Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Creating common ground : The role of Indigenous Peoples’ sacred natural sites in conservation practice, management and policy
Verschuuren, Bas - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Leontine Visser, co-promotor(en): Gerard Verschoor. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463436496 - 219
indigenous people - indigenous knowledge - historic sites - history - nature conservation - natural landscape - australia - ghana - guatemala - nature conservation policy - inheemse volkeren - inheemse kennis - historische plaatsen - geschiedenis - natuurbescherming - natuurlandschap - australië - natuurbeleid

In this thesis, I hold a plea for the recognition and integration of Indigenous people’s realities in conservation practice, management and policy related to their sacred natural sites. Sacred natural sites can be mountains, rivers, forests, trees and rocks that have special spiritual significance to indigenous peoples. To Indigenous peoples these places are not just part of their environment, culture and spirituality but they also form their worldviews and ethnicities.

Based on my research on sacred natural sites, I look at how Indigenous people’s realities can be integrated into conservation approaches and how they lead to the co-creation of new forms of nature conservation. In doing so I focus on how a common ground is being created by Indigenous peoples and development and conservation actors. I argue that this common ground has the capacity to transform conservation practice, management and policy if different worldviews, including those of Indigenous peoples, are equally considered.

The structure of this thesis represents my personal learning curve. It starts off with my earlier work developed as a conservationist with a natural sciences background and with many years of working experience in the field of international nature conservation. The Chapters gradually take on a sociological and anthropological angle, applying ethnographic research to conservation issues. As a result, the thesis represents the experience of a social conservation scientist doing applied and socially engaged research.

The first part of the thesis is built upon conservation literature and draws on a multitude of case studies and previously published work. It presents an overview of the overall importance that indigenous sacred natural sites have to the current field of nature conservation and the main challenges and opportunities that these sites pose to conservationists.

The second part of the thesis builds on case studies and applied ethnographic field research undertaken on conservation projects in North East Arnhem Land in Australia, Santa Cruz del Quiché in Guatemala and the Upper North-West Region in Ghana. In these locations, I have built up working relationships with local indigenous groups and the organisations that support them; respectively these are Yolŋu (since 2007), Maya (since 2012) and Dagara (since 2011).

The qualitative research methods used throughout my research are based on ethnography, participatory research, observational research, co-creation of research, semi-structured interviews, focus groups, freelisting but also the field of social policy analysis, discourse analysis and literature research. They are particularly useful in situations where the research process contributes to finding solutions for concrete conservation problems with all parties involved.

The conceptual framework brings together empirical studies and critical analyses of Indigenous sacred natural sites in different geographical, ecological, cultural and spiritual contexts. As these contexts vary across different places I studied the development of different common grounds between indigenous and non-indigenous actors in the specific locations. Eventually, I brought these studies together in an effort to distil common elements for the construction of a generic common ground.

In the conceptual framework, worldviews and spirituality meet with conceptual areas such as ontological pluralism, biocultural diversity and rights-based approaches across geographical scales and governance levels. I argue that were they meet a common ground is created. I provide further analysis of the process of creating a common ground on the basis of the conceptual areas mentioned above, and draw conclusions that are relevant to furthering scientific debate in these areas as well to the field of conservation.

Chapter 2 concludes that sacred natural sites are important to the conservation of nature and biodiversity because they form an informal network managed and governed by local Indigenous people. This network goes largely unrecognized by the international conservation community and local protected area managers and planners. The chapter presents ten challenges that sacred natural sites pose to the field of conservation and restoration of biological and cultural diversity.

Chapter 3 takes examples of Indigenous worldviews and conservation practices from around the world to demonstrate that these form part of approaches that integrate biocultural values in nature conservation. I argue that in order to be effective and sustainable, nature conservation requires to be based on both science and culture, and combine scientific data on the natural world with experiential knowledge about nature of the social-cultural groups involved. The chapter concludes that, for management to be truly adaptive, it needs to respond to societal and cultural changes which can be achieved by enabling Indigenous people and local communities to guide conservation efforts.

Chapter 4 addresses how the modern conservation movement can use biocultural conservation approaches to overcome disparities between the management and governance of nature and culture. In this discourse about biocultural conservation approaches, the spiritual and the sacred are essential to the conservation of an interconnected network of biocultural hotspots – sacred natural sites.

Chapter 5 demonstrates the importance of Indigenous ontologies in cross-cultural coastal conservation management, particularly the development of locally relevant guidelines for fishers in North East Arnhem Land, Australia. I explore the ‘both ways’ approach adopted by the Dhimurru Aboriginal Corporation, and that guides collaboration between Yolŋu and non-Yolŋu. Disjunctures and synergies between the two ontologies are identified and I offer reflection on the role of the researcher in the cross-cultural co-production of guidelines for fishers and boaters.

Chapter 6 analyses how spiritual leaders build common ground for community conservation of sacred natural sites in the face of neoliberalism in Ghana and Guatemala. The research demonstrates that, beyond rights-based approaches, a common ground is essential to developing feasible and acceptable solutions for the protection and conservation of sacred natural sites. I identify ‘ontological equity’ as an important principle for establishing this common ground. I then argue that neoliberal approaches to conservation and resource development are prejudiced because they ignore the principle of ontological equity and suppress lived realities of sacred natural sites and the existence of the wider spiritscape.

Chapter 7 describes the emerging spaces in international policy and conservation practices as they manifest themselves in a series of conferences, the development of guidelines for protected area managers, and how these have worked to sensitize conservationists to sacred natural sites and their custodians. In connecting different conservation approaches from the local to the international level the chapter shows how a common ground is being created.

The key findings of this thesis include several universal elements to the creation of a common ground: willingness to learn about other worldviews; application of participatory approaches and applied research; the use of cultural brokers; active processes of stakeholder engagement; agreement on governance arrangements and the adoption of ontological equity.

I draw four conclusions derived from the main research results:

1) Biocultural conservation approaches can enable the creation of a common ground, but they may also constrain Indigenous ontologies;

2) Conservationists should learn from other worldviews and ontologies in order to improve the conservation of Indigenous sacred natural sites;

3) Non-human agency and spiritual governance are under-recognised in the conservation of spiritscapes and sacred natural sites;

4) Combining an ethnographic approach with an engaged and participatory research strategy is useful for considering multiple ontologies.

The recommendations of this thesis could form part of a future research agenda for the development of a common ground between Indigenous people, conservationists, and development actors in relation to the conservation of Indigenous sacred natural sites. The main recommendation is that conservation and development actors should consider multiple ontologies when creating a common ground for the development of biocultural conservation approaches.

Weidevogelscenario’s : Mogelijkheden voor aanpak van verbetering van de weidevogelstand in Nederland
Melman, Dick ; Sierdsema, Henk - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Wageningen Environmental Research rapport 2769) - 29
weidevogels - graslanden - populatiebiologie - landschapsbeheer - kosten - habitats - natuurbescherming - nederland - grassland birds - grasslands - population biology - landscape management - costs - nature conservation - netherlands
Beschermde gebiedenregister : technische documentatie, Status A
Schuiling, C. ; Schmidt, A.M. ; Rivière, I.J. la; Smidt, R.A. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Statutory Research Tasks Unit for Nature & the Environment (WOt-technical report 93) - 55
beschermde gebieden - beschermingsgebieden - natura 2000 - natuurbescherming - nederland - geodata - reserved areas - conservation areas - nature conservation - netherlands
This report offers a description of the technical environment, tools and models that are used in managing theDutch register of protected sites (Beschermde gebiedenregister). Its purpose is to document the processesand procedures. Obtaining the ‘A’ quality status is not the immediate aim, but is the long-term goal to whichthis report contributes. The aim of the register of protected sites is to define the boundaries of natural areasand to support the process of defining legally protected sites under one of the following treaties or laws: theBirds and Habitats Directives (Natura 2000), the Ramsar Convention and the Dutch Nature Protection Act(Natuurbeschermingswet). This report describes the procedures for defining the boundaries and formanaging the historical boundaries
Modelling the dynamic interactions between food production and ecosystem services : a case study in Benin
Duku, C. - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Lars Hein, co-promotor(en): S.J. Zwart. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431613 - 141
ecosystem services - modeling - food production - case studies - hydrology - irrigation - forests - woodlands - climatic change - nature conservation - food security - benin - ecosysteemdiensten - modelleren - voedselproductie - gevalsanalyse - hydrologie - irrigatie - bossen - bosgebieden - klimaatverandering - natuurbescherming - voedselzekerheid

Given the high levels of food insecurity and the loss of vital ecosystem services associated with deforestation, countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) face a major dilemma. How can they produce enough food in a changing climate to feed an increasing population while protecting natural forests and woodlands that provide a wide array of ecosystem services beneficial to livelihoods? Thus, the objectives of this thesis are twofold. First, to further enhance the understanding of the dynamic interactions between food production, and natural and semi-natural ecosystems with a case study in Benin. Second, to further enhance the understanding of how hydrological ecosystem services can be captured in an accounting framework. Understanding hydrological ecosystem services is key to understanding the multi-directional relationship between food production and ecosystem services supply from natural and semi-natural ecosystems. First, I examine how a spatially explicit ecohydrological model can be used to analyse multiple hydrological ecosystem services in line with the ecosystem accounting framework. The hydrological ecosystem services include crop water supply for rainfed agriculture, household water supply (both groundwater supply and surface water supply), water purification, and soil erosion control. Second, I develop a general modelling approach for analysing the effects of deforestation on the availability of water for irrigation at the watershed level, and I apply the approach to the Upper Oueme watershed in Benin. Third, I analyse the impact of climate change on agricultural intensification options. Finally, I quantify trade-offs between per capita food availability and protecting forests and woodlands at different levels of yield increases taking into account climate change, population growth. This thesis shows that the integration of hydrological ecosystem services into an accounting framework can provide relevant information at appropriate scales suitable for decision-making. It is empirically feasible to distinguish between service capacity and service flow of hydrological ecosystem services. This requires appropriate decisions regarding physical and mathematical representation of ecohydrological processes, spatial heterogeneity of ecosystems, temporal resolution, and required model accuracy. This thesis also shows that opportunities for irrigation expansion depend on conservation of forests and woodlands in the headwaters of the rivers feeding the irrigation scheme. Opportunities for agricultural intensification in SSA are likely to diminish with climate change, hence increasing pressure to expand cultivated areas in order to meet increasing food demand. Climate change will lead to substantial reductions in; exploitable yield gaps for major food crops, rainfed cropland areas that can support the cultivation of two or more crops per year, and water availability for irrigation expansion. Furthermore, in the far future crop yields will have to increase at a faster rate than has been recorded over the past two and half decades in order to maintain current levels of per capita food availability. Failure to achieve the required levels of yield increases is likely to lead to the conversion of substantial areas of forests and woodlands for crop cultivation. Based on the results of this thesis, four main recommendations to help address the dual challenge of food security and ecosystem protection in Benin and the larger SSA region are made: (i) promote a precautionary approach to forest and woodland conservation, (ii) promote cross-sectoral policy coherence and consultations, (iii) promote the development of satellite ecosystem accounts consistent with national accounts, and (iv) identify, evaluate and implement adaptation and resilience measures to reduce agricultural vulnerability to climate change.

Understanding relations between pastoralism and its changing natural environment
Tamou, Charles - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Imke de Boer, co-promotor(en): Simon Oosting; Raimon Ripoll Bosch; I. Youssao Aboudou Karim. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463431552 - 154
pastoralism - livestock - grazing - crop production - nature conservation - cattle breeds - environment - nature reserves - benin - pastoralisme - vee - begrazing - gewasproductie - natuurbescherming - rundveerassen - milieu - natuurreservaten

The competition for land has become an issue of major concern and cause of conflict, especially between pastoralists and crop farmers, but also between pastoralists and nature conservation institutions. The Biosphere Reserve of W in Benin Republic (WBR) and its surrounding lands are located in the agro-pastoral contact zone in West Africa, enabling competition for land, and affecting the relations between pastoralism and its environment. The general aim of this thesis, therefore, was to understand the relations between pastoralism and its changing natural environment. In terms of land use change, cropland area around WBR expanded, whereas grazing area reduced. Population growth and rising demand for food crops and cash crops were the indirect causes of this loss of grazing lands. Competing claims over land existed between crop farmers and pastoralists, among crop farmers, and among crop farmers, pastoralists, and the WBR authority due to past expropriation, unfair and incomplete implementation of the WBR regulations and the increasing shift of pastoral lifestyle to crop farming. In terms of effects of grazing on plant communities, highly grazed sites had more species diversity than lowly grazed sites. This suggests that the current level of grazing was not damaging plant communities’ diversity. Annual species dominated the surveyed vegetation, suggesting that restoration of grazing lands with perennials requires human intervention. Herding involves taking decisions and moving of livestock in search for feed. Herding decisions are based on traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of soil, forage and livestock. Pastoralists identified five different soils, which they selected for herding at different times of the year. Perennial grasses were perceived of high nutritional quality, whereas annuals were of low nutritional quality. Afzelia africana had high perceived quality for milk production, whereas Khaya senegalensis had the highest perceived quality for meat production, health and strength. In decision making for herding, pastoralists used a holistic approach, combining TEK about soil, vegetation and livestock, in a structured and prioritised reasoning. Changes in the pastoral system can lead to changes in desired livestock traits, which may lead to loss of indigenous breeds. Keteeji was valued for its endurance and tolerance to trypanosomiasis, Bodeeji was highly valued for endurance and Gudali was perceived of high value for meat and milk production, but of low value for endurance. To deal with the changing and unfavourable conditions of their environment, pastoralists preferred cattle breeds performing well on adaptive traits i.e. withstanding hunger, intelligence, and withstanding disease. Our results suggest that pastoralism is under pressure and that its survival depends on policies. In the pessimistic scenario, i.e. without any change, pastoralists will use, likely, the stepping-out strategy in the future. In the optimistic scenario, two possible institutional interventions could help maintaining pastoralism in the region: payments for ecosystem services provided by pastoralism, and association of pastoralism with nature conservation. In practice, however, the implementation of these two interventions is very challenging, which implies an increasing vulnerability of pastoralists and pastoral lifestyle.

Wat kunnen we verwachten van burgerinitiatieven voor natuur en landschap?
Mattijssen, T.J.M. ; Buijs, A.E. ; Elands, B.H.M. - \ 2017
Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap (2017)135. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 12 - 15.
citizens - nature management - landscape management - nature conservation - public participation - burgers - natuurbeheer - landschapsbeheer - natuurbescherming - publieke participatie
Het woord burgerinitiatief duikt steeds
vaker op. Actieve burgers wachten niet
tot de overheid iets voor hen doet, maar
nemen zelf het heft in handen als ze
groen willen verbeteren of onderhouden.
Tegelijkertijd is de vraag naar een bijdrage
vanuit de participatiesamenleving terug
te zien bij terreinbeherende organisaties,
provincies en het ministerie van
Economische Zaken. De verwachtingen
over de bijdrage van georganiseerde
burgers aan natuur, bos en landschap zijn
soms hooggespannen. Maar is dat wel
realistisch? Wij beschrijven in dit artikel
de effecten die groene burgerinitiatieven
hebben en reflecteren op wat dat
betekent voor het natuurbeheer in
Nederland.
Ervaringen met burgerparticipatie bij Staatsbosbeheer : leren van twee casestudy's
Buijs, Arjen ; Donders, Josine ; Dam, Rosalie van - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Wageningen Environmental Research rapport 2783) - 47
natuurbescherming - natuurbeleid - participatie - sociale participatie - burgers - nature conservation - nature conservation policy - participation - social participation - citizens
Waarden van het label Nationaal Park voor Nationaal Park Weerribben-Wieden
Goossen, C.M. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Wageningen Environmental Research rapport 2798) - 45
nationale parken - bezoekers - natuurgebieden - toeristen - natuurbescherming - noordwest-overijssel - national parks - visitors - natural areas - tourists - nature conservation
Dit rapport beschrijft de effecten van het dragen van het label Nationaal Park op het bezoek aan
natuurgebied Weerribben-Wieden. Uit een panelonderzoek blijkt dat 25% zegt dat het label Nationaal
Park een (doorslaggevende) rol heeft gespeeld bij de beslissing om het natuurgebied te bezoeken. Van
de Nederlanders zegt 34% gevoelig voor het label ‘Nationaal Park’ te zijn. Een directe invloed op het
bezoek aan de Weerribben-Wieden is beperkt. Uit dit onderzoek blijkt dat vooral toeristen de
economische waarden van het label Nationaal Park voor de Weerribben-Wieden bepalen en de
bewoners vooral de sociaal-emotionele waarden van het label. De economische toegevoegde waarde
van het label kan geschat worden tussen de 10% en 40%. De sociaal-emotionele waarden zijn
belangrijk voor het vergroten van het ecologisch en economisch belang van een Nationaal Park. Het
draagvlak voor het behoud en bescherming van natuurgebieden kan ermee worden vergroot. De
affiniteit van mensen die daarvoor nodig is, is in en rond de Weerribben-Wieden aanwezig.
Administrative co-management in special use forests of Vietnam
Dung, Nguyen Kim - \ 2017
University. Promotor(en): Arthur Mol, co-promotor(en): Simon Bush. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579866 - 183
forests - forest administration - forest management - nature conservation - environmental protection - vietnam - bossen - bosbeheer - bosbedrijfsvoering - natuurbescherming - milieubescherming

To protect its natural heritage and biodiversity, Vietnam has established a system of ‘special use forest’ (SUFs) which is “the backbone of the national protected areas”. The ineffective management of SUFs based solely on the state leads to a decline in biodiversity and density of the forests. Recognizing this, collaborative or ‘co’-management for SUFs is advocated to get more participation and shared responsibilities and rights between government and non-state actors. However, it is widely noted that co-management is a particularly great challenge in Vietnam because of the nature of strong state control, decades of SUF conflicts, and the lack of capacity and initiatives of communities to negotiate with the government in co-management arrangements. This PhD thesis questions the degree to which co-management can be put in Vietnamese SUFs and the degree of ‘adaptiveness’ it can engender. Conditions of the economic, political and social context surrounding SUFs becomes key to any understanding of how co-management can be implemented, including insights into how co-management may need to be amended to adjust to ‘fit’ the context of mono-organisational states.

Advies Noord-Brabantse vrijstellingslijst onder de nieuwe Wet natuurbescherming : analyse in relatie tot artikel 75 Flora- en faunawet
Vos, C.C. ; Broekmeyer, M.E.A. ; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Jansman, H.A.H. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR (Alterra-rapport 2736) - 69 p.
natuurbescherming - natuurbeschermingsrecht - milieuwetgeving - soorten - noord-brabant - nature conservation - nature conservation law - environmental legislation - species
Dit rapport geeft een advies over welke soorten in aanmerking kunnen komen voor vrijstelling onder de nieuwe Wet natuurbescherming. In een juridische analyse is ingegaan op de beschermingsregimes en vrijstelling van soorten onder de Flora- en faunawet en onder het wetsvoorstel Wet natuurbescherming. Op basis van een ecologische analyse is voor 45 soorten een advies gegeven over de wenselijkheid om de soort op de Noord-Brabantse vrijstellingslijst te plaatsen. De analyse is gebaseerd op landelijke verspreidingsgegevens en op landelijke populatietrends. Indien aanwezig, is ook specifieke informatie over trends en voorkomen in de provincie Noord-Brabant in beschouwing genomen.
Tussen idealisme en wetenschap : van dood land naar levende natuur
Berendse, Frank - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462575400 - 24
natuur - natuurbescherming - natuurbeheer - biodiversiteit - plantengemeenschappen - soortenrijkdom - wetenschap - nature - nature conservation - nature management - biodiversity - plant communities - species richness - science
The politics of environmental knowledge
Turnhout, E. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462573796 - 20 p.
milieuwetenschappen - milieu - kennis - biodiversiteit - ecosysteemdiensten - natuurbescherming - politiek - environmental sciences - environment - knowledge - biodiversity - ecosystem services - nature conservation - politics
Dit is mijn hof : een beschouwing over de biodiversiteit in Nederland
Schaminee, J.H.J. - \ 2016
Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 13 (2016)129. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 18 - 20.
biodiversiteit - natuurbeheer - natuurbescherming - landschapsbeheer - nationale parken - nederland - biodiversity - nature management - nature conservation - landscape management - national parks - netherlands
Er is van alles te zeggen over de toestand van de biodiversiteit in Nederland. Goede berichten en slechte berichten wisselen elkaar af. Onder staatssecretaris Bleker leek de natuur er steeds slechter van af te komen maar sinds zijn opvolger Dijksma waait er een nieuwe wind. De natuur wordt weer gezien als van groot belang voor onze samenleving, een rijkdom die we graag willen doorgeven aan volgende generaties.
De betekenis van groene zelf-governance : analyse van verschillende vormen van dynamiek in de praktijk
Dam, R.I. van; Mattijssen, T.J.M. ; Vader, J. ; Buijs, A.E. ; Donders, J.L.M. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-technical report 73) - 95
natuurbescherming - landschapsbeheer - sociale participatie - participatie - natuurbeleid - nature conservation - landscape management - social participation - participation - nature conservation policy
This study examines practices in which groups of local people (citizens’ initiatives) take the lead in natureconservation and landscape management projects. In three cases studies the significance of green selfgovernancewas examined by studying knock-on effects: the relations with related practices and therelations between practices and structures at the regime level, such as institutional working practices andpolicies. The bonds and dynamics in these relations – between green self-governance practices, betweengreen self-governance practices and related practices, and between green self-governance practices and theregime level – were found to be considerable. The actual level of influence is hard to determine because thedynamics play out within a changing context. An important lesson for the interaction between citizens andgovernment is that both can learn by working together
Perceptions des intervenants de la gestion des sites Natura 2000 : une étude en France, Flandre, Grande-Bretagne et aux Pays-Bas
Bouwma, Irene ; Donders, Josine ; Kamphorst, Dana ; Frissel, Joep ; Wegman, Ruut ; Meeuwsen, Henk ; Jones-Walters, Lawrence - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-paper 45) - 6
natura 2000 - nature conservation - nature conservation policy - netherlands - france - belgium - great britain - natuurbescherming - natuurbeleid - nederland - frankrijk - belgië - groot-brittannië
Stakeholder perceptions about the management of Natura 2000 sites : a survey in France, Flanders, England and the Netherlands
Bouwma, Irene ; Donders, Josine ; Kamphorst, Dana ; Frissel, Joep ; Wegman, Ruut ; Meeuwsen, Henk ; Jones-Walters, Lawrence - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-paper 45) - 6
natura 2000 - nature conservation - nature conservation policy - netherlands - france - belgium - great britain - natuurbescherming - natuurbeleid - nederland - frankrijk - belgië - groot-brittannië
Percepties van betrokkenen op het beheer van Natura 2000-gebieden : een onderzoek in Frankrijk, Vlaanderen, Engeland en Nederland
Bouwma, Irene ; Donders, Josine ; Kamphorst, Dana ; Frissel, Joep ; Wegman, Ruut ; Meeuwsen, Henk ; Jones-Walters, Lawrence - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-paper 45) - 6
natura 2000 - natuurbescherming - natuurbeleid - frankrijk - nederland - belgië - groot-brittannië - nature conservation - nature conservation policy - france - netherlands - belgium - great britain
Stakeholder perceptions in relation to changes in the management of Natura 2000 sites and the causes and consequences of change. : A survey in England, Flanders, France and the Netherlands
Bouwma, I.M. ; Donders, J.L.M. ; Kamphorst, D.A. ; Frissel, J.Y. ; Wegman, R.M.A. ; Meeuwsen, H.A.M. ; Jones-Walters, L.M. - \ 2016
Wageningen : WOT Natuur & Milieu (WOt-rapport 128) - 98 p.
Natura 2000, management, change, perception - natura 2000 - stakeholders - natuurbescherming - natuurbeheer - natuurbeleid - nederland - belgië - frankrijk - groot-brittannië - nature conservation - nature management - nature conservation policy - netherlands - belgium - france - great britain
This report presents the result of an online survey amongst key-stakeholders involved in the management planning and management of Natura 2000 sites in in England, Flanders, France and the Netherlands. The survey was held in a total of 91 sites and resulted in 464 (fully or partially) completed surveys (response rate was 20%). Overall, the results of the survey indicate that perceptions of actors in the area differ among actor groups, especially in regard to statements that measure impacts or value judgements. This result underlines the importance of including a broad range of stakeholders in the policy evaluations of the management of the area. Overall, the differences between the geographical areas are small, except on topics related to the discussion between the government and involved stakeholders were a moderate difference was found. Also the status of prior designation has a small effect on how respondents view the discussion on management.
Reflection of a collective learning journey : Strengthening KCCEM to build the capacity of Conservation professionals in the Albertine Rift Region NICHE/RWA/025
Oosten, C.J. van - \ 2016
Centre for Development Innovation (Report CDI-16-014 ) - 130 p.
training - learning - professional competence - colleges - development - nature conservation - wildlife conservation - environmental management - tourism - rwanda - opleiding - leren - vakbekwaamheid - ontwikkeling - natuurbescherming - wildbescherming - milieubeheer - toerisme
Together with our support team from the Netherlands (Wageningen University), South Africa (South African Wildlife College) and Cameroon (Ecole de Faune) we embarked upon this journey of supporting the Kitabi College of Conservation and Environmental Management in Rwanda (KCCEM). The major building blocks of this learning journey are the development of a business model, the development of organisational capacity to implement the model, and the development of a range of products and services to be delivered with quality. All these three components operationalised within the policy frameworks and institutional context of Rwanda’s conservation, tourism and environmental management sector.
Koninklijke Nederlandse Bosbouwvereniging: van bosbouw naar bosbeheer
Mohren, G.M.J. ; Wijdeven, Sander - \ 2016
Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 13 (2016)127. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 26 - 28.
forestry - forest administration - professional associations - nature conservation - nature conservation policy - experiential value - natural value - timber production - urban areas - extension - woodlands - bosbouw - bosbeheer - beroepsverenigingen - natuurbescherming - natuurbeleid - belevingswaarde - natuurwaarde - houtproductie - stedelijke gebieden - voorlichting - bosgebieden
Bos en bosbeheer veranderen continu. Met de ontwikkeling van de productiegerichte bosbouw van vijftig jaar geleden naar een bosbeheer gericht op meervoudige functievervulling in een dichtbevolkte samenleving veranderde ook de rol van de beheerder. Dit vraagt om andere kennis en vaardigheden van de beroepsgroep en andere organisatievormen van onderwijs en onderzoek. De Koninklijke Nederlandse Bosbouw Vereniging (KNBV) fungeert sinds de oprichting in 1910 als vakvereniging door en voor mensen uit de sector, volledig draaiend op vrijwilligers. De veranderingen in de sector en het werkveld vragen ook om een andere rol van de beroepsvereniging.
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