Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Knowledge production at boundaries : an inquiry into collaborations to make management plans for European fisheries
Stange, Kari - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Jan van Tatenhove, co-promotor(en): Judith van Leeuwen. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463430623 - 160
fishery management - european union - stakeholders - european union countries - fishery policy - multi-stakeholder processes - knowledge - knowledge transfer - environmental policy - fisheries - companies - europe - visserijbeheer - europese unie - landen van de europese unie - visserijbeleid - multi-stakeholder processen - kennis - kennisoverdracht - milieubeleid - visserij - kapitaalvennootschappen - europa

This thesis addresses how knowledge is used and produced in stakeholder-led collaborations to make long-term management plans for European fishery management. Boundary object theory is applied and developed to explain how stakeholders from the fishing industry interact with each other, and with fishery scientists and managers, in initiatives to produce management plans. Using a qualitative case study approach, two initiatives were investigated in-depth: the North Sea Advisory Council’s development of a long-term management plan for North Sea Nephrops fisheries, and the Pelagic Advisory Council’s development of a long-term management plan for a new boarfish fishery in the Northeast Atlantic. A conceptual framework with emphasis on boundary spaces was developed to analyse knowledge exchange and the interaction between actors, objects and activities. The findings point to the importance of entry points for actors to become directly involved in knowledge-production processes. Direct stakeholder engagement in management plan production created a sense of ownership of the problems identified and triggered solution-oriented ways of working. The findings highlight the multiple roles played by fishery scientists in the diverse settings where management plans for European fisheries are produced, and draw attention to the need for clear procedures to ensure that different roles are acted out transparently.

Brexit : verkenning van de gevolgen voor de Nederlandse agrosector
Berkum, S. van; Terluin, I.J. - \ 2016
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789086157334 - 35 p.
european union - european union countries - great britain - politics - economic situation - agricultural sector - international trade - tariffs - netherlands - europese unie - landen van de europese unie - groot-brittannië - politiek - economische situatie - landbouwsector - internationale handel - tarieven - nederland
This study explores the possible consequences of a Brexit for Dutch agrifood chains. The UK is assumed to apply zero or low import tariffs for agricultural products. Whether that impacts Dutch exports, depends on the sector’s competitiveness. The Dutch agrifood sector, though, benefits from the UK’s vicinity and the sector’s efficient organisation of logistics, in particular for fresh products (such as cut flowers, vegetable, fruit, dairy and meat), which provide the sector a strong point of departure to maintain current positions at the British market after a Brexit.
Mogelijkheden om blijvend grasland in Natura 2000 gebieden te vernieuwen
Korevaar, H. - \ 2016
Wageningen UR, Plant Research International (PRI Rapport 637) - 21 p.
graslanden - natuurbeheer - natura 2000 - biodiversiteit - landen van de europese unie - nederland - minimale grondbewerking - landbouwkundig onderzoek - zaaien - inspectie - grasslands - nature management - biodiversity - european union countries - netherlands - minimum tillage - agricultural research - sowing - inspection
Om de biodiversiteit te beschermen mogen in Europa ecologisch kwetsbare blijvende graslanden die door de lidstaten aangewezen zijn niet worden geploegd of omgezet. Lichte vormen van grondbewerking zijn er wel toegestaan. Nederland heeft deze bescherming van kracht verklaard voor alle blijvende graslanden binnen Natura 2000 gebieden. De vraag van het Ministerie van Economische Zaken is, welke vormen van lichte grondbewerking op blijvend grasland in Natura 2000 gebieden toegelaten kunnen worden en hoe deze in de praktijk kunnen worden toegepast en gecontroleerd.
Online in opkomst: eten kopen in de winkel wordt een keuze : Katern online food
Haaster-de Winter, M.A. van - \ 2015
In: Landbouw-Economisch Bericht 2015 / Berkhout, P., den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR - p. 190 - 198.
consumer behaviour - shopping - internet - supermarkets - logistics - netherlands - european union countries - consumentengedrag - winkelen - supermarkten - logistiek - nederland - landen van de europese unie
Consumenten hoeven hun huis niet meer uit. Binnen een paar muisklikken zijn de boodschappen besteld. Dat kan relatief gemakkelijk. De online infrastructuur in Nederland is goed; de internetpenetratie is één van de hoogste binnen Europa (>90%). Het percentage mensen dat min of meer dagelijks het internet gebruikt is hoog en stijgt (84%), terwijl het aandeel mensen dat nog nooit internet heeft gebruikt daalt (5%) (Eurostat, 2014). Dit artikel gaat nader in op de situatie in Nederland en andere EU-landen.
Development of probabilistic models for quantitative pathway analysis of plant pests introduction for the EU territory
Douma, J.C. ; Robinet, C. ; Hemerik, L. ; Mourits, M.C.M. ; Roques, A. ; Werf, W. van der - \ 2015
European Food Safety Authority - 435
gewasbescherming - landen van de europese unie - plantgezondheid - siergewassen - stochastische modellen - bouwhout - vermeerderingsmateriaal - invasieve exoten - plantaardige producten - waarschijnlijkheid - risicoschatting - risicovermindering - plantenplagen - plant protection - european union countries - plant health - ornamental crops - stochastic models - building timbers - propagation materials - invasive alien species - plant products - probability - risk assessment - risk reduction - plant pests
The aim of this report is to provide EFSA with probabilistic models for quantitative pathway analysis of plant pest introduction for the EU territory through non-edible plant products or plants. We first provide a conceptualization of two types of pathway models. The individual based PM simulates an individual consignment (or a population of such consignment) by describing the stochastic change in the state of the individual consignment over time and space. The flow-based PM, simulates the flow of infested product over time and space, without distinguishing individual consignments. We show how these two conceptualisations are mathematically related, and present, as a show case, both models for cut flowers. Second, we developed PMs for five product groups: round wood, sawn wood, cut flowers, plants for planting and seeds. For each product group we have developed a case-study (combination of product, origin and pest) to illustrate the use of the pathway models: (1) oak wood from the USA and Ceratocystis fagacearum, (2) Coniferous sawn wood from China and Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, (3) Cut orchids from Thailand and Thrips palmi, (4) Pot orchids from Thailand and Thrips palmi, and (5) Tomato seeds and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis from outside the European Union. An uncertainty analysis on the models shows that the pest species-specific parameters appear to be sensitive and uncertain. Third, a practical guidance is provided on i) how to develop a PM, ii) the application of PMs in @Risk (a plugin for MS Excel), and iii) application in R. Finally, future research topics are defined. Further work is needed on interpretation of results, linking quantitative outcomes of pathway modelling to pest risk scoring guidance, and evaluation of management options using pathway models.
Overview of the Agricultural Inputs Sector in the EU
Wesseler, J.H.H. ; Bonanno, A. ; Drabik, D. ; Materia, V.C. ; Malaguti, L. ; Meijer, M. ; Venus, T.J. - \ 2015
Brussels : European Union - ISBN 9789282379219 - 122
landbouw - input van landbouwbedrijf - landen van de europese unie - input-output analyse - kostenanalyse - aanbodsevenwicht - agriculture - farm inputs - european union countries - input output analysis - cost analysis - supply balance
This study analyzes the seed, feed, energy, fertilizer, and plant protection agents farm input sectors from two perspectives: the demand side and the supply side. Average input shares in the EU-27 for seeds and fertilizers declined while they increased for feeds. Market concentration is the largest in the plant protection agents sector followed by the energy sector, and lowest in the feed sector.
European Red List of marine fishes
Nieto, A. ; Ralph, G.M. ; Comeros-Raynal, M.T. ; Heessen, H.J.L. ; Rijnsdorp, A.D. - \ 2015
Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union - ISBN 9789279454127 - 88
mariene ecologie - vissen - bedreigde soorten - landen van de europese unie - marine ecology - fishes - endangered species - european union countries
Starting in 2007 with the launch of the European Red List of Mammals, all vertebrate groups have since been assessed according to the same IUCN Red List methodology; the current Red List for marine fishes is thus filling a gap for the last group of vertebrates that still remained to be assessed. Accordingly, for the first time ever, an assessment of the extinction risk for each and every vertebrate species occurring in the European Union (and in Europe) is now available.
Pangasius in the EU market; Prospects for the position of (ASC-certified) pangasius in the EU retail and food service sector
Beukers, R. ; Pijl, W. van der; Duijn, A.P. van - \ 2014
The Hague : LEI Wageningen UR/CBI - 29
visproducten - visproductie - certificering - aquacultuur - handelsmerken - landen van de europese unie - marktverkenningen - fish products - fish production - certification - aquaculture - trade marks - european union countries - market surveys
The objective of this market study is to investigate the potential short- and long-term benefits for investors to invest in the production of pangasius with a trademark based on ASC certification, for the retail and food service market segments in the EU market.
Impacts of legume-related policy scenarios
Helming, J.F.M. ; Kuhlman, T. ; Linderhof, V.G.M. ; Oudendag, D.A. - \ 2014
The Hague : LEI Wageningen UR (Report D4.5) - 95
landen van de europese unie - peulgewassen - peulvruchten - voederpeulvruchten - oppervlakte (areaal) - teeltsystemen - bedrijfssystemen - european union countries - legumes - grain legumes - fodder legumes - acreage - cropping systems - farming systems
Legume-supported cropping systems for Europe (Legume Futures) is an international research project funded by the European Union through the Framework 7 Programme (FP7) under grant agreement number 245216 (FP7-KBBE-2009-3). The Legume Futures research consortium comprises 20 partners in 13 countries.
CoP in focus : community of practice on metropolitan food clusters, resource use efficiency and climate adaptation
Kranendonk, R.P. ; Hoechstetter, S. ; Castillo, A. ; Smeets, P.J.A.M. ; Mansfeld, M.J.M. van; Eetgerink, F. ; Cserhaty, M. ; Kalas, N. ; Schneider, U. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-report 2497) - 80
landbouw - landgebruik - broeikasgassen - kooldioxide - agroforestry - klimaatadaptatie - monitoring - landen van de europese unie - duitsland - intensieve veehouderij - de peel - agro-industriële ketens - agriculture - land use - greenhouse gases - carbon dioxide - climate adaptation - european union countries - germany - intensive livestock farming - agro-industrial chains
This Pathfinder project develops a focused EU Community of Practice (CoP) on development of Agro food-clusters that focuses on innovation of high tech, large scale, industrialized and sustainable agriculture and food production for Metropoles. The Metropolitan food clusters significantly contribute to reduction of the carbon and water footprint of metropolitan areas. In the exchange of concepts, this CoP will work out the benefits for climate from MFC in real regional innovation trajectories, towards business cases. The focus will be on co creation in KENGi networks and applyimg the innovation pathways of MFC design.
Extensive literature search on cropping practices of host plants of some harmful organisms listed in Annex II A II of Directive 2000/29/EC
Derkx, M.P.M. ; Brouwer, J.H.D. ; Breda, P.J.M. van; Heijerman-Peppelman, G. ; Heijne, B. ; Hop, M.E.C.M. ; Wubben, C.F.M. - \ 2014
Parma, It. : EFSA (EFSA supporting publication 2014:EN-600) - 118
fruitgewassen - vruchtbomen - hopbellen - teeltsystemen - teelt - gewasbescherming - plantenvermeerdering - landen van de europese unie - literatuuroverzichten - fruit crops - fruit trees - hops - cropping systems - cultivation - plant protection - propagation - european union countries - literature reviews
The European Commission is currently seeking advice from EFSA (Mandate M-2012-0272) to assess for Arabis mosaic virus, Raspberry ringspot virus, Strawberry latent ringspot virus, Tomato black ring virus, Strawberry mild yellow edge virus, Strawberry crinkle virus, Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, Eutetranychus orientalis, Parasaissetia nigra, Clavibacter michiganensis spp. michiganensis, Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria, Didymella ligulicola and Phytophthora fragariae the risk to plant health for the EU territory and to evaluate the effectiveness of risk reduction options in reducing the level of risk. In addition, the Panel is requested to provide an opinion on the effectiveness of the present EU requirements against these organisms laid down in Council Directive 2000/29/EC. As a consequence EFSA needs insight in the cropping practices of Citrus spp., Fragaria x ananassa, Ribes spp., Rubus spp., Vaccinium spp., Humulus lupulus, Vitis vinifera, Prunus armeniaca, P. avium, P. cerasus, P. domestica and P. persica, which are host plants for these pests. An extensive and systematic literature search was done in which scientific and grey/technical literature was retrieved from the 28 EU Member States, Iceland and Norway. All references were stored in EndNote libraries, separately for scientific literature and grey/technical literature. For each reference information is provided on the source/search strategy, the crop, the country, the topic (cropping practice, propagation, protection or irrigation (only for Citrus)) and protected cultivation vs. field production. Yields of references depended on the crop and on the country. Over 27,000 references were provided to EFSA. This allows EFSA to quickly find information on crop production, both indoors and outdoors, of all crops that were studied in this extensive literature search. The data can be used by EFSA for the present mandate, but are also an excellent basis for other current and future mandates.
Agricultural phosphorus legislation in Europe
Amery, F. ; Schoumans, O.F. - \ 2014
Merelbeke : Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO) - ISBN 9789040303531 - 44
milieubeleid - landbouw - fosfaten - waterkwaliteit - inventarisaties - landen van de europese unie - eu regelingen - overheidsbeleid - environmental policy - agriculture - phosphates - water quality - inventories - european union countries - eu regulations - government policy
Phosphorus (P) losses from agricultural fields can cause eutrophication and ecological deterioration of surface waters. Although there is no general European Phosphorus Regulation or Directive, some European Member States address the agricultural phosphorus losses via national or regional legislation restricting the application of phosphorus. Most of this legislation concerns implementations of the Nitrates Directive (91/676/EEC) in terms of National Action Plans, the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/IEC) in terms of River Basin Management Plans and the Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU). In 2014, we inventoried this phosphorus legislation in European countries. Some of these countries (or regions) do not have direct phosphorus application restrictions in addition to the chemical fertilizer N and manure N restrictions in the Nitrate Vulnerable Zones.
F:ACTS! : Forms for adapting to climate change through territorial strategies : the handbook
Garcia, A.M. ; Ónega, J. ; Crecente, R. ; Holst, F. van; Abts, E. ; Timmermans, W. ; Stolk, M. - \ 2014
[S.l.] : INTERREG IVC - ISBN 9788469554012 - 117
klimaatverandering - landgebruik - onderzoeksprojecten - regionale planning - landen van de europese unie - climatic change - land use - research projects - regional planning - european union countries
The F:ACTS! project contributed to generating knowledge on how to develop territorial strategies to adapt to climate change, facilitating the interchange of experience and information among its 14 partners across 8 countries. Integrated territorial strategies incorporate local diversity since they enable the adaptation of general and sector policies to territorial particularities. Climate Change Adaptation highly benefits from understanding the multiple, dynamic and complex relations between people and land. The ambition was to exchange knowledge and good practices among 14 partners in eight regions in Europe. Among them The Netherlands and Flanders (Belgium).
Learning through collaboration – Knowledge Transfer and Sharing in Climate Change Adaptation. Research between European and developing countries. A CIRCLE-2 research policy brief
Swart, R.J. ; Alberth, J. ; Kuna, B. ; Lillieskold, M. ; Hanzlickova, M. ; Horstmann, B. - \ 2014
Lisbon/Portugal : Foundation of the Faculty of Sciences - 20
klimaatverandering - klimaatadaptatie - kennisoverdracht - milieubeleid - ontwikkelingslanden - landen van de europese unie - climatic change - climate adaptation - knowledge transfer - environmental policy - developing countries - european union countries
From 2004-2009, and from 2009-2014, partners of CIRCLE (Climate Impact Research & Response Coordination for a Larger Europe) have collaborated to fund research and share knowledge on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation and the promotion of long-term cooperation among national and regional climate change programmes in Europe.
Veel plannen bij Oost-Europese melkveehouders
Kuipers, A. ; Lauwere, C.C. de; Malak-Rawlikowska, A. ; Stalgiene, A. ; Klopcic, M. ; Spijkerman, A. - \ 2014
V-focus 11 (2014)1. - ISSN 1574-1575 - p. 34 - 36.
melkveehouderij - veehouders - landen van de europese unie - agrarische bedrijfsplanning - europa - dairy farming - stockmen - european union countries - farm planning - europe
De meeste melkveehouders willen het liefst veel melken als strategie naar de toekomst. De Oost-Europese melkveehouders zien daarbij de toekomstige EU-landbouwpolitiek en de markt als een grotere bedreiging dan onze veehouders, terwijl Nederlandse veehouders afschaffing van de quotering zelfs als een uitdaging zien. Onze veehouders lijken echter meer afwachtend met strategievorming.
Competitiveness of the EU poultry meat sector
Horne, P.L.M. van; Bondt, N. - \ 2013
The Hague : LEI, part of Wageningen UR (LEI-report 2013-068) - ISBN 9789086156641 - 65
pluimveevlees - vleeskuikens - marktconcurrentie - wetgeving - productiekosten - invoerrechten - internationale handel - europese unie - landen van de europese unie - Nederland - poultry meat - broilers - market competition - legislation - production costs - import levies - international trade - european union - european union countries - Netherlands
EU poultry meat producers have to comply with legislation on environmental protection, animal welfare and food safety. This legislation has increased the production costs of poultry meat. At the same time the EU is negotiating with other countries or groups of countries to liberalise trade in agricultural products. This report examines how lowering import levies impacts the competitiveness of the EU poultry industry. The results show that the offer price of broiler breast fillet in 2011 of some third countries was already below the average EU price. Despite the current import levy on breast fillet, these third countries can be competitive in the EU market. In a scenario with 50% lower import levies and no additional levy, Brazil, Argentina, the USA, Ukraine and Thailand have a lower offer price for breast fillet than the EU poultry meat industry.
Mogelijkheden van natuur en landbouw op micro- en macroniveau : utopieën en dystopieën voor Europa [thema: de natuur zelf als rentmeester]
Rabbinge, R. - \ 2013
Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 10 (2013)6. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 10 - 13.
landgebruik - landbouw - pesticiden - voedselproductie - natuurbeheer - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - emissie - landen van de europese unie - land use - agriculture - pesticides - food production - nature management - sustainability - emission - european union countries
In 1992 bracht de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het regeringsbeleid het rapport Grond voor Keuzen uit, een verkenning naar de mogelijkheden voor de Europese landbouw en de realisatie van verschillende maatschappelijke doelen. In dit rapport schetst de Raad beelden voor het optimale grondgebruik in de Europese landelijke gebieden. Afhankelijk van de vier scenario’s die de Raad presenteerde, kon het pesticidengebruik worden teruggebracht met 40 tot 80%, de emissie met 50 tot 70%, de kosten minimaal worden gehalveerd en het areaal in gebruik voor landbouw met 30 tot 50%. Dat betekent dat er iets te kiezen was, zo concludeerde de Raad indertijd. Er is de twintig jaar daarna veel veranderd, en dus is het tijd om de studie van toen, weliswaar veel minder gedetailleerd, in het licht van dit afscheidssymposium van dr Jaap Kuper als rentmeester van het Kroondomein en groot pleitbezorger van natuur en biodiversiteitsherstel, te actualiseren.
Grazing dairy cows in North-West Europe : Economic farm performance and future developments with emphasis on the Dutch situation
Reijs, J.W. ; Daatselaar, C.H.G. ; Helming, J.F.M. ; Jager, J.H. ; Beldman, A.C.G. - \ 2013
The Hague : LEI Wageningen UR (Report / LEI : Research area Agriculture & entrepreneurship ) - ISBN 9789086156375 - 124
melkveehouderij - melkkoeien - begrazing - beweidingssystemen - weiden - graslandbeheer - melkveevoeding - bedrijfsresultaten in de landbouw - rendement - bedrijfsstructuur in de landbouw - toekomst - noordwest-europa - landen van de europese unie - nederland - dierenwelzijn - dierlijke productie - melkvee - dairy farming - dairy cows - grazing - grazing systems - pastures - grassland management - dairy cattle nutrition - farm results - returns - farm structure - future - northwestern europe - european union countries - netherlands - animal welfare - animal production - dairy cattle
The dairy sector is an important contributor to food production, economic activity and land use in the European Union. Grazing has long been a traditional element of dairy farming in the EU. Current developments in the dairy sector appear to result in a decline in grazing. The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) is concerned about this decline, particularly because of consequences for animal welfare, and has commissioned this analysis. This study gives an overview of the current state-of-the-art and expected future developments with respect to grazing in six key target EU countries of WSPA. The study builds to a large extent on local expertise and focuses on economic aspects and farm management issues.
Innovatie in de levensmiddelenindustrie : een internationale benchmarkstudie
Galen, M.A. van; Logatcheva, K. ; Bakker, T. ; Oosterkamp, E.B. ; Jukema, G.D. - \ 2013
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (LEI-rapport : Markt & ketens ) - ISBN 9789086156337 - 81
voedselindustrie - innovaties - concurrerend vermogen - nieuwe producten - middelgrote bedrijven - kleine bedrijven - internationale vergelijkingen - nederland - landen van de europese unie - food industry - innovations - competitive ability - new products - medium sized businesses - small businesses - international comparisons - netherlands - european union countries
Doel van het onderzoek is innovatie in de Nederlandse levensmiddelenindustrie te benchmarken met Europese concurrenten aan de hand van een reeks beschikbare kernindicatoren.
Beleid voor ecosysteemdiensten : een vergelijking tussen verschillende EU-staten
Verburg, R.W. ; Bogaardt, M.J. ; Harms, B. ; Selnes, T. ; Oliemans, W.J. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-werkdocument 322) - 86
ecosysteemdiensten - landen van de europese unie - monitoring - projectimplementatie - overheidsbeleid - biodiversiteit - nederland - vlaanderen - duitsland - denemarken - verenigd koninkrijk - spanje - ecosystem services - european union countries - project implementation - government policy - biodiversity - netherlands - flanders - germany - denmark - uk - spain
In dit werkdocument is een verkenning uitgevoerd naar de beleidsvoorbereiding, -uitvoering en –monitoring over ecosysteemdiensten door nationale overheden in verschillende EU-lidstaten, te weten Nederland, Vlaanderen, Duitsland, Denemarken, Verenigd Koninkrijk en Spanje. Uit de verkenning blijkt dat veel landen nog bezig zijn met de beleidsvoorbereiding en dat de uitvoering vaak in gebiedsprocessen plaatsvindt. De beleidsmonitoring vindt op dit moment in geen van de onderzochte lidstaten plaats. De voornaamste lessen die Nederland mogelijk uit het buitenland kan trekken, zijn strategisch van aard. Operationele lessen zijn wel te trekken, maar zijn sterk afhankelijk van de nationale beleidsculturen. Landen zetten sterk in op het toepasbaar maken van ecosysteemdiensten, zodat het concept niet alleen een academische discussie blijft. Mainstraiming van het concept over verschillende (sectorale) beleidsvelden, verschillende overheidslagen en naar private partners is daarbij een noodzakelijke stap. Hierbij zal het nieuw te ontwikkelen beleid transparant moeten zijn, zodat duidelijk wordt wie met welke diensten wat wil bereiken
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