Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Schelpdierbestanden in de Nederlandse kustzone in 2017
Troost, K. ; Perdon, K.J. ; Zwol, J. van; Jol, J. ; Asch, M. van - \ 2017
IJmuiden : Stichting Wageningen Research, Centrum voor Visserijonderzoek (CVO) (CVO rapport 17.014) - 38
schaaldieren - visserij - natura 2000 - noordzee - ensis - spisula - visstand - biodiversiteitsbepaling - shellfish - fisheries - north sea - fish stocks - biodiversity assessment
The exploitation of wild shellfish has developed from free fisheries to a strongly regulated commercial activity, in which economic and ecological objectives are both aimed for. Within the framework of this policy an annual stock estimate is made for the economic important species: razor shell (Ensis directus) and cut-through shell (Spisula subtruncata), and other less economic species. The survey covers the entire Dutch coastal zone, and is commissioned by the Ministry of Economic Affairs. The fieldwork for the 23 th successive survey since 1995 was carried out in spring 2017. The principle objective of this survey is the assessment of the stock sizes of the economically important species Ensis directus and Spisula subtruncata in the Dutch coastal zone, including the Natura-2000 areas: “Noordzeekustzone”, “Voordelta”, “Vlakte van de Raan”, and the mouth of the Westerschelde estuary. In addition to the two most important species, we also report on the occurrence of three species of occasional economic importance: otter shell (Lutraria lutraria), striped venus clam (Chamelea striatula), and banded wedge shell (Donax vittatus). For the Dutch coastal zone the total stock size was estimated at 397.2 million kg fresh weight for razor shells, and 1,281.7 million kg fresh weight of cut-through shells. Stocks of the the other species were estimated at 18.1 million kg fresh weight for striped venus clams, 38.0 million kg fresh weight of banded wedge shells and 4,931 million individuals of otter shells. The stock of razor shells showed a sharp increase and was found to be the highest since 1995. The same can be said for the cut-through shells, where the stock of biomass increased to a level which is the highest since 1995. Also the stock of the otter shell and the banded wedge shell increased where the stock of the striped venus clam showed a slight decrease.
The KB WOT Fisheries Programme carried out in 2015
Damme, C.J.G. van; Verver, S.W. - \ 2017
IJmuiden : Stichting Wageningen Research, Centre for Fisheries Research (CVO) (CVO report / Centre for Fisheries Research 16.007) - 57
visserijbeheer - zeevisserij - visserijbeleid - visbestand - schaal- en schelpdierenvisserij - discards - onderwaterakoestiek - visstand - vismethoden - fishery management - marine fisheries - fishery policy - fishery resources - shellfish fisheries - underwater acoustics - fish stocks - fishing methods
The KB WOT Fisheries programme is established to maintain and develop the expertise needed to carry out the statutory obligations of the Netherlands in fisheries monitoring and advice. It is also a flexible program which responds to changes over time in WOT requirements, fisheries management and policy needs. While maintaining the core expertise and flexibility, the KB WOT programme also strives to be innovative and participate in the development of fisheries science. The programme operates within the context of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and the EU Maritime Policy. The KB WOT fisheries programme is established annually and positioned around a number of themes. In 2015 14 projects were originally awarded. However, one project could not meet all the original objectives and with the remaining budget a 15th project was started on the tool development for fish ageing and maturity staging. These 15 projects were successfully completed. The programme focused on the research into the impact of fisheries on the seafloor, development of tools for electronic monitoring, data storage and dissemination and method development for assessment of marine resources. As always the core element of the KB WOT Fisheries was maintaining and developing key expertise for the WOT programme. A large part of the budget was therefore used for projects that standardise fish ageing, provide quality control of discard, ichthyoplankton and shellfish monitoring and development of fisheries acoustics techniques and expertise. These topics are vital for the quality of fish stock assessments and management. Of the 15 projects funded in 2015, seven were carried out in collaboration with institutes outside the Netherlands. As resources and expertise from these other countries contribute to the KB WOT Fisheries programme, these collaborations provided a large amount of added value to the programme. Another large part of the KB WOT resources is specifically dedicated to international collaboration and exchange of science. This ensures that Wageningen Marine Research researchers remain at the centre of scientific developments and international fisheries research. The programme was also very productive in terms of publications, presentations and developing new methods or tools for fisheries research. Over 15 international presentations were given at meetings, workshops and symposia, and 22 international and national reports written. 8 new methods or models were developed, 3 peer reviewed publications published and 5 scientific publications prepared.
Inspanningsadviezen voor snoekbaars, baars, blankvoorn en brasem in het IJssel-/Markermeer : visseizoen 2017/2018
Tiën, Nicola ; Hammen, Tessa van der; Vries, Pepijn de; Schram, Edward ; Steenbergen, Josien - \ 2017
IJmuiden : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research rapport C018/17) - 79
snoekbaars - baars - rutilus rutilus - abramis brama - vissen - visserij - visstand - ijsselmeer - pike perch - bass - fishes - fisheries - fish stocks - lake ijssel
Het Ministerie van Economische Zaken wil komen tot wetenschappelijk onderbouwd duurzaam beheer van snoekbaars, baars, blankvoorn en brasem in het IJsselmeer en Markermeer. Voor alle vier bestanden is de beleidsdoelstelling voor visseizoen 2017/2018 geformuleerd in het document “Toekomstbeeld visstand IJsselmeer/Markermeer – synthesedocument’. Hierin wordt in ieder geval gestreefd naar ‘een evenwichtiger lengte-opbouw van de bestanden met meer grotere exemplaren en een groter aantal jaarklassen’, als ook ‘een toename van de (paai)bestanden’. Voor het behalen van deze beleidsdoelstellingen zijn inspanningsadviezen gevraagd over de staandwantvisserij en de zegenvisserij, gecombineerd voor het IJsselmeer en Markermeer.
Report on the eel stock and fishery in the Netherlands 2015/2016
Graaf, Martin de; Bos, Oscar G. - \ 2017
IJmuiden : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research rapport C003/17) - 59
eels - anguilla - fish stocks - fisheries - netherlands - palingen - visstand - visserij - nederland
Ankerkuilmonitoring Westerschelde: resultaten 2016
Boois, I.J. de; Asch, M. van; Couperus, A.S. - \ 2016
IJmuiden : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research rapport C113/16) - 19
monitoring - visserij - visstand - westerschelde - nederland - fisheries - fish stocks - western scheldt - netherlands
Improving the knowledge basis for advice on North Sea horse mackerel : developing new methods to get insight on stock boundaries and abundance
Brunel, Thomas ; Farrell, Edward D. ; Kotterman, Michiel ; Kwadijk, Christiaan ; Verkempynck, Ruben ; Chen, Chun ; Miller, David - \ 2016
IJmuiden : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research report C092/16) - 57
trachurus trachurus - fish stocks - fisheries - models - visstand - visserij - modellen
The North Sea horse mackerel stock is currently classified by ICES as a data poor stock, for which the catch advice is based on the trend in an abundance index. The development of an analytical stock assessment, necessary to give more accurate advice, is hampered by a number of limitations on the input data, among which the most important are the poor quality of catch-at-age data and the absence of a targeted survey for North Sea horse mackerel. The aim of this project was to study possibilities to improve the data quality used for an analytical stock assessment model.
Food from the Sulawesi Sea, the need for integrated sea use planning
Siahainenia, Audrie J. - \ 2016
University. Promotor(en): Herbert Prins; Johan Verreth, co-promotor(en): Fred de Boer. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578869 - 180
mangroves - mangrove forests - fishes - habitats - marine areas - marine environment - fish stocks - environmental management - ecological disturbance - disturbance - sulawesi - mangrovebossen - vissen - mariene gebieden - marien milieu - visstand - milieubeheer - ecologische verstoring - verstoring - celebes

Mangroves occur in the tropics and subtropics region and an important coastal habitat for the artisanal fisheries along the coast of Indonesia. Around 19% of the total mangrove area in the world is located in Indonesia. Besides providing a barrier against coastal/Delta erosion, mangrove forest plays a significant role as a nursery area for most of the marine communities. Unluckily, 57% of the ±3.2 million ha of the mangroves in Indonesia is currently in degraded, mostly because of human activities (anthropogenic disturbance). The primary sources of anthropogenic disturbances to mangroves are increasing population growth rate and demand for seafood products as an essential protein, especially the wild shrimp, in the world market. These resulted in land-use conversion along estuarine areas not only for settlements and plantations but also for aquaculture ponds. The lack of awareness and understanding of the value and function of mangrove ecosystems contributed to the loss and damage the mangroves area.

Therefore, my research and field experiment aimed to quantify the effects of human disturbance on mangroves associated trophic cascades in Indonesia estuarine areas. The study was performed in the Berau District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia between 2005 and 2010. Data of mangrove extent from 1990 in the Berau Delta was used as base data with low human disturbance. We also interviewed the artisanal fishermen about their catches, origins, and fishing locations, in relation to the total catch per unit effort (CpUE).

The results had shown that the total mangroves area in the Berau Delta decreased by 54% between the 1990 and 2009, which led to fragmentation and alteration in the structural complexity of mangroves. The field experiment conducted at three locations with different levels of human disturbances revealed that the species richness was decreased with increased the level of human interference and the marine community tended to be dominated by only a few species. In the highly disturbed areas, the catch of small-scale fishermen tended to be lower. Furthermore, the result from a spatial statistical model indicated that the disturbance of mangrove habitats was influenced the distribution pattern of shrimp. The total CpUE of small-scale fishery in the study area was relatively small, and the area was probably not overexploited.

As a conclusion, mangroves habitat in the Berau Delta played a significant role in sustaining coastal fisheries. This important ecosystem supports a primary source of marine protein. Mangrove forests can only guarantee these marine resources if the people consciously maintain its viability through a strong management policy.

5 years of Industry survey: Does the industry survey improve current stock assessments for plaice and sole?
Reijden, K.J. van der; Poos, J.J. ; Trapman, B.K. ; Verkempynck, R. - \ 2016
IMARES (Rapport / IMARES C039/16) - 31 p.
plaice - dover soles - fish stocks - fishing gear - fisheries - fish industry - schol - tong (vis) - visstand - vistuig - visserij - visverwerkende industrie
This report describes the results of the industry survey; an annual survey targeting sole and plaice on-board of the commercial fishing vessels UK45 and OD1. The survey was set up following the wish of the fishing industry to deliver data for stock assessments themselves, which are collected using commercially representative fishing gears. This survey was expected to make stock assessment results more accurate and to increase trust of the fisheries industry in stock assessments.
Vangst- en inspanningsadviezen over snoekbaars, baars, blankvoorn en brasem in het IJssel-/Markermeer: visseizoen 2016/2017
Tien, N.S.H. ; Hammen, T. van der - \ 2016
IMARES (Rapport / IMARES C019/16) - 75 p.
visstand - vissen - aquatische ecologie - visserijbeleid - natuurbeheer - ijsselmeer - visvangsten - fish stocks - fishes - aquatic ecology - fishery policy - nature management - lake ijssel - fish catches
Het Ministerie van Economische Zaken (EZ) wil komen tot wetenschappelijk onderbouwd duurzaam beheer van snoekbaars, baars, blankvoorn en brasem in het IJsselmeer en Markermeer. Voor alle vier bestanden is de beleidsdoelstelling voor visseizoen 2016/2017 geformuleerd als “een zekere mate van herstel”. Voor het behalen van deze beleidsdoelstelling zijn inspanningsadviezen gevraagd over de staandwantvisserij en de zegenvisserij, gecombineerd voor het IJsselmeer en Markermeer. Dit rapport bevat een primair en, op verzoek van de opdrachtgever, een alternatief advies. Het primaire advies is beschreven in hoofdstuk 1, het alternatieve advies is uitgewerkt in hoofdstukken 2 tot en met 8. Deze adviezen hebben als doelstelling het voorkomen van verdere achtergang van de visbestanden. Voor de doelstelling ‘een zekere mate van herstel’ worden aanvullende adviezen gegeven. Alle drie adviezen zijn samengebracht in hoofdstuk 9.
Estimating a conversion factor for the gears used in the industry survey
Hal, R. van; Reijden, K.J. van der - \ 2016
IJmuiden : IMARES (Report / IMARES C004/16) - 35 p.
dover soles - plaice - fishing vessels - fishing gear - conversion - surveys - fish stocks - fishery management - fishery resources - north sea - tong (vis) - schol - vissersschepen - vistuig - conversie - karteringen - visstand - visserijbeheer - visbestand - noordzee
Toestand vis en visserij in de Zoete Rijkswateren: 2014 Deel I: Trends van de visbestanden, vangsten en ecologische kwaliteit ratio's
Graaf, M. de; Boois, I.J. de; Griffioen, A.B. ; Overzee, H.M.J. van; Tien, N.S.H. ; Tulp, I.Y.M. ; Vries, P. de; Deerenberg, C.M. - \ 2015
IMARES (Rapport / IMARES C199/15) - 102 p.
zoet water - aquatische ecologie - vissen - monitoring - rivieren - inventarisaties - visserij - visvangsten - vistuig - ijsselmeer - visstand - fresh water - aquatic ecology - fishes - rivers - inventories - fisheries - fish catches - fishing gear - lake ijssel - fish stocks
Het rapport “Toestand Vis en Visserij in de Zoete Rijkswateren” bestaat uit drie verschillende delen: “Trends”, “Methoden” en “Data”. In dit rapport (Deel I) worden (i) de trends in commercieel benutte vissoorten per VBC gebied, (ii) de trends in Habitatrichtlijnsoorten en (iii) de ecologische kwaliteitsratio’s vis gerapporteerd. Hiervoor is gebruik gemaakt van de gegevens die binnen de verschillende vismonitoringsprogramma’s op de Zoete Rijkswateren worden verzameld. In de rapportage zijn trendanalyses voor de verschillende commercieel benutte vissoorten en Habitatrichtlijn vissoorten gemaakt aan de hand van de beschikbare monitoringsgegevens. De gegevens van deze monitoringsprogramma’s worden gebruikt als indicatoren voor de ontwikkeling van de bestanden van de geanalyseerde soorten over verschillende tijdsperioden.
Kennisinventarisatie paaigebieden en kinderkamers Europese zeebaars (Dicentrarchus labrax)
Smith, S.R. ; Steenbergen, J. ; Jongbloed, R.H. - \ 2015
IMARES (Rapport / IMARES C161/15) - 35 p.
zeebaars - kuitschieten - vismigratie - inventarisaties - visstand - visbestand - visserijbeheer - europese unie - oosterschelde - sea bass - spawning - fish migration - inventories - fish stocks - fishery resources - fishery management - european union - eastern scheldt
VIP report "Use of new broadband echosounder" : Techniques for improved ocean imaging and selectivity in pelagic fisheries
Fassler, S.M.M. ; Scoulding, B.C. ; Burggraaf, D. ; Haan, D. de; Quesson, Benoit ; Sande, Jeroen van de; Beerens, Peter - \ 2015
IMARES (Report / IMARES C171/15) - 100 p.
pelagic fishery - marine fisheries - underwater acoustics - fish stocks - bycatch - fishery resources - fishery management - pelagische visserij - zeevisserij - onderwaterakoestiek - visstand - bijvangst - visbestand - visserijbeheer
North Sea Herring and Pelagic Ecosystem Survey (HERAS) report for R/V "TRIDENS" 22 June - 17 July 2015
Couperus, A.S. ; Fassler, S.M.M. ; Scoulding, B.C. - \ 2015
IJmuiden : IMARES (Report / IMARES 15.015) - 30 p.
herrings - surveys - fish stocks - marine fisheries - acoustic tracking - fishery resources - north sea - haringen - karteringen - visstand - zeevisserij - akoestisch sporen - visbestand - noordzee
VIP Report Acoustic Data Collection
Fassler, S.M.M. ; Brunel, T.P.A. ; Couperus, A.S. ; Gastauer, S. ; Burggraaf, D. - \ 2015
IJmuiden : IMARES (Report / IMARES C178/15) - 121 p.
herrings - whiting - marine fisheries - fish stocks - fishery resources - fishery management - fishing vessels - acoustic tracking - surveys - haringen - wijting - zeevisserij - visstand - visbestand - visserijbeheer - vissersschepen - akoestisch sporen - karteringen
Eutrophication, Nile perch and food-web interactions in south-east Lake Victoria
Cornelissen, I.J.M. - \ 2015
University. Promotor(en): Johan Verreth, co-promotor(en): Leo Nagelkerke; R. Vijverberg. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462575660 - 163
lates niloticus - eutrofiëring - voedselwebben - interacties - visserijbiologie - visstand - dynamica - fytoplankton - distributie - voedingsgedrag - victoriameer - tanzania - eutrophication - food webs - interactions - fishery biology - fish stocks - dynamics - phytoplankton - distribution - feeding behaviour - lake victoria

The increasing eutrophication, the introduction of Nile perch (Lates niloticus) and the increasing fishing pressure has changed Lake Victoria tremendously the last century. Since the 1960s, eutrophication increased primary production, enabling an increase in fish production. However, eutrophication also created hypoxia pockets, which reduced the available habitats for fish. In addition, the endemic haplochromines declined, whereas the introduced Nile perch boomed in the 1980s. The Nile perch boom and increased fish production resulted in the largest freshwater fisheries of the world. However, it is unclear whether fish production can still increase with further eutrophication as maximum primary production rates may have been reached. Fish stocks fluctuate since the 1980s and in order to manage these, it is important to understand how eutrophication and fisheries affect the Nile perch population. The present study investigates the bottom-up effects of eutrophication on the Nile perch and food-web dynamics in south-east Lake Victoria. We analysed the level of eutrophication along an eutrophication gradient in the Mwanza Gulf. Phytoplankton biomass varied spatially and seasonally and was limited by nutrients in deep water and by light in shallow water. Fish distributions were dynamic, with environmental factors depth and temperature influencing Nile perch size structure and distribution patterns similarly on small and large spatial scales. Although prey densities of haplochromines and Caridina nilotica shrimp did not explain Nile perch distributions, ontogenetic diet shifts and composition were related to prey densities, suggesting an opportunistic feeding behaviour of Nile perch. Small Nile perch however, showed some preference to shrimp and Nile perch preferred haplochromines above Dagaa (Rastrineobola argentea) and juvenile Nile perch as fish prey. On a food-web level, the base of the food web was spatially and seasonally highly dynamic. The onset of rains caused a spatial differentiation in littoral/benthic and pelagic carbon sources, affecting the whole food web. Trophic levels of fish were related to the spatial variation in diet compositions. Although a large heterogeneity was found in water quality, fish distributions and food-web structure, bottom-up processes affected the food web similarly. Despite the ongoing nutrient load in Lake Victoria, water quality has improved since the 1990s. Climate forcing through increasing wind speeds increased visibility and oxygen levels. Global climate change will therefore be an important driver of the water quality and fish distributions of Lake Victoria.

Het kokkelbestand in de Nederlandse kustwateren in 2015
Asch, M. van; Ende, D. van den; Brummelhuis, E.B.M. ; Zweeden, C. van; Troost, K. - \ 2015
IJmuiden : IMARES Wageningen UR (Rapport / IMARES Wageningen UR C111/15) - 44
kokkels - kustwateren - zeevisserij - visserijbeheer - visbestand - visstand - inventarisaties - nederland - natura 2000 - oosterschelde - westerschelde - waddenzee - clams - coastal water - marine fisheries - fishery management - fishery resources - fish stocks - inventories - netherlands - eastern scheldt - western scheldt - wadden sea
Onderzoeksinstituut IMARES heeft in opdracht van het ministerie van EZ in het voorjaar van 2015 het kokkelbestand (Cerastoderma edule) in de Waddenzee, de Oosterschelde en de Westerschelde geïnventariseerd. De inventarisatie wordt jaarlijks uitgevoerd om te kunnen bepalen hoeveel er gevist mag worden en is daarnaast ook van belang voor evaluatie van beheersmaatregelen en effectstudies in het kader van Natura 2000 en de natuurbeschermingswet. De kokkelbestandsopname wordt sinds 1990 uitgevoerd in de Oosterschelde en de Waddenzee, sinds 1992 in de Westerschelde en sinds 1993 in de Voordelta (als onderdeel van de bestandsopnamen van mesheften en halfgeknotte strandschelpen in de Nederlandse kustzone). Doel van deze inventarisaties ten behoeve van de visserij is het bepalen van de voorjaarsbestanden in deze gebieden, op basis waarvan een schatting wordt gemaakt van de oogstbare bestanden in september.
Fishing for knowledge: a pilot industrial survey for associated species (met medewerking van Karin van der Reijden)
Imares, ; Reijden, K.J. van der - \ 2015
Urk : Ekofish Group - 23
noordzee - visstand - visserijbeleid - bijvangst - visbestand - beoordeling - visserijbeheer - north sea - fish stocks - fishery policy - bycatch - fishery resources - assessment - fishery management
The EKOFISH Group, the North Sea Foundation (NSF) and WWF-Netherlands partnered up with IMARES in 2013 to explore whether an industrial survey can be used to strengthen scientific assessment of key commercial by-catch species in the North Sea flatfish fishery. The project was broken down in two consecutive phases. The first phase of the project served to establish the potential role of an industrial survey.The second phase of the project was used to run a pilot-survey and served to determine the practical feasibility of an industrial survey. This report synthesises the findings of the research that was carried out in phase one and two of the project and discusses the main findings to give answer to the main question that has guided this research project 'can an industrial survey for North Sea brill, dab, lemon sole and turbot strengthen scientific assessment of these stocks?'.
Vallen en opstaan: update overlevingsprojecten ILVO en IMARES (interview met Karin van der Reijden)
Reijden, K.J. van der - \ 2015
Visserijnieuws 35 (2015)17. - ISSN 1380-5061 - p. 5 - 5.
visserijbeleid - visserijbeheer - discards - zeevisserij - wetgeving - eu regelingen - visserij - mortaliteit - visstand - demersale visserij - dierenwelzijn - diergezondheid - fishery policy - fishery management - marine fisheries - legislation - eu regulations - fisheries - mortality - fish stocks - demersal fisheries - animal welfare - animal health
De Europese aanlandplicht is een feit. De visserijsector vreest een negatieve invloed op de bestanden door een hogere vissterfte. In de wetgeving is een uitzonderingsmaatregel voor de discardban opgenomen als vis een hoge overlevingskans heeft. Zowel in Nederland als België wordt daarom in de kottervisserij wetenschappelijk onderzocht hoe groot de overlevingskansen van gevangen vis zijn. Karin van der Reijden (WUR - IMARES) en Ruben Theunynck (ILVO) geven inzicht in de stand van zaken.
Evaluatie rapportage over karperuitzet in Nederland
Couperus, A.S. ; Keeken, O.A. van - \ 2015
IJmuiden : IMARES (Rapport / IMARES Wageningen UR C020/15) - 39
visstand - sportvissen - karper - visserijbeheer - waterkwaliteit - onderzoek - vergelijkingen - fish stocks - game fishes - carp - fishery management - water quality - research - comparisons
De afgelopen jaren zijn vier rapporten verschenen over de ecologische impact van karper (Cyprinus carpio) in relatie tot de uitzet van deze soort in Nederlandse wateren. De vier rapporten geven verschillende weergaven van het effect van karper op de waterkwaliteit en ook hoeveel karper per hectare in Nederlandse wateren kan worden uitgezet. Het doel van deze desk-studie is om te bepalen waar verschillen tussen conclusies over het uitzetten van karper in de vier rapporten door kunnen worden verklaard. De vastgestelde verschillen in dit rapport zullen als uitgangspunt dienen voor een bijeenkomst met de betrokken partijen om tot een consensus te komen.
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