Identification and regionalization of dominant runoff processes - a GIS-based and a statistical approach
Müller, C. ; Hellebrand, H. ; Seeger, K.M. ; Schobel, S. - \ 2009
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 13 (2009)6. - ISSN 1027-5606 - p. 779 - 792.
soil electrical-conductivity - discriminant-analysis - catchment-scale - rainfall - areas - parameters - germany - model - basin - steep
In this study two approaches are presented to identify Dominant Runoff Processes (DRP) with respect to regionalization. The approaches are a simplification of an existing method to determine DRP by means of an extensive field campaign. The first approach combines the permeability of the substratum, land-use and slope of the basin in a GIS-based analysis. The second approach makes use of discriminant analysis of the physiographic characteristics of the basin and links it to the GIS analysis. The results of the developed approaches are maps, which identify dominant runoff processes and represent a spatial distribution of the hydrological behaviour of the soil during prolonged rainfall events. The approaches have been developed in a micro-scale basin (Germany). An additional meso-scale basin was introduced in which the two approaches were applied for quality control. The thus generated maps for the micro-scale basin were compared with an existing DRP map, which was derived with the existing method. The first approach showed a resemblance of 79% when compared to this map, whereas the second approach showed only a resemblance of 51%. The generated maps for the meso-scale basin were compared to DRP that were determined point wise according to the existing method. The first approach showed in this case a resemblance of 81%, whereas the second approach showed a resemblance of 68%. Therefore, the first approach is preferred to the second approach when accuracy, data input and calculation time are concerned
Application of a probabilistic model of rainfall-induced shallow landslides to complex hollows
Talebi, A. ; Uijlenhoet, R. ; Troch, P.A. - \ 2008
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 8 (2008)4. - ISSN 1561-8633 - p. 733 - 744.
storage boussinesq model - physically-based model - slope stability model - hydrologic response - hillslope stability - subsurface flow - soil production - steep - catchment - valley
Recently, D'Odorico and Fagherazzi (2003) proposed "A probabilistic model of rainfall-triggered shallow landslides in hollows" (Water Resour. Res., 39, 2003). Their model describes the long-term evolution of colluvial deposits through a probabilistic soil mass balance at a point. Further building blocks of the model are: an infinite-slope stability analysis; a steady-state kinematic wave model (KW) of hollow groundwater hydrology; and a statistical model relating intensity, duration, and frequency of extreme precipitation. Here we extend the work of D'Odorico and Fagherazzi (2003) by incorporating a more realistic description of hollow hydrology (hillslope storage Boussinesq model, HSB) such that this model can also be applied to more gentle slopes and hollows with different plan shapes. We show that results obtained using the KW and HSB models are significantly different as in the KW model the diffusion term is ignored. We generalize our results by examining the stability of several hollow types with different plan shapes (different convergence degree). For each hollow type, the minimum value of the landslide-triggering saturated depth corresponding to the triggering precipitation (critical recharge rate) is computed for steep and gentle hollows. Long term analysis of shallow landslides by the presented model illustrates that all hollows show a quite different behavior from the stability view point. In hollows with more convergence, landslide occurrence is limited by the supply of deposits (supply limited regime) or rainfall events (event limited regime) while hollows with low convergence degree are unconditionally stable regardless of the soil thickness or rainfall intensity. Overall, our results show that in addition to the effect of slope angle, plan shape (convergence degree) also controls the subsurface flow and this process affects the probability distribution of landslide occurrence in different hollows. Finally, we conclude that incorporating a more realistic description of hollow hydrology (instead of the KW model) in landslide probability models is necessary, especially for hollows with high convergence degree which are more susceptible to landsliding