Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Integrated Forest Governance in Europe : An introduction to the special issue on forest policy integration and integrated forest management
Sotirov, Metodi ; Arts, Bas - \ 2018
Land Use Policy 79 (2018). - ISSN 0264-8377 - p. 960 - 967.
Biodiversity - Europe - Forests - Governance - Integrated forest management - Policy change - Policy integration - Resilience - Sustainable forest management
In this introduction to the Special Issue, we set out the key definitions, theoretical concepts and analytical dimensions of integrated forest governance. By so doing, we identify and account for the interplay between forest policy integration and integrated forest management as two constituting elements of integrated forest governance. Second, we summarize the main findings reported in the regular papers, and link them to the outlined definitions, theoretical concepts and analytical dimensions. This introduction further takes stock and classifies the main paradoxes of, barriers to, and drivers of forest policy integration and integrated forest management. It then structures the main empirical findings and conclusions along the key analytical dimensions and links them to the state of the art knowledge. Finally, we draw policy relevant conclusions and outline suggestions for future research.
Governance arrangements in the European forest sector : Shifts towards ‘new governance’ or maintenance of state authority?
Sergent, Arnaud ; Arts, Bas ; Edwards, Peter - \ 2018
Land Use Policy 79 (2018). - ISSN 0264-8377 - p. 968 - 976.
Forest policy - Governance - Networks - Power

This article analyzes the variety of governance arrangements in the forest sector by examining the situation in ten European countries. At the national level, governance arrangements in the forest sector are analysed as a specific set of ideas, rules and relationships that shape and steer the decision-making process and determine (i) the policy framework, (ii) the forms of authority and power distribution, and (iii) the mediation pattern and network relationships. The study reveals that network governance, new policy instruments and ideational innovation have definitely emerged in the European forest sector, but, at its core, state forestry still dominates. That finding puts the shift from government to governance into perspective as well as the extent to which new forestry discourses are being put into practice. The article concludes that recent (gradual) changes in governance arrangements in the forest sector result from macro political trends, such as global and European discourses and guidelines on sustainability and good governance, on the one hand, and from the maintenance of the strategic key position of national states in European forest policies on the other.

“Your policy, my rationale”. How individual and structural drivers influence European forest owners’ decisions
Deuffic, Philippe ; Sotirov, Metodi ; Arts, Bas - \ 2018
Land Use Policy 79 (2018). - ISSN 0264-8377 - p. 1024 - 1038.
Decision-making - Non-industrial private forest owner - Typology

If forest policies aim to orientate forest owners’ behaviours, some gaps still remain between policy makers’ objectives and forest owners’ final decision. In order to understand where these discrepancies come from, we propose a conceptual framework which analyse forest owners’ decision-making through the combination of four individual logics of action (utilitarism, appropriateness, cognition, and practices) and five main structural factors (forest policies, market, environment, knowledge, and social norms). Instead of identifying a profusion of very accurate profiles often too specific to a regional or national context, we also aim at attempting a generalization of “forest owners meta-profiles”. Finally we distinguish five ones: “optimizers or economy-oriented” “satisfiers or traditional knowledge oriented” “passive or outsider” “environmentally-oriented” and “multifunctional public forest managers” Following this classification, we analysed the influence of structural factors such as public policies, market, environmental issues, knowledge, and social norms on decision making. Beyond this typology, we also identify some major trends in forest owners’ attitudes: firstly, we show that forest owners adopt more easily forest policies which support the management activities that they have planned. They also may reshape those who do not fit with their goals. Although forest owners are not particularly in favour of the coercive power of the state, they appreciate this political authority as it create a legitimate arbiter and mediator for formal and negotiated agreements. Secondly, if the logic of utilitarism and factors as wood market are still important drivers for action, the respect of social norms (such as protecting the environment or managing the forest for public goods) gives less-profit-oriented forest owners a new legitimacy for action that did not exist 20 years ago. Finally, we also raise questions about the emergence of new forest owners who may reconsider their roles, and redefine forestry norms in the future instead of just following the rules.

Data-analyse algen en waterplanten in relatie tot nutriënten in brakke wateren
Arts, G.H.P. ; Smeden, Jasper van; Ozinga, W.A. - \ 2018
Amersfoort : Stichting Toegepast Onderzoek Waterbeheer (STOWA) (STOWA werkrapport 2018-W03) - 36 p.
Including multistress in risk assessment of pesticides. Current state of knowledge, based on a literature review and evaluation of tank mixture applications in a spraying schedule for strawberries
Vliet, P. van; Arts, G.H.P. ; Beltman, W.H.J. ; Holterman, H.J. ; Wipfler, E.L. ; Zande, J.C. van de - \ 2018
In: SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting 13−17 May 2018, Rome, Italy. - SETAC (Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Europe (SETAC Europe) ) - p. 480 - 480.
multistress, pesticides, environmental risk, aquatic
Environmental impacts of forest certifications
Girolami, Erica Di; Arts, B.J.M. - \ 2018
Wageningen : Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, WU - 39 p.
Testing the emergent macrophyte, Glyceria maxima in a water-sediment system: progress of ring-tests with Isoproturon and Imazapyr
Arts, Gertie - \ 2018
Platform presentation
Forestry experts’ perspectives on public perceptions of NNTS in Europe
Arts, K.A.J. ; Fischer, A. ; Mohren, G.M.J. - \ 2018
COST Action FP1403 meeting, Non-native tree species for European forests - experiences, risks and opportunities (NNEXT)
Arts, Koen - \ 2018
Titel workshop ‘Non-native tree species: Explanations for the public and discussion of rationales’
The James Hutton Institute
Arts, Koen - \ 2018
Understanding public perception of non-native tree species: A cross-national investigation in Europe, aan het James Hutton Institute. Werkbezoek funded by: Cost Action ‘Short term scientific mission’ Aberdeen, United Kindom
Non-native trees in Europa – public perceptions
Arts, Koen - \ 2018
Environmental management and digital innovation
Arts, Koen - \ 2018
A Wild Year
Arts, Koen - \ 2018
Nature-based tourism and indigenous communities in the Brazilian Pantanal: Between representations of biodiversity and biocultural diversity.
Arts, Koen - \ 2018
The governance of indigenous natural products in Namibia : nature, diversity and dynamics
Ndeinoma, Albertina - \ 2018
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Bas Arts, co-promotor(en): Freerk Wiersum. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463433563 - 150
Active citizenship in green space governance
Mattijssen, Thomas - \ 2018
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Bas Arts, co-promotor(en): Arjen Buijs; Birgit Elands. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463435192 - 223
Gut Microbiota and Body Weight in School-Aged Children : The KOALA Birth Cohort Study
Mbakwa, Catherine A. ; Hermes, Gerben D.A. ; Penders, John ; Savelkoul, Paul H.M. ; Thijs, Carel ; Dagnelie, Pieter C. ; Mommers, Monique ; Zoetendal, Erwin G. ; Smidt, Hauke ; Arts, Ilja C.W. - \ 2018
Obesity 26 (2018)11. - ISSN 1930-7381 - p. 1767 - 1776.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the intestinal microbiota composition of school-aged children in association with (over)weight. Methods: The fecal microbiota composition of 295 children was analyzed using the Human Intestinal Tract Chip. Anthropometric outcomes (overweight [BMI ≥ 85th percentile], age- and sex-standardized BMI and weight z scores) were measured at 6 to 7 years of age, and elastic net was used to select genus-like bacterial groups related to all anthropometric outcomes. Subsequently, multiple linear and logistic regression models were used to model associations between selected bacterial groups and anthropometric measures while controlling for confounders. Results: Prevotella melaninogenica, Prevotella oralis, Dialister, and uncultured Clostridiales II (UCII) accounted for 26.1% of the variation in microbiota composition. Several bacterial groups were inversely associated with the anthropometric outcomes: Sutterella wadsworthensis, Marvinbryantia formatexigens, Prevotella melanogenica, P oralis, Burkholderia, uncultured Clostridiales II, and Akkermansia, while Streptococcus bovis was positively associated with overweight. Microbial diversity and richness, and Bacteroidetes to Firmicutes ratio, were not significantly associated with any of the outcomes. Conclusions: In the largest population-based study on childhood gut microbiota and body weight so far, both new and previously identified bacterial groups were found to be associated with overweight. Further research should elucidate their role in energy metabolism.

The global-local nexus and sustainable forest management: institutional translations in Brazil and Caatinga biome
Mattei Faggin, Joana - \ 2018
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Bas Arts, co-promotor(en): Jelle Behagel. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463434874 - 208
Managing the Natura 2000 network: between Europeanization and societal engagement
Bouwma, Irene M. - \ 2018
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Bas Arts, co-promotor(en): J.D. Liefferink. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463435123 - 205
Online and Offline Representations of Biocultural Diversity : A Political Ecology Perspective on Nature-Based Tourism and Indigenous Communities in the Brazilian Pantanal
Arts, K.A.J. ; Rabelo, M.T.O. ; Figueiredo, Daniela Maimoni de; Maffey, G. ; Ioris, A.A.R. ; Girard, Pierre - \ 2018
Sustainability 10 (2018)10. - ISSN 2071-1050
published in Sustainability as part of the Special Issue ‘Biocultural Diversity and Sustainability
The concept of biocultural diversity is confronted with contemporary changes that impact on local communities, such as globalization and digital transformations. Engaging the conceptual flexibility of ‘biocultural diversity’, we studied nature-based tourism at the intersection of indigenous communities and the digital realm. We employed a political ecology perspective to examine online and offline representations of biocultural diversity in the Brazilian Pantanal, one of the biggest wetlands in the world, and home to groups of peoples known as the Pantaneiros. Data from interviews with 48 stakeholders in the tourist sector were structured along three ‘myths’—the Uncivilised, Unrestrained, and Unchanged—for which we have also constructed counter narratives. Each myth denoted the primacy of biodiversity, and ignored broader dimensions of the Pantanal as a bioculturally diverse landscape. The relationships of the Pantaneiros with their environment were found to be intricate and had clear repercussions for tourism, but ironically, reference to the Pantaneiro culture in nature-based tourism was superficial. Moreover, thriving on the myths, this form of tourism perpetuates skewed power structures and social inequalities. Lower-class Pantaneiros likely suffer most from this. We recommend stakeholder engagement with a biocultural design that facilitates the integration of other-than-biodiversity values, and that thereby promotes sustainability of the entire social-ecological system.
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