas are economically viable.
Kansen in de keten : naar een weerbare plantaardige sector in Noord-Holland
Schans, J.W. van der; Vader, J. ; Kuhlman, J.W. ; Splinter, G.M. ; Ruijs, M.N.A. ; Janssens, S.R.M. ; Venema, G.S. - \ 2015
The Hague : LEI Wageningen UR - 20 p.
tuinbouw - akkerbouw - regionale economie - noord-holland - provincies - landbouwindustrie - voedselproductie - economische ontwikkeling - glastuinbouw - sierteelt - vollegrondsgroenten - agro-industriële ketens - horticulture - arable farming - regional economics - provinces - agribusiness - food production - economic development - greenhouse horticulture - ornamental horticulture - field vegetables - agro-industrial chains
In deze publicatie wordt ingegaan op de huidige positie van de primaire sector en andere relevante schakels in de keten in Nederland en Noord-Holland. De belangrijke trends worden bekeken en nagegaan wordt waar deze kansen bieden en welke handelingsperspectieven er zijn voor de sector. Vervolgens wordt ingegaan op de potentiële rol van de provincie daarbij. De auteurs beperken zich, op verzoek van de provincie, tot de plantaardige sectoren in Noord-Holland, namelijk de glastuinbouw, sierteelt, akkerbouw en vollegronds groenten. De publicatie is gebaseerd op expert judgement van de betrokken onderzoekers en niet op nieuw uitgevoerd onderzoek.
Implementing the green economy in a european context : Lessons learned from theories, concepts and case studies
Saikku, Laura ; Antikainen, Riina ; Droste, Nils ; Pitkänen, Kati ; Loiseau, Eleonore ; Hansjürgens, Bernd ; Kuikman, P.J. ; Leskinen, Pekka ; Thomsen, Marianne - \ 2015
PEER - ISBN 9789521145322 - 33 p.
change - economic development - biobased economy - sustainable development - case studies - government policy - europe - verandering - economische ontwikkeling - duurzame ontwikkeling - gevalsanalyse - overheidsbeleid - europa
This report summarises the key results of a PEER project analysing the green economy. The project explored green economy concepts and 10 practical cases from Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark.
Feeding the city
Vijn, M.P. ; Jansma, J.E. ; Jong, D. de - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR
stedelijke gebieden - relaties tussen stad en platteland - regionale voedselketens - duurzame ontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - stadslandbouw - kosten-batenanalyse - voedselproductie - urban areas - rural urban relations - regional food chains - sustainable development - economic development - urban agriculture - cost benefit analysis - food production
De visie van onderzoeksteam Stad-Land Relaties van Wageningen UR is dat voedsel geproduceerd in de regio een positief effect heeft op gezondheid, economie, duurzaamheid en participatie. Samen met steden, ondernemers en burgerinitiatieven werkt het team aan oplossingen en innovaties en leveren ze een bijdrage aan gezonde, welvarende en leefbare steden en regio’s.
Kansen verzilveren door versterkt cluster management: Biobased economy in Noord-Nederland
Gerritsen, A.L. ; Kranendonk, R.P. ; Pleijte, M. - \ 2015
[Wageningen] : Alterra, Wageningen-UR - 3
economische ontwikkeling - regionale economie - biobased economy - noord-nederland - economic development - regional economics - north netherlands
Om de regionale economie te revitaliseren worden in Noord-Nederland allerlei initiatieven genomen om producten, diensten en ketens te vergroenen. Biomassa is daarbij steeds de voornaamste grondstof. Dit speelt in het bijzonder in de chemische industrie rondom Delfzijl en Emmen en ook in de agri & food sector die van belang is voor het inwinnen van bestanddelen uit bestaande biomassastromen. In enkele gevallen zullen er zelfs speciaal geteelde gewassen geteeld worden. Biobased Economy is in de Veenkoloniën dan ook een strategische ontwikkelingsrichting voor de landbouw.
Local institutions and rural development : evidence from Liberia
Beekman, G. - \ 2015
University. Promotor(en): Erwin Bulte, co-promotor(en): Lonneke Nillesen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462575080 - 200
plattelandsontwikkeling - gezinnen - netwerken - lokale netwerken - sociale netwerken - instellingen - micro-economische analyse - micro-economie - economische ontwikkeling - landbouwontwikkeling - liberia - west-afrika - rural development - families - networks - local area networks - social networks - institutions - microeconomic analysis - microeconomics - economic development - agricultural development - west africa

Local institutions and rural development: Evidence from Liberia

This thesis focusses on the role of local (informal) institutions for development, based on data from Liberia. I show that dense family networks can be an obstacle for economic decision making, due to strict income sharing obligations that often belong to them. I also demonstrate the importance of local governance quality: corrupt village leaders negatively affect daily investment decisions by villagers. Finally, I evaluate the impact of a rural development project that aims to strengthen food security and social cohesion between villagers. The results indicate that the impact is marginal at most, and local institutions again do play a role.

Institutions are difficult to change, as they are rooted in an historical context. However, policy makers could support the emergence of alternative institutions. Either way, a deeper understanding of the far-going impact of local institutions is important: this research contributes to that.

BioEconomy regional strategy toolkit : For benchmarking and developing bioeconomy strategies
Leeuwen, M.G.A. van - \ 2015
BERST Project Office
biobased economy - europese unie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - programma - projectimplementatie - regionale economie - economische ontwikkeling - european union - sustainability - programs - project implementation - regional economics - economic development
The implementation of the European bioeconomy occurs in a regional context under the impulsion of entrepreneurs, including farmers and foresters, and political authorities, assisted by R&D workers.
FP7 project BERST: building regional strategies for biobased economies
Leeuwen, M.G.A. van; Terluin, I.J. - \ 2015
biobased economy - regionale ontwikkeling - strategisch management - europa - economische ontwikkeling - projecten - regional development - strategic management - europe - economic development - projects
The implementation of the European bioeconomy occurs under the encouragement of entrepreneurs and political authorities, assisted by knowledge workers (R&D). The drivers are: (1) the search for alternative resources for fossil fuels; (2) the response to climate warming by becoming as CO2 neutral as possible; and (3) the industrial demand for new functionalities offered by biobased materials and chemicals. The bioeconomy could serve as an engine of economic growth in EU regions.
Noord4Bio: concrete kansen voor een biobased economy in Noord-Nederland
Bos, H.L. ; Blaauw, R. ; Harmsen, P.F.H. ; Sanders, J.P.M. ; Euverink, G.J. ; Bekkering, E. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research 1555) - ISBN 9789462575134 - 145
regionale economie - regionale ontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - biobased economy - consultancy - noord-nederland - chemische industrie - regional economics - regional development - economic development - north netherlands - chemical industry
Noord-Nederland (de drie noordelijke provincies) kan een grootschalige producent en leverancier worden van hernieuwbare grondstoffen voor de regionale productie van ‘groene’ chemicaliën, kunststoffen en veevoeder eiwit. Voortbouwend op eerdere rapporten zoals het actieplan van de commissie Willems en de roadmap van de NOM, zijn in deze Noord4Bio-studie concrete kansen geïdentificeerd om de agrarische sector aan te laten sluiten op de chemie- en kunststoffensectoren van de regio, en zijn op basis van deze kansen aanbevelingen geformuleerd waarmee duurzame groei van de regio kan worden bewerkstelligd.
De kracht van het agrocluster : het belang van de primaire landbouw voor het totale agrocomplex
Berkhout, P. ; Asseldonk, M.A.P.M. van; Benninga, J. ; Ge, L. ; Hoste, R. ; Smit, A.B. - \ 2015
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI rapport 2015-032) - ISBN 9789086157082 - 56
landbouwsector - economische analyse - economische ontwikkeling - agro-industriële ketens - varkenshouderij - sierteelt - aardappelen - akkerbouw - werkgelegenheid - gevalsanalyse - agricultural sector - economic analysis - economic development - agro-industrial chains - pig farming - ornamental horticulture - potatoes - arable farming - employment - case studies
Nederland kent een sterke en innovatieve agrosector, die met een aandeel van zo’n 8% in het nationaal inkomen en de werkgelegenheid een belangrijke pijler is onder de nationale economie. De kracht van de Nederlandse agrosector is sterk verbonden met een historisch gegroeid cluster van bedrijven in de keten. Bij dit cluster behoren spelers in de toelevering en verwerking van diensten. De vraag is wat er overblijft van de kracht van het agrocluster als bijvoorbeeld door regelgeving de primaire schakel belangrijk in omvang zou afnemen. Dit rapport poogt in opdracht van het ministerie van EZ op deze vraag een antwoord te geven.
Circulaire economie in de landbouw : een overzicht van concrete voorbeelden in Nederland
Smits, M.J.W. ; Linderhof, V.G.M. - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI Rapport LEI 14-119) - 12
kringlopen - bedrijfssystemen - landbouw - economische ontwikkeling - recycling - geïntegreerde bedrijfssystemen - veehouderij - biobased economy - cycling - farming systems - agriculture - economic development - integrated farming systems - livestock farming
In deze paper worden vier inspirerende voorbeelden van circulaire productieprocessen in Nederland beschreven en geanalyseerd. De centrale vraag daarbij is hoe de circulaire economie kan bijdragen aan instandhouding van het natuurlijk kapitaal. Het natuurlijk kapitaal omvat zowel grondstoffen als biodiversiteit.
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