Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Agriculture in the bioeconomy : economics and policies
Wesseler, J.H.H. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen University, Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789462571914 - 24
landbouw - economie - agrarische economie - duurzame ontwikkeling - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - levenswetenschappen - agriculture - economics - agricultural economics - sustainable development - sustainability - life sciences
Location choice of academic entrepreneurs: Evidence from the US biotechnology industry
Kolympiris, C. ; Kalaitzandonakes, N. ; Miller, D. - \ 2015
Journal of Business Venturing 30 (2015)2. - ISSN 0883-9026 - p. 227 - 254.
foreign direct-investment - resource-based view - spin-out companies - united-states - spatial-distribution - university-research - product development - labor mobility - life sciences - agency costs
Where knowledge-based firms are located is important because entrepreneurship, firm creation and innovation are typically associated with regional economic development, wealth creation and increased employment. In this paper we examine where academic entrepreneurs locate their firms. We begin by developing a theoretical model that examines the location choice of the academic entrepreneur within the standard utility maximization theory. Academic entrepreneurs are assumed to maximize their utility by allocating their efforts between academic and entrepreneurial pursuits which, in turn, determine their future streams of income and end-period wealth. Optimal allocation turns out to be a function of both personal and external factors that condition the relevant payoffs and such factors can be empirically observed. We then use several candidate explanatory variables to examine those factors that may influence the firm location choice for 187 biopharmaceutical firms started by 275 academic entrepreneurs in the US. From our empirical analysis we find that location-specific factors such as proximity to certain knowledge assets and to the funding venture capital firms, affect the firm location choice of academic entrepreneurs. Nevertheless, entrepreneur-specific characteristics, such as their age, seem to dominate the choice of firm location.
Sustainable futures : social sciences research at Wageningen University
Frankema, E.H.P. ; Houweling, W. ; Mol, A.P.J. ; Möller, O. ; Wesseler, J.H.H. ; Branderhorst, A. ; Versluis, K. ; Tielens, J. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462573833 - 71
sociale wetenschappen - hogere agrarische scholen - universiteiten - onderzoek - levenswetenschappen - nederland - mensen - samenleving - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - milieu - social sciences - agricultural colleges - universities - research - life sciences - netherlands - people - society - natural resources - environment
Ecological Systems: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
Leemans, R. - \ 2013
New York : Springer - ISBN 9781461457558 - 309
ecologie - levenswetenschappen - ecosystemen - biogeowetenschappen - geochemie - stedelijke ecologie - geologie - ecology - life sciences - ecosystems - biogeosciences - geochemistry - urban ecology - geology

Earth is home to an estimated 8 million animal species, 600,000 fungi, 300,000 plants, and an undetermined number of microbial species. Of these animal, fungal, and plant species, an estimated 75% have yet to be identified. Moreover, the interactions between these species and their physical environment are known to an even lesser degree. At the same time, the earth’s biota faces the prospect of climate change, which may manifest slowly or extremely rapidly, as well as a human population set to grow by two billion by 2045 from the current seven billion. Given these major ecological changes, we cannot wait for a complete biota data set before assessing, planning, and acting to preserve the ecological balance of the earth. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the scientific and engineering basis of the systems ecology of the earth in 15 detailed, peer-reviewed entries written for a broad audience of undergraduate and graduate students as well as practicing professionals in government, academia, and industry. The methodology presented aims at identifying key interactions and environmental effects, and enabling a systems-level understanding even with our present state of factual knowledge.

Features authoritative, peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Covers topics ranging from atmospheric biogeochemistry to invasive species, ecosystem services, and urban ecology

Provides an ecological systems perspective on the vital question of how to cope with climate change and the global human population explosion

Includes a glossary of key terms and a concise definition of the subject for each contribution

Life sciences, intellectual property regimes and global justice
Timmermann, C.A. - \ 2013
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Michiel Korthals, co-promotor(en): Henk van den Belt. - S.l. : s.n. - ISBN 9789461737540 - 212
intellectuele eigendomsrechten - ethiek - levenswetenschappen - justitie - innovaties - filosofie - intellectual property rights - ethics - life sciences - justice - innovations - philosophy
In this thesis we have examined the complex interaction between intellectual property rights, life sciences and global justice. Science and the innovations developed in its wake have an enormous effect on our daily lives, providing countless opportunities but also raising numerous problems of justice. The complexity of a problem however does not liberate society as a whole from moral responsibilities. Our intellectual property regimes clash at various points with human rights law and commonly held notions of justice.
Forest and nature governance: A practice based approach
Arts, B.J.M. ; Behagel, J.H. ; Bommel, S. van; Koning, J. de; Turnhout, E. - \ 2013
Dordrecht : Springer (World Forests 14) - ISBN 9789400751125 - 265
politicologie - levenswetenschappen - bosbouw - biodiversiteit - natuurbescherming - natuurbeleid - sociale wetenschappen - governance - political science - life sciences - forestry - biodiversity - nature conservation - nature conservation policy - social sciences
In studies of forest and nature governance the dominant approaches are rational choice and neo-institutionalism. This book takes another perspective. Departing from ‘practice theory’, and building upon scholars like Giddens, Bourdieu, Reckwitz, Schatzki and Callon, it seeks to move beyond established understandings of institutions, actors, and knowledge. In so doing, the book not only presents an innovative conceptual and methodological framework for a practice based approach, but also rich case studies and ethnographies. Examples are participatory forest management in the tropics, REDD policy at global level, European water policy, forest certification and the construction of global biodiversity databases. Taking social practices as the key unit of analysis, this book describes how different practitioners, ranging from local forest managers on the ground to policy makers at the global level, work with trees, forests, biodiversity, wildlife, and so on, and act upon forest policies, environmental discourses, codes of conduct, or scientific insights. It is also about how communities, NGOs, stakeholders, and citizens get involved in forest and nature governance.
MetaBase-the wiki-database of biological databases
Bolser, D.M. ; Chibon, P.Y.F.R.P. ; Palopoli, N. ; Gong, S. ; Jacob, D. ; Angel, V.D. Del; Swan, D. ; Bassi, S. ; Gonzalez, V. ; Suravajhala, P. ; Hwang, S. ; Romano, P. ; Edwards, R. ; Bishop, B. ; Eargle, J. ; Shtatland, T. ; Provart, N.J. ; Clements, D. ; Renfro, D.P. ; Bhak, D. ; Bhak, J. - \ 2012
Nucleic acids research 40 (2012)D1. - ISSN 0305-1048 - p. D1250 - D1254.
web services - life sciences - information - collection - persistence - catalog
Biology is generating more data than ever. As a result, there is an ever increasing number of publicly available databases that analyse, integrate and summarize the available data, providing an invaluable resource for the biological community. As this trend continues, there is a pressing need to organize, catalogue and rate these resources, so that the information they contain can be most effectively exploited. MetaBase (MB) (http://MetaDatabase.Org) is a community-curated database containing more than 2000 commonly used biological databases. Each entry is structured using templates and can carry various user comments and annotations. Entries can be searched, listed, browsed or queried. The database was created using the same MediaWiki technology that powers Wikipedia, allowing users to contribute on many different levels. The initial release of MB was derived from the content of the 2007 Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) Database Issue. Since then, approximately 100 databases have been manually collected from the literature, and users have added information for over 240 databases. MB is synchronized annually with the static Molecular Biology Database Collection provided by NAR. To date, there have been 19 significant contributors to the project; each one is listed as an author here to highlight the community aspect of the project.
Maatschappelijke respons op nieuwe technologieën : een literatuuroverzicht ten behoeve van Kennisbasis VI onderzoek
Ronteltap, A. ; Reinders, M.J. ; Weele, C. van der - \ 2012
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI : Onderzoeksveld Consument & gedrag ) - 34
levenswetenschappen - technologie - samenleving - interdisciplinair onderzoek - synthese - innovaties - consumenten - consumentengedrag - life sciences - technology - society - interdisciplinary research - synthesis - innovations - consumers - consumer behaviour
In dit rapport wordt een overzicht gegeven van de huidige stand van zaken op het gebied van onderzoek naar technologie en maatschappij met een focus op het werkveld van Wageningen UR, de levenswetenschappen. Er is in toenemende mate onderzoek gedaan naar de maatschappelijke aspecten van technologieontwikkeling. Er is vanuit veel verschillende disciplines onderzoek gedaan, maar daaruit is nog weinig synthese ontstaan. Zo is het maatschappelijk perspectief en het individueel perspectief op de interactie tussen technologie en maatschappij grotendeels los van elkaar ontwikkeld. Dat is vanuit wetenschappelijk oogpunt niet vreemd: specialisatie levert namelijk veel op. Discipline-overstijgende samenwerking is nodig om expertise daadwerkelijk te integreren. Een mogelijk risico van interdisciplinaire samenwerking is dat de resultaten niet goed in het peer-reviewed systeem gepubliceerd kunnen worden, ongeacht de uitkomsten. Andere vormen van output dienen daarom onderzocht en op waarde geschat te worden. Denk bijvoorbeeld aan boeken of populair-wetenschappelijke publicaties. Wageningen UR heeft naar verhouding een sterke traditie in syntheseonderzoek, onder andere in praktijkonderzoek, maar ook in vernieuwende wetenschapsgebieden als systeembiologie en complexe adaptieve systemen (CAS).
Chemicals & energy; building a sustainable bio-based economy for the Netherlands: 2020 & beyond
Wielen, L.A.M. van der; Arends, I. ; Heijnen, S. ; Sanders, J.P.M. ; Scott, E.L. - \ 2009
In: Partners in de polder; A vision for the life sciences in the Netherlands and the role of public-private partnership / Laane, Colja, Besteman, Koen, S.n. - ISBN 9789080735774 - p. 136 - 157.
onderzoek - samenwerking - innovaties - levenswetenschappen - publiek-private samenwerking - toekomst - Nederland - research - cooperation - innovations - life sciences - public-private cooperation - future - Netherlands
Partners in the Polder is a book in two parts. Part I is called Unity, and presents the field’s joint vision of the future of the life sciences in the Netherlands, and the past, present and future role of public-private partnerships. Part II, Diversity, looks at (the future of) the life sciences and PPPs from the perspectives of the sectors involved (food, health, chemicals & energy and agriculture) and the disciplines linking them (technology, education, valorization and social aspects).The two parts can be read separately, but together illustrate a field united in diversity. Each chapter in Part II can be read on its own.
Opdat het gras weer bloeie... : ontwikkeling, levenswetenschappen en religie
Jochemsen, H. - \ 2009
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit, Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789085852797 - 52
ontwikkeling - religie - filosofie - levenswetenschappen - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - openbare redes - development - religion - philosophy - life sciences - development cooperation - public speeches
‘Als de olifanten vechten..’ vormt de eerste helft van een Afrikaans spreekwoord, dat vervolgt met ‘ … wordt het gras vertrapt.’ Dat spreekwoord wil zeggen: als de machthebbers vechten dan is het gewone volk slachtoffer, worden gewone mensen de levensmogelijkheden ontnomen. Het doel van ontwikkelingssamenwerking kan niet anders zijn dan dat het ‘gewone volk’ er baat bij heeft, weer opbloeit. Het vertrapte gras moet weer opbloeien… Zo begint Jochemsen zijn inaugurele rede.
Inspire & innovate : Endbericht
Cornelissen, T. ; Lugtenaar, M. ; Balendonck, J. ; Ruckelshausen, A. ; Wit, R. de - \ 2008
Arnhem : Ontwikkelingsmaatschappij Oost Nederland - 175
innovaties - voedsel - levenswetenschappen - innovations - food - life sciences
Met het project Inspire & Innovate helpt de EU Nederlandse en Duitse bedrijven in met name de sectoren Food en Life Sciences op weg. Het project is bedoeld voor MKB-bedrijven in de Euregio Rijn-Waal en de EUREGIO die inhoudelijke en financiële ondersteuning zoeken om hun innovatieplannen door te voeren
Inspire & innovate : eindrapportage
Cornelissen, T. ; Lugtenaar, M. ; Balendonck, J. ; Ruckelshausen, A. ; Wit, R. de - \ 2008
Arnhem : Ontwikkelingsmaatschappij Oost Nederland - 175
innovaties - voedsel - internationale samenwerking - ondernemingen - kennis - duitsland - nederland - levenswetenschappen - middelgrote bedrijven - bedrijfskunde - innovations - food - international cooperation - enterprises - knowledge - germany - netherlands - life sciences - medium sized businesses - business administration
In de Euregio Rijn-Waal en de Euregio Gronau bestond de behoefte om de aanwezige kennis grensoverschrijdend beter te benutten. Het centrale doel was MKB’ers te ondersteunen bij innovaties die ontstaan vanuit het toepassen van nieuwe kennis. Veel van de door de kennisinstellingen aan het bedrijfsleven aangeboden kennis gaat uit van een academische behoefte. In het project is uitgegaan van de behoefte aan kennis vanuit het MKB. Doordat er alleen projecten zijn ondersteund waarbij behoefte bestond aan een oplossing voor een reëel knelpunt, waren de bedrijfseconomische effecten binnen de bedrijven direct zichtbaar heeft het ook een aantoonbare impuls veroorzaakt voor de regio.
90 years Wageningen University : science for impact on science, society and business
Kropff, M.J. ; Kalwij, J.J. - \ 2008
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789085049654 - 103
universitair onderzoek - universitaire onderwijsprogramma's - nederland - milieu - landbouw - voedselproductie - natuur - levenswetenschappen - natuurwetenschappen - university research - college programs - netherlands - environment - agriculture - food production - nature - life sciences - natural sciences
Modelling the afforested system: the soil and water compartment
Kros, J. ; Mol, J. ; Groenenberg, J.E. ; Reinds, G.J. ; Heil, G.W. ; Deursen, W. van; Vries, W. de - \ 2007
In: Environmental Effects of Afforestation in North-Western Europe. From Field Observations to Decision Support. / Heil, G.W., Muys, B., Hansen, K., Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands (Springer Series: Plant and Vegetation Vol. 1) - ISBN 9781402045677 - p. 175 - 202.
milieu - bosbedrijfsvoering - landschapsecologie - levenswetenschappen - environment - forest management - landscape ecology - life sciences
Science for agriculture and rural development in low-income countries
Roetter, R.P. ; Keulen, H. van; Kuiper, M.H. ; Verhagen, J. ; Laar, H.H. van - \ 2007
Dordrecht : Springer - ISBN 9781402066160 - 220
landbouw - ecologie - milieu - levenswetenschappen - aardwetenschappen - ontwikkelingseconomie - agriculture - ecology - environment - life sciences - earth sciences - development economics
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