Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Seed for change : the making and implementation of seed policies in Ethiopia
Hassena Beko, Mohammed - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Bernd van der Meulen, co-promotor(en): Bram de Jonge; Otto Hospes; Niels Louwaars. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463436687 - 151
governance - agricultural policy - policy processes - agricultural sector - seed production - government policy - ethiopia - east africa - landbouwbeleid - beleidsprocessen - landbouwsector - zaadproductie - overheidsbeleid - ethiopië - oost-afrika

Ethiopia is an agrarian country where agriculture dominates the economy, and thus agriculture is considered as an engine of growth by the government. Seed as one of the agricultural technologies, in fact, a carrier of many technologies, is critical to increasing production, but the use of quality seed from formal sources in Ethiopia is very limited. The current Ethiopian government has focused on agricultural development and has developed different policies both for agriculture in general and for the seed sector in particular. Following the developmental state approach, the government intensified its involvement in the seed sector to enhance agricultural development. Despite the policies and efforts of the government, a shortage of seed, a mismatch between demand and supply, the carryover of seed despite not satisfying the demand of farmers, and poor seed quality have been persistent challenges to the Ethiopian seed sector. Many studies have identified technical gaps that limit the development of the seed sector, and some of the studies have also discussed the extent to which policy responds to existing problems, and the extent to which what is in the policy documents is implemented. However, the causes of these ‘gaps’ are seldom discussed. The lack of such knowledge limits the understanding of the challenges, making it difficult to properly support the seed sector. For these reasons, this research has gone beyond the mere identification of ‘gaps’, aiming to analyse how actors and institutions influence seed policy making and implementation in Ethiopia.

The goal of this research is twofold: to narrow the knowledge gap about policy making and implementation in the Ethiopian seed sector, and to contribute to the debate concerning how to make the seed sector function better. The central research question is: how did actors and institutions influence the formulation and implementation of seed policies in Ethiopia from 2008 to 2016? The empirical research to answer this overall research question addresses two processes: policy making and policy implementation. These include the process of revising the 2000 Ethiopian seed law and the process of implementing direct seed marketing. By analysing these two processes, the thesis unravels how actors and associated institutions have influenced seed policy making and implementation in Ethiopia. The major sources of data were interviews of actors in the seed sector, and desk research of different reports. Guided by theoretical concepts, the research used qualitative methods to generate and analyse data.

Given the complexity of societal phenomenon, several analytical lenses have been used to examine the data in this research. In order to explain how actors negotiate the content of a policy document, including defining the problem and solution, the concept of discourse analysis is used, focusing on frame, the rounds model, and the policy arena. Similarly, to explain the process of implementing the existing policy and the outcome, the concepts of multi-level perspective on transition, transition management, non-decision making, and institutional lock-in are used. While using these analytical lenses to explain seed policy making and implementation, the concept of institutions has remained a central concept.

Chapter 2 analyses the negotiation process, looking into the topics of seed sector governance and variety registration. The analysis reveals that different policy arenas provide opportunities for different actors to place their preferred policy options on the table, and to get them incorporated into the draft working document. While this is a positive step towards a deliberative policy making, the final decision is made by the executive branch of the government. Such a process can be explained by two informal institutions. These are the loose connection between the drafting arenas and the decision-making arenas, and the blurred separation of power between the executive and the legislature. At the Council of Ministers (CoM), where the critical decisions are made, the ministry presents its perspective, particularly on issues where disagreement exists between the ministry and other actors. The council uses the content of the draft and the justification of the ministry for endorsing the draft policy document. Moreover, the parliament can change the content of the draft policy document only if the ministry agrees with the change, regardless of the arguments and justifications provided by other stakeholders. Thus, the inputs of stakeholders are considered as long as the ministry agrees with the suggestions, and the policy decision remains in the hands of the ministry.

Chapter 3 presents the different frames used by different actors to describe the problem of seed quality. While government officials attribute the problem of seed quality to the lack of alignment between the seed sector governance and the regional government structure, experts and bureaucrats attribute the problem to the lack of coordination at national level. As a result, they respectively suggest the decentralization and centralization of seed sector governance. These frames are embedded in the overall interest and strategy of the actors promoting the frames. The centralization frame reflects the interest of experts and bureaucrats to have a say with regards to the seed sector. They have lost this power because of the federal structure that was established formally in 1995. On the contrary, the decentralization frame is embedded in the government’s aim to implement the constitution that established the federal structure in 1995. Despite the fact that the process of revising the seed law took about four years, these actors could not agree on either of the options or find an alternative. This shows a lack of deliberation and reflexivity during the process of revising the seed law, reflecting the fact that seed policy discussion has been part of a larger debate about (de)centralization in Ethiopia since 1991. Thus, in addition to the issue of seed quality, the frames of centralization and decentralization are shaped by the old (unitary) and the new (federal) institutions of the Ethiopian government system.

Chapter 4 focuses on the process of introducing and expanding direct seed marketing (DSM) in Ethiopia. Despite the fact that seed marketing is included in the policies on paper, the seed of major food crops is distributed through government channels resulting in inefficiency of seed distribution. The regional seed core groups introduced DSM in 2011, and by 2016 about one-third of the hybrid maize seed, the main seed marketed in Ethiopia, in Amhara, Oromia and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ region (SNNPR), was sold through DSM. The presence of actors outside the seed distribution system was instrumental for introducing the concept of DSM. To start the piloting of this existing policy, the core group needed to get approval from the heads of the bureaus of agriculture (BoAs). However, such approval was not required for other new ideas, like establishing an independent regulatory body, showing how the informal institutions guide what has to be approved by bureau heads, regardless of the formal policy. In addition to the demonstrated potential of DSM to overcome the problem of seed distribution inefficiency, strategic management of the stakeholders' process was critical in expanding the area under the pilot. Many actors, including the executives, supported the expansion of DSM to many areas.

Despite the expansion of DSM, its demonstrated potential to overcome the problem of seed supply inefficiency, the support it received from the government officials, and the general policy of market-based approach, the government has not endorsed the use of DSM beyond the pilot. Chapter 5 points out that the government excluded the issue of seed marketing from the seed regulation enacted in 2016, showing that the government has no intention to make seed marketing one of the seed delivery channels in the near future. The major reasons for this are: bureaucrats do not want to contribute to the decision making of DSM because they assume that the government has a strong political interest to remain in seed distribution; bureaucrats need the seed distribution system to achieve the targets set by the government; there is a symbiotic relationship between actors, the extension service as well as seed producers, and the seed distribution system, and so actors want to maintain the distribution system Such institutionalized thinking and practices have created an institutional lock-in that prevents bureaucrats from presenting the recommendation to government officials, thereby leading to non-decision about the future of DSM.

Chapter 6 summarizes the action of actors in affecting policy making and implementation as influenced by two conflicting sets of institutions. The first set relates to market-based thinking versus centralized planning as leading principles for economic development. Both are used as a discourse for promoting economic development and its operationalization, which are shaping how actors view and overcome the problems of the seed sector. This also explains why policies on paper are not implemented and why new initiatives are not formally endorsed. The tension between these divergent institutions has increased because of the dual use of seed by the government: the government has used the seed to both promote economic development and maintain strong political ties with farmers. The second set of conflicting institutions relates to authoritarian versus participatory decision making. On the one hand, is the government practice of authoritative decision-making, where only the input of stakeholders is considered when it fits in with the existing policy direction of the executives. On the other hand, it is common practice to organize stakeholders to contribute to policy making and implementation. The practice of considering the policy input of others only when it fits in with the policy direction of the decision-makers, creates a sense of being forced to accept, increasing the tension between how the government decides and the role of stakeholders.

Given the tension between the conflicting institutions, and circumstances in Ethiopia, this research suggested that choosing one approach over the other will not guarantee the development of the seed sector. There is no guarantee that the outcome of a deliberative policy making process will be a different policy option than the one opted for by one of the actors. However, the co-development of a solution for the shared seed sector problem will guarantee better ownership and thus better implementation than an imposed policy. It is also important to note that deliberative policy making and implementation is not an easy task given the current stakeholders’ landscape and the culture of authoritative decision making. Thus, the change towards deliberative policy making and implementation is not something that emerges overnight: it is a process that matures over time. This calls for the strategic management of a process of change that leads to the transformation of the seed sector into a self-reliant and resilient sector. By identifying the underlying institutions behind the challenges of the seed sector and suggesting options for improvement, this thesis contributes to the debate on how to make the seed sector function better. At a higher level, it also contributes to the debate on policy making and implementation processes in Ethiopia.

Sustaining dairy
Villarreal Herrera, Georgina - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Han Wiskerke, co-promotor(en): Jan Willem van der Schans. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431545 - 331
dairy farming - dairy farms - agricultural society - economic sectors - agricultural sector - sustainable agriculture - sustainability - netherlands - great britain - western europe - europe - melkveehouderij - melkveebedrijven - agrarische samenleving - economische sectoren - landbouwsector - duurzame landbouw - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - nederland - groot-brittannië - west-europa - europa

Dairy in Europe has undergone many changes in the last few years—the abolition of milk production quotas being a fundamental one. This study explores these changes in relation to the sustained social and environmental viability of the sector and how dairy processors' sustainability programs are a part of that.

Regime change as outlined in transition theory enhanced through a sociological approach on actors informed this research. More specifically, the notion of obligatory passage points was used to explore the mechanisms through which dominant actors make certain actions mandatory and reify their status as indispensable. The thesis consists of three case studies: the dairy sectors in the Netherlands, Ireland and the United Kingdom. The cases trace the evolution of all sectors since the post-war era, outlining the dominant logic that has guided its development. The sustainability programs of three dairy processors—located in each of the case countries—are also part of the analysis. Data was collected through document analysis and semi-structured interviews.

The analysis shows that the post-war logic based on the increase of scale and intensification of dairying has continued to shape the development of the sector through today. While the visible impacts of intensive dairy have led to adaptations to the dominant rules and practices, these changes have not been fundamental in nature. The analysis of dairy processors and their sustainability programs revealed that these programs can be an additional tool for compliance to legal standards and the alleviation of pressing societal concerns. However, processors address social and environmentally relevant dairy-related challenges when an effective link to profit can be established. These programs have been unable to ensure that the dairy sector operates within established environmental limits and societal expectations, while providing a stable livelihood for farmers.

This research contributes to the understanding of sustainability (agri-food) transitions by identifying the mechanisms through which the regime adapts to the shifting environment and dominant actors strive for their own continuity. It also adds to the debate about the role that incumbent actors can have in sustainability transitions—their involvement is important but they are unable to guide such processes. This study advances the empirical ground in sustainability transition studies by focusing on systems in which change is less likely to be technologically driven and where social change plays a larger role. Finally, this thesis connects past development, current challenges, and present engagement in a discussion about the future development of the dairy sector; this adds to the further conceptualization of the complexity and co-evolutionary nature of sustainability transitions.

Background analysis for a Temporary Measure (State aid) aimed at restructuring the Dutch Dairy Sector
Jongeneel, Roel ; Silvis, Huib ; Daatselaar, Co ; Everdingen, Walter van - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Wageningen Economic Research memorandum 2017-054) - 20
dairy farming - agricultural sector - milk - markets - crises - agricultural crises - netherlands - melkveehouderij - landbouwsector - melk - markten - landbouwcrises - nederland
The EU dairy sector is facing a crisis, which also affects Dutch dairy farmers. Low milk prices have negatively affected dairy farm profitability. At the same time, the structural adjustment in the Dutch dairy sector has slowed down: the reduction in the rate of farm exits was below normal levels and in contrast with the pattern observed in several other EU Member States. Now the Dutch government would like to consider a temporary support programme aimed at restructuring the dairy sector. The Ministry of Economic Affairs has requested Wageningen Economic Research to provide a background analysis with respect to such a temporary measure. This analysis is requested because the proposed measure would imply state aid to the Dutch dairy sector, which is only allowable in case a number of criteria are satisfied. This research should provide insight into this matter.
Toekomstperspectief agrosector Flevoland
Vogelzang, T.A. ; Smit, A.B. ; Jager, J.H. ; Prins, H. ; Verhoog, A.D. ; Poppe, K.J. - \ 2016
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI Wageningen UR 2016-008) - ISBN 9789462577541 - 79 p.
landbouwsector - economische situatie - primaire sector - platteland - flevoland - nederland - biologische landbouw - agricultural sector - economic situation - primary sector - rural areas - netherlands - organic farming
The socio-economic future of the Dutch province of Flevoland is partly linked to the perspectives of the agrocluster, the combination of agri- and horticultural firms, fishery, food and luxury industry and the firms that supply these sectors. In this report, the importance of this cluster for Flevoland is described, with a focus on the primary sectors, the agri- and horticultural firms. The current situation of these firms is presented, including the developments in the recent decade and the perspectives for the next decade. Attention is also paid to the quality of life in the countryside and the influence of the agro sector on this aspect.
Brexit : verkenning van de gevolgen voor de Nederlandse agrosector
Berkum, S. van; Terluin, I.J. - \ 2016
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789086157334 - 35 p.
european union - european union countries - great britain - politics - economic situation - agricultural sector - international trade - tariffs - netherlands - europese unie - landen van de europese unie - groot-brittannië - politiek - economische situatie - landbouwsector - internationale handel - tarieven - nederland
This study explores the possible consequences of a Brexit for Dutch agrifood chains. The UK is assumed to apply zero or low import tariffs for agricultural products. Whether that impacts Dutch exports, depends on the sector’s competitiveness. The Dutch agrifood sector, though, benefits from the UK’s vicinity and the sector’s efficient organisation of logistics, in particular for fresh products (such as cut flowers, vegetable, fruit, dairy and meat), which provide the sector a strong point of departure to maintain current positions at the British market after a Brexit.
Implications of a UK exit from the EU for British agriculture : study for the National Farmers’ Union (NFU), Warwickshire, UK
Berkum, S. van; Jongeneel, R.A. ; Vrolijk, H.C.J. ; Leeuwen, M.G.A. van; Jager, J.H. - \ 2016
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI ) - ISBN 9789462577732 - 51 p.
cap - farmers' income - agricultural sector - agricultural production - agricultural trade - uk - european union - gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - inkomen van landbouwers - landbouwsector - landbouwproductie - agrarische handel - verenigd koninkrijk - europese unie
This report offers quantification of effects of possible trade and agricultural support scenarios on the
UK agricultural production, trade, farm gate prices and farmers’ income levels in case of the UK
leaving the EU. The results of each scenario show that for most sectors the biggest driver of UK farm
income changes is the level of public support payments available. The positive price impacts on farm
incomes seen through both the FTA and WTO default scenario are offset by the loss of direct support
payments. A reduction of direct payments, or their complete elimination, would exacerbate the
negative impact seen under the UK Trade Liberalisation scenario
Innovatie in de land- en tuinbouw 2014
Meer, R.W. van der; Galen, M.A. van - \ 2015
LEI Wageningen UR (Rapport / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-140) - ISBN 9789086157235 - 22 p.
landbouwbedrijven - tuinbouwbedrijven - innovaties - landbouwsector - monitoring - bedrijfsinformatiesystemen - agrarische economie - farms - market gardens - innovations - agricultural sector - management information systems - agricultural economics
Het percentage vernieuwende bedrijven (innovatoren en volgers) in de land- en tuinbouw was in 2013 ruim 14%. Dit is ongeveer gelijk aan het jaar ervoor. Daarmee is de doelstelling van het ministerie van Economische Zaken van 15% vernieuwende bedrijven in 2013 net niet gehaald. In de melkveehouderij nam het aandeel vernieuwers het sterkst toe. Dit blijkt uit de Innovatiemonitor, onderdeel van het Bedrijveninformatienet van LEI Wageningen UR.
Investment opportunities in the Ethiopian Vegetables & Potatoes Seed sub-sector
Broek, J.A. van den; Ayana, Amsalu ; Desalegn, Lemma ; Hassena, Mohammed ; Blomne Sopov, M. ; Becx, G.A. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation
agricultural economics - agricultural sector - business economics - vegetables - potatoes - seeds - trade - investment - agricultural development - ethiopia - east africa - agrarische economie - landbouwsector - bedrijfseconomie - groenten - aardappelen - zaden - handel - investering - landbouwontwikkeling - ethiopië - oost-afrika
The opportunities for vegetable seed sales in Ethiopia are derived from the size and type of the product market. The product market for vegetables in Ethiopia has been growing rapidly, both in terms of crop portfolio, as well as size.
Beleid waterkwaliteit: kosten voor de landbouw : een quick scan : Een quick scan
Koeijer, T.J. de; Buurma, J.S. ; Luesink, H.H. ; Ruijs, M.N.A. - \ 2015
LEI Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI Wageningen UR LEI 2015-147) - 17 p.
landbouwsector - waterkwaliteit - mestbeleid - gewasbescherming - kosten - nederland - agricultural sector - water quality - manure policy - plant protection - costs - netherlands
Om een goede waterkwaliteit te realiseren, is er beleid voor het gebruik van gewasbeschermingsmiddelen en mest. Dit rapport brengt de belangrijkste kostenposten op basis van de bij het LEI beschikbare informatie in beeld. De netto jaarkosten van het mestbeleid bedragen voor de landbouw in 2013 101 mln. euro. In 2015 is dit naar verwachting 159 mln. euro. Hiervan bedragen de kosten voor de veehouderijsectoren 386 mln. euro. De baten voor de akkerbouw, extensieve veehouderij en opengrondstuinbouw bedragen 227 mln. euro. De jaarkosten als gevolg van het gewasbeschermingsmiddelenbeleid bedragen voor 2013 in totaal 78 mln. euro. Hiervan is 18 mln. euro voor de akkerbouw en 60 mln. euro voor de glastuinbouw.
Economic impact of the Commission's 'opt-out' proposal on the use of approved GM crops : quick assessment of the medium-term economic consequences
Hoste, R. ; Wagenberg, C.P.A. van; Wijnands, J.H.M. - \ 2015
LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-097) - ISBN 9789086157259 - 51 p.
transgenic plants - crops - genetic engineering - soyabeans - economic impact - agricultural sector - food industry - feed industry - european union - france - germany - poland - hungary - transgene planten - gewassen - genetische modificatie - sojabonen - economische impact - landbouwsector - voedselindustrie - veevoederindustrie - europese unie - frankrijk - duitsland - polen - hongarije
The European Commission proposed the opportunity for individual EU Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of GMOs in food or feed on their territory (a national ‘opt-out’). The economic impact on individual sectors of the feed and food chain (the vegetable oil and meal industry, trade, animal feed industry, livestock sector) of a possible opt-out policy for soy by individual Member States has been assessed by LEI Wageningen UR.
A single scenario was defined in which the four countries France, Germany, Poland and Hungary choose an ‘opt-out’ policy for soy. Consequences of this switch to non-GM soy and substitutes were assessed both quantitatively and qualitatively for feed prices, for production costs for animal production, for crushing industry and for trade, with a focus on the medium term
De Nederlandse veehouderij sector & internationale netwerken
Andeweg, K. ; Leenstra, F.R. - \ 2015
Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Livestock Research rapport 935) - 28 p.
veehouderij - dierlijke productie - duurzame veehouderij - internationale samenwerking - landbouwsector - multi-stakeholder processen - nederland - livestock farming - animal production - sustainable animal husbandry - international cooperation - agricultural sector - multi-stakeholder processes - netherlands
The Dutch government aims to link her support to international multi-stakeholder platforms, like the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock, to the needs of Dutch companies that are active in animal production in developing countries. This should contribute to the policy goals for realising food security and sustainable animal production systems worldwide. Interviews with tine Dutch companies and organisations indicate that the Dutch companies mainly see a position for the multi-stakeholder platforms in developing a regional or thematic dialogue on priorities and possible solutions. The aims of the different multi-stakeholder networks and other instruments that the government supports must be concrete and results should be evaluated on a regular basis. There are possibilities for networks operating on a global and on a regional level to strengthen each other.
Opties voor energieneutrale agrosectoren in 2025
Silvis, H.J. ; Smekens, H. ; Verhoog, A.D. ; Daniëls, B. ; Smit, A.B. ; Doornewaard, G.J. ; Velden, N.J.A. van der; Wisman, J.H. ; Briel, Jaap ; Oldenburger, J. - \ 2015
LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-108) - ISBN 9789086157181 - 81 p.
landbouwsector - energiebesparing - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - duurzame energie - nederland - toekomst - agricultural sector - energy saving - sustainability - sustainable energy - netherlands - future
Deze studie is bedoeld om kansen en knelpunten voor het bereiken van energieneutrale agrosectoren
in 2025 inzichtelijk te maken. Getoond wordt hoe de primaire agrosectoren de situatie van netto
energieneutraliteit kunnen benaderen. Naast energiebesparende maatregelen worden de belangrijkste
bijdragen daaraan geleverd door de productie van duurzame energie: zonnepanelen, windmolens en
geothermie. Technisch kan ook mest een aanzienlijke bijdrage leveren als grondstof voor groen gas.
De opties zijn niet beoordeeld op economische en financiële haalbaarheid. Geconcludeerd wordt dat
forse publieke en private inspanningen nodig zijn om de technische mogelijkheden te realiseren
Kansen en belemmeringen voor omschakeling naar de biologische sector
Meeusen, M.J.G. - \ 2015
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-148)
agrarische bedrijfsvoering - landbouw bedrijven - biologische landbouw - landbouwsector - besluitvorming - investeringsbeslissingen - boeren - nederland - farm management - farming - organic farming - agricultural sector - decision making - investment decisions - farmers - netherlands
De vraag naar biologische producten groeit harder dan het aanbod van de Nederlandse biologische sector. De vraag die het ministerie van Economische Zaken stelt is welke factoren de omschakeling van de gangbare naar de biologische sector belemmeren en hoe deze omschakeling gestimuleerd kan worden. Daartoe heeft ze het LEI Wageningen UR gevraagd om interviews met marktpartijen te houden en een enquête uit te zetten om de overwegingen bij biologische boeren te peilen. Belangrijke uitkomst is dat de sector vooral zelf de regie wil houden op het omschakelproces en voor de overheid een faciliterende rol ziet.
Investment opportunities in the Ethiopian dairy sector
Zijlstra, J. ; Berhanu, T. ; Vernooij, A.G. ; Lee, J. van der; Boere, A. - \ 2015
[Wageningen] : Wageningen UR Livestock Research - 32
agricultural sector - dairy farming - investment - ethiopia - landbouwsector - melkveehouderij - investering - ethiopië
Benchmark Agrofood : de positie van regio FoodValley in Nederland
Agricola, H.J. ; Kuhlman, T. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-rapport 2637) - 32
landbouwsector - agro-industriële sector - agro-industriële complexen - landbouwindustrie - voedselindustrie - landbouwproductie - voedselproductie - agro-industriële ketens - werkgelegenheid - gelderse vallei - veehouderij - agricultural sector - agroindustrial sector - agroindustrial complexes - agribusiness - food industry - agricultural production - food production - agro-industrial chains - employment - livestock farming
Gemeente Ede wil meer inzicht krijgen in de economische betekenis van het regionale agrofoodcomplex. Meer specifiek luidt de vraag: hoe verhoudt de bedrijvigheid van de agrofoodsector in de regio FoodValley – in termen van werkgelegenheid en toegevoegde waarde – zich tot andere agrofoodregio’s in Nederland? Om de positie van regio FoodValley en gemeente Ede te duiden, zal een vergelijking worden gemaakt met de deelgebieden Oost-Brabant, Rotterdam Foodcluster en Amsterdam-Zaanstreek.
Mainstream zoekt maatschappij : maatschappelijke waardering voor toekomstbestendige agrifoodsector : lessen uit Denemarken en Engeland
Bakker, H.C.M. de; Lauwere, C.C. de; Dagevos, H. ; Beekman, V. ; Meeusen, M.J.G. - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI 2015-071) - ISBN 9789086157112 - 40
landbouwindustrie - landbouwsector - voedsel - voedingsmiddelen - samenleving - maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen - denemarken - verenigd koninkrijk - agribusiness - agricultural sector - food - foods - society - corporate social responsibility - denmark - uk
Societal appreciation is important for a future-proof agri-food sector. Connecting, communication, offering insights and activation are key to the Implementation Plan ‘Market and Society’. In this way, the top sector Agri&Food wants to arrive at a stronger public support for the food sector. This report looks beyond our borders at how societal appreciation and connection are shaped.
How does the fruit and vegetable sector contribute to food and nutrition security?
Joosten, F.J. ; Dijkxhoorn, Y. ; Sertse, Y. ; Ruben, Ruerd - \ 2015
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI 2015-076) - 57
voedselzekerheid - fruit - groenten - landbouwsector - tuinbouw - geslacht (gender) - voedselvoorziening - ontwikkelingslanden - food security - vegetables - agricultural sector - horticulture - gender - food supply - developing countries
The Dutch Food & Business Knowledge Platform (F&BKP) commissioned an explorative study regarding the existing knowledge base from development practice and research about the potential of the Fruit and Vegetables (F&V) sector to contribute to Food & Nutrition Security (FNS) in the context of (a) sustainable development (i.e. economic, social, ecological and gender equity) and (b) the Dutch international cooperation agenda (i.e. combining aid, trade and investments). The outcome of this explorative study is reflected in this document. The findings and recommendations in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Food & Business Knowledge Platform.
De kracht van het agrocluster : het belang van de primaire landbouw voor het totale agrocomplex
Berkhout, P. ; Asseldonk, M.A.P.M. van; Benninga, J. ; Ge, L. ; Hoste, R. ; Smit, A.B. - \ 2015
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI rapport 2015-032) - ISBN 9789086157082 - 56
landbouwsector - economische analyse - economische ontwikkeling - agro-industriële ketens - varkenshouderij - sierteelt - aardappelen - akkerbouw - werkgelegenheid - gevalsanalyse - agricultural sector - economic analysis - economic development - agro-industrial chains - pig farming - ornamental horticulture - potatoes - arable farming - employment - case studies
Nederland kent een sterke en innovatieve agrosector, die met een aandeel van zo’n 8% in het nationaal inkomen en de werkgelegenheid een belangrijke pijler is onder de nationale economie. De kracht van de Nederlandse agrosector is sterk verbonden met een historisch gegroeid cluster van bedrijven in de keten. Bij dit cluster behoren spelers in de toelevering en verwerking van diensten. De vraag is wat er overblijft van de kracht van het agrocluster als bijvoorbeeld door regelgeving de primaire schakel belangrijk in omvang zou afnemen. Dit rapport poogt in opdracht van het ministerie van EZ op deze vraag een antwoord te geven.
De kunst van verbinden : pluriforme praktijkvoorbeelden binnen en buiten de agrifoodsector
Dagevos, H. ; Bakker, E. de; Vogelzang, T.A. ; Meeusen, M.J.G. ; Bongers, R. ; Brink, E. van den; Baidenmann, J. ; Sasburg, H. - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI 2015-010) - ISBN 9789086157037 - 38
landbouwsector - agro-industriële sector - innovaties - voedselproductie - duurzame ontwikkeling - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - agricultural sector - agroindustrial sector - innovations - food production - sustainable development - sustainability
This report presents the current practices of 15 cases inside and outside the agrifood sector. The cases deal with forging links with society and want to offer concrete learning points for the agrifood sector.
Prospects of an EU-Mercosur trade agreement for the Dutch agrifood sector
Berkum, S. van - \ 2015
Wageningen : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-036) - ISBN 9789086157068 - 42
handelsakkoorden - internationale handel - europese unie - landbouwproducten - landbouwsector - agro-industriële sector - voedselindustrie - nederland - trade agreements - international trade - european union - agricultural products - agricultural sector - agroindustrial sector - food industry - netherlands
This report provides insights into the current trade relations between the EU and Mercosur and assesses impacts of a comprehensive trade agreement between the two blocs on the Dutch agrifood sector. Trade opportunities of Dutch fruit & vegetables and dairy products would expand if an agreement would reduce the currently high trade costs related to divergent non-tariff measures, such as pest risk analysis procedures and labelling requirements. Beef and poultry supply from Mercosur is very competitive and is expected to gain from any improved access to EU markets, resulting in more competitive pressure for the Dutch industry on its main markets.
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