Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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The significance of meaning. Why IPBES needs the social sciences and humanities
Jetzkowitz, Jens ; Koppen, C.S.A. van; Lidskog, Rolf ; Ott, Konrad ; Voget-Kleschin, Lieske ; Wong, Catherine Mei Ling - \ 2018
Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research 31 (2018)sup1. - ISSN 1351-1610 - p. S38 - S60.
biodiversity - ethics - foundations of biodiversity research - IPBES - methodology - science–policy interface - social sciences

The term “biodiversity” is often used to describe phenomena of nature, which can be studied without a reference to the socially constructed, evaluative, or indeed normative contexts. In our paper, we challenge this conception by focusing particularly on methodological aspects of biodiversity research. We thereby engage with the idea of interdisciplinary biodiversity research as a scientific approach directed at the recognition and management of contemporary society in its ecological embedding. By doing this, we explore how research on and assessments of biodiversity can be enhanced if meaning, aspiration, desires, and related aspects of agency are methodically taken into account. In six sections, we substantiate our claim that the discourse on biodiversity (including the IPBES (Intergovernmental science-policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) debate) is incomplete without contributions from the social sciences and humanities. In the introduction, a brief overview of biodiversity’s conceptual history is provided showing that “biodiversity” is a lexical invention intended to create a strong political momentum. However, that does not impede its usability as a research concept. Section 2 examines the origins of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) by way of sociological discourse analysis. Subsequently, it proposes a matrix as a means to structure the ambiguities and tensions inherent in the CBD. The matrix reemphasizes our main thesis regarding the need to bring social and ethical expertise to the biodiversity discourse. In Section 3, we offer a brief sketch of the different methods of the natural and social sciences as well as ethics. This lays the groundwork for our Section 4, which explains and illustrates what social sciences and ethics can contribute to biodiversity research. Section 5 turns from research to politics and argues that biodiversity governance necessitates deliberative discourses in which participation of lay people plays an important role. Section 6 provides our conclusions.

Networks, flows and actors : promoting sustainability in globalising food provision
Oosterveer, Peter J.M. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579750 - 24
networks - sustainability - globalization - food - health - social sciences - food chains - governance - netwerken - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - globalisering - voedsel - gezondheid - sociale wetenschappen - voedselketens
Econets, landscape & people: Integrating people's values and cultural ecosystem services into the design of ecological networks and other landscape change proposals
Inwood, Hugh ; Fleming, A.H. ; Pungetti, G. ; Jongman, R.H.G. - \ 2015
Natural England Enquiry Service (Natural England Commissioned report NECR180) - ISBN 9781783541829 - 137 p.
Nature Improvement Areas (NIAs) - biodiversity - cultural values - ecological networks - ecosystem services - landscape change - landscapes - perceptions - social sciences
Natural England commission a range of reports from external contractors to provide evidence and advice to assist us in delivering our duties. The views in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of Natural England.
Background
The Natural Environment White Paper – ‘The Natural Choice: securing the value of nature’ provides the policy context for protecting and improving England’s natural resources, wildlife and landscapes; and reconnecting people and nature. Specific recommendations include:
• Establishing greater ecological connectivity, through large-scale ecological networks.
• Connecting people with their landscapes.
• Greater public engagement in landscape planning.
The planning, design and establishment of ecological networks is primarily underpinned by natural science research and associated evidence and data. This is critical to understanding the appropriate scenarios and patterns for ecological connectivity, conserving habitats and planning for the movement of species.
However, the landscape and human/cultural dimension of ecological networks is often less considered as an underpinning part of the context and evidence and, as a consequence, not always fully integrated into their planning, design and implementation.
In late 2012, Natural England commissioned the study known as ‘EcoLaP’– Econets, Landscape and People to:
• Help understand how to capture the public’s perceptions of landscape change, aesthetic and cultural value.
• Demonstrate the practical ways and benefits of using this, often more qualitative, information to complement natural science data and mapping information when planning and designing ecological networks.
This report is part of the wider EcoLaP research and evidence and will be used to inform Natural England and others when planning and establishing ecological networks across England’s landscapes
Institutional Arrangements for Conservation, Development and Tourism in Eastern and Southern Africa : A Dynamic Perspective
Duim, V.R. van der; Lamers, M.A.J. ; Wijk, J.J. van - \ 2015
Dordrecht : Springer Science - ISBN 9789401795296 - 265
geografie - milieu - sociale wetenschappen - recht - toerisme - geography - environment - social sciences - law - tourism
This book describes and analyzes six novel conservation arrangements in eastern and southern Africa, illustrating how tourism is increasingly used and promoted as a key mechanism for achieving conservation and development objectives outside state-protected areas.
Sustainable futures : social sciences research at Wageningen University
Frankema, E.H.P. ; Houweling, W. ; Mol, A.P.J. ; Möller, O. ; Wesseler, J.H.H. ; Branderhorst, A. ; Versluis, K. ; Tielens, J. - \ 2014
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462573833 - 71
sociale wetenschappen - hogere agrarische scholen - universiteiten - onderzoek - levenswetenschappen - nederland - mensen - samenleving - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - milieu - social sciences - agricultural colleges - universities - research - life sciences - netherlands - people - society - natural resources - environment
Interpretation and method: Empirical research methods and the interpretive turn, 2nd ed.
Yanow, D. ; Schwartz-Shea, P. - \ 2014
Armonk, NY : M.E. Sharpe - ISBN 9780765635402 - 552
onderzoek - methodologie - interpretatie - politicologie - sociale wetenschappen - research - methodology - interpretation - political science - social sciences
This book demonstrates the relevance, rigor, and creativity of interpretive research methodologies for the social and human sciences. The book situates methods questions within the context of broader methodological questions--specifically, the character of social realities and their "know-ability." Exceptionally clear and well-written chapters provide engaging discussions of the methods of accessing, generating, and analyzing social science data, using methods ranging from reflexive historical analysis to critical ethnography. Reflecting on their own research experiences, the contributors offer an inside, applied perspective on how research topics, evidence, and methods intertwine to produce knowledge in the social sciences.
Assessing environmental impacts of Chinese livestock policies : an agent-based approach
Zheng, C. - \ 2013
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Arthur Mol; Y. Liu; Bettina Bluemling. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789461738172 - 189
milieubeleid - vee - china - milieubeheer - milieusociologie - sociale wetenschappen - environmental policy - livestock - environmental management - environmental sociology - social sciences

Over the recent decades, environmental management has been promoted in China, and has gradually transferred from urban areas and industrial sectors to rural areas and the agricultural sector. Livestock production is extremely important for China, for increasing rural household income and guaranteeing long-term food security. At the same time of that the Chinese livestock sector amazed the world by its rapid development and intensification, it was criticized for its significant environmental damages. Policy assessment, which has played an important role in improving environmental management in many countries, offers an opportunity to improve livestock environmental management and to mitigate pollutant emissions. However, no sophisticated or commonly accepted methodology has been developed and implemented for policy assessment yet. Therefore, the central objectives of this research are to explore an adequate methodology for comprehensive assessment of sectoral policies for Chinese livestock production, and to design improved environmental management for the livestock sector. This done through empirically studying factors that change farmers’ practices, comparing the effectiveness of various environmental policies and examining the environmental consequences of different sectoral development paths.

Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) is used as a core methodology for this research. On the basis of some social theories, a specific environmental ABM, named Agent-Based Nutrient Emission Model (ANEM), is developed and operationalized for Chinese livestock sector in chapter 2. Through describing individual decision-making of heterogeneous farmers at different scale regarding manure management practices, ANEM sufficiently represents the complex, nonlinear and interdependent responses of farmers to policies. These features represented by ANEM significantly affect policy outcomes and associated environmental consequences, but were largely ignored in policy making, implementation and evaluation in China up until today. A four-year (2005-2008) simulation of pig production and the associated nutrient emissions in the two case study areas of this research by ANEM, proves ANEM’s ability to adequately capture real-world dynamics.

Manure management practices influence the flows of animal waste, and thus determine on-farm nutrient emissions. To understand the current status of manure management practices in China, an investigation is conducted in pig and poultry production—two major components of Chinese livestock production—by means of questionnaire surveys in two case areas. The hypothesis that medium-scale farmers have the least capability for environmentally sound technology uptake is refuted in the investigation. The comparison of the two cases proves that less developed areas are not always laggards in adopting environmentally advanced technologies.

Furthermore, in chapter 3 the concept of ecological rationality is employed to explain differences of farming practices and investigate which governance arrangements are most successful in ecologizing Chinese livestock production. The Chinese government has integrated environmental concerns into a number of policies, not only through regulatory instruments but also by financial incentives, stimulation and information dissemination to farmers. These policies significantly motivate farmers to adopt environmental sound technologies. The vital role of governments in bringing about improved environmental management is confirmed, while the role of individual famers and networks of farmers are not major contribution to introduce ecological rationalities in farming practices.

To enhance the effectiveness of environmental policies in livestock production, policy-makers face an essential question: Which environmental policy instruments aimed at which group of farmers improve best the effectiveness of pollution mitigation? Using ANEM as a key tool, chapter 4 examines and compares the environmental consequence of five environmental policy instruments, covering regulatory standards, market-based instruments and information instruments. A stricter technology standard mitigates nutrient emissions to the largest extent. However, it strongly constrains production development, making it less favorable by Chinese governmental authorities. Biogas subsides achieve emission reduction in household- and medium-scale farms, but not in large-scale farms. Charging pollution fee and setting up a manure market seem to be little effective for nutrient mitigation. Information provisioning significantly promotes technology improvement across all scales, with slight negative impacts on production development. Governing medium-scale farms is likely to be most consequential for environmental improvement in rural China, since they better perform in adopting environmental technologies and in avoiding reduction of animal production.

Promoting intensification is a major strategy for the Chinese livestock sector. However, there have been few studies that quantitatively explored the environmental consequence of such a structural transformation. Based on scenario simulation and using ANEM, the strategy of intensifying livestock production has been assessed from the perspective of environmental management in chapter 5. The nutrient emissions of three feasible development scenarios, which involve different growth of animal output and intensification processes, are simulated in regional livestock production. The simulation results prove that intensification can play a positive role in nutrient mitigation. However, intensification fails to achieve absolute nutrient mitigation when it copes with an ambitious growth of production. Therefore, Chinese livestock production can insist on its intensification process, but needs an accelerated environmental reform to guarantee minimal environmental damages.

In sum, this research is the first in-depth assessment of the environmental impacts of Chinese livestock policies. ABM is used as an innovative approach to describe the dynamics of livestock sector based on individual but interdependent farmer behaviors, in order to capture emergency on system level. A number of policy recommendations could be formulated based on this research. Generally, Chinese livestock production can continue rapid growth and intensification, as long as it parallels stringent “ecological reform”. To advance ecological modernization in Chinese livestock production, national policies should be tailored to the specific characteristics of this sector. In addition, this research concludes that an ABM based methodology is appropriate for policy assessment, a conclusion that also holds beyond Chinese livestock production towards other sectors and even other transitional societies.

Forest and nature governance: A practice based approach
Arts, B.J.M. ; Behagel, J.H. ; Bommel, S. van; Koning, J. de; Turnhout, E. - \ 2013
Dordrecht : Springer (World Forests 14) - ISBN 9789400751125 - 265
politicologie - levenswetenschappen - bosbouw - biodiversiteit - natuurbescherming - natuurbeleid - sociale wetenschappen - governance - political science - life sciences - forestry - biodiversity - nature conservation - nature conservation policy - social sciences
In studies of forest and nature governance the dominant approaches are rational choice and neo-institutionalism. This book takes another perspective. Departing from ‘practice theory’, and building upon scholars like Giddens, Bourdieu, Reckwitz, Schatzki and Callon, it seeks to move beyond established understandings of institutions, actors, and knowledge. In so doing, the book not only presents an innovative conceptual and methodological framework for a practice based approach, but also rich case studies and ethnographies. Examples are participatory forest management in the tropics, REDD policy at global level, European water policy, forest certification and the construction of global biodiversity databases. Taking social practices as the key unit of analysis, this book describes how different practitioners, ranging from local forest managers on the ground to policy makers at the global level, work with trees, forests, biodiversity, wildlife, and so on, and act upon forest policies, environmental discourses, codes of conduct, or scientific insights. It is also about how communities, NGOs, stakeholders, and citizens get involved in forest and nature governance.
Emergent Results of Artificial Economics
Osinga, S.A. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Verwaart, T. - \ 2011
Heidelberg : Springer Verlag (Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 652) - ISBN 9783642211072
economie - bedrijfswetenschap - speltheorie - wiskunde - computertechnieken - sociale wetenschappen - economics - management science - game theory - mathematics - computer techniques - social sciences
Health and Society “New kid on the block”
Koelen, M.A. - \ 2011
Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789085858928 - 24
kwaliteit van het leven - gezondheid - sociaal milieu - milieu - sociale wetenschappen - quality of life - health - social environment - environment - social sciences
The Disoriented State; Shifts in Governmentality, Territoriality and Governance
Arts, B.J.M. ; Lagendijk, A. ; Houtum, H. van - \ 2009
The Netherlands : Springer (Environment & Policy 49) - ISBN 9781402094798 - 256
economisch beleid - milieubeheer - geografie - sociaal beleid - bedrijfswetenschap - sociale wetenschappen - politicologie - economic policy - environmental management - geography - social policy - management science - social sciences - political science
Research in action : theories and practices for innovation and social change
Almekinders, C.J.M. ; Beukema, L. ; Tromp, C. - \ 2009
Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (Mansholt publication series vol. 6) - ISBN 9789086860876 - 272
onderzoek - sociale verandering - innovatie adoptie - methodologie - organisatie van onderzoek - universitair onderzoek - onderzoeksteams - onderzoeksprojecten - sociale wetenschappen - wetenschappelijke methode - wetenschap - wetenschappelijk onderzoek - research - social change - innovation adoption - methodology - organization of research - university research - research teams - research projects - social sciences - scientific method - science - scientific research
Research in Action engages the researcher who wants to live up to the challenges of contemporary science and to contribute to innovation and social change. This ambition to contribute to change raises many questions. How to define the main target group of the research? What role does this group play in the research? Which methods of data collection are most appropriate? Who are the commissioners of the research and do their interests match with those of the prime target group? How to deal with power relations in research situations? What do these issues mean for the relation of researcher with the people in the researched situation? And, last but not least, what does it all imply for the researcher him- or herself? These questions have to be dealt with in situations in which the design and organization of the research is still open but also in situations where these have already been preformatted through the research proposal or earlier developments. In any case, they have to be framed in the theoretical considerations of what is science. This book aims to assist scholars and practitioners who would want to deal with this kind of research and questions. The book does not offer recipes, nor fixed scenarios. It presents a series of practical research cases and theoretical insights by experienced researchers who themselves struggled with what is probably the most meaningful questions of the science today. The practical examples of research in action are from different disciplines and include themes from health care, policy research, agricultural technology and education, in Northern and Southern context. Four leading themes of research in action are introduced in the first chapter. In the last chapter the editors return to the dilemmas research in action and try to clarify the options and responses that are possible in different situations.
Een andere rol voor de overheid?
Burg, S.W.K. van den; Spaargaren, G. ; Lith, D. van - \ 2008
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - Milieubeleid - ISBN 9789064642333 - 155
sociale wetenschappen - onderzoek - natuurbescherming - milieubeleid - ontwikkeling - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - overheidsbeleid - bedrijfsvoering - wereld - wetenschap - wetenschappelijk onderzoek - natuur - social sciences - research - nature conservation - environmental policy - development - sustainability - government policy - management - world - science - scientific research - nature
Protecting nature : organizations and networks in Europe and the USA.
Koppen, C.S.A. van; Markham, W.T. - \ 2007
Cheltenham [etc.] : Edward Elgar - ISBN 9781845429706 - 297
natuurbescherming - milieubescherming - organisaties - sociale wetenschappen - milieubeleid - europa - vs - netwerken - nature conservation - environmental protection - organizations - social sciences - environmental policy - europe - usa - networks
This book offers a comparative analysis of organizations and networks involved in nature protection in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, the UK and the USA. It traces their development from their origins, more than a century ago, to the present day. Throughout this period, nature protection has remained an enduring concern to civil society and continues to be a major stream within environmentalism. However, strategies, public support, and political success vary greatly among the countries studied. Combining rich empirical evidence and theoretical analysis, the book sheds light on the important challenges nature protection faces today.
De zwakste schakel : over maatschappelijk verantwoorde genomics
Gremmen, H.G.J. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - 34
ethiek - sociale wetenschappen - plantenveredeling - genetica - bio-ethiek - genexpressieanalyse - technology assessment - ethics - social sciences - plant breeding - genetics - bioethics - genomics
Globalisering, geschiedenis en ruimte
Schuurman, A.J. - \ 2007
Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis = The Low Countries Journal of Social and Economic History 4 (2007)3. - ISSN 1572-1701 - p. 15 - 35.
geschiedenis - globalisering - sociale wetenschappen - tijd - ruimte - wetenschap - history - globalization - social sciences - time - space - science
This contribution explores the analytical implications of using the concept of globalization in historical research. The article stresses that globalization deals with the transformation of the spatial organization of social relations and transactions. What makes the contemporary globalization different from earlier phases is that distance plays a much less distinctive role in the organization of production and consumption. History can increasingly be seen as a transnational history, focusing on the historical developments and their interaction in various parts of the world.
Tevens zal dit onderzoek een belangrijke bijdrage leveren aan... ; over het politiek maatschappelijke 'nut' van sociaal wetenschappelijk onderzoek
Duineveld, M. ; Kuijer, G.A.H.J. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit, Leerstoelgroep Sociaal-ruimtelijke Analyse - ISBN 9789085851608 - 23
sociale wetenschappen - politiek - onderzoek - verspreiding van onderzoek - onderzoeksbeleid - overheidsbeleid - sociale verandering - gebruik van ruimte - sociaal onderzoek - social sciences - politics - research - diffusion of research - research policy - government policy - social change - space utilization - social research
Een Wageningse essay over het maatschappelijk belang van sociaal-wetenschappelijk onderzoek. Gesteld wordt: "Om verschillende redenen kan het van belang zijn om rekening te houden met de belevingswerelden van betrokkenen. Ten eerste vanuit het oogpunt van rechtvaardigheid: het is onjuist om geen rekening te houden met mensen die wel te maken krijgen met beleid dat (soms drastische) gevolgen heeft voor deze mensen. Ten tweede vanuit het oogpunt van efficiëntie: als een planproces resulteert in een plan waarin betrokkenen zich kunnen vinden zal de kans op weerstand tegen uitvoering van het plan waarschijnlijk minder zijn. Ten derde vanuit het oogpunt van haalbaarheid: vaak zal medewerking van verschillende betrokkenen (zoals grondeigenaren) vereist zijn om plannen te kunnen uitvoeren”
Waarom economen vaak miskleunen
Folmer, H. - \ 2007
Groningen : Rijksuniversiteit Groningen - ISBN 9789036732154 - 28
economie - sociale wetenschappen - micro-economie - consumentengedrag - voorspellingen - methodologie - economics - social sciences - microeconomics - consumer behaviour - forecasts - methodology
In deze oratie wordt ingegaan op de kwaliteit van economische verklaringen en voorspellingen aan de hand van een globaal overzicht van de ontwikkelingen binnen de micro-economie. Bovendien wordt ter vergelijking een schets gegeven van de sociologische theorie en methodologie. Op grond van beide schetsen wordt een holistische benadering bepleit, gebaseerd op integratie van de vier genoemde sociale wetenschappen
Heterodox views on economics and the economy of the global society
Meijer, G. ; Heijman, W.J.M. ; Ophem, J.A.C. van; Verstegen, B.H.J. - \ 2006
Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (Mansholt publication series vol. 1) - ISBN 9789076998961 - 399
economie - samenleving - sociale wetenschappen - interdisciplinair onderzoek - economische theorie - milieu - internationale betrekkingen - economics - society - social sciences - interdisciplinary research - economic theory - environment - international relations
Dynamics of plural legal orders
Benda-Beckmann, F. von; Benda-Beckmann, K. von - \ 2006
Berlijn : Lit Verlag (Journal of legal pluralism and unofficial law no. 53-54) - ISBN 3825898989 - 270
gewoonterecht - sociale antropologie - recht - sociale wetenschappen - geschiedenis - religie - samenleving - customary law - social anthropology - law - social sciences - history - religion - society
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