Agricultural potential and food se-curity in Central Asia in the light of climate change
Berkum, S. van - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Issue brief / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-092) - 26
voedselzekerheid - klimaatverandering - landbouwsituatie - centraal-azië - landbouwproductie - turkmenistan - oezbekistan - kirgizstan - tadzjikistan - food security - climatic change - agricultural situation - central asia - agricultural production - uzbekistan - kyrgyzstan - tajikistan
What is the agricultural potential of the Central Asian region, comprised of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in the light of food secu-rity and the intensification of regional agricultural production? The focus should be on animal husbandry, arable farming and horticulture. What are the most obvious issues for the region in terms of agricultural devel-opment? Where possible, consider the agricultural potential in the light of the known and possible effects brought about by climate changes. How will a global rise in temperatures affect greenhouse gas emissions and, as a consequence, impact on land use and revenues per hectare? What does further intensification involving more input usage mean for both current and possible environmental issues and present and future greenhouse gas emissions? This report provides an overview of readily available and relevant data and litera-ture. It contains a number of indicators which demonstrate a country's agricultural potential and food security.
Landbouwpotenties en voedselzekerheid in Centraal Azië in het licht van klimaatverandering
Berkum, S. van - \ 2015
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Issuebrief / LEI Wageningen UR 2015-092) - 26
landbouwsituatie - voedselzekerheid - turkmenistan - oezbekistan - kirgizstan - tadzjikistan - klimaatverandering - centraal-azië - agricultural situation - food security - uzbekistan - kyrgyzstan - tajikistan - climatic change - central asia
Deze notitie geeft een eerste indruk van de landbouwpotenties in Turkmenistan, Oezbekistan, Kirgizië en Tajikistan.
Livelihood strategies : gender and generational specificities of rural levilihoods in transition
Nizamedinkhodjayeva, N. - \ 2013
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Han Wiskerke, co-promotor(en): P.P. Mollinga; Bettina Bock. - [S.l.] : s.n. - ISBN 9789461734501 - 166
strategieën voor levensonderhoud - platteland - overgangseconomieën - cultuur - sociologie - geslacht (gender) - vrouwen - besluitvorming - landbouwhuishoudens - oezbekistan - centraal-azië - livelihood strategies - rural areas - transition economies - culture - sociology - gender - women - decision making - agricultural households - uzbekistan - central asia
|Handing over the sunset. External factors influencing the establishment of water user associations in Uzbekistan: Evidence from Khorezm Province
Wegerich, K. - \ 2010
Göttingen : Cuvillier Verlag - ISBN 9783869552194 - 169
watergebruik - waterbeleid - watergebruiksrendement - belangengroepen - overheidsbeleid - waterbeheer - watertoewijzing - waterbeschikbaarheid - waterverdeling - oezbekistan - associaties - water use - water policy - water use efficiency - interest groups - government policy - water management - water allocation - water availability - water distribution - uzbekistan - associations
Recently, large-scale surface-water or canal irrigation systems have been termed ‘a sunset industry’ (Rijsberman 2003). Handing over this sunset industry by means of irrigation management transfer (IMT) policies and the creation of water user associations (WUAs) has three main objectives: to increase efficiency, equity, and empowerment. The Uzbek government, together with the international organizations, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), is currently promoting IMT and the creation of WUAs nationwide. The onset of the policy seemed to be a rational development since the former state and collective farms, which were also responsible for water management on their territories, were disintegrating, and new private farms were emerging rapidly. This study seeks to assess the potential of IMT policies by examining the broader physical, organizational, socio-economic, and political factors that might facilitate or hinder the main objectives of IMT and the creation of WUAs. These factors are addressed and analyzed separately through eight case study chapters that address questions on basin water management, the organizational capacities, and the socio-political dependencies of the district water management departments, the potential for multi-stakeholder platforms (MSPs), the politics of social network structures, and the process of land reforms. The study concludes that none of the external factors is conducive to the introduction of IMT policies and for creating WUAs. The implication is that IMT policies will not increase efficiency, equity, and empowerment, but could even worsen the water management situation. Furthermore, these policies will not increase the empowerment of either the WUAs or their members. Hence, under the current conditions, handing over the ‘sunset industry’ will not lead to a new sunrise for irrigation in Uzbekistan.
Shifting to hydrological boundaries - The politics of implementation in the lower Amu Darya basin
Wegerich, K. - \ 2009
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 34 (2009)4-5. - ISSN 1474-7065 - p. 279 - 288.
irrigation - uzbekistan - khorezm - reform
During the time of the Soviet Union, the Central Asian states managed their water resources on the meso level according to administrative rather than hydrological boundaries. It was only in 2003 that Uzbekistan shifted from administrative to hydrological boundaries for water management. Using the example of Khorezm Province in the lower Amu Darya basin, this paper shows that redefining boundaries is a political process, which led in Khorezm to new boundaries which are partly determined by hydraulic, not hydrological, and political considerations. Nevertheless, the new management approach has created more equity amongst the different districts in terms of water supply per irrigated area. However, simple equity in water supply did not take into consideration other issues, such as infrastructure, hydrogeological zones and crop production. In addition, the official data show that the achieved equity was based on an overall increase in water supply to the individual districts and to Khorezm as a whole. When only the increase in water supply to the individual districts is taken into consideration, it appears that the location of the main office and the regional provenance of the main staff influenced water supply to specific districts. Finally, based on the data presented for Khorezm Province the paper goes a stage further and questions the real value of the new water management boundaries implemented in Khorezm
Report of a Spinacia collecting expedition to Uzbekistan and Tajikistan: Itinerary, collected material and data
Kik, C. - \ 2008
Wageningen, The Netherlands : CGN (Report / CGN, Centre for Genetic Resources 2008/12 ) - 20
spinacia - genetische bronnen van plantensoorten - verzamelen - verzamelmissies - genenbanken - wilde verwanten - oezbekistan - tadzjikistan - plant genetic resources - collection - collecting missions - gene banks - wild relatives - uzbekistan - tajikistan
The CGN spinach collection is of global importance given its size and the small number of existing spinach collections. Wild relatives of spinach are poorly represented in any of those collections. Therefore, a collection mission has been performed aiming at the broadening of the genetic base of spinach (Spinacia oleracea). This report provides details on this collecting mission, i.e. the collecting of a wild relative of spinach, S. turkestanica, in its natural habitat in Central Asia, in particular in the countries Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. In addition, landraces of S. oleracea have been sampled. A number of Dutch breeding companies sponsored the mission, which is duely recognized and appreciated.
|Institutional Change in Water Management at Local and Provincial level in Uzbekistan
Wegerich, K. - \ 2005
Bern : Lang (Europäische Hochschulschriften : Reihe 4, Geographie Bd. 26) - ISBN 3039104675 - 263
waterbeheer - institutionele opbouw - instellingen - verandering - gebieden onder plaatselijke autoriteit - regionaal bestuur - oezbekistan - water management - institution building - institutions - change - local authority areas - regional government - uzbekistan
|Report of expedition to Uzbekistan in 1997 : itinerary, collected materials and data
Soest, L.J.M. van - \ 1998
Wageningen : CPRO-DLO - 34
genenbanken - genetische bronnen - germplasm - hulpbronnenbehoud - genetische bronnen van plantensoorten - oezbekistan - reisverslagen - gene banks - genetic resources - resource conservation - plant genetic resources - uzbekistan - travel reports