Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Spaces of Flows/Spaces of Places
Bush, S.R. ; Oosterveer, P.J.M. - \ 2018
In: The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology / Ritzer, George, Rojek, Chris, John Wiley and Sons - 4 p.
network society - media - network(s) and - modernity - globalization - networks
The spaces of flows and spaces of places denote the interplay between two interrelated social‐spatial configurations that have emerged under conditions of globalization. Central to Manuel Castells thesis of the network society, these concepts have been taken up in cultural and environmental sociology, as well as in other social science disciplines, to understand both processes of marginalization from and transitions toward global modernity.
Networks, flows and actors : promoting sustainability in globalising food provision
Oosterveer, Peter J.M. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579750 - 24
networks - sustainability - globalization - food - health - social sciences - food chains - governance - netwerken - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - globalisering - voedsel - gezondheid - sociale wetenschappen - voedselketens
Governing the Organic Cocoa Network from Ghana: Towards Hybrid Governance Arrangements?
Glin, L.C. ; Oosterveer, P.J.M. ; Mol, A.P.J. - \ 2015
Journal of Agrarian Change 15 (2015)1. - ISSN 1471-0358 - p. 43 - 64.
globalization - business
In this paper, we examine the processes of initiation, construction and transformation of the organic cocoa network from Ghana. We address in particular how the state responded to and engaged with civil-society actors in the organic cocoa network and to what extent state involvement reshaped state–business–civil society relations? While most of the literature argues that globalization and liberalization processes weakened the state's position as key player in the development and management of agro-food networks, the case of the (organic) cocoa sector in Ghana is often depicted as an exception because of the strong position the state still occupies in it. Employing a global commodity network perspective to analyse the Ghanaian organic cocoa case, this paper emonstrates that although the state is still a major player in the contemporary (organic) cocoa network, some hybrid governance arrangements, involving state, transnational and national NGO networks, and businesses, are emerging. The organic cocoa network also prompted a double process of ‘dis- and re-embedding’ at the local level that helped shape and strengthen the organic cocoa network.
Pionieren in Chili (interview met Marian Geluk en Frank Wijnands)
Meerstadt, N.S. ; Geluk, M.A. ; Wijnands, F.G. - \ 2014
Resource: weekblad voor Wageningen UR 8 (2014)18. - ISSN 1874-3625 - p. 20 - 21.
universiteiten - globalisering - kennisoverdracht - chili - universities - globalization - knowledge transfer - chile
De grootste overzeese vestiging van Wageningen UR vinden we niet in China of Brazilië, maar in Chili. Wat hebben we met dat land en hoe kwamen we daar terecht? ‘Chilenen zijn ernstige mensen die de wereld serieus nemen.’
Beyond net deficits: new priorities for an aquacultural geography
Belton, B. ; Bush, S.R. - \ 2014
Geographical Journal 180 (2014)1. - ISSN 0016-7398 - p. 3 - 14.
political ecology - environmental-change - shrimp aquaculture - marine ecosystems - blue revolution - mekong delta - fish - food - globalization - certification
Geographers first identified aquaculture as an important field of study during the 1990s, pointing to a ‘net deficit’ in geographical knowledge about the activity. This paper examines how far geographers have come in bridging this knowledge deficit in the last 20 years. While increasing attention has focused on the political economy of export products consumed in the global North, ‘everyday’ geographies of aquaculture production and consumption in the global South have been neglected. We argue that paying greater attention to everyday aquaculture in the global South provides opportunities for geographers to engage with wider questions around development and change that extend far beyond aquaculture. By focusing on changing patterns of aquaculture production for Southern domestic markets, geographers can provide a counterpoint to Northern dominated agro-food studies by re-emphasising the importance of consumption, urbanisation and agrarian transitions from a more place-based perspective and, in doing so, support the development of theory that reflects Southern realties.
Political budget cycles and election outcomes
Klomp, J.G. ; Haan, J. de - \ 2013
Public Choice 157 (2013)1-2. - ISSN 0048-5829 - p. 245 - 267.
economic-determinants - developing-countries - business cycles - fiscal-policy - growth - democracies - globalization - manipulation - institutions - deficits
This paper addresses two empirical questions. Is fiscal policy affected by upcoming elections? If so, do election-motivated fiscal policies enhance the probability of re-election of the incumbent? Employing data for 65 democratic countries over 1975–2005 in a semi-pooled panel model, we find that in most countries fiscal policy is hardly affected by elections. The countries for which we find a significant political budget cycle are very diverse. They include ‘young’ democracies but also ‘established’ democracies. In countries with a political budget cycle, election-motivated fiscal policies have a significant positive (but fairly small) effect on the electoral support for the political parties in government.
A reward for patience and suffering – Ethnomycology and commodification of desert truffles among Sahrawi refugees and nomads of Western Sahara
Volpato, G. ; Rossi, D. ; Dentoni, D. - \ 2013
Economic Botany 67 (2013)2. - ISSN 0013-0001 - p. 147 - 160.
terfezia - globalization - tirmania
A Reward for Patience and Suffering: Ethnomycology and Commodification of Desert Truffles among Sahrawi Refugees and Nomads of Western Sahara. This paper reflects on the role of ethnobiological knowledge and practices for refugees’ agency by focusing on the use and commodification of desert truffles among the Sahrawi refugees of Western Sahara. Historically, desert truffles of the genera Terfezia and Tirmania have been an important food and medicinal resource for Saharan nomads. Today, after becoming refugees following war and forced displacement, the Sahrawi still harvest truffles for their use values, but most are sold in the Algerian town of Tindouf. This paper addresses Sahrawi food, medicinal, and veterinary uses of desert truffles, and the on–going process of commodification sustained by a high international demand and the need for cash income. This process of commodification has both helped refugees to generate income and triggered a recovery of traditional knowledge around desert truffles. However, it has also led to increasing harvesting pressure and competition among truffle collectors, thus giving rise to the risk of unsustainable harvest levels.
Ontwikkeling hoezo?
Visser, L.E. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - ISBN 9789461733283
ontwikkeling - sociologie - ontwikkelingsstudies - antropologie - ontwikkelingstheorie - armoede - interdisciplinair onderzoek - globalisering - development - sociology - development studies - anthropology - development theory - poverty - interdisciplinary research - globalization
De vraag of er ontwikkeling is, kan altijd en overal positief worden beantwoord. Maar de betekenis ervan verschilt voor een visser in Indonesië of een handelaar in Honduras. De Sociologie van Ontwikkeling staat voor een niet-normatieve benadering van ontwikkeling en tracht de meervoudigheid ervan in de praktijk van het alledaagse leven te begrijpen. Een kritische toetsing van regels en modellen vraagt de noodzakelijke aandacht voor de diversiteit en creativiteit van mensen die ontwikkeling in eigen hand willen houden in de marges van de globale wereld.
Internationale competenties in het mbo: Project 'Internationale competenties voor het mbo'
Biemans, H.J.A. ; Gulikers, J.T.M. ; Oonk, C. ; Wel, M. van der; Leereveld, G. ; Frijters, S. ; Born, T. van den - \ 2013
In: Op weg naar leerwinst : WURKS- 1 onderzoeksprogramma 2011-2013 : competenties voor het groene kennissysteem – deel I / Biemans, H., Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit en Researchcentrum, Leerstoelgroep Educatie- en competentiestudies - ISBN 9789461737090 - p. 10 - 11.
agrarisch onderwijs - vaardigheidsonderwijs - beroepsopleiding - carrières - globalisering - beroepsvaardigheden - agricultural education - competency based education - vocational training - careers - globalization - job skills
In een onderzoek naar ‘internationale’ competenties voor startbekwame mbo’ers plant is in kaart gebracht over welke competenties het gaat. Groen mbo bereidt hen immers voor op een loopbaan die zeer waarschijnlijk een internationale dimensie heeft.
Africa and the green revolution : a global historical perspective
Frankema, E.H.P. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461736185 - 28
agrarische geschiedenis - groene revolutie - geschiedenis - landbouw - milieu - landbouwproductie - voedselvoorziening - economische groei - globalisering - afrika - agricultural history - green revolution - history - agriculture - environment - agricultural production - food supply - economic growth - globalization - africa
After several centuries of rising global inequality during the so-called era of the Great Divergence, our generation is witnessing a new epoch in world history, one of rapid economic convergence1. Emerging economies such as China, India, Brazil and Turkey are reconfiguring the gravity centers of the global economy with astonishing speed. Even in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region torn apart by decades of civil war and economic crises, hopeful signs of growing prosperity have emerged in recent years (Radelet 2010, Young 2012). It remains to be seen, however, to which extent Africa’s current growth revival builds on a profound transformation of the social, political and economic fabric. Is the region not just experiencing the inevitable recovery from an equally inevitable post-colonial collapse? And what sets this wave of growth apart from recurring African cycles of natural resource booms and busts, driven by volatile world market prices for tropical cash crops and mineral resources?
Tuinbouwtoeleveranciers veroveren de wereld
Baltussen, W.H.M. ; Smit, P.X. - \ 2013
Den Haag :
markten - internationale handel - internationale economie - tuinbouw - globalisering - vragenlijsten - landbouwsector - glastuinbouw - markets - international trade - international economy - horticulture - globalization - questionnaires - agricultural sector - greenhouse horticulture
De aanleiding voor dit onderzoek is een gebrek aan actuele informatie over de internationale markt van tuinbouwtoeleveranciers. In deze publicatie is vooral aan de hand van informatie van de bedrijven zelf een beeld gegeven van de economische betekenis van de sector, de actuele duurzaamheidthema’s en de samenwerkingsvormen. Hiertoe is in 2012 op verzoek van AVAG Plus onder de leden van brancheverenigingen AVAG, VPN, OVTO en VTTB een enquête uitgevoerd door LEI Wageningen UR.
Not a geography of what doesn't exist, but a counter-geography of what does: Rereading Giuseppe Dematteis' Le Matafore della Terra
Fall, J.J. ; Minca, C. - \ 2013
Progress in Human Geography 37 (2013)4. - ISSN 0309-1325 - p. 542 - 563.
cultural-geography - academic geography - anglo-american - history - metaphor - science - spaces - globalization - francophone - reflections
The shaping of geography as a discipline has been the result of a combination of productive and successful communication and missed opportunities, of presence and absence, of fluid travels of ideas and projects, but also of closures, impediments, good lessons that got lost. This paper suggests that using a counterfactual approach to draw attention to specific geographies that remained unfulfilled and poorly known helps to think beyond linear genealogies. By discussing a particular book called Le Metafore della Terra by Giuseppe Dematteis, published in Italian in 1985 but largely unknown in English-language geography, we reflect on what happened when it was published – and also specifically what did not happen and, cautiously, what might have happened. In his book, Dematteis took issue with geography and geographers’ past and contemporary mistakes, suggesting that the depoliticization of geographical knowledge had served merely powerful interests, rendering the imagining of alternative worlds impossible. He picked apart sacred tenets of the geographical tradition: escapist fantasies of exploration and conquest, the poorly problematized use of scale, the faith in the power of cartographic reason, the metaphysics of organicism, and the magical belief in the power of the market. Here, by extending the idea of counterfactual histories to look inwards to the discipline of geography itself, we choose to engage with what might have happened if this particular critical approach to geography had become better known, exploring why this radical project for the discipline was cast aside, including by the author himself. In so doing, we consider how scholars are located in so-called ‘peripheral’ places of production of geographical knowledge, discussing how this helps to understand the circulation and non-circulation of certain ideas. We use these alternatively rewritten geographies to show how dominant linear narratives of the emerging of critical thinking in the 1980s tell us an incomplete story, suggesting instead a tangled, multiple history of the discipline. We are interested in how scientific knowledge is communicated and received, how this exposes both the multi-sited nature of knowledge production and circulation, and cultural and national differences in the reception of science, and what this says about the possibility of critical thinking and progressive ideas having real impact.
Support for Farmers' Cooperatives : case study report tthe role of Dutch transnational cooperatives in cooperative development
Zaalmink, W. ; Lakner, D. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - 37
coöperaties - producentencoöperaties - europese unie - agro-industriële ketens - voedselproductie - globalisering - cooperatives - producer cooperatives - european union - agro-industrial chains - food production - globalization
In order to foster the competitiveness of the food supply chain, the European Commission is committed to promote and facilitate the restructuring and consolidation of the agricultural sector by encouraging the creation of voluntary agricultural producer organisations. Within the framework of the SFC project, this case study report has been written on four (formerly) transnational Dutch cooperatives with operations abroad, especially in Hungary or other new member states. Of special interest for this case study is how they see their role concerning the cooperative development abroad.
New maps, new questions: Global cities beyond the advanced producer and financial services sector
Toly, N.J. ; Bouteligier, S. ; Gibson, B. ; Smith, G. - \ 2012
Globalizations 9 (2012)2. - ISSN 1474-7731 - p. 289 - 306.
transnational-municipal-networks - world cities - urban network - governance - globalization - society - ngos - city - geography - politics
This article broadens the discussion of cities as strategic sites in which global activities are organized. It deploys methodology commonly used to study the distribution and disproportionate concentration of advanced producer and financial services firms in order to study the office distribution of global nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and global energy corporations. It then compares the distribution of those offices to that of advanced producer and financial services firms, using data from the global and World Cities Research Network, further discovering what cities are strategic sites in all three networks, in any combination of two networks, and in only one network. Attending to the convergence and divergence of such networks opens a door to the study of network logic—the underlying dynamics of network functioning—instead of limiting the study to network structure or composition while also permitting a multi-sectoral measurement of globality.
Cities, Networks, and Global Environmental Governance - Spaces of Innovation, Places of Leadership
Bouteligier, S. - \ 2012
Abingdon, UK : Routledge; Taylor & Francis Group (Cities and global governance ) - ISBN 9780415537513 - 240
stadsomgeving - milieubeleid - governance - globalisering - urban environment - environmental policy - globalization
As a result of global dynamics—the increasing interconnection of people and places—innovations in global environmental governance haved altered the role of cities in shaping the future of the planet. This book is a timely study of the importance of these social transformations in our increasingly global and increasingly urban world. Through analysis of transnational municipal networks, such as Metropolis and the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, Sofie Bouteligier's innovative study examines theories of the network society and global cities from a global ecology perspective. Through direct observation and interviews and using two types of city networks that have been treated separately in the literature, she discovers the structure and logic pertaining to office networks of environmental non-governmental organizations and environmental consultancy firms. In doing so she incisively demonstrates the ways in which cities fulfill the role of strategic sites of global environmental governance, concentrating knowledge, infrastructure, and institutions vital to the function of transnational actors.
Participand : een regionaal netwerk ter bevordering van internationale samenwerking
Horlings, L.G. ; Bukenya, R. ; Goris, M. ; Nath, F. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Wageningen UR, Wetenschapswinkel (Rapport / Wageningen UR, Wetenschapswinkel 287) - 32
netwerken (activiteit) - internationale samenwerking - publiek-private samenwerking - buitenlandse studenten - gelderland - globalisering - actieonderzoek - Nederland - networking - international cooperation - public-private cooperation - foreign students - globalization - action research - Netherlands
Een internationaal netwerk als Participand in de regio rond Wageningen heeft vele mogelijkheden. Het biedt kansen voor het internationaal georiënteerde bedrijfsleven, Wageningen University & Research centre en voor de vele particuliere initiatieven van burgers. Door goed gebruik te maken van de kennis en contacten die regionaal aanwezig zijn, kunnen alle partijen optimaal profiteren van goed afgestemde projecten en producten op de lokale situatie elders. In veel netwerk initiatieven op het gebied van internationale samenwerking zijn internationale studenten en migranten ondervertegenwoordigd. Hetzelfde geldt voor een deel van de bedrijven en instituten die internationaal werkzaam zijn. Een internationaal netwerk als Participand laat zien dat het anders kan. Het maakt een omslag mogelijk van traditionele ontwikkelingshulp naar duurzame internationale samenwerking. De duurzaamheid van producten en projecten wordt bevorderd door de samenwerking met mensen uit die landen/regio’s waar men producten/projecten heeft of wil initiëren. De aanwezige expertise, capaciteiten en contacten onder nieuwkomers in de regio worden zo benut en erkend. Om een internationaal netwerk soepel te laten draaien is het belangrijk ruimte te bieden voor persoonlijk contact, diversiteit en een ‘broker’ te hebben voor de communicatie en de continuïteit van het netwerk. Hulpmiddelen daarbij zijn intervisie, online matching van vraag en aanbod, een informatieloket en een onderzoeksloket. Het rapport beoogt te bereiken dat verschillende partijen voor wie het netwerk waardevol is zich in enige vorm verbinden aan het netwerk. Belangrijke partijen in deze zijn Wageningen University & Research centre, Gemeente Wageningen, Business Café, de initiatiefnemers COS Gelderland en OIKOS en niet in de laatste plaats de doelgroep, (inter)nationale studenten, migranten, particuliere initiatieven en het bedrijfsleven.
Governing the transnational organic cotton network from Benin
Glin, L.C. ; Mol, A.P.J. ; Oosterveer, P.J.M. ; Vodouhè, S. - \ 2012
Global Networks 12 (2012)3. - ISSN 1470-2266 - p. 333 - 354.
environmental governance - political-economy - globalization - commodity - forests - food
In this article, we attempt to conceptualize the historical development and the governance structure of the transnational organic cotton network from Benin. We aim to discover how the organic cotton production-consumption network is governed locally and internationally. Existing bodies of literature on international agricultural production networks, in particular the Global Value Chains (GVC) perspective, focus on economic dimensions, but find it difficult to incorporate the sustainability dimension. We favour widening the concept of GVCs beyond economics by acknowledging and including environmental rationalities and the representatives of their interests, not as external elements, but rather as co-governing or co-structuring factors (or actors) of sustainable value chains. Our findings reveal that beyond the traditional producer versus buyer dualism, intermediate stakeholders, namely transnational and local environmental NGO networks, are instrumental in the construction, maintenance and transformation of the organic cotton network. It is also apparent that farmers' leaders play an important role in mediating and (re)building trust among organic farmers, though they exert insufficient vertical power in the organic cotton network to control it.
Variation in implementation of corporate social responsibility practices in emerging economies' firms: A survey of Chilean fruit exporters
Klerkx, L.W.A. ; Villalobos, P. ; Engler, A. - \ 2012
Natural Resources Forum 36 (2012)2. - ISSN 0165-0203 - p. 88 - 100.
critical perspectives - private standards - chains - csr - globalization - initiatives - management - countries - contract - safety
As in many sectors in emerging economies, the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has become important for exporting agri-food firms in view of their integration in global supply chains. The purpose of this research was to assess the implementation by Chilean fruit exporters of CSR practices that go beyond minimum legal requirements. The principal results are that, although socio-economic components of CSR such as poverty reduction and socially just working conditions receive much attention, firms consider comprehensive environmental practices as less important. The results also indicate a slightly higher implementation of comprehensive CSR practices by large firms as compared to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The main conclusion is that, although CSR is increasingly considered by Chilean firms, among SMEs in particular, more attention needs to be paid to raising awareness among managers about CSR practices and to providing assistance in their implementation. This supports findings on CSR implementation in other emerging economies that an active role of civil society and industry organizations is key and that targeted support strategies are needed to install a holistic awareness of CSR and help firms to improve on those aspects of CSR that are relatively underdeveloped.
Agricultural Value Chains in Developing Countries; a Framework for Analysis
Trienekens, J.H. - \ 2011
International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 14 (2011)2. - ISSN 1096-7508 - p. 51 - 83.
global value chains - supply chain - commodity chain - fresh vegetables - local suppliers - food-industry - globalization - governance - trade - management
The paper presents a framework for developing country value chain analysis made up of three components. The first consists of identifying major constraints for value chain upgrading: market access restrictions, weak infrastructures, lacking resources and institutional voids. In the second component three elements of a value chain are defined: value addition, horizontal and vertical chain-network structure and value chain governance mechanisms. Finally, upgrading options are defined in the area of value addition, including the search for markets, the value chain- network structure and the governance form of the chain. Part of this component is the identification of the most suitable partnerships for upgrading the value chain. The three components of the framework are derived from major theoretical streams on inter-company relationships and from the literature on developing country value chains. The framework is applied in a case example of a developing country value chain
Recht en politiek in een tijd van globalisering
Pijnenburg, L.F.P. - \ 2011
Zoetermeer : Klement - ISBN 9789086870615 - 222
internationaal recht - recht - politiek - globalisering - filosofie - nationaal bewustzijn - naties (landen) - psychologie - cultuur - identiteit - culturele psychologie - mensenrechten - morele waarden - moraal - ethiek - europese unie - integratie - besluitvorming - wereld - international law - law - politics - globalization - philosophy - national consciousness - nations - psychology - culture - identity - cultural psychology - human rights - moral values - moral - ethics - european union - integration - decision making - world
Wat betekenen de sterk toegenomen migratie in de wereld en de gestage totstandkoming van een wereldmaatschappij voor de manier waarop we onszelf en de ander zien? Wat zijn de gevolgen van deze globalisering voor ons begrip van politiek en voor de vorming van nationale en culturele identiteiten? Op welke manier kunnen we onze idealen van vrede, vrijheid en rechtvaardigheid op een duurzame manier realiseren in een wereld waarin we steeds meer afhankelijk van elkaar worden? In de hier bijeengebrachte rechts- en politiek-filosofische opstellen verkent Habermas de mogelijkheden van de democratie voorbij de grenzen van de natiestaat, de politieke en morele uitdagingen waarvoor de Europese Unie zich gesteld ziet en de status van de mondiale mensenrechten. Hij ontwikkelt een gedetailleerd, veeldimensionaal model van transnationaal en supranationaal bestuur op basis van het kantiaanse kosmopolitisme en plaatst dit in de context van de negentiende- en twintigste-eeuwse ontwikkelingen op het gebied van het internationaal recht. Wat Europa betreft, bepleit Habermas een politiek van geleidelijke integratie waarbij de belangrijke beslissingen over de toekomst van Europa worden gelegd in de handen van de volken die er deel van uitmaken. Alleen door zich meer en meer te verenigen zal Europa, in nauwe samenwerking met de Verenigde Staten, mede gestalte kunnen geven aan een stabielere en evenwichtiger wereldorde.
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