Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Simulating pigs : Understanding their motivations, behaviour, welfare and productivity
Boumans, Iris - \ 2017
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Imke de Boer, co-promotor(en): Eddy Bokkers; Gert Jan Hofstede. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463432122 - 200
pigs - pig farming - sustainability - motivation - animal behaviour - behaviour disorders - animal welfare - simulation models - animal production - varkens - varkenshouderij - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - motivatie - diergedrag - gedragsstoornissen - dierenwelzijn - simulatiemodellen - dierlijke productie

The transition towards sustainable pig production systems is receiving increasing attention nowadays. Pig behaviour plays a central role in sustainability, as it is an important indicator for pig welfare and can also affect other sustainability issues. Understanding behaviour and related welfare consequences requires to understand motivations underlying behaviour. The two aims of this thesis were: 1) to assess the use of agent-based modelling for understanding pig behaviour and underlying motivation, and 2) to apply agent-based modelling for increasing our understanding of pig behaviour, and related animal welfare and productivity performance.

We first explored the use of agent-based modelling with tail biting behaviour in pigs as a case study. An agent-based model was developed to understand the causation of tail biting behaviour. Subsequently, we developed a mechanistic and dynamic simulation model to gain more understanding of feeding behaviour and internal (physiological) factors. The model integrates knowledge from physiology and ethology, and combines growth with a behavioural decision model based on motivation. This model included motivations underlying feeding behaviour and various feeding patterns of an individually housed growing pig. To deepen our understanding of mechanisms underlying feeding patterns of pigs within 24 hours, hormonal circadian rhythms were included in the model in a follow-up study. The circadian rhythms of cortisol and melatonin explained the alternans pattern, a small peak of feed intake at the beginning of the day and a larger peak at the end of the day, of feeding in pigs. Next, an agent-based model of feeding and social interaction in commercially group-housed pigs was developed to deepen our understanding of the complex interaction between internal physiological factors and external social factors. Social factors (e.g. competition level and social facilitation) and behavioural strategies (e.g. avoidance and approach) affected social interactions among pigs and feeding behaviour. The causation of variation among pigs was further explored in this model. Pig characteristics were important in various feeding, social interaction and growth patterns in pigs.

In general, agent-based modelling proved to be a useful method to understand animal behaviour and underlying motivations. It contributed to further understanding of tail biting, feeding and social behaviour in pigs. Furthermore, agent-based modelling showed to be a novel method to find and assess behaviours as welfare indicators, and to contribute to understanding trade-offs and synergies between sustainability issues, such as animal welfare and productivity.

Frontline health worker motivation in the provision of maternal and neonatal health care in Ghana
Aberese-Ako, Matilda - \ 2016
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Han van Dijk; I.A. Agyepong, co-promotor(en): G.J.E. Gerrits. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578937 - 160
health care workers - motivation - organizations - management - ghana - attitudes to work - patient care - health policy - ethnography - reproductive health - child health - gezondheidswerkers - motivatie - organisaties - bedrijfsvoering - houding t.o.v. werk - patiëntenzorg - gezondheidsbeleid - etnografie - reproductieve gezondheid - gezondheid van kinderen

The health of mothers and neonates is a concern for many countries, because they form the future of every society. In Ghana efforts have been made to address quality health care in order to accelerate progress in maternal and child health and reduce maternal and neonatal mortality through the implementation of a number of polices including a fee exemption for pregnant women for antenatal, delivery and postnatal care and a national health insurance scheme among others. However these interventions have not led to an improvement in the quality of health care and concerns have been raised whether health workers are sufficiently motivated to provide health care that is responsive to the needs of mothers and children. This study set out to study motivation as an individual quality of the worker, however it became obvious in the analytical phase that motivation is an outcome of interactions between the worker and the work environment. So the research resorted to analyse and understand the various ways in which interpersonal interactions and organisational processes contribute to the motivation of health workers and quality of care in a Ghanaian hospital setting. The research tried to answer the following questions: what are the interpersonal processes that influence health worker motivation; what are the organisational and managerial processes that influence health worker motivation; how does the setup of the Ghana health sector and its associated policies influence health worker motivation and how does health worker motivation influence health worker response to client health needs? The research focused on the quality of interpersonal interaction, such as attitudes, motivation, trust and conflict, on a number of organizational characteristics such as power relations, power being defined as the ability to affect organizational outcomes, uncertainty in decision-making and the provision of resources to deliver quality health care and on wider policy-making that affects the ability of health care institutions to take care of the staff (remuneration, human resource management) and the decision-making space of health facility managers.

In order to investigate health worker motivation in a real life setting ethnographic research was conducted for twenty months in two hospitals; a specialist referral hospital and a district hospital that offer basic maternal and child health services in the greater Accra region in Ghana. Between 2011 and 2013, data was collected in mostly the maternity and new-born units of both hospitals. The researcher interacted with hospital staff including nurses, doctors, anaesthetists, orderlies, laboratory technicians, accounts officers and managers and collected data on daily activities and interactions in the hospital environment. The hospitals, which had different characteristics, were not selected for comparative purposes, but to enable a better understanding of how the organizational context influences worker motivation. Conversations were useful in helping the researcher to understand social phenomena. Interviews were conducted to explore social phenomena in depth. Participant observation was also a very important tool in helping the researcher to observe at first- hand how health care is provided in a natural hospital environment. An important source of information consisted of the reactions of hospital staff on the research and the researcher and the researcher’s emotional reactions to this, as it helped her to experience motivation, which was very useful in understanding and analysing motivational processes in the hospital environment.

Ethical clearance was obtained from the Ghana Health Service Ethics Review board (approval number GHS-ERC:06/01/12) and the proposal was reviewed by the Wageningen School of Social Sciences board. Written informed consent was obtained from all interview participants. Verbal consent was obtained for conversations and pseudonyms are used for the names of the study hospitals and frontline workers throughout the thesis.

Interpersonal processes including limited interaction and communication between collaborating frontline workers and perceived disrespect from colleagues and managers contributed to poor relations between frontline workers. A high number of frontline workers engaged in locum (private practice) in private hospitals. Such workers came to work late, or left early and some even skipped their official work to engage in locum practice. Workers also believed that some of their colleagues sneaked in their clients from their locum site to the hospital and charged them illegal fees, which they did not share with colleagues. Such practices and perceptions contributed to distrust relations among workers and to a poor organisational climate, which resulted in demotivation of staff, poor collaboration in the provision of health care, and eventually to conflicts. Conflicts contributed to delays in the provision of care and those who were willing to work felt disempowered, as they were unable to marshal their resources with collaborating professionals to respond to clients’ needs. They also contributed to angry and bitter workers and negative perceptions of other professional groups. Sometimes cases were postponed and on some occasions clients had to be referred to other facilities.

Organisational and managerial processes equally influenced health worker motivation in various ways. Health workers perceived distributive, procedural and interactional injustice in organisational and managerial processes as they perceived that managers were not responding to their personal and organisational needs, which compromised their ability to offer quality health care. Health workers perceived distributive injustice in the fact that they worked hard and deserved to be given incentives to offset the stoppage of bonuses that the government initially paid to workers when the fee exemption for maternal health was introduced. Workers felt their managers were not meeting the hospitals’ needs for essential medical supplies, equipment and were incapable of putting up appropriate infrastructure to accommodate workers and an overwhelming number of clients. They perceived interactional injustice because of the fact that managers did not communicate with them on decisions that affected them and that managers were out of touch with the needs of workers. They complained that they were not respected by their superiors, who shouted at them when they made mistakes, and suggested that managers and superiors did not treat them with dignity in matters of discipline. Workers further argued that managers did not care whether they had adequate workforce to support them to provide quality health care. Some felt overworked and some felt burn out.

However, managers felt disempowered at their level as well. The setup of the Ghana health sector and its associated policies remains largely centralised, so managers who are expected to meet the needs of frontline health workers and their hospitals, do not have the power to do so. They could not beef up staff numbers, since recruitment and allocation of staff to health facilities is centralised. In addition, managers received little financial support to run their hospitals. Their main source of funding was from reimbursement of funds from the National Health Insurance Authority, but reimbursement usually delayed for up to six months and they did not receive subvention from the Ghana Health Service or the Ministry of Health (MOH) to run their hospitals, so they were always cash strapped. Also the MOH, which is the body responsible for putting up infrastructure, could not meet the infrastructure needs of the hospitals. Additionally managers had to deal with conflicting policies including procurement policies that made decisions on purchasing essential supplies and drugs bureaucratic and slowed managers’ response to frontline worker and organisational needs. As a result, managers faced uncertainty in securing human and physical resources. To cope with uncertainties managers had to distribute their funds thinly among competing priorities of worker and organisational needs. At times managers had to sacrifice certain needs of workers and their hospitals in order to meet others. Consequently, workers lost trust in managers, which demotivated them in the provision of health care. Also the fee exemption policy made health care accessible to the general populace, but it did not lead to a commensurate increase in salaries, infrastructure development and increase in staff numbers. For that matter managers and frontline workers were overwhelmed with client numbers and had to turn some away. Both hospital managers and frontline workers perceived that policy makers and their superiors were not interested in how they provided care to clients or even their own safety, which demotivated them.

It is important to note that some workers were observed to be intrinsically motivated and responded to the health needs of clients, despite the fact that they faced similar challenges as those who were demotivated. Such workers explained that their sources of motivation included a belief in a supreme being, the desire to maintain work standards and others perceived that clients had a right to quality health care. Also some indicated that they derived inner satisfaction when they were able to provide quality care to clients.

Demotivation contributed to absenteeism, workers reporting to work late and some closing early as strategies to avoid collaborating with colleagues that they did not feel comfortable working with, which further worsened the conflict situation. Some workers also picked and chose to work with particular professionals. Workers exercised power negatively in two ways: 1. Some workers exhibited negative attitudes towards their colleagues, which contributed to poor interaction and poor communication. It further created gaps in clinical decision making. 2. Workers transferred their frustrations and disappointments to clients by shouting at clients and insulting them, which compromised with the quality of care that clients received. Another important consequence of demotivation was that workers got angry, some felt frustrated, and some reported experiencing high blood pressure. Consequently it affected the wellbeing of health workers who were supposed to cater for clients. Also demotivation became so deeply seated in some workers that they appeared to be beyond redemption. Some even hated the hospital environment that they worked in and others chose to leave the hospital.

For health workers to be able to respond to the health needs of clients who visit the hospital there is the need that their personal needs including demand for better terms and conditions of service, incentives and training needs are catered for. Also their organisational needs including demand for essential supplies, equipment, appropriate infrastructure among others need to be addressed. Additionally managers have to be transparent, communicate and interact more frequently with frontline workers to enable them appreciate managers’ efforts in meeting workers’ personal and organisational needs. Also for managers to be able to meet the needs of frontline workers and their organisations managers must be given the power to make decisions on human and other resources. Also managers should be supported with the necessary funds, so that they can meet the multiple needs of their workers and hospitals.

Health worker motivation in the hospital context is determined by an interaction of interpersonal and organisational processes that are shaped by external and internal influencers, who exercise power in their bid to influence organisational outcomes. Thus this study contributes to theory by propounding that motivation is not an individual quality of the worker, but it is an outcome of interactions between the worker and the work environment. Also power and trust relations within and outside the hospital influence worker motivation and for that matter theories on organisational power and trust relations are central to understanding and analysing worker motivation.

Hoe maken gemeenten stadslandbouw mogelijk?
Rijn, E. van; Hassink, J. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR (PRI rapport 625) - 17
gemeenten - beleid - stadslandbouw - stedelijke gebieden - voedselproductie - bewonersparticipatie - sociale factoren - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - motivatie - onderzoek - municipalities - policy - urban agriculture - urban areas - food production - community participation - social factors - sustainability - motivation - research
Elke pionierende gemeenteambtenaar, ondernemer, burger die zich bezighoudt met stadslandbouw moet als het ware zelf het wiel weer uitvinden: welke regels zijn voor mijn initiatief van toepassing, waar kan ik ontwikkelen, wie heeft kennis van zaken en hoe kan ik initiatieven faciliteren. Het Stedennetwerk Stadslandbouw is een landelijk netwerk van gemeentelijke ambtenaren in de stadslandbouw. Het biedt de deelnemers de ruimte om gezamenlijk blokkades aan te pakken, elkaar te inspireren, richting te geven aan beleid en kansen te grijpen. Het netwerk brengt pioniers bij elkaar en stimuleert met hen de ontwikkeling van stadslandbouw in Nederland. In 2014 was er bij deelnemers behoefte om een beter zicht te krijgen op de manieren waarop gemeenten met stadslandbouw initiatieven omgaan en stadslandbouw faciliteren en ondersteunen. Besloten werd om interviews te houden met beleidsmedewerkers van gemeenten die bij het stedennetwerk zijn aangesloten. Dit rapport beschrijft het onderzoek naar hoe gemeenten stadslandbouw mogelijk maken en waarom zij stadslandbouw belangrijk vinden. De belangrijkste motieven voor stadslandbouw zijn voedsel, gevolgd door participatie, sociale aspecten, duurzaamheid en ‘overige thema’s’. De motieven die slechts door één gemeente genoemd werden, worden hier niet nader vermeld. De volgorde wordt bepaald door het aantal keren dat het motief genoemd is.
Parels en puzzels bij weidegang = 'Pearls and puzzles' with grazing
Vrolijk, M. ; Gosselink, J.M.J. - \ 2013
Lelystad : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 680) - 30
melkveehouderij - melkvee - dierenwelzijn - begrazing - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - motivatie - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - diergezondheid - rendement - dierlijke productie - diergedrag - huisvesting, dieren - dairy farming - dairy cattle - animal welfare - grazing - sustainability - motivation - farm management - animal health - returns - animal production - animal behaviour - animal housing
Choosing a suitable farming system and optimising and continuing this approach in practice gives dairy farmers the most 'pearls' and the fewest 'puzzles'. This applies both to grazing and non-grazing systems.
Relaties tussen recreanten, ondernemers en landschap
Goossen, C.M. ; Langers, F. ; Boer, T.A. de - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-werkdocument 329) - 74
openluchtrecreatie - landschap - investering - verblijfsrecreatie - motivatie - nederland - outdoor recreation - landscape - investment - short stay tourism - motivation - netherlands
De recreatiemotieven Gezelligheid en Tussen uit zijn de belangrijkste motieven. Investeringen gebaseerd op wensen van recreanten met het motief Tussen uit, is des te belangrijker omdat dit motief in omvang zal toenemen. Bedrijven die aan zee of grote meren of parken liggen, hebben een extra voordeel omdat recreanten die meer met dit motief er op uit trekken vaker naar deze typen landschappen gaan. Het motief Gezelligheid blijft groot, maar zal in omvang iets afnemen. Bedrijven die zich richten op recreanten met dit motief lijken een extra voordeel te hebben als ze in duingebieden, in of nabij recreatiegebieden of waterrijke gebieden liggen. De markt voor verblijfsrecreatie begint verzadigd te raken zodat keuzes belangrijker worden. Enthousiaste ondernemers investeren in natuur en landschap vanwege hun intrinsieke motivatie en/of voordelen voor hun bedrijf. De bezwaarhebbenden investeren niet omdat ze het niet belangrijk vinden, weerstand tegen regelgeving en/of er onvoldoende voordeel in zien. De twijfelaars willen wel, maar hebben de financiële middelen niet, een beperkte schaalgrootte en onvoldoende ruimtelijke ontwikkelmogelijkheden en/of opzien tegen de organisatorische rompslomp. Voor investeringen in de regio zijn streekfondsen het meest interessant
Waar gaat dat heen? : recreatiemotieven, landschapskwaliteit en de oudere wandelaar : achtergronddocument bij Natuurverkenning 2011
Donders, J.L.M. ; Luttik, J. ; Goossen, C.M. ; Veeneklaas, F.R. ; Vreke, J. ; Weijschedé, T.J. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-werkdocument 271) - 86
openluchtrecreatie - vrijetijdsgedrag - motivatie - landschapsbeleving - outdoor recreation - leisure behaviour - motivation - landscape experience
Het onderzoek richt zich op de vraag welke kwaliteiten van groen belangrijk zijn bezien vanuit verschillende motieven waarmee mensen recreëren, nu en in de toekomst. Er is een literatuurstudie uitgevoerd naar recreatiemotieven en –trends, met als leidraad de link tussen recreatiemotieven en landschapskwaliteit, gevolgd door mondelinge interviews onder oudere wandelaars. Alle respondenten wandelen met meerdere behoeften, die soms voor een individu gekoppeld zijn aan een bepaalde omgeving. Een patroon is slechts in een enkel geval zichtbaar. Wandelaars komen het meest overeen in een grote behoefte aan afwisseling, maar zij vullen dit verschillend in. Het Nederlandse landschap wordt na goede wandelervaringen in het buitenland, vooral vanwege de afwisseling in landschapstypen meer gewaardeerd. Wandelen is voor ouderen een belangrijke activiteit vooral omdat het relatief lang haalbaar is. Het komt vaak in de plaats van meer dynamische activiteiten. Voor ouderen zijn ook de kleinere natuurgebieden die dicht bij huis liggen zeer waardevol.
Udder health and communication : proceedings of the international conference 25-27 October 2011, Utrecht, the Netherlands
Hogeveen, H. ; Lam, T.J.G.M. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086861859
melkvee - boeren - uiers - diergezondheid - rundermastitis - ziektebestrijding - dierziektepreventie - motivatie - communicatie - houding van boeren - kennis van boeren - dierenartsen - agrarische economie - diagnostiek - therapie - dairy cattle - farmers - udders - animal health - bovine mastitis - disease control - animal disease prevention - motivation - communication - farmers' attitudes - farmers' knowledge - veterinarians - agricultural economics - diagnostics - therapy
In dairy industries throughout the world there is a desire to optimize udder health. An improved udder health will lead to improved animal welfare, improved production efficiency and a reduction of the use of antibiotics. To improve udder health, first of all, technical knowledge on issues such as treatment, milking, infectious pressure and host resistance is important. However, over the years we learned that knowledge alone is not enough: knowledge has to be used. And for knowledge to be used, farmers have to be motivated. This requires knowledge about motivation and communication. In this book, recent knowledge on technical udder health issues is combined with knowledge on motivation and communication. A large number of descriptions of mastitis control programs that are being carried out worldwide is combined with more specific studies. These are aimed at effective advising, motivation and communication strategies, economics, and technical studies on mastitis control and prevention. Therefore, this book provides an applied source of information for all that are willing to improve udder health.
Deliverable 5.2 Study report on consumer motivations and behaviours for fruits and fruit products in the Balkans
Sijtsema, S.J. ; Snoek, H.M. - \ 2010
Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel Wageningen UR - 65
consumentengedrag - fruit - fruitproducten - voeding en gezondheid - houding van consumenten - balkan - motivatie - consumer behaviour - fruit products - nutrition and health - consumer attitudes - balkans - motivation
It is unclear whether fruit consumption in Western Balkan countries (WBC) meets recommended levels from a health perspective. A better understanding consumers' perception of health and motives and barriers of fruit is necessary to get insight in the fruit consumption. The aim of WP 5 is therefore to explore, analyze and understand perceptions, motivations and barriers of consumers in WBC towards fruit and fruit products and their nutritional balance. In this WP 5 the focus is on consumption of fruit in everyday life, which means that fresh fruit as well as dried and processed fruit are studied.
Work is gaming : motiverende factoren in de glastuinbouw
Pekkeriet, E.J. ; Bruins, M.A. - \ 2010
Utrecht : InnovatieNetwerk (Rapport / InnovatieNetwerk nr. 10.2.247) - ISBN 9789050594318 - 36
tuinbouw - arbeid (werk) - personeel - motivatie - stimulansen - werkorganisatie - arbeidsvoldoening - functieverrijking - glastuinbouw - arbeid in de landbouw - horticulture - labour - personnel - motivation - incentives - organization of work - work satisfaction - job enrichment - greenhouse horticulture - farm labour
Voorstudie over welke factoren medewerkers in de glastuinbouw motiveren en welke vormen van beloning (financieel of niet financieel) waardevol zijn.
Programma van Eisen van de ondernemer in de melkveehouderij : Kracht van Koeien
Bos, A.P. ; Cornelissen, J.M.R. - \ 2008
Lelystad : Animal Sciences Group (Rapport / Animal Sciences Group 182) - 13
melkveehouderij - bedrijfssystemenonderzoek - bedrijfssystemen - ontwerp - motivatie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - dierenwelzijn - wensen - dairy farming - farming systems research - farming systems - design - motivation - sustainability - animal welfare - desires
Brief of Requirements (BoR) of the entrepreneur in dairy husbandry. The BoR indicates the actor's needs with regards to the animal husbandry system. BoRs of the main actors are incorporated in the redesign of a dairy husbandry system
Institutional design of agri-environmental contracts in the European Union: the role of trust and social capital.
Polman, N.B.P. ; Slangen, L.H.G. - \ 2008
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 55 (2008)4. - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 413 - 430.
landbouwbeleid - besluitvorming - contracten - motivatie - agrarisch natuurbeheer - agricultural policy - decision making - contracts - motivation - agri-environment schemes - farmer participation - scheme - information - governance - policy - rules
Assessing potential uptake of agri-environmental schemes based on farm and farmer characteristics only results in an incomplete analysis because it neglects the effects of motivational issues of the institutional design of contracts, as set up by the government, and of social capital. In this paper we describe contract choice using a trivariate probit model and taking into account farm and farmer characteristics and motivational issues. Motivational issues in this study include the perception of institutional design, the use of extension services, trust in the government, and preferences for stable policies. Results show that besides farm and farmer characteristics these factors are important for the likelihood of enrolling in agri-environmental contracts. They do not influence every contract type in the same way and further decisions to conclude different contract types are connected. If farmers perceive the design of an agri-environmental scheme as weak or favour a stable policy they are less likely to conclude contracts for biodiversity protection. Farmers who do not trust the government are less likely to conclude contracts for less intensive practices. Involvement in general networks increases the probability of contracting for wildlife and landscape management and less intensive practices whereas this factor is not important for biodiversity protection. The results suggest that taking into account motivational issues and differentiating towards different contract types can increase effectiveness and efficiency of agri-environmental schemes.
Dierenarts laat kansen liggen
Jansen, J. - \ 2008
V-focus 5 (2008)1. - ISSN 1574-1575 - p. 22 - 25.
melkveehouderij - dierenartsen - samenwerking - motivatie - bedrijfsvoering - dairy farming - veterinarians - cooperation - motivation - management
De dierenarts is hét aanspreekpunt voor veehouders als het over uiergezondheid gaat. Van deze positie zijn zij zich echter onvoldoende bewust, zo blijkt uit enquêtes en interviews van het UGCN met veehouders en dierenartsen. Dierenartsen krijgen mede daarom het advies meer open vragen te stellen, zich te verdiepen in de doelen van de veehouder en de samenwerking aan te gaan met andere partijen
Recreatiemotieven en belevingssferen in een recreatief landschap : literatuuronderzoek
Goossen, C.M. ; Boer, T.A. de - \ 2008
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1692) - 78
openluchtrecreatie - actieve recreatie - motivatie - perceptie - belevingswaarde - landschapsbeleving - outdoor recreation - active recreation - motivation - perception - experiential value - landscape experience
De zoektocht naar “belevenissen” wordt steeds meer beschouwd als de primaire drijfveer achter veel recreatieactiviteiten. De beleidsopgave van de toekomst is dan ook om in te spelen op de diversiteit van de vraag en afwisseling in het aanbod te creëren. Om dit te onderzoeken is een literatuurstudie uitgevoerd naar verschillende indelingen van doelgroepen in de recreatie. Het blijkt dat een indeling naar motieven de beste mogelijkheid biedt om de vraag te koppelen aan een recreatief aanbod. Vijf motieven worden onderscheiden, die van elkaar verschillen in recreatief gedrag en wensen ten aanzien van de inrichting en beleving van gebieden. Deze vijf motieven zijn gezelligheid, er tussen uit, interesse, opgaan in andere wereld en uitdaging. In omvang is “er tussen uit” het grootst, gevolgd door gezelligheid. Het motief “uitdaging” is het kleinst in omvang. Met deze motieven moet het mogelijk zijn om bepaalde belevingssferen te creëren in gebieden. Dit zal in een vervolgstudie nader worden onderzocht
Omschakelen naar geïntegreerde of biologische teelt - motieven en randvoorwaarden
Lauwere, C.C. de; Buck, A.J. de; Smit, A.L. ; Buurma, J.S. ; Drost, H. ; Prins, H. ; Theuws, L.W. - \ 2008
conversie - biologische landbouw - bedrijfsvoering - motivatie - geïntegreerde bedrijfssystemen - conversion - organic farming - management - motivation - integrated farming systems
Posterpresentatie. Onderzoek naar het omschakelen naar geïntegreerde of biologische teelt
Stilte rond Ecologische Hoofdstructuur is slechts schijn van bescherming van planten en dieren naar dienst aan mens en maatschappij
Smits, M.J.W. ; Gaaff, A. - \ 2007
Spil 235-236 (2007)2. - ISSN 0165-6252 - p. 15 - 20.
natuurbescherming - beschermingsgebieden - bedreigde soorten - doelstellingenmanagement - motivatie - managementbenaderingen - vegetatiebeheer - communicatie - informatiebehoeften - ecologische hoofdstructuur - agrarisch natuurbeheer - dierenbescherming - nature conservation - conservation areas - endangered species - management by objectives - motivation - management philosophies - vegetation management - communication - information needs - ecological network - agri-environment schemes - animal protection
Het huidige kabinet wil socialer en groener zijn dan het vorige. De Ecologische Hoofdstructuur (EHS), het centrale begrip in het Nederlandse natuurbeleid, wordt in de hoofdtekst van het Coalitieakkoord echter niet een keer genoemd. In de financiële bijlagen komt de EHS alleen voor in combinatie met plattelandsbeleid. Vindt men de EHS niet belangrijk? Of staat deze als een huis, en hoeft er dus geen woord meer aan vuil gemaakt te worden? Men is het er over eens dat de EHS er moet komen, maar achter de schermen staat de invulling ervan wel ter discussie. Zie de budgetten, die keer op keer worden bijgesteld. Zie de wijze van uitvoering: minder aankoop van gronden door de staat en meer particulier initiatief. De in dit artikel verdedigde stelling is dat er een verschuiving plaatsvindt van een EHS met als belangrijkste doel bescherming van planten en dieren naar een EHS in dienst van mens en maatschappij. De auteurs stellen niet dat deze verschuiving per se verkeerd hoeft te zijn, en evenmin dat deze in 2007 is begonnen. Ze vinden echter wel dat verandering van motieven voor beleid helder moet worden gecommuniceerd, en niet mag plaatsvinden zonder dat er ruchtbaarheid aan wordt gegeven. Vooral omdat zo’n wijziging consequenties heeft voor de wijze waarop het beleid dient te worden beoordeeld
Using fuzzy logic models to reveal farmers' motives to integrate livestock, fish, and crops
Bosma, R.H. - \ 2007
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Johan Verreth, co-promotor(en): Henk Udo; J. van den Berg; U. Kaymak. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085047803 - 144
boeren - motivatie - vage logica - simulatiemodellen - besluitvorming - veehouderij - visteelt - landbouwplantenteelt - vietnam - geïntegreerde bedrijfssystemen - farmers - motivation - fuzzy logic - simulation models - decision making - livestock farming - fish culture - crop husbandry - integrated farming systems
Rural extension services have changed paradigm and shifted to more participatory approaches, whereas in common mathematical models of farming systems, farmers’ motivation is solely represented by ‘utility maximisation’. While globally, farmers specialise, in Vietnam the rice-based systems have diversified into more sustainable integrated agriculture–aquaculture. We gathered data from 144 farms in six villages in two ecological zones of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Using the livelihood framework we conceptualised farmers’ decision-making in a fuzzy logic model that can deal with subjective linguistic statements through ‘if–then’ rules. The desire to improve livelihoods and diet, mainly for their children’ well-being was the farmers’ main motive for diversification. Livestock, including fish, was essential in the expansion and accumulation stages of the nuclear families’ life-course having five stages. In 10 recursive steps we developed a model of farmers’ decision-making in a transparent hierarchical tree composed of several Mamdani-based inference systems, each with its rule base. Model conceptualisation, variables selection, model structuring, and definition of linguistic values, membership functions and rule base were based on a first set of data that was completed before calibration. In a pilot, the simulation of the frequency distribution of four fish-production systems was good, but classification of individual farmers was poor. Using composed variables for land, water, labour and capital decreased the fuzziness of the inference in this pilot model. In a more elaborated three-layer model, the whole farm composition was simulated using variables for the production factors, farmers’ appreciation of prices, farmer’s know-how of 10 activities, operational variables of social motives for integration and diversification as well as for risk-taking behaviour and for rice food security. Model’s classification of individual farmers in the delta was good for the land-based activities but poor for the livestock activities. A test on the hill farmers’ dataset showed that the model was context-specific. The model’s sensitivity to the social variables determining diversification and integration was of the same magnitude as its sensitivity to product’s prices and farmer’s know-how, but smaller than its sensitivity to labour, capital and land endowment. We conclude that farmers’ decision-making can be simulated using a fuzzy logic model. In the Mekong Delta farm diversification and integration are driven by labour, income, homestead area, number of young children, index of integration, household life-course, and level of education and age of the household head, in decreasing order. The choice of a component depends on the household’s assets and specific know-how, and on marketability. Farm models that do not include family-related motivations might be less reliable than generally suggested.
Financieel inzicht en motivatie van consumenten
Antonides, G. - \ 2007
ESB Economisch Statistische Berichten 92 (2007)4508S. - ISSN 0013-0583 - p. 10 - 14.
consumenten - consumentengedrag - besluitvorming - marktconcurrentie - motivatie - financiële planning - beleid - consumers - consumer behaviour - decision making - market competition - motivation - financial planning - policy
Marktwerking leidt tot een toename van consumentenkeuze. Het blijkt dat een aantal consumenten niet optimaal met deze keuzevrijheid kan omgaan. Het consumentenbeleid kan bijdragen tot een betere benutting van de keuzevrijheid
Televisie voor dik en dun : onderzoek naar de effecten van een Entertainment-Education programma
Mutsaers, K. ; Woerkum, C.M.J. van; Renes, R.J. - \ 2006
Wageningen : Communicatiemanagement, Wageningen Universiteit - ISBN 9085851033 - 174
gezondheidseducatie - gezondheidsbevordering - vertier - methodologie - televisie - uitstrooien - efficiëntie - publiek - psychologie - motivatie - menselijk gedrag - gewichtscontrole - Nederland - health education - health promotion - methodology - television - broadcasting - entertainment - weight control - efficiency - audiences - psychology - motivation - human behaviour - Netherlands
Zelf melken of robot inzetten? Arbeid belangrijkste motivatie om in melkrobot te investeren.
Hogeveen, H. ; Heemskerk, K. - \ 2006
Veeteelt 23 (2006)16. - ISSN 0168-7565 - p. 10 - 12.
melkveehouderij - melkproductie - robots - machinaal melken - melkstandinrichtingen - motivatie - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - dairy farming - milk production - machine milking - milking parlours - motivation - farm management
Waarom kiezen sommige melkveehouders voor een robot en anderen voor een melkstal? Wageningse onderzoekers vroegen veehouders naar hun motivatie. voor de aanschaf van een melkrobot luiden die anders dan voor een melkstal
Quickscan (s)emigratie van Nederlandse agrariërs: push- en pullfactoren
Meulenkamp, W.J.H. ; Kranendonk, R.P. ; Hermans, C.M.L. ; Rienks, W.A. - \ 2006
Wageningen : Alterra - 41
boeren - inkomen van landbouwers - emigratie - migranten - motivatie - stimulansen - nederland - buitenland - farmers - farmers' income - emigration - migrants - motivation - incentives - netherlands - foreign countries
Emigrerende landbouwers zijn een fenomeen dat zowel einde 19e eeuw als vanaf de jaren veertig plaats vond. De emigratiepiek lag in de jaren vijftig. Nog steeds vertrekken agrariers naar een ander land. Daar is een nieuwe vorm van emigreren bij gekomen, namelijk met behoud van een bedrijf in Nederland: semigratie. Dit Alterra rapport inventariseert: aantrekkende factoren (naar welk land), zowel als: vertrekkende factoren (waarom weg). Tevens aandacht voor: waarom een bedrijf aanhouden, en de rol van de Nederlandse overheid
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