Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    We will mail you new results for this query: q=Araujo Torres
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Seasonal drought limits tree species across the Neotropics
Esquivel-Muelbert, Adriane ; Baker, Timothy R. ; Dexter, Kyle G. ; Lewis, Simon L. ; Steege, Hans ter; Lopez-Gonzalez, Gabriela ; Monteagudo Mendoza, Abel ; Brienen, Roel ; Feldpausch, Ted R. ; Pitman, Nigel ; Alonso, Alfonso ; Heijden, Geertje van der; Peña-Claros, Marielos ; Ahuite, Manuel ; Alexiaides, Miguel ; Álvarez Dávila, Esteban ; Murakami, Alejandro Araujo ; Arroyo, Luzmila ; Aulestia, Milton ; Balslev, Henrik ; Barroso, Jorcely ; Boot, Rene ; Cano, Angela ; Chama Moscoso, Victor ; Comiskey, James A. ; Cornejo, Fernando ; Dallmeier, Francisco ; Daly, Douglas C. ; Dávila, Nallarett ; Duivenvoorden, Joost F. ; Duque Montoya, Alvaro Javier ; Erwin, Terry ; Fiore, Anthony Di; Fredericksen, Todd ; Fuentes, Alfredo ; García-Villacorta, Roosevelt ; Gonzales, Therany ; Guevara Andino, Juan Ernesto ; Honorio Coronado, Euridice N. ; Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Isau ; Killeen, Timothy J. ; Malhi, Yadvinder ; Mendoza, Casimiro ; Mogollón, Hugo ; Jørgensen, Peter Møller ; Montero, Juan Carlos ; Mostacedo, Bonifacio ; Nauray, William ; Neill, David ; Vargas, Percy Núñez ; Palacios, Sonia ; Palacios Cuenca, Walter ; Pallqui Camacho, Nadir Carolina ; Peacock, Julie ; Phillips, Juan Fernando ; Pickavance, Georgia ; Quesada, Carlos Alberto ; Ramírez-Angulo, Hirma ; Restrepo, Zorayda ; Reynel Rodriguez, Carlos ; Paredes, Marcos Ríos ; Sierra, Rodrigo ; Silveira, Marcos ; Stevenson, Pablo ; Stropp, Juliana ; Terborgh, John ; Tirado, Milton ; Toledo, Marisol ; Torres-Lezama, Armando ; Umaña, María Natalia ; Urrego, Ligia Estela ; Vasquez Martinez, Rodolfo ; Gamarra, Luis Valenzuela ; Vela, César I.A. ; Vilanova Torre, Emilio ; Vos, Vincent ; Hildebrand, Patricio von; Vriesendorp, Corine ; Wang, Ophelia ; Young, Kenneth R. ; Zartman, Charles Eugene ; Phillips, Oliver L. - \ 2017
Ecography 40 (2017)5. - ISSN 0906-7590 - p. 618 - 629.
Within the tropics, the species richness of tree communities is strongly and positively associated with precipitation. Previous research has suggested that this macroecological pattern is driven by the negative effect of water-stress on the physiological processes of most tree species. This implies that the range limits of inventory plots of closed canopy forest distributed across the western Neotropics taxa are defined by their ability to occur under dry conditions, and thus in terms of species distributions predicts a nested pattern of taxa distribution from wet to dry areas. However, this 'dry-tolerance' hypothesis has yet to be adequately tested at large spatial and taxonomic scales. Here, using a dataset of 531 we investigated how precipitation, evaluated both as mean annual precipitation and as the maximum climatological water deficit, influences the distribution of tropical tree species, genera and families. We find that the distributions of tree taxa are indeed nested along precipitation gradients in the western Neotropics. Taxa tolerant to seasonal drought are disproportionally widespread across the precipitation gradient, with most reaching even the wettest climates sampled; however, most taxa analysed are restricted to wet areas. Our results suggest that the 'dry tolerance' hypothesis has broad applicability in the world's most species-rich forests. In addition, the large number of species restricted to wetter conditions strongly indicates that an increased frequency of drought could severely threaten biodiversity in this region. Overall, this study establishes a baseline for exploring how tropical forest tree composition may change in response to current and future environmental changes in this region.
Variation in stem mortality rates determines patterns of above-ground biomass in Amazonian forests: implications for dynamic global vegetation models
Johnson, Michelle O. ; Galbraith, David ; Gloor, Manuel ; Deurwaerder, Hannes De; Guimberteau, Matthieu ; Rammig, Anja ; Thonicke, Kirsten ; Verbeeck, Hans ; Randow, Celso Von; Monteagudo, Abel ; Phillips, Oliver L. ; Brienen, Roel J.W. ; Feldpausch, Ted R. ; Lopez Gonzalez, Gabriela ; Fauset, Sophie ; Quesada, Carlos A. ; Christoffersen, Bradley ; Ciais, Philippe ; Sampaio, Gilvan ; Kruijt, Bart ; Meir, Patrick ; Moorcroft, Paul ; Zhang, Ke ; Alvarez-Davila, Esteban ; Alves De Oliveira, Atila ; Amaral, Ieda ; Andrade, Ana ; Aragao, Luiz E.O.C. ; Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro ; Arets, Eric J.M.M. ; Arroyo, Luzmila ; Aymard, Gerardo A. ; Baraloto, Christopher ; Barroso, Jocely ; Bonal, Damien ; Boot, Rene ; Camargo, Jose ; Chave, Jerome ; Cogollo, Alvaro ; Cornejo Valverde, Fernando ; Lola Da Costa, Antonio C. ; Fiore, Anthony Di; Ferreira, Leandro ; Higuchi, Niro ; Honorio, Euridice N. ; Killeen, Tim J. ; Laurance, Susan G. ; Laurance, William F. ; Licona, Juan ; Lovejoy, Thomas ; Malhi, Yadvinder ; Marimon, Bia ; Marimon, Ben Hur ; Matos, Darley C.L. ; Mendoza, Casimiro ; Neill, David A. ; Pardo, Guido ; Peña-Claros, Marielos ; Pitman, Nigel C.A. ; Poorter, Lourens ; Prieto, Adriana ; Ramirez-Angulo, Hirma ; Roopsind, Anand ; Rudas, Agustin ; Salomao, Rafael P. ; Silveira, Marcos ; Stropp, Juliana ; Steege, Hans Ter; Terborgh, John ; Thomas, Raquel ; Toledo, Marisol ; Torres-Lezama, Armando ; Heijden, Geertje M.F. van der; Vasquez, Rodolfo ; Guimarães Vieira, Ima Cèlia ; Vilanova, Emilio ; Vos, Vincent A. ; Baker, Timothy R. - \ 2016
Global Change Biology 22 (2016)12. - ISSN 1354-1013 - p. 3996 - 4013.
Understanding the processes that determine aboveground biomass (AGB) in Amazonian forests is important for predicting the sensitivity of these ecosystems to environmental change and for designing and evaluating dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs). AGB is determined by inputs from woody productivity (woody NPP) and the rate at which carbon is lost through tree mortality. Here, we test whether two direct metrics of tree mortality (the absolute rate of woody biomass loss and the rate of stem mortality) and/or woody NPP, control variation in AGB among 167 plots in intact forest across Amazonia. We then compare these relationships and the observed variation in AGB and woody NPP with the predictions of four DGVMs. The observations show that stem mortality rates, rather than absolute rates of woody biomass loss, are the most important predictor of AGB, which is consistent with the importance of stand size-structure for determining spatial variation in AGB. The relationship between stem mortality rates and AGB varies among different regions of Amazonia, indicating that variation in wood density and height/diameter relationships also influence AGB. In contrast to previous findings, we find that woody NPP is not correlated with stem mortality rates, and is weakly positively correlated with AGB. Across the four models, basin-wide average AGB is similar to the mean of the observations. However, the models consistently overestimate woody NPP, and poorly represent the spatial patterns of both AGB and woody NPP estimated using plot data. In marked contrast to the observations, DGVMs typically show strong positive relationships between woody NPP and AGB. Resolving these differences will require incorporating forest size structure, mechanistic models of stem mortality and variation in functional composition in DGVMs
Assessment of the Effects of Light Availability on Growth and Competition Between Strains of Planktothrix agardhii and Microcystis aeruginosa
Araujo Torres, C. de; Lurling, M.F.L.L.W. ; Manzi Marinho, M. - \ 2016
Microbial Ecology 71 (2016)4. - ISSN 0095-3628 - p. 802 - 813.
In this study, we tested the hypothesis that Planktothrix agardhii strains isolated from a tropical water body were better competitors for light than Microcystis aeruginosa strains. These cyanobacteria are common in eutrophic systems, where light is one of the main drivers of phytoplankton, and Planktothrix is considered more shade-adapted and Microcystis more high-light tolerant. First, the effect of light intensities on growth was studied in batch cultures. Next, the minimum requirement of light (I*) and the effect of light limitation on the outcome of competition was investigated in chemostats. All strains showed similar growth at 10 μmol photons m−2 s−1, demonstrating the ability of the two species to grow in low light. The optimum light intensity was lower for P. agardhii, but at the highest light intensity, Microcystis strains reached higher biovolume, confirming that P. agardhii has higher sensitivity to high light. Nonetheless, P. agardhii grew in light intensities considered high (500 μmol photons m−2 s−1) for this species. M. aeruginosa showed a higher carrying capacity in light-limited condition, but I* was similar between all the strains. Under light competition, Microcystis strains displaced P. agardhii and dominated. In two cases, there was competitive exclusion and in the other two P. agardhii managed to remain in the system with a low biovolume (≈15 %). Our findings not only show that strains of P. agardhii can grow under higher light intensities than generally assumed but also that strains of M. aeruginosa are better competitors for light than supposed. These results help to understand the co-occurrence of these species in tropical environments and the dominance of M. aeruginosa even in low-light conditions.
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