Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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De psychologie van het Nederlandse agrarisch natuurbeheer : themanummer Agrarisch natuurbeheer
Dijk, W.F.A. van - \ 2015
Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 12 (2015)115. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 30 - 31.
agrarisch natuurbeheer - landschapsbeheer - boeren - psychologie - stimulansen - houding van boeren - burgers - relaties tussen stad en platteland - agri-environment schemes - landscape management - farmers - psychology - incentives - farmers' attitudes - citizens - rural urban relations
Om boeren te motiveren voor agrarisch natuurbeheer of vrijwillige (ongesubsidieerde) maatregelen zijn er naast een financiële vergoeding alternatieve sturingsmogelijkheden. Uit mijn onderzoek aan Wageningen Universiteit blijkt dat sturing op maat nodig is voor verschillende vormen van agrarisch natuurbeheer. Meer zicht op de psychologie van boeren voor uitvoering van het agrarisch natuur- en landschapsbeheer kan daarbij zeer behulpzaam zijn.
Crossmodal rate perception data
Levitan, C.A. ; Shimojo, R. ; Stiles, N. ; Ban, J.H. ; Boesveldt, S. - \ 2015
psychology
I was totally there! : understanding engagement in entertainment-ducation narratives
Leeuwen, L. van - \ 2015
University. Promotor(en): Cees Leeuwis; S.J.H.M. Putte, co-promotor(en): Reint-Jan Renes. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462573369 - 153
communicatie - communicatietheorie - volksgezondheid - alcoholisme - vertier - onderwijs - drinken - gedrag - psychologie - adolescenten - educatieve televisie - communication - communication theory - public health - alcoholism - entertainment - education - drinking - behaviour - psychology - adolescents - educational television

Summary

I was totally there!: Understanding engagement in entertainment-education narratives

By Lonneke van Leeuwen

Introduction
Narratives have the power to influence their recipients’ health behaviors. With the entertainment-education (E-E) strategy, health organizations turn this narrative power to good account by employing narratives in their health promoting campaigns. E-E programs, mostly in the form of televised narratives, have been shown to effectively encourage a variety of health-related behaviors. Because of these positive results, the E-E strategy is considered a promising communication strategy to encourage healthy behaviors. One quality of E-E narratives that has been shown to be crucial for narrative impact is the ability of E-E narratives to engage target recipients. Engaged recipients may experience four dimensions of narrative engagement (NE): narrative understanding, attentional focus, emotional engagement, and narrative presence. Although evidence is growing that NE plays a role in E-E narratives’ impact (hereafter: E-E impact), little is known about how NE leads to E-E impact and about how NE emerges in recipients of narratives.

Objective
The objective of this dissertation is to provide a better understanding of NE in E-E narratives, by investigating how NE is associated with E-E narratives’ impact, and by investigating the processes that contribute to experiencing NE.

Context
The studies described in this dissertation are conducted within the context of NE in E-E narratives aiming to discourage alcohol (binge) drinking among adolescents and young adults. In 2008, the televised E-E drama series Roes (High in English) was broadcast on national television. Roes consists of 11 case stories (25 minutes each) portraying negative experiences and outcomes of adolescent protagonist(s) drinking alcohol and/or using other drugs.

Research questions
Three research questions are addressed in this dissertation:
RQ1: Does Roes discourage alcohol (binge) drinking in E-E narrative recipients?
RQ2a: Are NE dimensions associated with E-E impact on alcohol (binge) drinking?
And, if so:
RQ2b: Do negative and positive thoughts about alcohol (binge) drinking mediate associations between NE dimensions and E-E impact on alcohol (binge) drinking?
RQ3: Which psychological processes experienced during narrative reception contribute to experiencing NE dimensions?

Main findings
This dissertation has shown that Roes discouraged alcohol (binge) drinking. Viewing multiple episodes of Roes positively predicted a decrease in alcoholic drinks consumed per occasion, an increase in the intention to decrease alcohol use, and an increase in perceived normative pressure. One year after exposure, the impact on the intention to decrease alcohol use was still present. One of the Roes episodes, Verliefd (In love in English), was further examined. After the participants had viewed this episode, their beliefs relating to the negative outcomes of alcohol binge drinking (BD) were more contra-BD as compared to their beliefs prior to viewing the episode. Attitudes towards BD and willingness to engage in BD also became more contra-BD.

Then, the roles of the NE dimensions attentional focus, narrative understanding, emotional engagement, and narrative presence in E-E impact were investigated. It was shown that the NE dimensions attentional focus, emotional engagement, and narrative presence were positively associated with E-E impact. Attentional focus was associated both with stronger beliefs about the severity of the negative outcomes of BD and with a lowered intention to engage in BD. Emotional engagement and narrative presence were associated with stronger beliefs that BD leads to negative outcomes (negative outcome beliefs), and with stronger beliefs about being vulnerable to these negative outcomes (vulnerability beliefs). Surprisingly, the NE dimension narrative understanding was associated with increased willingness to engage in BD.

No evidence was found that negative thoughts about BD mediated associations between NE dimensions and E-E impact. Relations between NE dimensions, positive thoughts about BD, and E-E impact could not be investigated: only one participant reported a positive thought about BD in response to Verliefd. Based on these findings we conclude that attentional focus, emotional engagement, and narrative presence are important for E-E impact, and that thoughts about BD do not play a role therein.

Because NE dimensions were found to be associated with E-E impact, it was investigated which psychological processes contribute to NE dimensions. Negative thoughts about the perceptual persuasiveness of Verliefd negatively associated with emotional engagement and narrative presence. Furthermore, it was shown that enjoyment of Verliefd was a strong contributor to NE, mainly through contributing to attentional focus. Another strong contributor to NE was narrative realism, mainly through contributing to narrative understanding. Finally, personal relevance, character involvement, and perceived severity contributed mainly through emotional engagement.

This dissertation shows that E-E narratives can be an effective health communication strategy to discourage alcohol (binge) drinking in young people. Furthermore, this dissertation provides health communication researchers and media psychologists with insights into the role of NE in E-E impact, and offers E-E developers practical recommendations about how to create engaging and impactful E-E narratives.

The ecology and psychology of agri-environment schemes
Dijk, W.F.A. van - \ 2014
University. Promotor(en): Geert de Snoo; Frank Berendse, co-promotor(en): Anne Marike Lokhorst; Jasper van Ruijven. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462570078 - 110
slootkanten - oevervegetatie - vegetatiebeheer - soortenrijkdom - agrarisch natuurbeheer - subsidies - houding van boeren - ecologie - psychologie - ditch banks - riparian vegetation - vegetation management - species richness - agri-environment schemes - farmers' attitudes - ecology - psychology
Het agrarisch natuurbeheer in slootkanten staat centraal, met als doel de diversiteit aan plantensoorten langs slootkanten toe te laten nemen. De afgelopen tien jaar hebben namelijk verschillende onderzoeken aangetoond dat tot nu toe de effectiviteit van agrarisch natuurbeheer beperkt is geweest. In dit proefschrift is zowel vanuit ecologisch als psychologisch perspectief onderzocht welke factoren het resultaat van het agrarisch natuurbeheer hebben beperkt.
The discursive other dynamics in plant scientists' talk on Phytophthora with experts and the public
Mogendorff, K.G. - \ 2014
University. Promotor(en): Cees van Woerkum; Bart Gremmen, co-promotor(en): Hedwig te Molder. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462570467 - 150
communicatie - genetische modificatie - planten - technologie - discoursanalyse - openbare mening - genomica - plantkunde - wetenschappers - deskundigen - phytophthora infestans - discussie - antropologie - psychologie - communication - genetic engineering - plants - technology - discourse analysis - public opinion - genomics - botany - scientists - experts - discussion - anthropology - psychology
This dissertation investigates the interactional effects of Dutch plant science experts' talk in different interaction settings: public meetings, expert board meetings and ethnographic interviews. The main research approach deployed is discursive psychology : a methodology that focuses not on what is said but on what is accomplished with talk. The central topic of all the talk analysed in this thesis is Phytophthora Infestans: a major plant disease in staple crops that helped bring about the Irish famine in the 19th century. Phytophthora is still a large problem. To fight Phytophthora, plant experts have been developing different technologies, some of which, such as genetic modification, are met with public controversy.
Analysing and promoting entrepreneurship in Iranian higher education : entrepreneurial attitudes, intentions and opportunity identification
Karimi, S. - \ 2014
University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder, co-promotor(en): Harm Biemans; Thomas Lans. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461738455 - 272
ondernemerschap - onderwijs - hoger onderwijs - studenten - attitudes - psychologie - menselijk gedrag - besluitvorming - culturele waarden - geslacht (gender) - persoonlijkheid - individuele kenmerken - iran - entrepreneurship - education - higher education - students - psychology - human behaviour - decision making - cultural values - gender - personality - individual characteristics
Given the positive influences of entrepreneurship in tems of increasing economic growth and creating jobs, considerable efforts have been made to promote entrepreneurship in both developed and developing countries. Scholars and policymakers are also increasingly interested in the factors which influence the decision to become an entrepreneur and thus understanding why some people decide to start a business while others do not. The research reported in this dissertation therefore explored the factors which influence the entrepreneurial intentions of students in higher education in the developing country of Iran.
Encouraging Sustainable Behavior: Psychology and the Environment
Trijp, H.C.M. van - \ 2014
New York and London : Psychology Press. Taylor & Francis Group (Environmental Psychology ) - ISBN 9781848726499 - 261
duurzaamheid (sustainability) - omgevingspsychologie - psychologie - milieu - gedragswetenschappen - duurzame ontwikkeling - consumentengedrag - sustainability - environmental psychology - psychology - environment - behavioural sciences - sustainable development - consumer behaviour
‘Getting things done’: an everyday-life perspective towards bridging the gap between intentions and practices in health-related behavior
Woerkum, C.M.J. van; Bouwman, L.I. - \ 2014
Health Promotion International 29 (2014)2. - ISSN 0957-4824 - p. 278 - 286.
goal-directed behavior - implementation intentions - promotion - entertainment - adolescents - psychology - education - context
In this paper, we aim to add a new perspective to supporting health-related behavior. We use the everyday-life view to point at the need to focus on the social and practical organization of the concerned behavior. Where most current approaches act disjointedly on clients and the social and physical context, we take the clients' own behavior within the dynamics of everyday context as the point of departure. From this point, healthy behavior is not a distinguishable action, but a chain of activities, often embedded in other social practices. Therefore, changing behavior means changing the social system in which one lives, changing a shared lifestyle or changing the dominant values or existing norms. Often, clients experience that this is not that easy. From the everyday-life perspective, the basic strategy is to support the client, who already has a positive intention, to ‘get things done’. This strategy might be applied to those cases, where a gap is found between good intentions and bad behavior.
CAMPFIRE and human-wildlife conflicts in local communities bordering northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe
Gandiwa, E. ; Heitkonig, I.M.A. ; Lokhorst, A.M. ; Prins, H.H.T. ; Leeuwis, C. - \ 2013
Ecology and Society 18 (2013)4. - ISSN 1708-3087 - 15 p.
health-promotion - psychology - dimensions - framework - ecosystem - justice - science - life
Human-wildlife conflicts are a global problem, and are occurring in many countries where human and wildlife requirements overlap. Conflicts are particularly common near protected areas where societal unrest is large. To ease conflict, integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) have been implemented. The Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) is an example of an ICDP. We hypothesized that (i) a higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE would be associated with a decline in human-wildlife conflicts, and (ii) local communities with higher perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE programs would have more favorable attitudes towards problematic wild animals. Four focus group discussions and interviews with 236 respondents were conducted in four local communities adjacent to northern Gonarezhou National Park, Zimbabwe from December 2010 to August 2011. Moreover, we included data on recorded incidences of human-wildlife conflicts and CAMPFIRE financial returns to study communities between 2000 and 2010. Our results indicate that local communities showed considerable differences in how CAMPFIRE effectiveness was perceived. Local communities with higher ratings of CAMPFIRE effectiveness generally perceived a decline in human-wildlife conflicts, although some people had experienced problems with wild animals. Attitudes towards main problematic wild animals varied across the study communities and were partly associated with perceived CAMPFIRE effectiveness. Our findings partly support both of our study hypotheses. Contextual factors across the four local communities seemed to influence the perceived effectiveness of CAMPFIRE programs and attitudes towards problematic wildlife species. We recommend that decisions and actions regarding the control of problem animals be devolved to the community level in order to help reduce human-wildlife conflicts in community-based natural resources management programs.
Gefocuste eter luistert beter naar lichaam
Veer, Evelien van de - \ 2013
food consumption - feeding habits - psychology - behaviour - eating - consciousness
Reflection Methods : Tools to Make Learning More Explicit
Gordijn, F. ; Helder, J.J.A. ; Eernstman, N. - \ 2012
Wageningen : Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innovation (Report CDI-12-006) - ISBN 9789461734037 - 62
leren - methodologie - psychologie - handboeken - learning - methodology - psychology - handbooks
This manual describes a number of tools for facilitating reflection processes in courses, to advance learning and promote positive change. The tools can be used to facilitate the process of reflecting on the knowledge and experiences participants of short courses acquire, with the aim of making their leaning more explicit and articulated and contribute to their professional performance in their own working context.
Understanding people's ideas on natural resource management : research on social representations of nature
Buijs, A.E. ; Hovardas, T. ; Figari, H. ; Castro, P. ; Devine-Wright, P. ; Fischer, A. ; Mouro, C. ; Selge, S. - \ 2012
Society & Natural Resources 25 (2012)11. - ISSN 0894-1920 - p. 1167 - 1181.
value orientations - science - psychology - knowledge - environment - landscape - attitudes - beliefs - wolf
Ongoing fragmentation between social groups on the appropriate targets and relevant actors for nature conservation signals the need for further advancements in theorizing about the human–nature interaction. Through a focus on the complexity of social thought and confrontations between social groups, the theory of social representations may provide a useful addition to conventional approaches. However, environmental issues have so far not been among the primary topics studied by social representation scholars. This article sets out to fill this gap. After an introduction to the theory, we report on three case studies that illustrate the use of this theory in the context of natural resource management. These studies show how groups negotiate meanings, intentions, and action related to complex issues such as wolf management, invasive species, and conflicts over protected forests, landscapes, and national parks. We discuss strengths and weaknesses of the approach and suggest future challenges and opportunities
Self-Regulatory Processes Mediate the Intention-Behavior Relation for Adherence and Exercise Behaviors
Bruin, M. de; Sheeran, P. ; Kok, G. ; Hiemstra, A. ; Prins, J.M. ; Hospers, H.J. ; Breukelen, G.J.P. - \ 2012
Health Psychology 31 (2012)6. - ISSN 0278-6133 - p. 695 - 703.
hiv-infected patients - planned behavior - physical-activity - antiretroviral therapy - temporal stability - health - intervention - metaanalysis - moderators - psychology
Objectives: Understanding the gap between people's intentions and actual health behavior is an important issue in health psychology. Our aim in this study was to investigate whether self-regulatory processes (monitoring goal progress and responding to discrepancies) mediate the intention-behavior relation in relation to HIV medication adherence (Study 1) and intensive exercise behavior (Study 2). Method: In Study 1, questionnaire and electronically monitored adherence data were collected at baseline and 3 months later from patients in the control arm of an HIV-adherence intervention study. In Study 2, questionnaire data was collected at 3 time points 6-weeks apart in a cohort study of physical activity. Results: Complete data at all time points were obtained from 51 HIV-infected patients and 499 intensive exercise participants. Intentions were good predictors of behavior and explained 25 to 30% of the variance. Self-regulatory processes explained an additional 11% (Study 1) and 6% (Study 2) of variance in behavior on top of intentions. Regression and bootstrap analyses revealed at least partial, and possibly full, mediation of the intention-behavior relation by self-regulatory processes. Conclusions: The present studies indicate that self-regulatory processes may explain how intentions drive behavior. Future tests, using different health behaviors and experimental designs, could firmly establish whether self-regulatory processes complement current health behavior theories and should become routine targets for intervention.
Is love for green in our genes? A critical analysis of evolutionary assumptions in restorative environments research
Joye, Y. ; Berg, A.E. van den - \ 2011
Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 10 (2011)4. - ISSN 1618-8667 - p. 261 - 268.
landscape preference - stress recovery - responses - scenes - hypothesis - psychology - biophilia - health - beauty
Within the field of restorative environments research, it is commonly assumed that restorative responses, triggered by exposure to natural elements and settings, are ultimately adaptive traits originating from our species’ long evolutionary history in natural environments. The aim of this article is to critically investigate the viability of this evolutionary view on restoration. In doing so, we specifically focus on Stress Recovery Theory (SRT), as this theoretical framework has most extensively elaborated on the supposed evolutionary origins of restoration. A detailed analysis of SRT's psycho-evolutionary framework shows that neither current empirical evidence nor conceptual arguments provide any strong support for the hypothesis of restorative responses to nature as an ancient evolved adaptive trait. Based on this conclusion we put forward an alternative model for restorative responses to nature based on processing fluency, which prima facie circumvents some of the pitfalls associated with evolutionary accounts for restoration. The Discussion section reflects on the implications of our critical discussion for the theory and practice of urban forestry and urban greening.
Mental budgeting and the management of household finance
Antonides, G. ; Groot, I.M. de; Raaij, W. van - \ 2011
Journal of Economic Psychology 32 (2011)4. - ISSN 0167-4870 - p. 546 - 555.
future consequences - behavior - decisions - choice - consumption - hypothesis - psychology - outcomes - income - money
Mental budgeting and financial management were investigated in a large sample of the Dutch population. Mental budgeting was quite common, and was explained from general education, having saving goals, financial knowledge, time orientation, and financial situation. Also, mental budgeting, in addition to effects of financial situation, time orientation and financial knowledge, was positively associated with having an overview of expenses and current accounts, and household financial management
Endowment effects for hedonic and utilitarian food products
Cramer, L. ; Antonides, G. - \ 2011
Food Quality and Preference 22 (2011)1. - ISSN 0950-3293 - p. 3 - 10.
loss aversion - decision-making - consumer choice - status-quo - goods - rationality - consumption - psychology - valuation - frequency
Part of consumer food habits may be explained by reference effects, status quo bias and loss aversion, but little research has focused on these processes in food choices. This paper is a first attempt at understanding the impact of these effects in consumer decision making with respect to hedonic versus utilitarian food products. In one between-subjects experiment running for a 2-year period 554 pupils and students from different cities in the Netherlands were provided with either a hedonic food product or a utilitarian food product and were given the opportunity to exchange their endowment for the alternative good. The outcomes show that more participants preferred to keep their hedonic good than their utilitarian good in endowment indicating a relatively strong endowment effect for hedonic food products compared to utilitarian food products. The results suggest that status quo bias for hedonic food products may lead to subsequent relatively unhealthy food choices.
Recht en politiek in een tijd van globalisering
Pijnenburg, L.F.P. - \ 2011
Zoetermeer : Klement - ISBN 9789086870615 - 222
internationaal recht - recht - politiek - globalisering - filosofie - nationaal bewustzijn - naties (landen) - psychologie - cultuur - identiteit - culturele psychologie - mensenrechten - morele waarden - moraal - ethiek - europese unie - integratie - besluitvorming - wereld - international law - law - politics - globalization - philosophy - national consciousness - nations - psychology - culture - identity - cultural psychology - human rights - moral values - moral - ethics - european union - integration - decision making - world
Wat betekenen de sterk toegenomen migratie in de wereld en de gestage totstandkoming van een wereldmaatschappij voor de manier waarop we onszelf en de ander zien? Wat zijn de gevolgen van deze globalisering voor ons begrip van politiek en voor de vorming van nationale en culturele identiteiten? Op welke manier kunnen we onze idealen van vrede, vrijheid en rechtvaardigheid op een duurzame manier realiseren in een wereld waarin we steeds meer afhankelijk van elkaar worden? In de hier bijeengebrachte rechts- en politiek-filosofische opstellen verkent Habermas de mogelijkheden van de democratie voorbij de grenzen van de natiestaat, de politieke en morele uitdagingen waarvoor de Europese Unie zich gesteld ziet en de status van de mondiale mensenrechten. Hij ontwikkelt een gedetailleerd, veeldimensionaal model van transnationaal en supranationaal bestuur op basis van het kantiaanse kosmopolitisme en plaatst dit in de context van de negentiende- en twintigste-eeuwse ontwikkelingen op het gebied van het internationaal recht. Wat Europa betreft, bepleit Habermas een politiek van geleidelijke integratie waarbij de belangrijke beslissingen over de toekomst van Europa worden gelegd in de handen van de volken die er deel van uitmaken. Alleen door zich meer en meer te verenigen zal Europa, in nauwe samenwerking met de Verenigde Staten, mede gestalte kunnen geven aan een stabielere en evenwichtiger wereldorde.
Self-efficacy as a potential moderator of the effects of framed health messages
Werrij, M.Q. ; Ruiter, R.A.C. ; Riet, J.P. van 't; Vries, H. de - \ 2011
Journal of Health Psychology 16 (2011)2. - ISSN 1359-1053 - p. 199 - 207.
fear appeals - planned behavior - psychology - motivation - women
This study focuses on self-efficacy as a potential moderator of the effects of gain- and loss-framed health messages. Undergraduate students (N = 124) received a gain- or loss-framed message about consuming ecological meat. The data revealed that for participants high in self-efficacy, the gain-framed message resulted in consuming more ecological meat than the loss-framed message. Moreover it was found that – within the gain-frame condition – participants low in self-efficacy scored higher on measures of defensive processing than participants high in self-efficacy. This study provides further evidence for the role of self-efficacy as a potential moderator of the effects of framed health messages
Allemaal andersdenkenden: omgaan met cultuurverschillen
Hofstede, G. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Minkov, M. - \ 2011
Amsterdam/Antwerpen : Uitgeverij Contact - ISBN 9789025419851 - 572
rassen (taxonomisch) - etnische groepen - psychologie - intercultureel onderzoek - cultuur - socialisatie - interraciale relaties - sociologie - cultuursociologie - communicatie - niet-verbale communicatie - groepen - organisaties - sociale interactie - sociale antropologie - races - ethnic groups - psychology - cross cultural studies - culture - socialization - race relations - sociology - cultural sociology - communication - nonverbal communication - groups - organizations - social interaction - social anthropology
Mensen uit andere landen denken, voelen en handelen anders dan wij hier gewend zijn. Ook landgenoten uit een andere streek of een andere sociale klasse gedragen zich vaak anders dan wij. In een open samenleving komt iedereen vaker met zulke andersdenkenden in aanraking dan vroeger. Voor die anderen zijn wij de andersdenkenden. Wat ons scheidt is de "cultuur" waarin we zijn opgegroeid, de met de paplepel ingegoten en daardoor vaak onbewuste waarden die maken dat wij "normaal" vinden wat anderen slecht vinden, en vies wat voor anderen schoon is. Allemaal andersdenkenden laat zien wat deze verschillen betekenen voor onze persoonlijkheid, onze gezondheid, ons gezinsleven, ons onderwijs, ons werk, onze overheid en voor de dingen waar we in geloven. Het gaat dieper in op de verschillende manieren waarop organisaties functioneren, zowel van land tot land als binnen een en hetzelfde land, en op wat er gebeurt als verschillende culturen elkaar ontmoeten.
Gluten, pills and talk : assessing emergent technologies from a patients'perspective
Veen, M. - \ 2011
University. Promotor(en): Bart Gremmen; Cees van Woerkum, co-promotor(en): Hedwig te Molder. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085858232 - 195 p.
spijsverteringsziekten - ziektepreventie - technologie - innovaties - beoordeling - technology assessment - patiënten - glutenvrije diëten - internet - on-line - communicatie - psychologie - digestive system diseases - disease prevention - technology - innovations - assessment - patients - gluten free diets - on line - communication - psychology
How can research in the area of celiac disease take patients into account? Celiac disease is an intolerance for gluten, for which a lifelong gluten-free diet is the only treatment currently available. The aim of this thesis is to gain insight into the everyday life of patients, so as to better align genomics research with their specific needs and wants. We study patients’ conversations in various settings: with each other on Internet forums, with family members during mealtime conversations, and with scientists during discussions about research findings. In our analysis we focus not so much on the content of the conversations, but on what people do with their talk. We show, for instance, that patients treat the diet as a collective phenomenon rater than an individual matter; that incidental deviations from the diet are not treated as inconsistent with the diet, but as a part of it; and that taste, rather than the health aspect of food, is used to maintain the diet.
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