Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Quick scan of implementation actions for sustainable forest management in The Netherlands
Hendriks, C.M.A. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research - 33 p.
forest administration - international cooperation - government policy - forest policy - sustainable development - biobased economy - bosbeheer - internationale samenwerking - overheidsbeleid - bosbeleid - duurzame ontwikkeling
Duurzaam bosbeheer (Sustainable Forest Management: SFM) is van groot belang voor de duurzame instandhouding van het bosareaal met de bijbehorende biodiversiteit en ecosysteem diensten zoals hout productie, opslag van koolstof en recreatie. Voor de bescherming van bossen en functies zijn in diverse internationale fora afspraken gemaakt over SFM. Nederlandse regering heeft de afspraken om SFM te stimuleren in het kader van deze fora onderschreven en uitgewerkt in het beleid. Vanwege de vele verdragen, programma’s en afspraken ontbreekt momenteel een overzicht van acties die in Nederland daadwerkelijk invulling geven aan (internationale) afspraken over SFM . Om te kunnen verantwoorden hoe Nederland zijn internationale afspraken heeft geïmplementeerd hebben beleidsmakers bij de rijksoverheid behoefte aan meer inzicht in het aantal en het soort implementatieacties met betrekking tot SFM van de Nederlandse bossen . In deze studie wordt met een quick scan een globaal overzicht gegeven van implementatie acties waarmee de Nederlandse Rijksoverheid invulling geeft aan de internationale afspraken voor SFM in het Forest Europe - proces met betrekking tot bossen en bosbeheer in Nederland .
On the edge of fluidity: international cooperation in turbulent times
Umans, Laurent - \ 2016
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Han Wiskerke, co-promotor(en): Alberto Arce. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579033 - 202
development cooperation - policy processes - international cooperation - bolivia - actor-network theory - netherlands - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - beleidsprocessen - internationale samenwerking - actor-network theorie - nederland

This thesis reflects the results of action-research carried out in development cooperation, policy development and diplomacy. Research was conducted in three communities in Bolivia as well as in the offices of development practitioners, policy makers and diplomats. The research focuses on international cooperation in practice and as a practice. In this thesis I share my insights on how strategies, approaches and policies affect and shape international cooperation. In practice, development practitioners tend to shape their practices as interventions in order to fix the recipient’s problems through transfers. They shape the so-called beneficiaries’ social, discursive, political and performative practices. They assume policies will guide their actions through straightforward implementation. This might work very efficiently and effectively in rather simple situations in which entities (singular things or phenomena) and relations are separable, processes are linear and causality is easily understood. Both this interventionist type of development cooperation and simple situations are characterized by assumptions regarding high levels of differentiation, segmentation, predictability and stability.

If the situation becomes complex rather than simple, which is often the case in development cooperation, then entities are still separable but relations have become inseparable (one relation affects other relations). And processes have become non-linear (feedback loops). I argue that in such a complex situation, development cooperation can best be shaped by the facilitation strategy and the fit-in-context approach. And it is better to understand policies as not being transferred through intermediaries but as being translated through mediators during implementation. To understand how ‘shaping’ takes place in such complex situations, the Actor-oriented approach and Actor-Network Theory are a useful frameworks.

In my field research I noted that besides being complex, the reality I encountered can be fluid. This occurs when even the entities are inseparable, unstable, undifferentiated, volatile, turbulent or undetermined. I will give four examples. First, the Yuracaré corregimientos. These are territorial subdivisions. My research revealed that near the river they are demarcated by clear points and lines and that inside the forest their boundaries is blurred. So their nature is partly bounded and neat as well as partly amorphous and fused. The second example is about a sawmill. The sawmill the Yuracaré received from a development organization, has multiple, sticky imprints. These make its boundary blurred. Its nature is not a material singularity (one machine) but a socio-material assemblage of materialities and embodied knowledges, meanings, etc. Its sticky, blurred nature makes it inseparable from its earlier context. The third example is about inseparable policy issues. My research revealed that traide is an emerging policy assemblage which merges aid and trade and dissolves the traditional dividing line between those policy fields or practices. Finally, the example of Earth-beings. These are unknowns rather than determined entities. These various rather undifferentiated ‘objects’ that I encountered in my research, are causes for failure and surprise. They escape the common practice and notions used in international cooperation. Therefore, I propose different concepts to analyse them: becomings rather than beings and multities rather than entities.

These becomings and multities render the situation fluid rather than complex. This poses challenges for development cooperation, policy development and diplomacy in practice. Instead of intervention or facilitation I argue there is a need to encourage self-development and to not be afraid to let-go. This strategy requires a different set of social, discursive, political and performative practices. Instead of the ‘fix-their-problems’ or ‘fit-in-context’ approaches, this research shows a need for a ‘go-with-the-flow approach’. Instead of controlling or mediating the policy cycle, there is a need to give space for creative reassembling.

In these ways fluidity affects international cooperation as practice. Becomings and multities reveal a viscous reality of different differences. The entities constitute a topographic, solid space-time of points (positions), lines (relations, transitions), figures, extensions, phases, calculations and external references. The multities constitute a topological, fluid space-time of vectors, manifolds, intensities, flows (transformations), escapes and self-references. The solid and fluid are not separable but co-constituted and form an immanent viscous entirety. In this thesis, the viscosity does not refer to the nature or physicality of materiality but viscosity refers to the nature of realities, that is to see, it is ontological. Realities of different natures are enfolding in a continuous movement in-between becoming-a-being (stabilizing, differentiating) and being-a-becoming (destabilizing, deterritorializing). In such dynamic realities, development is not an externally aided or imposed transition from A to B but is always self-development of a partly amorphous assemblage. Development as a becoming is a transformation and movement in-between A and B (solid and fluid). Development cooperation is neither shaped by transfers nor actor-networking but by the continuous practices of assembling in the midst of processes of de- and reterritorialization. And policy development is not a cyclical process in time (where formulation is followed by implementation) but a movement in space-time, with stabilizing forces and escapes affecting the assemblages (see Chapter 6).

As part of working in and studying international cooperation I also engaged with the practice of diplomacy (see Chapter 7). My research focuses on the changing bilateral relationship between the Netherlands and Bolivia. Both governments explored and desired a relation among equals. Equality was to be found in mutually beneficial geo-economic cooperation. In the new bilateral relationship, the lithium deposits in Bolivia became central, but the nature of lithium was differently perceived. Lithium can be conceived of as a passive natural resource out there. It is a chemical, inert substance placed in the periodic table of the elements. However, in Andean ontologies, lithium is an animated matter, an Earth-being. Through Andean practice, lithium is enacted as being alive and it must be taken care of. These different natures of lithium were negotiated in the diplomatic encounter I studied. What was foreign to politics (the natures of nature) has become part of foreign politics. This ontological politics is a transformative force for diplomacy as a practice. Diplomacy, seen as the art of overcoming incommensurable differences, is no longer merely a geopolitical or geo-economic affair but it became an ontological affair. It is needed to address peacefully the different ways of shaping, thinking and enacting worlds. The world is not only prior to practice (in terms of acting and performing) but a practice is prior to the world. The performativity of practice is enacting the world. Diplomats then become creative world-makers.

Through a different practice, people bring different and multiple worlds into being. These multiple worlds can have different natures. I argue there is a need for acknowledging the different natures of the natural and of the human. The political nature of negotiating and enacting (often implicitly) different ontologies has to be acknowledged and should become part of diplomacy. The significance of this particular diplomatic practice no longer lies in the negotiation of incommensurable political positions but in negotiating incommensurable ontologies and worlds. In turbulent times, diplomacy is needed more than ever but simultaneously in need of transformation and expansion.

Finally, diplomatic skills are needed in social sciences to address certain biases towards the topographical, particularly in Actor-Network Theory. A Deleuzian complementation, focusing on the varying intensities of separability, differentiation, stability and determination, would bring in more symmetry between the topographical and topological.

Stelling : "we moeten ons meer richten op houtproductie hier in Nederland om de bossen elders op de wereld te beschermen"
Prins, Herbert - \ 2016
forest administration - woody plants - logging - timber production - biodiversity - natural value - netherlands - international cooperation - discussion
‘Nu oogsten van kennisbundeling bedekte biologische teelten’ : afronding internationaal project Biogreenhouse
Meijer, Rob - \ 2016
horticulture - greenhouse horticulture - knowledge transfer - organic farming - cropping systems - conferences - agricultural research - international cooperation - legislation - turkey

In april 2016 komen onderzoekers, studenten, adviseurs, toeleveranciers en tuinbouwondernemers bijeen voor het internationale symposium over bedekte biologische teelten in Izmir. Na vier jaar stopt dan officieel het netwerk Biogreenhouse. “Voor de tijd daarna is het van belang dat mensen elkaar hebben leren kennen en elkaar makkelijker kunnen vinden”, concludeert Rob Meijer

Using genetic resources : Rules for international exchange
Crisson, L.J.R. ; Visser, L. - \ 2016
genetische bronnen van diersoorten - genetische bronnen van plantensoorten - genetische bronnen - internationale verdragen - internationale samenwerking - eu regelingen - diversiteit - animal genetic resources - plant genetic resources - genetic resources - international agreements - international cooperation - eu regulations - diversity
International rules for the exchange and use of genetic resources have been agreed upon, and providers and users are obliged to follow these rules. This folder provides background information on the relevant international agreements, explains various terms that are often used, and provides basic guidance for users seeking access to genetic resources. This folder is relevant for all Dutch public institutes, companies and individuals using genetic resources for research and development.
De Nederlandse veehouderij sector & internationale netwerken
Andeweg, K. ; Leenstra, F.R. - \ 2015
Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Livestock Research rapport 935) - 28 p.
veehouderij - dierlijke productie - duurzame veehouderij - internationale samenwerking - landbouwsector - multi-stakeholder processen - nederland - livestock farming - animal production - sustainable animal husbandry - international cooperation - agricultural sector - multi-stakeholder processes - netherlands
The Dutch government aims to link her support to international multi-stakeholder platforms, like the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock, to the needs of Dutch companies that are active in animal production in developing countries. This should contribute to the policy goals for realising food security and sustainable animal production systems worldwide. Interviews with tine Dutch companies and organisations indicate that the Dutch companies mainly see a position for the multi-stakeholder platforms in developing a regional or thematic dialogue on priorities and possible solutions. The aims of the different multi-stakeholder networks and other instruments that the government supports must be concrete and results should be evaluated on a regular basis. There are possibilities for networks operating on a global and on a regional level to strengthen each other.
Potato production systems in different agro ecological regions and their relation with climate change
Blom-Zandstra, M. ; Verhagen, A. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR (Report / Plant Research International 614) - 32
akkerbouw - aardappelen - consumptieaardappelen - klimaatverandering - agro-ecologische zones - internationale samenwerking - arable farming - potatoes - table potatoes - climatic change - agroecological zones - international cooperation
Climate change is a key issue which has the potential to change the production and processing landscape. Clearly potato production systems will have to respond to the impacts of climate change in addition greenhousegass emissions energy from arable lands will have to be managed.This document provides background on potato production systems, starting with a scoping of global production systems and tries to identify key issues for policy and research. It is meant as a starting point for discussion and collaboration on GRA relevant topics. The outcome of this process will be used to create regional or global networks on the identified topics.
Bangladesh - The Netherlands : 50 years of water cooperation
Braak, B. ter; Staveren, M.F. van - \ 2015
Netherlands Water Partnership (NWP) - 23
hoogwaterbeheersing - waterverontreiniging - verziltingsbestrijding - internationale samenwerking - nederland - bangladesh - flood control - water pollution - salinity control - international cooperation - netherlands
Cooperation between Bangladesh and the Netherlands in the water sector goes back over half a century. We have worked together on flood management, drainage, river basin management and coastal zone management – creating safe polders and making land available for the landless. And together with NGOs and the private sector we have improved access to safe water and sanitation for millions of people in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has an impressive track record for growth and development, and aspires to be a middle-income country within the next ten years. So over the past few years our relationship has gradually evolved from a single focus on development cooperation to a stronger emphasis on trade and investment, creating opportunities for Dutch and Bangladeshi companies to do business.
Knowledge for Climate 2008-2014
Driessen, P.P.J. ; Vellinga, P. ; Deelen, C.L. van; Slegers, M.F.W. ; Döpp, S. ; Heinen, M. ; Pater, F. de; Piek, O. ; Nieuwaal, K. van - \ 2015
Utrecht : Foundation Knowledge for Climate (Report / Knowledge for Climate KfC 153/2015) - ISBN 9789492100146 - 132
klimaatverandering - regionale planning - waterbeheer - besluitvorming - internationale samenwerking - climatic change - regional planning - water management - decision making - international cooperation
This is the final report (eindrapport) of the national Knowledge for Climate (KfC) research program. The program was set up in 2007 to explore the consequences of climate change for the Netherlands and how they should be managed. To that end, an independent foundation was established with the objective of “promoting evidence-based and practice- driven knowledge about climate in the public interest, including making that knowledge available to the public. The foundation has achieved that objective, together with stakeholders, by organizing and funding research and encouraging the processes of knowledge dissemination and application. Follow-up foundations are: Delta Alliance International, Climate Adaptation Services, Waterbuffer Foundation. The program did not aim to influence regional and local authorities directly. It provided the knowledge needed to improve decision-making regarding long term spatial planning investments. The program provided the tools – for example the Climate Adaptation Atlas – so that local and regional authorities can get to work on adaptation.
Global Food Security Governance: Civil Society Engagement in the Reformed Committee on World Food Security
Duncan, J.A.B. - \ 2015
Abingdon, Oxon : Earthscan (Routledge Studies in Food, Society and the Environment ) - ISBN 9781138802520 - 246
food security - international cooperation - food policy - food and agriculture organization - un - voedselzekerheid - internationale samenwerking - beleid inzake voedsel - voedsel- en landbouworganisatie - vn
In 2007/8 world food prices spiked and global economic crisis set in, leaving hundreds of millions of people unable to access adequate food. The international reaction was swift. In a bid for leadership, the 123 member countries of the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security (CFS) adopted a series of reforms with the aim of becoming the foremost international, inclusive and intergovernmental platform for food security. Central to the reform was the inclusion of participants (including civil society and the private sector) across all activities of the Committee. Drawing on data collected from policy documents, interviews and participant observation, this book examines the re-organization and functioning of a UN Committee that is coming to be known as a best practice in global governance. Framed by key challenges that plague global governance, the impact and implication of increased civil society engagement are examined by tracing policy negotiations within the CFS, in particular, policy roundtables on smallholder sensitive investment and food price volatility and negotiations on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, and the Global Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition. The author shows that through their participation in the Committee, civil society actors are influencing policy outcomes. Yet analysis also reveals that the CFS is being undermined by other actors seeking to gain and maintain influence at the global level. By way of this analysis, this book provides empirically-informed insights into increased participation in global governance processes.
Metropolitan food supply in Egypt : market analysis hydroponics production for selected urban areas
Waldhauer, N. ; Soethoudt, J.M. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research (Report / Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research 1551) - ISBN 9789462574052 - 24
hydrocultuur - marketingkanalen - toekomst - internationale samenwerking - impact van toerisme - kosten-batenanalyse - egypte - hydroponics - marketing channels - future - international cooperation - tourism impact - cost benefit analysis - egypt
Metropolitan food supply in Egypt : hydroponics production of leafy vegetables
Waldhauer, N. ; Broek, W.H.A.M. van den; Soethoudt, J.M. ; Boerrigter, H.A.M. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research (Report / Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research 1548) - ISBN 9789462574038 - 15
hydrocultuur - voedselzekerheid - verliezen na de oogst - internationale samenwerking - proefprojecten - kosten-batenanalyse - egypte - voedselvoorziening - hydroponics - food security - postharvest losses - international cooperation - pilot projects - cost benefit analysis - egypt - food supply
This study incorporates the follow up activities of the two earlier missions of Wageningen UR/Food & Biobased Research (FBR) to Egypt, the exploration mission of 2013 (Broek and Boerrigter, 2014a) and the commitment mission of 2014 (Broek, Boerrigter and Waldhauer, 2014b), targeting the improvement of food security in Egypt in general and the reduction of post-harvest losses in particular.
KB WOT Fisheries 2015 - Maintaining Excellence and Innovation in Fisheries Research
Damme, C.J.G. van; Verver, S.W. - \ 2015
IJmuiden : Centrum voor Visserijonderzoek (Report / CVO 15.002) - 120
visserij - visserijbeheer - monitoring - innovaties - internationale samenwerking - remote sensing - toegepast onderzoek - fisheries - fishery management - innovations - international cooperation - applied research
The KB WOT Fisheries programme is essential to the maintenance and development of the expertise which are needed for the Dutch statutory obligations in fisheries monitoring and advice. The contents of the KB WOT Fisheries programme for 2015 reflects the needs of the research developments the WOT fisheries programme. The strength of the KB WOT Fisheries programme is the bottom up approach which calls for projects and thus allowing innovation. As this can also be seen as a risk to missing research priorities, part of the programme also calls for specific projects relevant to IMARES and EZ needs. The KB WOT Fisheries programme will fund 14 projects in 2015 which will focus on remote sensing of fish and shell fish, the interaction of ecology and fisheries and new techniques for surveys and development of assessment methods. The programme will increase the ability of the WOT programme to ensure that fisheries advice is responsive to ecological change. This report describes the framework for the 2015 programme and the proposed research which will be carried out in 2015.
Internationalisering Nederlandse kennis aquacultuur
Abbink, W. ; Dieren, G. van - \ 2015
Yerseke : IMARES (Rapport / IMARES Wageningen UR C016/15) - 13
aquacultuur - kweekvis - nederland - kennisoverdracht - internationale samenwerking - internationaal onderwijs - aquaculture - farmed fish - netherlands - knowledge transfer - international cooperation - international education
Ondanks dat viskweek in Nederland een bescheiden sector is, zijn veel Nederlandse aquacultuurbedrijven en kennisinstellingen mondiaal actief. Vanuit het Ministerie van Economische Zaken (EZ) wordt gewerkt aan de versterking van de internationale samenwerking tussen onderwijs/kennisinstellingen en het bedrijfsleven op aquacultuurgebied. In dat kader heeft EZ aan IMARES gevraagd om te inventariseren welke kansen er zijn voor internationalisering van Nederlandse kennis op het gebied van aquacultuur en een strategie te ontwikkelen hoe dit geoperationaliseerd zou kunnen worden.
De leerervaringen en oogst van Greenport Holland International
Hoes, A.C. ; Groot, N.S.P. de - \ 2014
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI 14-084) - 20
tuinbouw - wereldmarkten - export - internationale samenwerking - internationale handel - nederland - ondernemerschap - kennisoverdracht - technologieoverdracht - horticulture - world markets - exports - international cooperation - international trade - netherlands - entrepreneurship - knowledge transfer - technology transfer
Ervaringen uit het recente verleden tonen aan dat het een uitdaging is om de Nederlandse tuinbouw te internationaliseren. Hoewel Nederlandse tuinbouwproducten (zoals bloemen) ver over de Nederlandse grenzen worden geëxporteerd, is dit niet het geval voor de Nederlandse tuinbouwexpertise. Het Businessplan Greenport Holland International (2011) schetst dat de trends van urbanisatie en stijging van koopkracht zorgen voor opkomende markten die behoefte hebben aan lokale grootschalige tuinbouw. Nederland zou een rol kunnen spelen in het vervullen van deze behoefte. GHI onderneemt verschillende activiteiten om de internationalisering van de Nederlandse Tuinbouw te ondersteunen. Zo organiseert GHI onder andere buitenlandse missies, neemt deel aan internationale conferenties en laat marktverkenningsstudies uitvoeren. Welke lessen zijn er geleerd met betrekking tot de gehanteerde werkwijze van GHI? In hoeverre hebben de activiteiten van GHI Founding Fathers geholpen met de internationalisering van hun ondernemingen?
International governance of biodiversity : searching for renewal
Selnes, T. ; Kamphorst, D.A. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Statutory Research Tasks Unit for Nature & the Environment (WOT Natuur & Milieu) (WOt-technical report 22) - 59
biodiversiteit - internationale samenwerking - natuurbeleid - governance - biodiversity - international cooperation - nature conservation policy
This study is about improving the governance of biodiversity. The challenges are many: low awareness leads to poor policies and insufficient capacity, and conservation appears unappealing compared to short-term economic exploitation. We searched the Internet for new types of initiatives, and found that many initiatives are based on the greening of decision making through capacity building and an area-specific focus where the approach includes developing new and better forms of finance. The main finding is that these types of renewal should be strengthened by investments in institutional crafting. We define institutional crafting as learning and being able to identify and interpret dominant institutions, understanding resistance to these institutions, and judging their strengths and weaknesses in order to act accordingly, e.g. by using and changing the institutions for biodiversity purposes. We regard this as a craft, which has to be learned and used to improve governance.
Rapportage werkbezoek Zuid-Korea
Baptist, M.J. - \ 2014
Den Burg : IMARES (Rapport / IMARES ) - 22
mariene gebieden - republiek korea - wadden - wetlands - informatieverspreiding - internationale samenwerking - nederland - marine areas - korea republic - tidal flats - diffusion of information - international cooperation - netherlands
Sinds 2009 bestaat er een samenwerkingsovereenkomst tussen de trilaterale waddenzeestaten en Korea. In de afgelopen vijf jaar is er veel bereikt, vooral op het gebied van educatie en voorlichting, en zijn diverse MoU bijeenkomsten gehouden. Voor de komende jaren is de doelstelling om meer aan wetenschap, management en monitoring te doen. In dat kader is een nadere samenwerking op de vakgebieden van monitoring en onderzoek naar benthische ecologie en morfologie gevraagd.
De haalbaarheid van een Rijn-Maas-Schelde Academie: een verkenning van nut en noodzaak
Veraart, J.A. ; Leemans, R. - \ 2014
Utrecht : Kennis voor Klimaat (KvKrapport 137/2014) - ISBN 9789492100061 - 54
economische ontwikkeling - haalbaarheidsstudies - internationale samenwerking - kennismanagement - grensgebieden - zuidwest-nederland - vlaanderen - economic development - feasibility studies - international cooperation - knowledge management - frontier areas - south-west netherlands - flanders
In de Zuidwestelijke Delta en het Schelde estuarium zijn er in de afgelopen jaren door Neder-landse en Vlaamse overheden verschillende ambities en beleidsopgaven verwoord op het gebied van waterveiligheid, zoetwatervoorziening, toegankelijkheid, economische ontwikke-ling en gedeeltelijk herstel van estuariene dynamiek. Sommige actoren zijn bezorgd dat bij het programmeren van onderzoek en het interpreteren van de onderzoekresultaten belan-gen en sectorale denklijnen de ontwikkeling van een breed gedragen visie over de delta be-moeilijken. Deze haalbaarheidsstudie heeft verkend hoe verschillende Nederlandse en Vlaamse partijen staan tegenover het idee van een wetenschappelijk intermediaire organisatie die voorziet in een structurele en solide basis van wetenschappelijke informatie voor de Rijn-Maas-Schelde Delta. De studie is uitgevoerd aan de hand van zeventien semigestructureerde interviews met organisaties die betrokken zijn bij het uitzetten, het uitvoeren en programmeren van onderzoek. De interviews zijn gedaan in de periode juni 2013 – juni 2014. Uit deze studie blijkt dat de benaderde organisaties in Nederland en Vlaanderen elkaar goed kennen via diverse netwerken. Op het eerste gezicht lijkt iedereen tevreden over het proces van kennisvragen articuleren, onderzoek uitzetten en kennisontwikkeling. Toch worden er ook een aantal problemen benoemd die liggen op het raakvlak tussen verdiepend, toege-past, beleidsondersteunend en innovatief onderzoek. Het nut van een Rijn-Maas-Schelde Academie (RMS) wordt echter maar door een kleine meerderheid van de respondenten on-derschreven. De meerderheid vindt een dergelijk initiatief niet noodzakelijk. Samenwerking met Vlaanderen wordt door veel respondenten nuttig geacht op het gebied van onderzoek-programmering en een RMS initiatief zou kansen kunnen creëren voor binationaal onder-zoek.
IPBES: garantie voor succes?
Sluis, T. van der; Turnhout, E. - \ 2014
Landschap : tijdschrift voor landschapsecologie en milieukunde 31 (2014)2. - ISSN 0169-6300 - p. 88 - 89.
biodiversiteit - ecosystemen - natuurbeleid - economische ontwikkeling - capaciteitsopbouw - internationale samenwerking - biodiversity - ecosystems - nature conservation policy - economic development - capacity building - international cooperation
Het IPBES streeft naar het wereldwijd beschikbaar maken van biodiversiteitsinformatie voor beleid. Het heeft de potentie om net als het IPCC een belangrijke rol te spelen in het publieke en politieke debat, maar er zijn ook belangrijke verschillen. IPBES is breder en richt zich sterker dan het IPCC op implementatie, beleidsondersteuning en capacity building. In deze bijdrage de recente ontwikkelingen in het IPBES : Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).
Milking to Potential : Joint Dairy Sector Development in Emerging Economies
Lee, J. van der; Westenbrink, G. - \ 2014
Wageningen UR
melkveehouderij - zuivelindustrie - economische ontwikkeling - economie van de veehouderij - internationale samenwerking - kennisoverdracht - ontwikkelingshulp - internationale handel - economisch beleid - nederland - veehouderij - dairy farming - dairy industry - economic development - livestock economics - international cooperation - knowledge transfer - development aid - international trade - economic policy - netherlands - livestock farming
Dairy sectors all over the world are being challenged by expanding populations and economic growth. A growing demand for dairy products has led to a significant increase in Dutch public and private involvement in dairy activities in Africa and Asia, creating new opportunities for many different stakeholders. A fresh approach to joint dairy sector development is called for—one that helps stakeholders to create a shared language, shared objectives, and a shared strategy. The framework presented here is part of a dialogue organised by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs as part of it’s policy to better connect development aid, trade and investments.
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