Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Measuring tensions and intentions : mixing methods in the impact evaluation of development support to farmer organisations
Ton, G. - \ 2015
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Erwin Bulte. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462575738 - 295
boerenorganisaties - coöperaties - ontwikkelingseconomie - ontwikkelingshulp - fondsgelden - landbouwproducten - ontwikkelingsprojecten - programma-evaluatie - farmers' associations - cooperatives - development economics - development aid - funding - agricultural products - development projects - program evaluation

Development support must be able to prove its effectiveness. Impact evaluation is a way to generate this information. The thesis is about the design of these impact evaluations and how research methods can be combined to obtain credible evidence on effectiveness. It contrasts two approaches to impact evaluation design, ‘randomistas’ (Does it work?) and ‘realistas’ (For whom does it work, and under what conditions?), and distils seven principles for research design that create synergy between these two approaches. The thesis covers various development interventions. The main research concerns a Bolivian grant fund that supports investments in processing by farmer groups. To assess the effectiveness of this fund it was necessary to develop and test a new tool to measure organisational strength of these groups, called Tension Containment Capacity and apply a new method of data analysis, Qualitative Comparative Analysis. Interestingly, grants to the older, larger and stronger organisations proved particularly unsuccessful.

The Women’s Movement in South Kivu, DRC: A civil society analysis
Hilhorst, D. ; Bashwira Nyenyezi, M.R. - \ 2014
Wageningen : IS Academy on Human Security in Fragile States (Occasional paper / Special Chair Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction 11) - 62
congo democratic republic - congo - women - civil society - woman and society - woman's status - women's movement - civil law - qualitative analysis - humanitarian aid - development aid - democratische republiek kongo - vrouwen - maatschappelijk middenveld - vrouw en samenleving - positie van de vrouw - vrouwenbeweging - burgerlijk recht - kwalitatieve analyse - humanitaire hulp - ontwikkelingshulp
Dutch Humanitarian Aid: now and in the future. A sector consultation in preparation of the Netherlands Humanitarian Summit (2015)
Hilhorst, D. ; Pereboom, E. - \ 2014
Wageningen, Groningen : Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction, Wageningen University /Globalisation Studies Groningen, University Groningen - 55
humanitarian aid - development aid - development agencies - development cooperation - netherlands - dutch - refugees - natural disasters - disasters - international conflicts - government policy - humanitaire hulp - ontwikkelingshulp - instellingen voor ontwikkelingshulp - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - nederland - nederlands - vluchtelingen - natuurrampen - rampen - internationale conflicten - overheidsbeleid
Milking to Potential : Joint Dairy Sector Development in Emerging Economies
Lee, J. van der; Westenbrink, G. - \ 2014
Wageningen UR
melkveehouderij - zuivelindustrie - economische ontwikkeling - economie van de veehouderij - internationale samenwerking - kennisoverdracht - ontwikkelingshulp - internationale handel - economisch beleid - nederland - veehouderij - dairy farming - dairy industry - economic development - livestock economics - international cooperation - knowledge transfer - development aid - international trade - economic policy - netherlands - livestock farming
Dairy sectors all over the world are being challenged by expanding populations and economic growth. A growing demand for dairy products has led to a significant increase in Dutch public and private involvement in dairy activities in Africa and Asia, creating new opportunities for many different stakeholders. A fresh approach to joint dairy sector development is called for—one that helps stakeholders to create a shared language, shared objectives, and a shared strategy. The framework presented here is part of a dialogue organised by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs as part of it’s policy to better connect development aid, trade and investments.
Hulp en handel: het duurzame biomassa debat 10 feb 2014 (in het panel o.a. Wolter Elbersen)
Polak, C. ; Elbersen, H.W. - \ 2014
Rode Hoed
duurzaamheid (sustainability) - biomassa - bio-energie - discussie - ontwikkelingshulp - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - opinies - agro-industriële ketens - internationale handel - biobased economy - sustainability - biomass - bioenergy - discussion - development aid - development cooperation - opinions - agro-industrial chains - international trade
Onder leiding van Clairy Polak ging een panel van ondernemers, financiers, politici en NGO's op maandag 10 februari in de Rode Hoed in debat over duurzame biomassa. Met onder anderen: Eric van den Heuvel (Argos), Sander van Bennekom (Oxfam/Novib) en René Leegte (VVD-Kamerlid). Ondernemen in duurzame biomassa: is dit handel of hulp? Of - mits duurzaam uitgevoerd - allebei? Maar wat is duurzaam en wat is daarvoor nodig? Wat hebben we op dit gebied geleerd? En wat zijn de vooruitblikken voor de toekomst? De nota van het ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken - 'Wat de wereld verdient: Een nieuwe agenda voor hulp, handel en investeringen'- is hierbij het uitgangspunt. In het panel: Harold Martina (GMSP/Colombia/trapisches), René van Venendaal (BTG), Eric van den Heuvel (Argos), Liesbeth van Tongeren (GroenLinks-Kamerlid), Sander van Bennekom (Oxfam/Novib), Danielle van Nie (Natuur en Milieu), René Leegte (VVD-Kamerlid), Dorette Corbey (Commissie Corbey), nn Consultancy) en Wolter Elbersen (WUR). De Nederlandse programma's voor duurzame biomassa In opdracht van de ministeries van Economische Zaken en Buitenlandse Zaken hebben 40 projecten binnen de Nederlandse programma's voor duurzame biomassa volop ervaring opgedaan met de verduurzaming van de biomassaketen voor energie. Nu bijna alle projecten zijn afgerond, is het tijd om de ervaringen en lessen te delen. Organisatie: Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland i.s.m. de Rode Hoed
Aid and trade for livestock development and food security in West Africa
Lee, J. van der; Schiere, J.B. ; Bosma, R.H. ; Olde, E. de; Bol, S. ; Cornelissen, J.M.R. - \ 2014
Lelystad : Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 745) - 101
vee - veehouderij - economische ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingshulp - internationale handel - nigeria - ghana - benin - burkina faso - mali - livestock - livestock farming - economic development - development aid - international trade
Livestock keeping traditionally is very important in West Africa, occurring in many forms and fulfilling roles that change over time and from north to south. This report presents the results of a quickscan done by Wageningen UR Livestock Research and La Ventana consulting, mainly for policy discussions, but also giving suggestions for action by the private sector. The report is written for the Dutch Ministries of Economic Affairs (Department of European Agricultural Policy and Food Security, Directorate-General Agro) and Foreign Affairs (Directorate-General of International Cooperation). The central issue in this study is the search for opportunities for livestock development to enhance food security in West Africa through aid and trade. The report discusses win-win and trade-offs between aid and trade, reflecting a rather traditional divide between development aid and economic development. Nowadays the notion public and private might replace that of aid and trade.
Reaching resilience : handbook resilience 2.0 for aid practioners and policymakers in disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and poverty reduction
Heijmans, E.P.M. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen University, Wageningen UR - 125
rampen - risicovermindering - klimaatverandering - armoede - ontwikkelingsprogramma's - humanitaire hulp - ontwikkelingshulp - handboeken - disasters - risk reduction - climatic change - poverty - development programmes - humanitarian aid - development aid - handbooks
Over the last few decades, the alarming increase in both the frequency and impact of disasters has drastically affected the livelihoods of people living in both developing and developed countries. A growing number of weather-related hazards can be observed such as floods, droughts and forest fires. Climate change most likely contributes to this rise, as well as people’s mounting vulnerability due to, for instance, population growth, insecure land rights, rising food prices and unemployment. Over the last few years a sense of urgency has emerged among platforms and networks related to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Poverty Reduction (PR) to integrate the three domains in order to cope with future risks more effectively. This handbook is designed to encourage thinking and provide insights and ideas about how to design well-integrated, step-by-step actions and strategies to foster resilience at the local level. The handbook aims to support students and young professionals in their DRR, CCA and PR related work and secondly to acquaint policymakers involved in these three domains with the integration issue and help them to take a resilience 2.0 approach into their (present or future) daily work.
The purification of aid : an ethnography of Dutch partnership policy and (broken) dreams of development
Gastel, J.N. van - \ 2011
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Leontine Visser, co-promotor(en): Monique Nuijten. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789461731050 - 151
ontwikkelingshulp - nederland - ontwikkelingsbeleid - beleidsprocessen - vennootschappen - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingsprojecten - development aid - netherlands - development policy - policy processes - partnerships - development - development projects
This thesis explores the shift from ownership to partnership policy in Dutch development aid. It is an ethnography based on participant observation during several periods between 2001 and 2006 in the Ministry’s headquarters in The Hague and the Dutch embassy in developing country Z. The aim of this research is neither to criticize nor to defend development aid. It does not address the issue of whether partnership policy is effective or if the implementation of this policy is efficient. Instead, this thesis explores policy practices to answer the question of how practitioners try to realize development through aid. It is argued that the current writings conceive development aid as a rational, instrumental policy process and ignores the practices of aid practitioners and, therefore, do not help us understand policy processes. Hence, this thesis develops a theoretical framework that pays attention to aid practitioners’ work and tries to understand how they make sense of development aid. This thesis points out that policy studies should pay attention to dreams of development, which are imaginary orders of an ideal world in which life is good. It shows that ownership and partnership policies express different dreams of development. Then, it shows how aid practitioners try to realize dreams of development through aid and, consequently, how development aid is shaped by different dreams of development. The theoretical framework developed in this thesis conceives policy processes as involving translation and purification practices. Translation is the mobilization and tying together of people, organizations, things, and interests. Purification is the keeping apart of people, organizations, and things because it is believed that they have fundamentally different interests. Hence, this thesis follows the trajectory of partnership from being a policy notion to becoming a public-private partnership project (PPP-project) with the Dutch pharmaceutical company in country Z. In this trajectory the focus is on the different dreams of development that are expressed in and aspired through partnership and the translation and purification processes that make possible or hamper the travelling of partnership. This study of partnership policy combines both the approach of ‘‘studying through”, by following the policy of partnership through time and space, and of ‘‘studying up”, by exploring the aid practices of ministerial officials as a professional elite. The studying of an elite has implications for the methodology of the study. To carry out the research, I had to sign a statement of confidentiality that says no state secrets can be made public. Therefore, this thesis does not reveal any material that is marked as classified in the ministry, but it does write about practices in the aid bureaucracy that are considered by many aid practitioners as public secrets, that is what is generally known about the practices of the state but cannot be articulated in official documents. This thesis contends that writing about the practices of the aid bureaucracy that are part of the state can make a valuable contribution to the debate on development aid. It can explain what keeps the aid bureaucracy together despite the fact that it is not a homogeneous, coherent entity and explicate what makes up development if it isn’t a well-defined, singular goal. The passages quoted in this thesis are both from official and unofficial documents and they also include e-mails between officials in the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The documents and e-mails on the PPP-project were filed in the official archives of the PPP-project in the Dutch Embassy in country Z. These e-mail exchanges are used to show how projects like the PPP are discussed and how practices of translation and purification are negotiated, resisted, and justified in the Ministry. For reasons of confidentiality, all people have been given fictional names except for the Dutch ministers for Development Cooperation. Furthermore, to protect the embassy staff, this thesis talks about the country where the PPP-project should be realized as country Z. Likewise, the Dutch pharmaceutical company is referred to as Pharmaco. The organization of the book is as follows: Chapter 1 describes the academic debate on partnership in development aid. It points out the limitations of the dominant analyses for our understanding of policy processes in development aid and provides a theoretical framework that can address these issues. Chapter 2 shows that studies of development aid should pay more attention to the dreams, ideals, values, fears, and beliefs that the aid policies express. Subsequently, this chapter explores the dreams of development of the three Dutch Ministers for Development Cooperation, Jan Pronk, Eveline Herfkens, and Agnes van Ardenne, over the period of 1989 until 2005. These dreams of development can be understood from the descriptions of the key events and important encounters in each minister’s life. The dreams of development can be traced in their policies; they are expressed in the symbolic language of ownership and partnership. Pronk used the concept of ownership to express a dream that takes into account power relations, while Van Ardenne’s concept of partnership expresses a dream that aims to unite people. Then, whereas Pronk and Herfkens communicate their dream of development in a technical-scientific way, Van Ardenne uses a personal and political way of communicating her dream of development. Because officials who have been trained in academia and worked for many years under Pronk and Herfkens, they have believe that partnership is a buzzword. Chapter 3 explores the assembling of a public-private partnership project (PPP-project) with the Dutch pharmaceutical company Pharmaco. It explains how in this project various actors with different dreams of development and aspirations in life are tied together in the PPP-project. The chapter describes how a project proposal designed to realize the dream of making contraceptives available and affordable worldwide is translated and transformed by a ministerial official to fit Minister Van Ardenne’s dream of development. It is explained why the person who designed that initial project, feels that his project has been ‘‘hijacked” by the Dutch ministry and why he, nonetheless, joins the project when Pharmaco invites him. Chapter 4 analyzes the transportation of the PPP-project from the headquarters in The Hague to country Z. It explores how an assessment team of representatives of the ministerial headquarters in The Hague and of Pharmaco select a country for the realization of the PPP-project. Then, it explains that the choice for country Z is based on where support for the project is thought to be highest and opposition minimal. It is shown that the selection process goes together with the contextualization of the PPP-project. Thus, this chapter shows that a project is not implemented in a context. Rather, a context is created around a project. Then, transportation implies the transformation of both the project and the context of a project. Chapter 5 shows how ministerial officials in the headquarters in The Hague and in the Dutch embassy in country Z discuss the PPP-project. The officials negotiate whether or not this PPP is a development project and how it can be transformed into one. Thus, they debate the sense or nonsense of the translations made by a ministerial official in the headquarters and argue if and how the PPP-project should be purified from Pharmaco’s interest in profit. We see in this that besides dreams of development, career aspirations, concerns for reputation, and ideas of what it means to be a good ministerial official also play a role in the negotiation on translation and purification of the PPP-project. Chapter 6 presents the main findings of this research and their theoretical implications. It concludes that the dividing policy processes into policy making and policy implementation is a theoretical misunderstanding as this thesis shows that policy processes consists of translation and purification practices, Yet, this model of policy making versus implementation is also a used as an argument by officials to legitimize particular translations and decline other interpretations. Furthermore, this thesis claims that only when we take dreams of development seriously, we can find a way out of the current cynicism in development aid.
Critical success factors in capacity development support : an exploration in the context of international cooperation, project report
Wigboldus, S.A. ; Lee, J. van der; Brouwer, J.H. ; Hijweege, W.L. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation - 53
ontwikkelingsstudies - capaciteitsopbouw - ontwikkeling - internationale samenwerking - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - ontwikkelingshulp - ontwikkelingslanden - development studies - capacity building - development - international cooperation - development cooperation - development aid - developing countries
Shocks, civil war and economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa
Nillesen, E.E.M. - \ 2010
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Erwin Bulte, co-promotor(en): P. Verwimp. - [S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789085856597 - 134
economische ontwikkeling - oorlog - conflict - instellingen - ontwikkelingshulp - ontwikkelingsbeleid - overheidsbeleid - burundi - centraal-afrika - minst ontwikkelde landen - ontwikkelingslanden - ontwikkelingseconomie - institutionele economie - governance - economic development - war - institutions - development aid - development policy - government policy - central africa - least developed countries - developing countries - development economics - institutional economics
Foreign aid, low institutional quality and civil wars are associated with slow economic development in many Sub-Sahara African countries. I aim to identify causal relations and mechanisms that explain significant correlations. I use both macro- and micro-economic data and show that results are not necessarily far apart.
I assess the influence of foreign aid using macro-level data of 30 Sub-Saharan African countries. Opponents argue that foreign aid corrupts, and will end up in the hands of a small elite. Institutional quality (e.g. corruption) will hence deteriorate, thereby adversely affecting economic growth. Even worse, the inflow of foreign exchange can presumably induce civil warfare or prolong existing wars. My outcomes suggest that aid reduces corruption the next year. Consistent with several accounts from small-scale development programs, impacts however disappear once donors reduce monitoring efforts.
What about an alleged relation between foreign aid and civil war? Foreign aid does not influence the probability that a war will start but reduces the probability that ongoing wars continue the next year. The result on war start-ups speaks against the idea that aid motivates rebels that want to “grab” the money by getting into power. This cross-national (macro) result is consistent with micro-level results I find for rebellion in Burundi. Variation in appropriable export rents shows no robust relation with rebellion. Lower incomes however do promote rebellion; fighting may then suddenly become an attractive alternative to farming.
The micro-level data from Burundi also allow examining people’s behaviour after warfare. Wars are destructive, but exposure to war violence appears to improve social relations within communities and promote investment in risky, more profitable, cash crops. These results could be interpreted as evidence of rapid (macro)-economic post-war recovery as recently observed in Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Mozambique and Angola.
The dissertation challenges some conventional beliefs about key themes in development economics and policy. The results may help rethink researchers, policy-makers and donors about future paths to sound development.
Schoon water voor La Libertad in Nicaragua
Hattum, T. van; Jacobi, J. ; Dijkstra, I. - \ 2009
H2O : tijdschrift voor watervoorziening en afvalwaterbehandeling 42 (2009)22. - ISSN 0166-8439 - p. 18 - 19.
watervoorziening - drinkwater - waterkwaliteit - ontwikkelingshulp - projecten - nederland - nicaragua - sanitaire voorzieningen - water supply - drinking water - water quality - development aid - projects - netherlands - sanitary facilities
Waterschap Rijn en IJssel gaat samen met Vitens Evides International, de gemeente Doetinchem en Lettinga Associates Foundation (LeAF) de 14.000 inwoners van La Libertad in Nicaragua helpen aan schoon drinkwater en betere sanitaire voorzieningen. Het Nederlandse consortium heeft subsidie van onder andere de Nederlandse Waterschaps Bank gekregen voor de eerste fase van het project, dat in juli 2009 officieel begon. Medio 2010 moeten de problemen beter in beeld gebracht en oplossingen uitgewerkt zijn. Maar er zijn dan naar verwachtimg ook al concrete resultaten geboekt, zoals de aanleg van 100 latrines en een biofilter voor grijs afvalwater in de arme wijk Nueva Esperanza
Africa, Agriculture, Aid
Kuyvenhoven, A. - \ 2008
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 55 (2008)2. - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 93 - 112.
ontwikkelingsbeleid - ontwikkelingshulp - afrika - ontwikkelingslanden - plattelandsontwikkeling - agrarische economie - landbouwontwikkeling - intensivering - innovatie adoptie - ontwikkelingseconomie - development policy - development aid - africa - developing countries - rural development - agricultural economics - agricultural development - intensification - innovation adoption - development economics - sustainable land-use - poverty traps
In a world that is developing fast, Africa¿s relative stagnation is a human tragedy that challenges the development profession. Although climate and geography, and their effect on local institutions, are not in Africa¿s favour, inappropriate policies (including neglect of agriculture) and weak institutions figure more prominently in the explanation of slow growth. Recent evidence, however, points to accelerated growth in many parts of Africa. Analysis of agriculture shows that adverse effects of nature can be handled effectively, that efforts to develop and apply technologies for intensification in a variety of farming systems are under way, but that sustained adoption by the mass of smallholders has not sufficiently taken place. For that to happen, a variety of time- and location-specific complementary actions - both public and private - are needed, based on a right mix of disciplinary knowledge. With positive changes in governance and a revival of agricultural priorities in Africa, favourable conditions are emerging for renewed and better targeted external aid to support agricultural development.
Armoedebestrijding, energiewinning en gebruik van biomassa
Ouwens, K.D. ; Rabbinge, R. ; Bindraban, P.S. - \ 2007
Spil 239-240 (2007)4. - ISSN 0165-6252 - p. 29 - 32.
biomassa - armoede - energiebronnen - energie - landbouwbeleid - ontwikkelingshulp - opinies - ontwikkelingssamenwerking - kritiek - biomass - poverty - energy sources - energy - agricultural policy - development aid - opinions - development cooperation - criticism
2 ingezonden brieven, waarin het standpunt voor de teelt en het gebruik van biobrandstoffen wordt geplaatst tegenover een tegenstandpunt
Evaluatie Stabiliteitsfonds 2004 en 2005
Frerks, G.E. ; Klem, B. - \ 2007
Amsterdam/Wageningen : BartKlemResearch / Wageningen Universiteit - 92
ontwikkelingshulp - stabiliteit - ontwikkeling - ontwikkelingsbeleid - herstel - preventie - conflict - oorlog - niet-gouvernementele organisaties - ontwikkelingsprogramma's - beoordeling - ontwikkelingslanden - nederland - vrede - reconstructie - development aid - stability - development - development policy - rehabilitation - prevention - war - non-governmental organizations - development programmes - assessment - developing countries - netherlands - peace - reconstruction
Saving lives or saving societies? Realities of relief and reconstruction
Hilhorst, D.J.M. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - 40
rampen - ontwikkelingsbeleid - noodhulp - ontwikkelingshulp - humanitaire hulp - disasters - development policy - emergency relief - development aid - humanitarian aid
Human security and international insecurity
Frerks, G.E. ; Klein Goldewijk, B. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086860166 - 320
veiligheid - conflict - oorlog - vluchtelingen - instellingen voor ontwikkelingshulp - ontwikkelingshulp - beleid - overheidsbeleid - politiek - bestuur - safety - war - refugees - development agencies - development aid - policy - government policy - politics - administration
The use of peace conditionalities in conflict and post-conflict settings: a conceptual framework and a checklist
Frerks, G.E. - \ 2006
The Hague : Clingendael Institute - 48
conflict - ontwikkelingshulp - beleid - vrede - peace building - humanitaire hulp - development aid - policy - peace - peacebuilding - humanitarian aid
Conditioning peace among protagonists : a study into the use of peace conditionalities in the Sri Lankan peace process
Frerks, G.E. ; Klem, B. - \ 2006
The Hague : Clingendael Institute - 89
conflict - rampen - ontwikkelingshulp - overheidsbeleid - ontwikkelingsbeleid - sri lanka - afghanistan - vrede - politieke conflicten - disasters - development aid - government policy - development policy - peace - political conflicts
Principles and pragmatism, Civil-military action in Afghanistan and Liberia
Frerks, G.E. ; Klem, B. ; Laar, S. van de; Klingeren, M. van - \ 2006
Utrecht/Amsterdam : Universiteit Utrecht/Bart Klem Research - ISBN 9073726581 - 119
oorlog - conflict - ontwikkelingshulp - technische hulpverlening - niet-gouvernementele organisaties - afghanistan - liberia - vrede - humanitaire hulp - militaire activiteiten - militaire hulp - war - development aid - technical aid - non-governmental organizations - peace - humanitarian aid - military activities - military aid
This study looks into civil-military relations in conflict and post-conflict countries. In recent years, the issue has invoked a heated debate, which has occasionally lacked nuance and clarity. Some guidelines have emerged, but they are hardly sufficient for adequate positioning. This study focuses on Afghanistan and Liberia and is intended to assist policymakers and practitioners in developing adequate strategies by answering the following questions: What does cooperation between peacekeeping forces and aid agencies entail in practice? What are the strengths and weaknesses of peacekeeping forces in providing civilian aid? What are the risks and opportunities involved for NGOs when cooperating with peacekeeping forces? What opinion do civil society organisations in the countries concerned have about cooperation with peacekeeping forces? The study starts out by highlighting the changing nature of contemporary conflict and the concomitant changes in the humanitarian, military and development domains. It goes on to order and define key concepts used in current debates on the topic. The subsequent description of civil-military relations in the current peace missions in Afghanistan and Liberia is based on extensive field work and forms the main empirical body of the report.
Naar een Afrikaanse landbouwrevolutie. Honger en armoede de wereld uit!-nog haalbaar ook
Bindraban, P.S. - \ 2005
Spil 1 (2005)209-210. - ISSN 0165-6252 - p. 32 - 32.
landbouw - landbouwontwikkeling - ontwikkelingshulp - ontwikkelingslanden - afrika - landbouw als bedrijfstak - agriculture - agricultural development - development aid - developing countries - africa - agriculture as branch of economy
De aandacht wordt gevestigd op Afrika, waar de ontwikkeling van de landbouw verwaarloosd wordt
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