Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Quantifying potential sources of surface water contamination with Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli
Mughini-Gras, Lapo ; Penny, Christian ; Ragimbeau, Catherine ; Schets, Franciska M. ; Blaak, Hetty ; Duim, Birgitta ; Wagenaar, Jaap A. ; Boer, Albert de; Cauchie, Henry-Michel ; Mossong, Joel ; Pelt, Wilfrid Van - \ 2016
Water Research 101 (2016). - ISSN 0043-1354 - p. 36 - 45.
campylobacter - surface water - water quality - pollution - water pollution - microbiology - wild birds - poultry - campylobacter jejuni - campylobacter coli - netherlands - luxembourg - oppervlaktewater - waterkwaliteit - verontreiniging - waterverontreiniging - microbiologie - wilde vogels - pluimvee - nederland - luxemburg
Campylobacter is the most common causative agent of human bacterial gastroenteritis and is frequently found in surface water, where it indicates recent contamination with animal faeces, sewage effluent, and agricultural run-off. The contribution of different animal reservoirs to surface water contamination with Campylobacter is largely unknown. In the Netherlands, the massive poultry culling to control the 2003 avian influenza epidemic coincided with a 44–50% reduction in human campylobacteriosis cases in the culling areas, suggesting substantial environment-mediated spread of poultry-borne Campylobacter. We inferred the origin of surface water Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli strains in Luxembourg and the Netherlands, as defined by multilocus sequence typing, by comparison to strains from poultry, pigs, ruminants, and wild birds, using the asymmetric island model for source attribution. Most Luxembourgish water strains were attributed to wild birds (61.0%), followed by poultry (18.8%), ruminants (15.9%), and pigs (4.3%); whereas the Dutch water strains were mainly attributed to poultry (51.7%), wild birds (37.3%), ruminants (9.8%), and pigs (1.2%). Attributions varied over seasons and surface water types, and geographical variation in the relative contribution of poultry correlated with the magnitude of poultry production at either the national or provincial level, suggesting that environmental dissemination of Campylobacter from poultry farms and slaughterhouses can be substantial in poultry-rich regions.
Luxembourg and the Birds Directive : analysis of necessity and identification of new SPAs
Sluis, T. van der; Eupen, M. van; Apeldoorn, R.C. van; Schotman, A.G.M. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-report 2340)
vogelrichtlijn - vogels - milieubescherming - soorten - groeiplaatsen - natuurbescherming - netwerken - luxemburg - birds directive - birds - environmental protection - species - sites - nature conservation - networks - luxembourg
After the designation of twelve Special Protection Areas (SPAs) Luxembourg was asked by the European Commission to evaluate this network by analysing its contribution to the viability of the 64 bird species for which Luxembourg has to select sites. For 34 species which are good or very good covered by the network in a qualitative way the contribution of the designated SPAs was evaluated focusing on the method of site selection. For these species it was concluded that the SPAs and six selected Important Bird Areas (IBAs) include all important sites in Luxembourg. There is no need for selection and designation of additional SPAs to fulfill the obligations of the Birds Directive. For 30 species which are not or badly covered by the SPA network the model LARCH was used to analyse the spatial conditions of the network providing long term protection in terms of viable populations. The analyses show only a few species which are viable within the existing network. For most species additional sites are needed to reach a sustainable network. Priority areas where additional sites can be found are also analysed. Because additional sites can contribute to the viability of different species priority areas were analysed showing their added value to the viability of a combination of species using the same habitat.
Verslag van de buitenlandse excursie Hydrologie naar de landendriehoek Frankrijk, Duitsland en Luxemburg : 30 augustus tot 5 september 1998
Waremerdam, P.M.M. ; Torfs, P.J.J.F. - \ 1999
Wageningen : Landbouwuniversiteit Wageningen (Rapport / Sectie Waterhuishouding, Departement Omgevingswetenschappen, Universiteit Wageningen 87) - 60
hydrologie - frankrijk - duitsland - luxemburg - studenten - rivierregulering - hydrology - france - germany - luxembourg - students - river regulation
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