A diagnostic framework for food system governance arrangements : The case of South Africa
Termeer, Catrien J.A.M. ; Drimie, Scott ; Ingram, John ; Pereira, Laura ; Whittingham, Mark J. - \ 2018
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 84 (2018). - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 85 - 93.
Diagnostics - Food security - Food system governance - Governance arrangements - South Africa
Although policymakers and scientists are increasingly embracing the food system perspective, it has been poorly reflected in institutional terms. We aim to fill this gap by addressing the question as to what forms of governance are most appropriate to govern food systems in a more holistic way. The article presents a diagnostic framework consisting of five principles: 1) system-based problem framing to deal with interlinked issues, drivers and feedback loops; 2) connectivity across boundaries to span siloed governance structures and include non-state actors; 3) adaptability to flexibly respond to inherent uncertainties and volatility; 4) inclusiveness to facilitate support and legitimacy; and 5) transformative capacity to overcome path dependencies and create adequate conditions to foster structural change. This framework is used to analyse the strengths and weaknesses of three food governance arrangements in South Africa, each of which deliberately aimed to embrace a holistic perspective. Although promising on paper, the outcomes are disappointing because of a reversion to a technical onedimensional problem framing during the implementation, the dominance of single departments, the limited attention to monitoring and flexible responses and the exclusion of those most affected by food insecurity. We conclude that the tensions between the ambitious objectives of the arrangements and the institutional constraints of implementing them can persist because of inadequate resources to facilitate transformative change. Finally, we propose an agenda to further elaborate the framework and improve its practical usefulness.
|Who governs the food system? A review of different governance arrangements in Southern Africa
Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Ingram, John ; Drimie, S. - \ 2015