Stress-induced facilitation of the cortisol response in 17a-hydroxylase deficient XX mas -1/mas -1 carp (Cyprinus carpio)
Ruane, N.M. ; Goos, H.J.Th. ; Komen, J. - \ 2007
General and Comparative Endocrinology 150 (2007)3. - ISSN 0016-6480 - p. 473 - 479.
pituitary-interrenal axis - common carp - rainbow-trout - recessive mutation - adrenal axis - food-intake - fish - growth - adrenocorticotropin - hyperplasia
Facilitation of the stress response results from a reduction of the inhibitory effects of circulating corticosteroids, allowing an animal to respond to a novel stressor. In this study, the existence of a facilitated cortisol stress response in normal (STD) and 17¿-hydroxylase deficient XX mas¿1/mas¿1 (E5) carp was investigated. E5 carp had previously been characterized as having a low cortisol response to stress. Fish were subjected to either cortisol feeding or daily-acute stress, from 45 until 140 days post-hatch (dph) and were then subjected to a novel net-confinement stressor at 141 dph. Growth of E5 fish was reduced in both the daily-acute stress and cortisol-fed groups, but STD fish were only affected by daily-acute stress. Cortisol feeding had no effect on the stress response of STD fish but daily-acute stress significantly inhibited the response to a subsequent novel stressor. In contrast, daily-acute stress facilitated the cortisol stress response of E5 fish to a novel stressor, while cortisol feeding inhibited the cortisol response. Facilitation was accompanied by significant enlargement of the head-kidney tissue (which contains the steroidogenic interrenal tissue) in E5 fish. To our knowledge this is the first report of stress-induced facilitation in a lower vertebrate