Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    We will mail you new results for this query: keywords==physico-chemical removal
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Pharmaceutical removal from water with iron- or manganese-based technologies : A review
Liu, Wenbo ; Sutton, Nora B. ; Rijnaarts, Huub H.M. ; Langenhoff, Alette A.M. - \ 2016
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 46 (2016)19-20. - ISSN 1064-3389 - p. 1584 - 1621.
Biologically-related removal - chemical removal - iron- or manganese-based technology - pharmaceutical removal - physico-chemical removal - water
Pharmaceuticals are detected at trace levels in waters. Their adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems and human health demand novel pharmaceutical removal technologies for treating wastewater effluents. Iron (Fe) or manganese (Mn) may play important roles in these new technologies since these metals are abundantly available at low costs and are known to contribute to organic conversions via physico-chemical, chemical, and biologically related processes. Few reviews describe and discuss Fe- or Mn-based technologies for the purpose to remove pharmaceuticals from water. Therefore, we review the current literature sorted into the three removal mechanisms, that is., through physico-chemical, chemical, and biological processes. The principals, performance, and influential parameters of these three types of technologies are described. Current and potential applications of these technologies are critically evaluated in order to identify advantages and challenges. In addition, the Fe- or Mn-based technologies which are currently not used but promising to further develop to remove pharmaceuticals cost efficiently are proposed.
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