Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Securing Identities : Biometric Technologies and the Enactment of Human Bodily Differences
Kloppenburg, Sanneke ; Ploeg, Irma van der - \ 2018
Science as Culture (2018). - ISSN 0950-5431
Biometrics - border management - enactment - ethnicity - identity

Worldwide, biometrics are quickly becoming the preferred solution to a wide range of problems involving identity checking. Biometrics are claimed to provide more secure identification and verification, because ‘the body does not lie.’ Yet, every biometric check consists of a process with many intermediate steps, introducing contingency and choice on many levels. In addition, there are underlying normative assumptions regarding human bodies that affect the functioning of biometric systems in highly problematic ways. In recent social science studies, the failures of biometric systems have been interpreted as gendered and racialized biases. A more nuanced understanding of how biometrics and bodily differences intersect draws attention to how bodily differences are produced, used, and problematized during the research and design phases of biometric systems, as well as in their use. In technical engineering research, issues of biometrics’ performance and human differences are already transformed into R&D challenges in variously more and less problematic ways. In daily practices of border control, system operators engage in workarounds to make the technology work well with a wide range of users. This shows that claims about ‘inherent whiteness’ of biometrics should be adjusted: relationships between biometric technologies, gender and ethnicity are emergent, multiple and complex. Moreover, from the viewpoint of theorizing gender and ethnicity, biometrics’ difficulties in correctly recognising pre-defined categories of gender or ethnicity may be less significant than its involvement in producing and enacting (new) gender and ethnic classifications and identities.

Framing nature : searching for (implicit) religious elements in the communication about nature
Jansen, Peter - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Henk Jochemsen, co-promotor(en): Jozef Keulartz; J. van der Stoep. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431323 - 200
nature - policy - netherlands - communication - religion - case studies - frames - perception - public authorities - landscape experience - identity - natuur - beleid - nederland - communicatie - religie - gevalsanalyse - geraamten - perceptie - overheid - landschapsbeleving - identiteit

This PhD thesis is about communication concerning nature in the Netherlands. The purpose of this exploratory study is to take both a theoretical and an empirical look at whether (implicit) religious elements play a role in this communication about nature in the Netherlands.

In this PhD thesis it is argued that the role of communication practitioners is to signal, articulate, and interpret normative elements in the discourse. In other words, to make (non-) congruent frames explicit and clarifying the associated world views in the discourse, including that of the government itself. The government has to be impartial as possible in its communications, but the communications about nature shows that there are questions to be asked about this neutrality. Although not explicit, but through the communications of NGOs, who operate as delegated executors of the Dutch nature policy in the context of this PhD thesis, certain images, i.e., frames regarding nature are communicated. However, the question is raised to what extent the government, based on its alleged neutrality, should condition the communication of NGOs. Here, tension can be observed. If nature conservation NGOs (explicitly) communicate a specific vision about nature, using ‘religious subtexts’, the government appears to support these ‘subtexts’. For nature conservation NGOs, it is appropriate to put forth a certain opinion to raise support for their actions among the public. However, in this PhD thesis it is argued that it is not the responsibility of the government to promote a specific religiously phrased view of nature and nature policy. Hence, this PhD thesis reveals a necessity for reflection on the relationship between government and NGOs regarding their communication, i.e., awareness of distinction and a need for mutual adjustment in the case of close cooperation.

The results of this PhD thesis are placed in a broader cultural context with respect to nature development. A paradox is highlighted: creating nature ‘according to our view of nature’ and, simultaneously, wanting to experience wilderness-nature, preferably without too much human influence. This paradox appears to form a cultural basis for many new nature development projects. In other words, nature development is no longer just driven by ecological interests. In today’s ‘wilderness desire’, a certain form of anthropocentric thinking also manifests, because it focuses on the human experience of nature. In addition, because (new) nature projects can be places to have meaningful experiences, in this PhD thesis it is concluded that (new) nature projects, such as Tiengemeten, not only have ecological value, but societal value as well. It is also argued that in a secular society, we should not lose sight of the mediating role of creating and maintaining nature parks. Designing or maintaining natural areas in a certain way can create conditions for certain meaningful experiences. With our designing vision and communication, we can reap ‘benefits’ from nature. With this conclusion, this PhD thesis shines a different light on the concept of nature development and, indirectly, on the Dutch nature policy.

Finally, this PhD thesis shows that religious elements play a role in the communication about nature. These are linked to meaningful experiences that people can have in nature. A religious depth dimension can be discovered in meaningful experiences. This religious depth dimension is the reason that there are ‘religious subtexts’ in the communication about nature. However, the word ‘subtext’ is crucial. The communication about nature is ‘religionised’ to some extent, but there is no mentioning of a personal God or other reference to a supernatural reality. This PhD thesis also shows that the religious depth dimension does not explicitly come to the fore in what visitors are saying. This means that this PhD thesis, in addition to questioning the appropriateness of ‘religious subtexts’ in the communication about nature, also doubts whether those ‘subtexts’ are convincing from visitors’ perspective.

Beyond Ethnic Stereotypes – Identities and Outdoor Recreation Among Immigrants and Nonimmigrants in the Netherlands
Kloek, Marjolein E. ; Buijs, Arjen E. ; Boersema, Jan J. ; Schouten, Matthijs G.C. - \ 2017
Leisure Sciences 39 (2017)1. - ISSN 0149-0400 - p. 59 - 78.
ethnicity - identity - leisure - natural environment - public support

Studies on immigrants' recreational use of greenspace have tended to focus on ethnic groups as homogeneous entities. In a qualitative study based on group interviews, this article focuses on the cultural diversity among and within ethnic groups. We used an identity perspective to study outdoor recreation of young Dutch adults with Chinese, Turkish, or nonimmigrant backgrounds. Results show that primarily personal identities, age, and ethnicity inform recreational behavior. The multiplicity of peoples' identities results in more heterogeneity between and within ethnic groups, as well as more homogeneity between immigrants and nonimmigrants, than commonly described. When immigrants are considered as a homogeneous group that underparticipates in outdoor recreation, individual immigrants who frequently participate in outdoor recreation are overlooked. Furthermore, we show that acculturation does not progress at the same rate among all ethnic groups, and that ethnic identity may be sustained among second and subsequent generations through certain recreational activities.

De duizendpoot van Staatsbosbeheer : De beleving van het tegelijkertijd werken in de binnen- en buitenwereld : de tussenfunctie van beheerders en boswachter
Meijer, J. ; Stobbelaar, D.J. ; Boerma, S. - \ 2015
Velp : Hogeschool VHL - 80
governance - samenleving - sociale netwerken - boswachters - bosbeheer - natuurbeheer - identiteit - functieuitoefening - beroepen - society - social networks - park rangers - forest administration - nature management - identity - job performance - occupations
De tussenfunctie bestaat! De beheerder en boswachter werken als intermediair tussen de organisatie en de buitenwereld. De netwerksamenleving heeft duidelijk invloed op het werk van beheerders en boswachters. Zowel organisatie als buitenwereld hebben doelen en wensen die ze kenbaar maken bij de beheerder en boswachter. Deze beheerder of boswachter moet een modus vinden om met deze soms tegenstrijdige belangen om te gaan. In die positie ervaart hij problemen die persoonlijk, functiegerelateerd en organisatorisch kunnen zijn. Deels zijn deze problemen zogenoemde beroepsdilemma’s, die inherent zijn aan de baan. Maar de meeste problemen zijn in elk geval deels op te lossen door een passender aannamebeleid , beter op te leiden in zowel werk als vooropleiding, en een betere ondersteuning in het dagelijks werk.
Work and Masculinity in Katanga's Artisanal Mines
Cuvelier, J.G.R. - \ 2014
Afrika Spectrum 49 (2014)2. - ISSN 0002-0397 - p. 3 - 26.
conflict sierra-leone - mining town - african - gold - men - diamonds - tanzania - identity - culture - economy
This article, based on 16 months of anthropological fieldwork between 2005 and 2012, examines the relationship between work and masculinity among ardsanal miners, or creuseurs, in Katanga, the southeastern province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It argues that men's involvement in ardsanal mining should be considered not only as an economic survival strategy but also as an attempt to experiment with new ways of being a man in a context of economic crisis and changing gender relations. Furthermore, the article criticizes the tendency to downplay or underestimate the complexity and diversity of processes of masculine identity construction in Africa's ardsanal-mining areas. In order to do justice to the intricacy of these processes, the article proposes using concepts and insights from the field of masculinity studies and distinguishing between a levelling and a differentiating trend in artisanal miners' masculinity practices.
Environmentally friendly consumer choices: Cultural differences in the self-regulatory function of anticipated pride and guilt
Onwezen, M.C. ; Bartels, J. ; Antonides, G. - \ 2014
Journal of Environmental Psychology 40 (2014). - ISSN 0272-4944 - p. 239 - 248.
testing measurement invariance - public transportation - conscious emotions - planned behavior - organic food - shame - identity - norms - individualism - embarrassment
Anticipated self-conscious emotions, such as pride and guilt, help individuals to behave in line with their personal and social standards regarding the environment. We seek to explore whether ths self-regulatory role of anticipated pride and guilt functions similarly across individuals from different cultures (N = 3854). We show that there are no differences across countries in the selfregulatory function of anticipated pride and guilt within collectivistic and indivudualistic cultures but that there are differences between collectivistic and individualistic cultures. For example, for individuals from individualistic countries, anticipated emotions are more strongly affected by attitudes than they are for individuals from collectivistic countries. The results provide a first indication that the function of emotions is more social in nature for individuals from collectivistic than individualistic cultures. These findings imply that cultural differences in the function of emotions are associated with cultural differences in self-construal.
A General Modeling Framework for Genome Ancestral Origins in Multiparental Populations
Zheng, C. ; Boer, M.P. ; Eeuwijk, F.A. van - \ 2014
Genetics 198 (2014). - ISSN 0016-6731 - p. 87 - 101.
recombinant inbred lines - advanced intercross lines - random mating populations - haplotype probabilities - identity - descent - coalescent - systems - stocks
he next generation of QTL (quantitative trait loci) mapping populations have been designed with multiple founders, where one to a number of generations of intercrossing are introduced prior to the inbreeding phase to increase accumulated recombinations and thus mapping resolution. Examples of such populations are Collaborative Cross (CC) in mice and Multiparent Advanced Generation Inter-Cross (MAGIC) lines in Arabidopsis. The genomes of the produced inbred lines are fine-grained random mosaics of the founder genomes. In this article, we present a novel framework for modeling ancestral origin processes along two homologous autosomal chromosomes from mapping populations, which is a major component in the reconstruction of the ancestral origins of each line for QTL mapping. We construct a general continuous time Markov model for ancestral origin processes, where the rate matrix is deduced from the expected densities of various types of junctions (recombination breakpoints). The model can be applied to monoecious populations with or without self-fertilizations and to dioecious populations with two separate sexes. The analytic expressions for map expansions and expected junction densities are obtained for mapping populations that have stage-wise constant mating schemes, such as CC and MAGIC. Our studies on the breeding design of MAGIC populations show that the intercross mating schemes do not matter much for large population size and that the overall expected junction density, and thus map resolution, are approximately proportional to the inverse of the number of founders.
How Norms Work: Self-Identification, Attitude, and Self-Efficacy Mediate the Relation between Descriptive Social Norms and Vegetable Intake
Stok, F.M. ; Verkooijen, K.T. ; Ridder, D.T.D. de; Wit, J.B.F. ; Vet, E. de - \ 2014
Applied Psychology : Health and Well-Being 6 (2014)2. - ISSN 1758-0846 - p. 230 - 250.
planned behavior - identity - consumption - information - obesity - fruit - diet
Background: The current studies aim to show that descriptive social norms influence vegetable intake and to investigate three potentially underlying processes (self-identification, attitude, and self-efficacy). Methods: In two studies, descriptive social norms regarding vegetable intake were manipulated (majority vs. minority norm). Study 1 investigated both the relation between baseline vegetable intake and self-identification, attitude, and self-efficacy, as well as the effect of the norm manipulation on vegetable intake over a one-week period. Study 2 investigated potential mediation of the effect of the manipulation on vegetable intake intentions through self-identification, attitude, and self-efficacy. Results: Study 1 showed that the proposed mediators were related to a baseline measure of vegetable intake. Moreover, in participants identifying strongly with the norm referent group, majority norms led to higher vegetable consumption than minority norms. Study 2 showed that the direct effect of the social norm manipulation on vegetable intake intentions was partly mediated by self-identification, attitude, and self-efficacy. Conclusions: These studies shed first light on processes underlying the effect of descriptive social norms on health behavior. A norm describing the behavior of a salient social group leads people to identify more with, have more positive attitudes toward, and feel more self-efficacious regarding that behavior.
When less sells more or less: The scarcity principle in wine choice
Herpen, E. van; Pieters, R. ; Zeelenberg, M. - \ 2014
Food Quality and Preference 36 (2014). - ISSN 0950-3293 - p. 153 - 160.
consumers - need - desirability - information - identity - quality - goods - price
When buying wine, consumers often need to infer unobservable characteristics of the wines that are available. Product scarcity in the store can signal that the quality of a wine is high, either because the product is deemed exclusive (when scarcity is supply-caused) or because the product is deemed popular (when scarcity is demand-caused). This “scarcity principle” has been observed in various contexts, and thus seems universal, but it is not. This study aims to show when scarcity of a specific wine increases consumer choice for this wine, and when it does not. Specifically, two experiments show that scarcity has little or no effect when consumers are less involved with the product category wine, that uniqueness goals can increase the effect of supply-caused scarcity on product choice, and that these uniqueness goals do not counteract the effect of demand-caused scarcity on choice. Thus, even consumers with a uniqueness goal respond positively to demand-caused scarcity. Moreover, the study shows that scarcity is effectively communicated not only through a verbal sales pitch but also through merely the visual display of the amount of shelf space provided for products and the amount of emptied shelf space as a signal of prior purchases. Keywords Involvement
Indian Youth in Goa: Scripted Performances of 'True Selves'
Groot, M. ; Horst, H.M. van der - \ 2014
Tourism Geographies 16 (2014)2. - ISSN 1461-6688 - p. 303 - 317.
rethinking authenticity - middle-class - identity - tourism
Goa is a popular touristic destination for middle-class youth in India. By studying their trips to Goa we renegotiate popular concepts in tourism studies, such as authenticity and escape, from the perspective of non-western tourist experiences. During ethnographic research, including both participant observation and interviews in Bangalore and Goa, interviewees emphasized Goa as a place where they could be their ‘true selves’. They juxtaposed this ‘true self’ with the traditional roles they performed back home. This contrasts with previous tourism studies, which argue that tourism can be seen as facilitating escape from alienating modern experiences. However, the tourist trips relayed in the interviews were highly repetitive. We therefore argue that notions of social practice and scripting of the performances of modern subject positions are more suitable means of interpretation than psychological notions of the self. Goa facilitates not the emergence of the ‘true self’ but rather the enactment of such a position in a scripted manner. We conclude that research on non-western tourists requires a reconsideration of some of the conceptual foundations of the field.
"The bullets sound like music to my ears" : socialization of child soldiers within African rebel groups
Vermeij, L. - \ 2014
University. Promotor(en): Thea Hilhorst, co-promotor(en): S.G. Gates; Gemma van der Haar. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461737700 - 292
socialisatie - identiteit - kinderen - soldaten - strijdkrachten - opstand - groepen - sociale integratie - oorlog - conflict - revolutie - afrika - socialization - identity - children - soldiers - armed forces - rebellion - groups - social integration - war - revolution - africa
Based on over 400 in-depth interviews with child soldiers and their commanders, this research reveals how rebel group socialization leads to allegiance among child soldiers and how this contributes to the creation of a cohesive group.
When Policy Hits the Ground. An Empirical Study of the Communication Practices of Project Managers of a Water Board in Conversations for Collaborative Governance
Lems, P. ; Aarts, N. ; Woerkum, C.M.J. van - \ 2013
Environmental Policy and Governance 23 (2013)4. - ISSN 1756-932X - p. 234 - 246.
conflict - frames - identity - forest
Civil servants organize collaborations with private actors with the aim of developing policy outcomes that fit environmental policy frameworks, shaping the course and outcome of collaborations through their communication practices. To investigate these practices and their effect, we conducted a case study, shadowing project managers from a Dutch water board. We identified two distinct communication practices: frame incorporation and frame amplification. These practices respectively expanded or narrowed a process of collaborative governance, either purposefully by building social capital or unintentionally by distancing the conversation partner and his concern. The structural difference between these practices suggests that civil servants lack shared practices that foster collaboration. Interestingly, in neither practice do the civil servants discursively acknowledge their dependence on their conversation partner's support, and thus they deny that they are participating in a negotiation process: they claim that their conversation partner should cooperate. In effect, their conversation partners bypass the incorporation and amplification practices. The research suggests that, of the two practices identified, only incorporation builds the social capital that enables civil servants to switch to another approach in future interactions and start an integrative negotiation on problems and solutions
Egalitarian norms, economic development, and ethnic polarization
Haagsma, R. ; Mouche, P.H.M. van - \ 2013
Journal of Comparative Economics 41 (2013)3. - ISSN 0147-5967 - p. 719 - 744.
cognitive-dissonance - civil-wars - conflict - identity - africa - societies - modernization - competition - inequality - diversity
Economic development generally implies that traditional egalitarian norms and beliefs are replaced by modern individualistic values. Particularly when opportunities for advancement are unequally presented to people, this transformation may be accompanied by polarization and violent conflict. We illustrate this point by describing the processes of land privatization in Sub-Saharan Africa and then present two models that capture some salient aspects of this transformation in rural communities, including the possibility of polarization. We find that the support of egalitarian norms is notably strong when new opportunities are available for only a few people or when the community is socially unstable. Moreover, in unstable communities, polarization is strongest when the group with the most lucrative opportunities comprises half the population.
Affective foodscapes in an economy of passion : repetition, opposition and adaptation in Mexican restaurants in Amsterdam, Madrid and San Francisco
Matus Ruiz, M. - \ 2012
University. Promotor(en): Leontine Visser, co-promotor(en): Gerard Verschoor; K. Lindström. - [S.l. : s.n. - ISBN 9789461732828 - 274
mexicaanse kookkunst - restaurants - eetgelegenheden - amsterdam - nederland - spanje - pacifische staten van de vs - vs - voedselconsumptie - identiteit - landschap - adaptatie - stedelijke samenleving - mexico - mexican cookery - dining facilities - netherlands - spain - pacific states of usa - usa - food consumption - identity - landscape - adaptation - urban society

from the
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“Real”‐ Mex

QTL linkage analysis of connected populations using ancestral marker and pedigree information
Bink, M.C.A.M. ; Radu Totir, L. ; Braak, C.J.F. ter; Winkler, C.R. ; Boer, M.P. ; Smith, O.S. - \ 2012
Theoretical and Applied Genetics 124 (2012)6. - ISSN 0040-5752 - p. 1097 - 1113.
quantitative trait loci - plant-populations - kernel hardness - dough strength - model - maize - selection - families - wheat - identity
The common assumption in quantitative trait locus (QTL) linkage mapping studies that parents of multiple connected populations are unrelated is unrealistic for many plant breeding programs. We remove this assumption and propose a Bayesian approach that clusters the alleles of the parents of the current mapping populations from locus-specific identity by descent (IBD) matrices that capture ancestral marker and pedigree information. Moreover, we demonstrate how the parental IBD data can be incorporated into a QTL linkage analysis framework by using two approaches: a Threshold IBD model (TIBD) and a Latent Ancestral Allele Model (LAAM). The TIBD and LAAM models are empirically tested via numerical simulation based on the structure of a commercial maize breeding program. The simulations included a pilot dataset with closely linked QTL on a single linkage group and 100 replicated datasets with five linkage groups harboring four unlinked QTL. The simulation results show that including parental IBD data (similarly for TIBD and LAAM) significantly improves the power and particularly accuracy of QTL mapping, e.g., position, effect size and individuals’ genotype probability without significantly increasing computational demand.
Zebrafish prox1b Mutants Develop a Lymphatic Vasculature, and prox1b Does Not Specifically Mark Lymphatic Endothelial Cells
Tao, S.J. ; Witte, M. ; Bryson-Richardson, R.J. ; Currie, P.D. ; Hogan, B.M. ; Schulte-Merker, S. - \ 2011
PLoS One 6 (2011)12. - ISSN 1932-6203
coup-tfii - redundant roles - xenopus-laevis - sox18 - gene - lymphangiogenesis - identity - system - maintenance - arteries
Background: The expression of the Prospero homeodomain transcription factor (Prox1) in a subset of cardinal venous cells specifies the lymphatic lineage in mice. Prox1 is also indispensible for the maintenance of lymphatic cell fate, and is therefore considered a master control gene for lymphangiogenesis in mammals. In zebrafish, there are two prox1 paralogues, the previously described prox1 (also known as prox1a) and the newly identified prox1b. Principal Findings: To investigate the role of the prox1b gene in zebrafish lymphangiogenesis, we knocked-down prox1b and found that depletion of prox1b mRNA did not cause lymphatic defects. We also generated two different prox1b mutant alleles, and maternal-zygotic homozygous mutant embryos were viable and did not show any lymphatic defects. Furthermore, the expression of prox1b was not restricted to lymphatic vessels during zebrafish development. Conclusion: We conclude that Prox1b activity is not essential for embryonic lymphatic development in zebrafish.
Recht en politiek in een tijd van globalisering
Pijnenburg, L.F.P. - \ 2011
Zoetermeer : Klement - ISBN 9789086870615 - 222
internationaal recht - recht - politiek - globalisering - filosofie - nationaal bewustzijn - naties (landen) - psychologie - cultuur - identiteit - culturele psychologie - mensenrechten - morele waarden - moraal - ethiek - europese unie - integratie - besluitvorming - wereld - international law - law - politics - globalization - philosophy - national consciousness - nations - psychology - culture - identity - cultural psychology - human rights - moral values - moral - ethics - european union - integration - decision making - world
Wat betekenen de sterk toegenomen migratie in de wereld en de gestage totstandkoming van een wereldmaatschappij voor de manier waarop we onszelf en de ander zien? Wat zijn de gevolgen van deze globalisering voor ons begrip van politiek en voor de vorming van nationale en culturele identiteiten? Op welke manier kunnen we onze idealen van vrede, vrijheid en rechtvaardigheid op een duurzame manier realiseren in een wereld waarin we steeds meer afhankelijk van elkaar worden? In de hier bijeengebrachte rechts- en politiek-filosofische opstellen verkent Habermas de mogelijkheden van de democratie voorbij de grenzen van de natiestaat, de politieke en morele uitdagingen waarvoor de Europese Unie zich gesteld ziet en de status van de mondiale mensenrechten. Hij ontwikkelt een gedetailleerd, veeldimensionaal model van transnationaal en supranationaal bestuur op basis van het kantiaanse kosmopolitisme en plaatst dit in de context van de negentiende- en twintigste-eeuwse ontwikkelingen op het gebied van het internationaal recht. Wat Europa betreft, bepleit Habermas een politiek van geleidelijke integratie waarbij de belangrijke beslissingen over de toekomst van Europa worden gelegd in de handen van de volken die er deel van uitmaken. Alleen door zich meer en meer te verenigen zal Europa, in nauwe samenwerking met de Verenigde Staten, mede gestalte kunnen geven aan een stabielere en evenwichtiger wereldorde.
Het Landgoedvenster – Een nieuw instrument voor de maatschappelijke ontwikkeling van landgoederen
Alebeek, F.A.N. van; Vijn, M.P. ; Schoutsen, M.A. - \ 2011
Lelystad : PPO AGV - 34
landgoederen - landschap - identiteit - landschapsbeleving - landgebruik - opinies - inventarisaties - estates - landscape - identity - landscape experience - land use - opinions - inventories
Landgoederen spelen vanouds een vooraanstaande rol in het integraal en multifunctioneel inrichten en beheren van de groene ruimte. Zij moeten zich telkens opnieuw vernieuwen om vitaal te blijven. Dat kan alleen als zij zich bewust verhouden tot de Nederlandse verstedelijkte samenleving. Zij moeten ook zorgen dat zij gezien worden om die plek te behouden. Zij zullen zichtbaar moeten maken wat hun rol en waarden zijn voor de maatschappelijke behoeften van hun omgeving. In het project ‘Landgoed in 3D!’ zoeken vooruitstrevende landgoedeigenaren naar een nieuwe visie op de rol van landgoederen. Deze landgoederen zijn: - Landgoed Beekzicht te Voorst; - Landgoed Vilsteren; - Landgoed Tongeren te Maarn; Landgoed Grootstal te Nijmegen
Fresh fruit and vegetables and the added value of antioxidants: Attitudes of non-, light, and heavy organic food users
Bartels, J. ; Berg, I. van den - \ 2011
British Food Journal 113 (2011)11. - ISSN 0007-070X - p. 1339 - 1352.
organizational identification - company identification - health - consumers - disease - choice - willingness - identity - behavior - innovativeness
Purpose – This study aims to focus on how to capitalise on the natural and logical alliance of nutrients in the marketing of fresh fruit and vegetables. Design/methodology/approach – A Dutch survey study was carried out among a representative sample of the Dutch population (n=492). Respondents filled out a questionnaire on: perceptions of fresh fruit and vegetables; interest in, knowledge of, and trust in, antioxidants and fresh fruit and vegetables; domain-specific innovativeness and social identification; means of communication; and information-seeking and buying behaviour. Findings – Based on consumption patterns, respondents were divided into non-, light and heavy organic food users. Results show that there are significant differences between the three consumer groups on domain specific innovativeness, social identification and attitudes towards antioxidants in fresh fruit and vegetables. Practical implications – Non-users of organic food are difficult to reach with communication regarding nutrients and organic produce, in contrast to light and heavy users. Light users could be triggered by more peripheral message cues, while heavy users are more sensitive to the content of the message. Differentiated strategies for light and heavy users of organic food should be developed in order to effectively communicate the added value of nutrients in fresh fruit and vegetables. Originality/value – This study is the first to examine the role of domain specific innovativeness and social identification in attitudes towards antioxidants in fresh fruit and vegetables. The empirical findings from this study are expected to benefit the continued development on health communication messages
Cultural Emergency in Conflict and Disaster
Frerks, G.E. ; Klein Goldewijk, B. - \ 2011
Rotterdam : NAi-publishers - ISBN 9789056628178 - 480
cultuur - cultureel erfgoed - culturele waarden - identiteit - rampen - oorlog - erfgoed - culture - cultural heritage - cultural values - identity - disasters - war - heritage areas
All that we're wrecking is stones" was Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar's dismissal of the Taliban's destruction of the Buddhas of Bamyan, the largest standing statues of Buddha in the world. The intention of the fighters was not only the destruction of foreign idols, but breaking the soul of a culture. Cultural Emergency in Conflict and Disaster insists that culture is a necessity for national self-respect. International heritage specialists, relief workers and politicians discuss the importance of protecting cultural heritage that is threatened by war and calamity; and reports on projects in conflict zones are augmented by contributions on international administrative and legal aspects, as well as political and socio-cultural perspectives. The result is both an indictment of the senseless destruction of cultural heritage and an argument for culture as a priority in processes of restoration and reconstruction.
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