Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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A floor cover to improve temperature distribution and quality preservation in maritime refrigerated container transport of grapes : GreenCHAINge WP1 - Table Grapes
Lukasse, Leo ; Mensink, Manon ; Wissink, Edo - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research (Wageningen Food & Biobased Research report 1733) - ISBN 9789463436601 - 32
refrigerated transport - containers - sea transport - grapes - covers - temperature - food quality - koeltransport - zeetransport - druiven - bedekkingsmaterialen - temperatuur - voedselkwaliteit
Like many other fruits, table grapes depend on accurate temperature management during transport in maritime refrigerated containers. Ideally the temperature inside the container is equal to set point in every location in the container. Unfortunately door-end temperatures are always higher due to poor air flow distribution. In climate chamber tests Lukasse & Staal (2016a and 2016b) investigated the effect of covering sections of the container’s T-bar floor. The best T-bar floor cover found in that study was a trapezoid-shape floor cover. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of that trapezoid-shape T-bar floor cover on temperature and fruit quality in commercial reefer container transports of grapes. A field experiment was done in a commercial container shipment of six standard 40 ft. HC reefer containers travelling from South Africa to The Netherlands taking 24 days. The three test containers contained a T-bar floor cover. The three reference containers did not contain the T-bar floor cover. All other parameters were, to the extent possible, the same for all containers. In 31 locations air temperature between the fruit was logged at an interval of 10 min. with an accuracy of approx. ± 0.1 °C. 15 Trays, evenly distributed in a vertical plane on the container’s longitudinal centre line, were weighed at origin and at destination. At destination the fruit quality of these 15 trays was analysed. A clear positive effect on temperature was observed. The floor cover reduces the average difference between warmest and coldest temperature in the trays by approx. 30%. An effect on grape quality could not be assessed.
Transport and storage of cut roses: endless possibilities? : guide of practice for sea freight of cut roses developed within GreenCHAINge project
Harkema, Harmannus ; Paillart, Maxence ; Lukasse, Leo ; Westra, Eelke ; Hogeveen, Esther - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research (Wageningen Food & Biobased Research rapport 1699) - ISBN 9789463430609 - 48
roses - refrigerated transport - air transport - sea transport - transporting quality - postharvest losses - vase life - rozen - koeltransport - luchttransport - zeetransport - vervoerskwaliteit - verliezen na de oogst - vaasleven
Explanatory notes to the ATO-certification of reefer containers (version 4.0)
Paillart, M.J.M. ; Lukasse, L.J.S. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research (Report / Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research number 1354) - 20
certificering - internationale handel - internationaal transport - transport - containertransport - koeltransport - bloembollen - zeetransport - certification - international trade - international transport - container transport - refrigerated transport - ornamental bulbs - sea transport
Intercontinental transport of flowerbulbs in general takes place in climate controlled seagoing reefer containers. A shipment may take two up to six weeks. To maintain quality during this time span proper climate inside the container is important. ATO certification yields a quality assurance on aspects not covered in other standards or certification schemes, and primarily of interest to flowerbulb shipments.
Quest II: reduction of co2 emissions of reefer containers
Lukasse, L.J.S. ; Baerentz, M.B. ; Kramer, J.E. de - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research - 8
zeetransport - containers - koeltransport - energiegebruik - energiebesparing - airconditioningsapparatuur - vervoerskwaliteit - voedselproducten - sea transport - refrigerated transport - energy consumption - energy saving - air conditioners - transporting quality - food products
This paper reports on the QuestTM II (QUality and Energy in Storage and Transport) development project run by Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research, Maersk Line and Carrier Transicold. The aim of the Quest II development project was to improve the control of refrigerated marine container (reefer) units with the objective of maximizing energy efficiency in chilled mode operation without impairing produce quality. Lab testing research on produce quality revealed the limits by which deviations from the optimal transport temperatures are acceptable. Those limits were used in the design of the Quest II algorithm. Quest II control reduces energy consumption in chilled mode operation by 65% compared to non-Quest control. The savings are achieved by replacing continuous throttled compressor operation by an ON/OFF compressor control, and by automatically optimizing internal air circulation with heat load instead of continuous operation at maximum internal air circulation. Extensive produce quality research and hundreds of field trials reveal no adverse effect on produce quality while using the Quest II algorithm.
Quest II produce quality research overview
Lukasse, L.J.S. ; Harkema, H. ; Otma, E.C. ; Paillart, M.J.M. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research - 24
zeetransport - containers - koeltransport - energiegebruik - energiebesparing - vervoerskwaliteit - voedselproducten - sea transport - refrigerated transport - energy consumption - energy saving - transporting quality - food products
The Quest II control algorithm (patent pending), developed by Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research together with Maersk Line and Carrier Transicold, reduces the energy consumption of reefer containers by approx. 65% without impairing produce quality.
Quest II in reefer containers : new climate control saves 65% energy in reefers
Lukasse, L.J.S. - \ 2013
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research
zeetransport - containers - koeltransport - energiegebruik - energiebesparing - airconditioningsapparatuur - vervoerskwaliteit - voedselproducten - sea transport - refrigerated transport - energy consumption - energy saving - air conditioners - transporting quality - food products
A new climate control saves 65% energy in reefers by adjusting the internal air circulation to the actual heat load.
Clean sea
Imares, - \ 2012
[S.l.] : YouTube
zeetransport - kennisoverdracht - milieueffect - marien milieu - milieubeleid - beleid - sea transport - knowledge transfer - environmental impact - marine environment - environmental policy - policy
The 'Clean Seas' thematic network aims to promote knowledge exchange between industry and universities/research institutes and to coordinate and combine initiatives. In this way, the various parties can work in line with European Maritime Policy to reduce the environmental impact of ocean shipping.
Second opinion NuStar terminal expansion
Klok, T.C. ; Debrot, A.O. ; Meesters, H.W.G. ; Stapel, J. ; Slijkerman, D.M.E. - \ 2011
Den Helder : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C148/11) - 30
milieueffectrapportage - terminalfaciliteiten - mariene ecologie - olie- en gasindustrie - ecologische risicoschatting - zeetransport - sint eustatius - nederlandse antillen - environmental impact reporting - terminal facilities - marine ecology - oil and gas industry - ecological risk assessment - sea transport - netherlands antilles
In this report a second opinion is developed for the Environmental Impact Assessment NuStar terminal expansion (at St. Eustatius). Only the marine ecology part of the EIA report is evaluated focusing on the impacts reported for marine reserves, reef- and sea-grass habitat, conchs, turtles, marine mammal and fish. The criteria used are: completeness, consistence, transparency, ecological soundness, and relevance of the foreseen impacts resulting from the terminal expansion. When applying these criteria we have found that most of the impact assessments were incomplete (missing information and data, missing expected impacts). Reference base line data has been incompletely collected. Furthermore, many of the assessments were not transparent (based on the information given in the EIA we could not come to the same conclusion). Also we found that the reasoning to come to a conclusion in the EIA was not ecologically sound in many cases (e.g. mobile species are not affected by habitat loss because they can move out the area instead of describing an effect on the distribution area and thus on the abundance or density of the species). In a few cases assessments scored not relevant or were not assessed in a consistent way. Furthermore, we found that not all expected (potential) impacts were assessed and that those assessed were mainly qualitatively assessed only. Data on pressures was incomplete as was data on ecological receptors, and some publically available data was not used. At the end of this report we list these data needs and missing impact assessments.
Ontwikkeling van een rekenmethodiek voor broeikasgasemissies tijdens transport : toepassing binnen het project Venlog
Kernebeek, H.R.J. van; Splinter, G.M. - \ 2011
Den Haag : LEI Wageningen UR (Nota / LEI : Onderzoeksveld Sector & ondernemerschap )
tuinbouwgewassen - landbouwproducten - verse producten - broeikasgassen - emissie - zeetransport - railtransport - binnenvaart - levenscyclusanalyse - berekening - horticultural crops - agricultural products - fresh products - greenhouse gases - emission - sea transport - rail transport - inland waterway transport - life cycle assessment - calculation
Voor het berekenen van de carbon footprint wordt gebruik gemaakt van de levenscyclusanalyse (LCA). Met deze methode kunnen de (broeikasgas)emissies worden berekend die in iedere schakel in de productieketen optreedt. Het Productschap Tuinbouw beschikt over een protocol dat specifiek is ontwikkeld voor het berekenen van broeikasgasemissies van tuinbouwproducten. Dit protocol bevat nog geen rekenmethodiek voor broeikasgasemissieberekeningen tijdens transport per trein, binnenvaartschip en shortseaschip. In dit rapport wordt een methodiek voor deze transportmodaliteiten ontwikkeld. Met de rekenregels behorende bij de ontwikkelde methodiek kunnen broeikasgasemissies per ton per kilometer worden berekend. Bij de rekenregels worden parameters van standaardwaarden uit de literatuur voorzien maar heeft de gebruiker zelf de vrijheid om eigen parameterwaarden te gebruiken.
Who greens the waves? : changing authority in the environmental governance of shipping and offshore oil and gas production
Leeuwen, J. van - \ 2010
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Arthur Mol, co-promotor(en): Jan van Tatenhove. - [S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789085856290 - 209
petroleum - liquid petroleum gas - oilfields - marine environment - environmental protection - government policy - sea transport - environmental policy - pollution - europe - north sea - petrochemical industry - governance - aardolie - vloeibaar aardoliegas - olievelden - marien milieu - milieubescherming - overheidsbeleid - zeetransport - milieubeleid - verontreiniging - europa - noordzee - petrochemische industrie
The marine environment is under serious pressure from human activities. The transboundary and large-scale nature of these threats require cooperation between states, and between states, industries and NGOs. Marine governance therefore becomes a breeding ground for innovation: multi-level and multi-actor governance and changing spheres of authority. This book applies the concept "spheres of authority" to investigate the nature of these innovations in governing shipping and offshore oil and gas production. In the environmental governance of shipping, authority is shifting from states that own ships to states that own ports. The environmental governance of offshore oil and gas production shows a shared authority for developing and implementing policies between state and industry, but not a diminishing authority of the state.
Identification and analysis of interactions between sea use functions
Wal, J.T. van der; Quirijns, F.J. ; Leopold, M.F. ; Slijkerman, D.M.E. ; Jongbloed, R.H. - \ 2009
Den Helder : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C132/09) - 34
windmolens - parken - noordzee - mariene parken - nutfunctie - zeetransport - oliën - gasproductie - windmills - parks - north sea - marine parks - utility functions - sea transport - oils - gas production
This report focuses on the interactions both positive and negative between offshore wind energy and the non-wind sea use functions.Some sea use functions can co-exist without substantial negative effects. Other combinations are problematic or even impossible and should be avoided. Therefore the interactions of the sea use functions are of importance.
Inventory of current and future presence of non-wind sea use functions
Wal, J.T. van der; Quirijns, F.J. ; Leopold, M.F. ; Slijkerman, D.M.E. ; Jongbloed, R.H. - \ 2009
Den Helder : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C131/09) - 71
windmolens - parken - noordzee - mariene parken - nutfunctie - zeetransport - oliën - gasproductie - windmills - parks - north sea - marine parks - utility functions - sea transport - oils - gas production
In order to assess the suitability of locations on the Central and Southern North Sea for wind parks present sea use functions should also be taken into account. These sea use functions comprise shipping, oil and gas extraction, fisheries, cables and pipelines, military activities, sand extraction, radar interference and nature conservation. IMARES has collected data on these other sea use functions. Data was gathered from several national institutions, with a good deal of help from our project partners in identifying the best available sources.
Positive impact of plastic packaging on CO2-emissions
Westra, E.H. ; Eppink, M.M. - \ 2008
Wageningen : Agrotechnology & Food Sciences Group (Report / Agrotechnology & Food Sciences Group 945) - ISBN 9789085852247 - 10
verpakking - gemodificeerde atmosfeer opslag - vochtigheid - houdbaarheid (kwaliteit) - verse producten - zeetransport - packaging - modified atmosphere storage - humidity - keeping quality - fresh products - sea transport
Export from Argentina to Europe: getting across : start up of a sustainable vegetable and fruit trade flow from Argentina to Europe
Snels, J.C.M.A. ; Westra, E.H. - \ 2007
Wageningen : Agrotechnology and Food Sciences Group (Rapport / Wageningen UR, Agrotechnology and Food Sciences Group nr. 891) - ISBN 9789085851707 - 69
verse producten - groenten - fruit - export - import - internationale handel - internationaal transport - zeetransport - argentinië - europa - logistiek - fresh products - vegetables - exports - imports - international trade - international transport - sea transport - argentina - europe - logistics
In Europa is er een (potentiële) markt aanwezig voor producten vanuit Argentinië. De voornaamste reden hiervoor is dat Argentinië producten kan leveren in het zogenaamde ‘tegenseizoen’. Einde van de winter / begin van de lente is het in Europa relatief lastig om ‘eigen’ producten te verkrijgen. Echter, de afstand van de productie locaties in Argentinië naar de Europese markt is erg lang. Hoewel transport door middel van het vliegtuig gangbaar is, is het steeds lastiger om tegen acceptabele kosten te transporteren. Daarnaast geldt dat er steeds meer druk vanuit de samenleving en importeurs/retailers komt te liggen op milieuaspecten. Het enige redelijke alternatief is het vervoer van de producten per refridgerated container of ‘reefer’ middels zeetransport. Vandaar dit bilaterale onderzoeksproject dat als doel heeft 'het ontwikkelen van een zogenaamd ‘framework’ om te kunnen komen tot de start van het opzetten van een duurzame goederenstroom van Argentinië naar Europa'
Zeetransport van snijbloemen: ”If we get this quality more, we will sell a lot” : werkpakket productkwaliteit : eindrapportage
Harkema, H. ; Mensink, M.G.J. - \ 2005
Wageningen : Agrotechnology & Food Innovations (Rapport / Agrotechnology & Food Innovations 459) - 37
snijbloemen - transport - zeetransport - distributie - logistiek - houdbaarheid (kwaliteit) - export - amerika - prijsvorming - internationale handel - cut flowers - sea transport - distribution - logistics - keeping quality - exports - america - price formation - international trade
Het onderzoeksproject Zeetransport Snijbloemen had als doel een distributieconcept te ontwikkelen voor snijbloemen op basis van zeecontainertransport. Ter afbakening van het project lag de focus op de Verenigde Staten. Het vervoer naar de V.S. van snijbloemen tegen een lagere prijs (zeetransport in plaats van luchttransport) was en is een zeer actuele kwestie. De Amerikaanse dollar heeft een lage koers ten opzichte van de euro, de luchttransporttarieven zijn erg hoog en de concurrentie vanuit andere landen is hevig.
Ananas snijden : hier of daar? : een Aladin-analyse
Tromp, S.O. - \ 2004
Wageningen : Agrotechnology & Food Innovations (Report / Agrotechnology & Food Innovations 148) - ISBN 9067547778 - 30
ananassen - import - in plakken snijden - zeetransport - luchttransport - kosten-batenanalyse - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - costa rica - ghana - pineapples - imports - slicing - sea transport - air transport - cost benefit analysis - sustainability
O.E.C.D. scheme for the application of international standards for fruits and vegetables : enquiry on the transport and handling of fruit and vegetables in the main harbours of importing countries
Hiele, T. van - \ 1968
[s.n.]
basisproducten - teelt - cultuurmethoden - fruitgewassen - mariene gebieden - zout water - zeetransport - transport - groenten - commodities - cultivation - cultural methods - fruit crops - marine areas - saline water - sea transport - vegetables
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