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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Targeting persons with low socioeconomic status of different ethnic origins with lifestyle interventions : opportunities and effectiveness
Bukman, A.J. - \ 2016
University. Promotor(en): Edith Feskens, co-promotor(en): Reint-Jan Renes. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462577022 - 169 p.
socioeconomic status - lifestyle - ethnic groups - intervention - cardiovascular diseases - type 2 diabetes - diabetes - obesity - dutch - turkish - glucose tolerance - morocco - physical activity - prevention - sociaal-economische positie - levensstijl - etnische groepen - interventie - hart- en vaatziekten - diabetes type 2 - suikerziekte - obesitas - nederlands - turks - glucosetolerantie - marokko - lichamelijke activiteit - preventie

Lifestyle intervention studies have shown that the development of cardiometabolic diseases can be partly prevented or postponed by the combination of a healthy diet and physical activity. Cardiometabolic diseases and their risk factors are particularly prevalent among individuals with low socioeconomic status and some ethnic minorities, and therefore these groups especially may benefit from participating in lifestyle interventions. Although individuals with low socioeconomic status and ethnic minorities could potentially benefit from lifestyle interventions, it seems that these groups are often not successfully reached for such interventions. Moreover, when they do participate in these interventions, they seem more likely to quit. The overall aim of this thesis was therefore to study opportunities for, and the effectiveness of, lifestyle interventions to reduce the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, targeting individuals with low socioeconomic status of different ethnic origins. To this end, this thesis reports two studies that identified opportunities for adapting lifestyle interventions to the target group’s needs, one study describing the process of adapting an effective lifestyle intervention (SLIM) into a new lifestyle intervention targeting individuals with low SES of different ethnic origins (MetSLIM) and two studies that determined the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions among the target group.

The aim of the study described in chapter 2 was to identify opportunities for adapting lifestyle interventions in such a way as to be more appealing for individuals with low socioeconomic status. The study provided insight into perspectives of groups with different socioeconomic positions regarding their current eating and physical activity behaviour; triggers for lifestyle change; and preferred ways to support lifestyle change. Data were gathered in semi-structured focus group interviews with adults with low socioeconomic status (four groups) and with adults with high socioeconomic status (five groups). In general, three key topics were identified, namely: current lifestyle is logical for participants given their personal situation; lifestyle change is prompted by feedback from their body; and support for lifestyle change should include individually tailored advice and could profit from involving others. The perceptions of the participants with low socioeconomic status were generally comparable to the perceptions shared by the participants with high socioeconomic status. Some perceptions were, however, especially mentioned in the low socioeconomic status groups. Participants with low socioeconomic status indicated that their current eating behaviour was sometimes affected by cost concerns. They seemed to be especially motivated to change their lifestyle when they experienced health complaints but were rather hesitant to change their lifestyle for preventive purposes. Regarding support for lifestyle change, participants with low socioeconomic status preferred to receive advice in a group rather than on their own. For physical activities, groups should preferably consist of persons of the same age, gender or physical condition.

The aim of the study described in chapter 3 was to identify how Turkish and Moroccan adults living in the Netherlands, aged 45 years and older, could be reached to participate in health checks for cardiometabolic diseases and follow-up (lifestyle) advice. In this study, questionnaire data were combined with interview data. This was done in order to use the narratives from the interviews to get a better understanding of the numbers that resulted from the questionnaire data. It turned out that both ethnic groups preferred an invitation from their general practitioner (GP) for a health check and preferred to fill out the health check questionnaire at the GP’s office or at home, on paper. They preferred to receive advice at individual level in relation to personal matters via either a physician or a specialised healthcare professional. Sixty-one percent of the Turkish respondents preferred to receive information in their native language, compared to 37% of the Moroccan respondents. Several participants mentioned a low proficiency in the local language as an explanation for their preference to fill out the health check questionnaire at home, to receive advice from an ethnicity-matched professional and to receive information in their native language. The results of this study suggested that the GP would be a promising contact to reach adults of Turkish and Moroccan origin for health checks or (lifestyle) advice. Furthermore, the findings suggested that it would be necessary to provide information in individuals’ native language to overcome language barriers and that (lifestyle) advice should be tailored towards the needs of the targeted individuals.

The insights gained into the needs and preferences of the target group – as described in chapter 2 and chapter 3 – were taken into account in the design of the MetSLIM intervention study. The MetSLIM study targeted individuals with low socioeconomic status of Dutch, Turkish and Moroccan origin. The MetSLIM study protocol was based on the SLIM study protocol. The SLIM study showed the beneficial effects of nutrition advice and physical activity promotion on the prevention type 2 diabetes, but drop-out was relatively high among low SES participants. Chapter 4 provides a detailed description of the development from the SLIM study protocol to the MetSLIM study protocol. Furthermore, this chapter gives insight into the obstacles encountered in developing the MetSLIM study to target individuals with low socioeconomic status of different ethnic origins. The new elements regarding the lifestyle intervention programme were: 1) additional group meetings about price concerns and social occasions with regard to a healthy diet; 2) ethnicity-matched dieticians; 3) gender-matched sports instructors; 4) all activities in the participants’ own neighbourhood; and 5) activities for women and men separately. The new elements regarding the study design, in order to study the effectiveness of the MetSLIM intervention programme, included: 1) from an university stetting to a community setting; 2) from a randomised controlled trial to a quasi-experimental study; 3) waist circumference – as a visible cardiometabolic risk factor – as main study outcome; 4) recruitment via GPs and in community centres; 5) translated study materials and ethnicity-matched research assistants involved in measuring; and 6) fewer measurements and measurements that could take place at different locations. Adaptations to the original SLIM study protocol were considered necessary in order to overcome practical barriers that hinder the target group’s participation; to suit the target group’s (cultural) needs; and to make it feasible to perform the study in a local (community) setting.

MetSLIM was not the only study set up based on the SLIM study. The SLIMMER study translated SLIM from a university setting to a real-world setting. The intervention was implemented in the public health and primary healthcare setting involving local GPs, practice nurses, dieticians, physiotherapists and sports clubs. The SLIMMER study did not target individuals with low socioeconomic status in particular; however, 52% of the study participants did have a low socioeconomic status, as determined by highest completed educational level. Chapter 5 describes how we explored the role of socioeconomic status in willingness to participate, programme attendance, programme acceptability, adherence to lifestyle guidelines, drop-out and effectiveness in the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention. The SLIMMER study was a randomised controlled trial, targeting 40- to 70-year-old adults at increased risk of type 2 diabetes, carried out in Apeldoorn and Doetinchem. The intervention group participated in a 10-month lifestyle programme: weekly training sessions were guided by a physiotherapist, and dietary advice was given by a dietician during 5–8 individual consultations and one group session. Measurements were carried out at baseline, after 12 months and six months after the active intervention period ended. The study showed that participation, attendance, acceptability, adherence, drop-out and effect of the SLIMMER study were mostly not affected by socioeconomic status. The SLIMMER study was able to reach the low socioeconomic status group as effectively as the higher socioeconomic status group, resulting in at least similar health benefits. The SLIMMER sample size was too small to study differences within the low socioeconomic status group, e.g. comparing the low vs. the least educated or comparing ethnic groups. Only 10% of the 316 SLIMMER participants had the lowest educational levels (no education or primary education) and only 11% had a foreign background.

The aim of the study described in chapter 6 was to measure the effectiveness of the MetSLIM intervention on waist circumference and other cardiometabolic risk factors, lifestyle and quality of life among 30- to 70-year-old adults with an elevated waist-to-height ratio. In the MetSLIM study, 220 individuals participated, of whom 40% had no education or only primary education and of whom 64% had a foreign background. MetSLIM had a quasi-experimental design with measurements at baseline and after 12 months. Participants were recruited in deprived neighbourhoods of Arnhem and Eindhoven via either their GP or in community centres. The intervention group participated in a 12-month lifestyle programme: an introductory group meeting was guided by the researcher, weekly physical activity lessons were guided by a sports instructor and dietary advice was given by an ethnicity-matched dietician (in total four hours of individual consultations and three group sessions). The study showed that the MetSLIM lifestyle intervention was effective in reducing waist circumference, other measures of obesity, total and LDL cholesterol, and quality of life. MetSLIM had a drop-out of 31%, which was higher than at 12 months in the SLIM study (10%) and SLIMMER study (13%), but comparable to drop-out in similar studies among ethnic minorities or low socioeconomic status populations.

Finally, in chapter 7, the main results of this thesis are described, followed by a discussion of methodological considerations, public health implications, suggestions for future research and the general conclusion. The adaptation process from SLIM to MetSLIM is discussed, including a reflection on the decision to use SLIM as a starting point and the decision to target three different ethnic groups at the same time. Moreover, difficulties in defining and selecting persons with low socioeconomic status and specific ethnic groups within research are addressed. As SLIMMER and MetSLIM proved that low socioeconomic status populations can be reached, and that their health can be improved when they participate in lifestyle interventions, it is suggested that further implementation should be considered. Insight should be gained into the ‘black box’ of lifestyle interventions; i.e. we should get to know what works for whom. Planned future research includes a process and economic evaluation of MetSLIM.

This thesis has shown that intensive combined lifestyle interventions can be effective in low socioeconomic status populations and identified possible adaptations to make lifestyle interventions more suitable for individuals with low socioeconomic status of Dutch, Turkish and Moroccan origin. The question is not whether a lifestyle intervention can be effective, but how diverse groups can be reached and benefit from it. For this purpose, further insight into the success of different adaptations for different target groups should be obtained to reveal the effective elements to reach, inspire and retain different low socioeconomic status populations and ethnic minorities with lifestyle interventions.

Kleurrijk Groen
Kloek, M.E. ; Buijs, A.E. ; Boersema, J. ; Schouten, M.G.C. - \ 2015
Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 12 (2015)117. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 3 - 5.
recreatie - openbaar groen - etnische groepen - immigranten - natuur - natuurbeheer - diversiteit - recreation - public green areas - ethnic groups - immigrants - nature - nature management - diversity
Natuurorganisaties vermoeden dat allochtone Nederlanders minder in de natuur komen dan autochtone Nederlanders. Er waren tot nu toe echter weinig harde cijfers over het natuurbezoek van allochtonen. Is een wandeling in de natuur inderdaad een ‘witte’ aangelegenheid, en hoe kunnen natuurorganisaties ervoor zorgen dat hun vrijwilligersbestand meer kleur krijgt? In het onderzoek ‘Colourful green’ van Marjolein Kloek, waarop zij op 28 augustus promoveerde aan Wageningen Universiteit (vakgroep Natuurbeheer en Plantecologie), laat zij zien dat het belangrijk is om allochtonen niet over één kam te scheren.
Dignity for the Voiceless; Willem Assies's Anthropological Work in Context
Salman, T. ; Martí i Puig, S. ; Haar, G. van der - \ 2014
New York/Oxford : Berghahn (Cedla Latin America studies vol. 103) - ISBN 9781782382928
politieke bewegingen - sociale structuur - sociale antropologie - etnische groepen - etniciteit - politiek - overheidsbeleid - regering - beleid - andes - landbouw - inheemse volkeren - bolivia - peru - latijns-amerika - political movements - social structure - social anthropology - ethnic groups - ethnicity - politics - government policy - government - policy - agriculture - indigenous people - latin america
In 2010, Willem Assies, an astute and prolific Latin Americanist and political anthropologist, died unexpectedly, at the age of 55. This book brings together some of his writings. Assies would always gave central stage to the collective and multi-layered actor and not the system — but he would constantly do so within the context of restrictions, pressures, conditioning factors and contradictions, to provide the actor with a real setting of operation.
Social Relations in Ottoman Diyarbekir, 1870-1915
Jongerden, J.P. ; Verheij, J. - \ 2012
Leiden & Boston : Brill (Ottoman empire and its heritage vol. 51) - ISBN 9789004225183 - 368
osmaanse rijk - turkije - west-azië - geschiedenis - sociale structuur - etnische groepen - levensomstandigheden - ottoman empire - turkey - west asia - history - social structure - ethnic groups - living conditions
Living together in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods; The meaning of public spaces for issues of social integration.
Peters, K.B.M. - \ 2011
University. Promotor(en): Jaap Lengkeek, co-promotor(en): Henk de Haan. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789086861903 - 266
openbare ruimte - buurten - sociale integratie - etnische groepen - culturele interactie - open ruimten - openbaar leven - stedelijke samenleving - stedelijke gebieden - vrije tijd - cultuursociologie - sociale geografie - nederland - public space - neighbourhoods - social integration - ethnic groups - cultural interaction - open spaces - public life - urban society - urban areas - leisure - cultural sociology - social geography - netherlands

This study examines the daily life in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods, and how people with different ethnic backgrounds live together. My research shows that positive experiences in public spaces contribute to feeling at home in a multi-ethnic neighbourhood. Not only intense and lasting contacts, but also short interactions contribute to feeling at home somewhere. By being in public space, relationships are formed with these spaces and with other people; residents feel at home and as such, integration has taken place. I therefore want to emphasize that politicians should look at the everyday realities in neighbourhoods like Lombok when discussing issues related to multi-ethnic societies. Repeatedly stressing the dichotomy between native and non-native Dutch citizens and focusing on problems, has a negative effect on the everyday lives of people because it produces and reproduces stereotyped images. I believe that integration is not only about non-native Dutch residents adapting themselves to Dutch society: it is also about the extent to which people from various backgrounds live together and feel at home in their neighbourhood.

Living together in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods; The meaning of public spaces for issues of social integration.
Peters, K.B.M. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086867462 - 251
sociology - neighbourhoods - netherlands - social integration - social problems - contemporary society - ethnic groups - immigration - immigrants - acculturation - sociologie - buurten - nederland - sociale integratie - sociale problemen - hedendaagse samenleving - etnische groepen - immigratie - immigranten - acculturatie
In Western societies, such as the Netherlands, people with different ethnic backgrounds live together in urban areas. This book examines daily life in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods and the meaning of public spaces for social integration. Through observations and interviews in two Dutch cities (Nijmegen and Utrecht) insight is gained into the use and perception of public spaces. Positive experiences in public spaces contribute to feeling at home in a multi-ethnic neighbourhood. Not only intense and lasting contacts, but also fleeting interactions contribute to feeling at home. Experience with diversity contributes to a realistic view of multiculturalism, a view that is based on everyday experiences, with all its positive and negative implications. This, however, does not mean that residents do not use stereotypes or categorizations. However, there is a major difference between the public discourse - which focuses on differences and problems - and everyday encounters, which are perceived as a way to experience and enjoy diversity. Recommendations are that politicians should look at the everyday realities in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods when discussing issues related to multi-ethnic societies. Repeatedly stressing the dichotomy between native and non-native Dutch citizens and focusing on problems, has a negative effect on the everyday lives of people because it produces and reproduces stereotyped images. Integration is not only about non-native Dutch residents adapting themselves to Dutch society: it is also about the extent to which people from various backgrounds live together and feel at home in their neighbourhood.
Allemaal andersdenkenden: omgaan met cultuurverschillen
Hofstede, G. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Minkov, M. - \ 2011
Amsterdam/Antwerpen : Uitgeverij Contact - ISBN 9789025419851 - 572
rassen (taxonomisch) - etnische groepen - psychologie - intercultureel onderzoek - cultuur - socialisatie - interraciale relaties - sociologie - cultuursociologie - communicatie - niet-verbale communicatie - groepen - organisaties - sociale interactie - sociale antropologie - races - ethnic groups - psychology - cross cultural studies - culture - socialization - race relations - sociology - cultural sociology - communication - nonverbal communication - groups - organizations - social interaction - social anthropology
Mensen uit andere landen denken, voelen en handelen anders dan wij hier gewend zijn. Ook landgenoten uit een andere streek of een andere sociale klasse gedragen zich vaak anders dan wij. In een open samenleving komt iedereen vaker met zulke andersdenkenden in aanraking dan vroeger. Voor die anderen zijn wij de andersdenkenden. Wat ons scheidt is de "cultuur" waarin we zijn opgegroeid, de met de paplepel ingegoten en daardoor vaak onbewuste waarden die maken dat wij "normaal" vinden wat anderen slecht vinden, en vies wat voor anderen schoon is. Allemaal andersdenkenden laat zien wat deze verschillen betekenen voor onze persoonlijkheid, onze gezondheid, ons gezinsleven, ons onderwijs, ons werk, onze overheid en voor de dingen waar we in geloven. Het gaat dieper in op de verschillende manieren waarop organisaties functioneren, zowel van land tot land als binnen een en hetzelfde land, en op wat er gebeurt als verschillende culturen elkaar ontmoeten.
Welkom in Rotterdam! : een studie naar interculturele ontmoetingen tussen 'oude' en 'nieuwe' Rotterdammers
Muijres, M.E.A. ; Aarts, M.N.C. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wetenschapswinkel Wageningen UR (Rapport / Wageningen UR, Wetenschapswinkel 273) - 64
bevolking - cultuur - diversiteit - etnische groepen - etniciteit - minderheden - sociale interactie - culturele integratie - sociale integratie - sociale participatie - maatschappelijke betrokkenheid - interculturele communicatie - cultuursociologie - intercultureel onderzoek - rotterdam - zuid-holland - nederland - human population - culture - diversity - ethnic groups - ethnicity - minorities - social interaction - cultural integration - social integration - social participation - community involvement - intercultural communication - cultural sociology - cross cultural studies - netherlands
Maatschappelijke solidariteit tussen verschillende bevolkingsgroepen bestaat nog wel degelijk in de huidige multiculturele samenleving van Rotterdam. Dat concluderen onderzoekers in een studie van de Wetenschapswinkel van Wageningen UR (University & Research centre) naar de effecten van de interculturele ontmoetingen die het project 'Welkom in Rotterdam' organiseert. Zowel ‘oude’ als ‘nieuwe’ Rotterdammers staan open voor contact met elkaar, maar de drempel voor spontane contacten is voor veel mensen te hoog. Hun sociale netwerken zijn gescheiden waardoor de gelegenheid vaak ontbreekt.
De Groene Trekker: wensen van burgers voor de multifunctionele landbouw.
Caron-Flinterman, J.F. ; Alebeek, F.A.N. van; Jong, D. de; Eijk, O.N.M. van; Ferwerda, R.T. ; Bremmer, B. - \ 2011
Lelystad : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 415) - 34
relaties tussen stad en platteland - multifunctionele landbouw - doelgroepen - houding van consumenten - consumentenvoorkeuren - behoeftenbepaling - ondernemerschap - nevenactiviteiten - minderheden - etnische groepen - rural urban relations - multifunctional agriculture - target groups - consumer attitudes - consumer preferences - needs assessment - entrepreneurship - ancillary enterprises - minorities - ethnic groups
Dit rapport beschrijft de behoeften en wensen van burgers ten aanzien van de (multifunctionele) landbouw. Zowel een paar bestaande doelgroepen als twee potentieel kansrijke nieuwe doelgroepen voor de multifunctionele landbouw zijn benaderd.
De Groene Trekker: wensen van burgers en trekkracht van boeren
Caron-Flinterman, J.F. ; Alebeek, F.A.N. van; Jong, D. de; Eijk, O.N.M. van; Ferwerda, R.T. ; Bremmer, B. - \ 2011
Wageningen UR Livestock Research
agrarische bedrijfsvoering - nevenactiviteiten - multifunctionele landbouw - doelgroepen - houding van consumenten - consumentenvoorkeuren - behoeftenbepaling - minderheden - etnische groepen - farm management - ancillary enterprises - multifunctional agriculture - target groups - consumer attitudes - consumer preferences - needs assessment - minorities - ethnic groups
Het project ‘De Groene Trekker’ heeft als doel om nieuwe doelgroepen met de multifunctionele landbouw te verbinden. In marktverkenningen zijn twee bevolkingsgroepen als kansrijke nieuwe doelgroepen voor de multifunctionele landbouw geïdentificeerd. De groep jonge (20-30 jaar) carrièregerichte werkenden zonder kinderen; een interessante groep met een hoog bestedingspatroon en heldere eigen behoeften, die momenteel nog sterk op stedelijke diensten, producten en activiteiten is gericht. De tweede groep is de oudere allochtone Nederlander. Een in omvang toenemende groep met specifieke behoeften.
De Groene Trekker: Resultaten van de ontwerpfase
Caron-Flinterman, J.F. ; Alebeek, F.A.N. van; Eijk, O.N.M. van; Jong, D. de - \ 2011
Lelystad : PPO AGV - 17
agrarische bedrijfsvoering - nevenactiviteiten - ondernemerschap - multifunctionele landbouw - houding van consumenten - consumentenvoorkeuren - behoeftenbepaling - minderheden - etnische groepen - farm management - ancillary enterprises - entrepreneurship - multifunctional agriculture - consumer attitudes - consumer preferences - needs assessment - minorities - ethnic groups
Het project ‘De Groene Trekker’ heeft als doel om nieuwe doelgroepen met de multifunctionele landbouw te verbinden door nieuwe (combinaties van) producten en diensten voor de multifunctionele landbouw te ontwerpen die tegemoet komen aan de wensen en behoeften van die doelgroepen.
Community aanpak overgewicht. Participatie van Turkse en Marokkaanse vrouwen
Wagemakers, A. ; Boer, A. de; Corstjens, C. - \ 2010
Voeding Nu 12 (2010)9. - ISSN 1389-7608 - p. 11 - 13.
overgewicht - ziektepreventie - levensstijl - immigranten - minderheden - etnische groepen - lichamelijke activiteit - voeding en gezondheid - overweight - disease prevention - lifestyle - immigrants - minorities - ethnic groups - physical activity - nutrition and health
In de periode 2003-2006 heeft de GGD Amsterdam het project Gezonde leefgewoonten Westerpark uitgevoerd. In het project is participatief actieonderzoek toegepast als middel en als doel, om de gezondheid van Turkse en Marokkaanse vrouwen te verbeteren. Met behulp van de participatieladder van Pretty is de participatie van de doelgroep inzichtelijk en meetbaar gemaakt. Het project heeft veel resultaten geboekt die zelfs buiten het terrein van gezondheidsbevordering liggen
Vimeo De Groene Trekker
Jong, D. de - \ 2010
Wageningen : PPO AGV
agrarische bedrijfsvoering - multifunctionele landbouw - doelgroepen - minderheden - etnische groepen - nevenactiviteiten - behoeftenbepaling - consumentenvoorkeuren - video-opnames - farm management - multifunctional agriculture - target groups - minorities - ethnic groups - ancillary enterprises - needs assessment - consumer preferences - video recordings
De Groene Trekker is een project waarin we op zoek zijn naar nieuwe producten en diensten die de boer kan leveren. We brengen ondernemers en potentiële doelgroepen bij elkaar in ontwerpsessies. Op dit kanaal een impressie van de bijeenkomsten die plaats vinden in dit project. De Groene Trekker is onderdeel van het beleidsondersteunend onderzoeksprogramma 'Landbouw in zijn maatschappelijke omgeving'. Het wordt uitgevoerd door Wageningen UR en gefinancierd door het ministerie van EL&I.
Cultures et organisations
Hofstede, G. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Minkov, M. - \ 2010
Paris : Pearson Education France - ISBN 9782744074141 - 512
cultuur - organisaties - intercultureel onderzoek - cultureel gedrag - communicatie - nationaal bewustzijn - internationale samenwerking - etnische groepen - pluriforme samenleving - culturele differentiatie - psychologie - nationalisme - culture - organizations - cross cultural studies - cultural behaviour - communication - national consciousness - international cooperation - ethnic groups - plural society - cultural differentiation - psychology - nationalism
La coopération interculturelle, une question de survie Véritable atlas des valeurs culturelles, paru en 18 langues, Cultures et organisations est le fruit de plus de 40 ans de recherches menées dans plus de 100 pays. Il est aujourd'hui le livre de référence des chercheurs, universitaires et professionnels en management interculturel, sociologie des organisations, psychosociologie... Dans un monde divisé malgré la globalisation et l'avènement des nouvelles technologies, cet ouvrage est d'autant plus essentiel pour comprendre les origines des conflits culturels et permettre enfin la mise en place d'une coopération pacifique dans l'intérêt de tous. Des recherches empiriques et une théorie révolutionnaire Dans cette nouvelle édition, les auteurs complètent leur étude des années 1970 menée auprès des employés d'IBM à travers le monde, en utilisant des sources de données récentes, comme le World Values Survey, fondé sur des échantillons représentatifs de la population d'une centaine de nations et de régions, y compris l'ex-bloc soviétique. Ils identifient aujourd'hui six dimensions dans les différences culturelles (la distance hiérarchique, le contrôle de l'incertitude, l'individualisme/le collectivisme, la féminité/la masculinité, l'orientation au court terme/long terme et l'indulgence/la sévérité) et distinguent cultures organisationnelles et nationales. Des applications pratiques Les auteurs analysent également l'influence des cultures nationales sur le traitement des problèmes économiques, commerciaux, politiques, éthiques et religieux de nos sociétés contemporaines, en étudiant par exemple les racines culturelles de la crise économique qui a commencé en 2007. Ils prêtent une attention particulière aux rencontres entre cultures dans un contexte de mondialisation (éducation, tourisme, communications en ligne, négociations internationales), ainsi qu'à la communication interculturelle, offrant une aide précieuse pour évaluer concrètement l'impact des différences culturelles, en particulier dans la gestion des entreprises.
Kulturer og organisationer
Hofstede, G. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Minkov, M. - \ 2010
København : Handelshøjskolens Forlag - ISBN 9788762903777 - 553
cultuur - organisaties - intercultureel onderzoek - cultureel gedrag - nationaal bewustzijn - internationale samenwerking - communicatie - etnische groepen - pluriforme samenleving - culturele differentiatie - nationalisme - psychologie - culture - organizations - cross cultural studies - cultural behaviour - national consciousness - international cooperation - communication - ethnic groups - plural society - cultural differentiation - nationalism - psychology
Kultur er de grundfæstede og ofte ubevidste værdier vi er vokset op med. Det er de kulturelle forskelle der adskiller os fra de andre. Bogen afdækker de værdier, der kendetegner de forskellige kulturer - såvel de nationale og regionale som de organisatoriske. Forfatterne redegør for disse værdier via kulturelle dimensioner som forholdet mellem magt og lighed, forholdet mellem individ og gruppe, sociale roller for kvinder og mænd samt usikkerhedsundvigelse og krisehåndtering. Disse begreber og værdier gøres levende og vedkommende med en række eksempler fra dagligdagen rundt om i verden. Forfatterne viser desuden hvordan man håndterer det interkulturelle - dvs. slår bro over forskellene i de kulturelle værdinormer, f.eks. i internationale koncerner. Bogen henvender sig især til ledere, faglige specialister og forhandlere i såvel erhvervslivet som organisationer, hvor der arbejdes på tværs af de kulturelle skel. Men alle med interesse for interkulturelle forhold og ønske om en større kulturforståelse, kan få glæde af denne spændende bog. I denne ajourførte 3. udgave medvirker Michael Minkov som ny medforfatter. Dette har bl.a. betydet, at datagrundlaget er udvidet med en række østeuropæiske lande, således at resultater, eksempler og kulturmodeller er blevet endnu bedre og mere nuancerede.
Nationalisms and politics in Turkey: Political Islam, Kemalism and the Kurdish Issue
Casier, M. ; Jongerden, J.P. - \ 2010
London and New York : Routledge (Routledge studies in Middle Eastern politics 26) - ISBN 9780415583459 - 256
nationalisme - etnische groepen - politiek - regering - turkije - islam - sociale situatie - nationalism - ethnic groups - politics - government - turkey - social situation
This book examines some of the most pressing issues facing the Turkish political establishment, in particular the issues of political Islam, and Kurdish and Turkish nationalisms. The authors explore the rationales of the main political actors in Turkey in order to increase our understanding of the ongoing debates over the secularist character of the Turkish Republic and over Turkey’s longstanding Kurdish issue. The book contains contributions on the social and political fabric of Turkey, exploring Turkey’s secularist establishment, the ruling AKP government, the Kurdistan Workers' Party and the Institutions of the European Union. While the focus of concern in this book is with the social agents of contemporary politics in Turkey, the convictions they have and the strategies they employ, historical dimensions are also integrated in their analyses.
Bridging troubled waters? : everyday inter-ethnic interaction in a content of violent conflict in Kottiyar Patty, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka
Gaasbeek, T. - \ 2010
University. Promotor(en): Georg Frerks; Linden Vincent. - S.l. : s.n. - ISBN 9789085856467 - 370
rampen - conflict - oorlog - etniciteit - etnische groepen - agressief gedrag - voorlichting - irrigatie - waterbeheer - huwelijk - sociologie - sociale differentiatie - sri lanka - zuid-azië - disasters - war - ethnicity - ethnic groups - aggressive behaviour - extension - irrigation - water management - marriage - sociology - social differentiation - south asia - cum laude
cum laude graduation (with distinction)
Cultures and Organizations, Software of the mind. Intercultural Cooperation and Its Importance for survival
Hofstede, G. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Minkov, M. - \ 2010
USA : McGraw-Hill - ISBN 9780071664189 - 561
cultuur - intercultureel onderzoek - cultureel gedrag - organisaties - communicatie - internationale samenwerking - nationaal bewustzijn - etnische groepen - pluriforme samenleving - culturele differentiatie - psychologie - bedrijfsvoering - volkenkunde - culture - cross cultural studies - cultural behaviour - organizations - communication - international cooperation - national consciousness - ethnic groups - plural society - cultural differentiation - psychology - management - ethnology
This book reveals: * The unexamined rules behind the thoughts and emotions of people of different cultures * Ways in which cultures differ in the areas of collectivism/individualism, assertiveness/modesty, tolerance for ambiguity, and deferment of gratification * How organizational cultures differ from national cultures, and how they can be managed
Natuurbeelden in de hedendaagse literatuur; Autochtone en allochtone schrijvers met elkaar vergeleken
Kloek, M.E. ; Schouten, M.G.C. ; Arts, B.J.M. - \ 2010
Landschap : tijdschrift voor Landschapsecologie en Milieukunde 27 (2010)1. - ISSN 0169-6300 - p. 5 - 15.
natuurbescherming - perceptie - etnische groepen - natuur - belevingswaarde - burgers - nature conservation - perception - ethnic groups - nature - experiential value - citizens
Natuurorganisaties realiseren zich dat het belangrijk is burgers bij hun beleid te betrekken. Dat geldt ook voor allochtone burgers. Hoe denken zij eigenlijk over natuur? Zijn er verschillen in natuurbeleving tussen allochtone en autochtone Nederlanders? Door natuurbeelden in de hedendaagse Nederlandse literatuur van schrijvers te vergelijken, gaat dit artikel daarop in. De allochtone schrijvers zijn beperlkt tot schrijvers uit een deel van de islamitische cultuurgebieden, namelijk Marokko.
Allochtonen en voeding : een literatuurverkenning
Berg, I. van den - \ 2010
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI : Onderzoeksveld Consument & gedrag ) - ISBN 9789086153961 - 39
immigranten - etnische groepen - biologische voedingsmiddelen - voedselvoorkeuren - voedingsgedrag - perceptie - immigrants - ethnic groups - organic foods - food preferences - feeding behaviour - perception
Rapportage van een kwalitatieve literatuurverkenning over de mogelijkheden van afzet van biologische voedingsproducten onder Turken, Marokkanen en Surinamers in Nederland. Hierbij is gekeken naar literatuur over de huidige voedselconsumptie en percepties hierover.
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